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Ann Naddodsdóttir

Ann Naddodsdóttir

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The stone with Ann's name on it

Ann Naddodsdóttir (Old Norse: Ann Naddoðsdōttir, 900s) was possibly a daughter of Naddoddr, the Viking attributed with the discovery of Iceland.

Her name may appear on a gravestone.

Outside the cemetery of a church in Bressay on Shetland, there was in 1864 found a stone slab from the early 10th century with Christian crosses and decorations appearing on the front and backfaces. These of Scandinavian origins.

It also has various lettering carved along the edges in the ogham alphabet.[1]

Celtic historian Katherine Forsyth from Harvard University managed in 1996 to decipher the text as part of her Ph.D. dissertation.[2]

One text says[3]

  • "᚛ᚉᚏᚏᚑᚄᚄᚉᚉ᚜ –– meaning: CRRO[S]SCC (gaelic for "cross")[4]
  • "᚛ᚅᚐᚆᚆᚈᚃᚃᚇᚇᚐᚇᚇᚄ᚜" meaning NAHHTVVDDA[DD]S
  • "᚛ᚇᚐᚈᚈᚏᚏ᚜" meaning DATTRR (Norse for "daughter")[4]
  • "᚛ᚐᚅᚅ" meaning [A]NN [--]

And the other says:

  • " ᚁᚓᚅᚔᚄᚓᚄ ᚋᚓᚊᚊ ᚇᚇᚏᚑᚐᚅᚅ᚜" meaning BEN[I]SES MEQQ DDR[O]ANN (MEQQ is gaelic for "Mac", son-of)[4]

It mentions the following names: Nahhtvdda[dd]s, Ben[i]ses, Ddr[o]ann

Se Ogham inscriptions

According to Dr. Forsyth[2] (and other previous scientists) it can be translate in Old Norwegian to: "HER: KROSSUR: NADDODDSDÓTTIR: ANN" and: "(AV) BEINIR SONUR DRÓIN"

Descendant theory

Forsyth says[2] that this Ann Naddodsdóttir was a Faroese Viking. The son Beinir Dróinsson (MacDroan) who raised the grave might be identical to Beinir Sigmundsson who according to Færeyinga saga was the brother of Brestir Sigmundsson who together ruled their own half of the Faroe Islands. They both died in 970. Brestir's son Sigmundur Brestisson apparently introduced Christianity to the Faroe Islands in 999. If this is true Sigmundur was of Christian faith already at birth.


  1. ^ Cross Slab (Early Medieval), Ogham Inscribed Stone (Early Medieval) at canmore.org.uk, last accessed on Nov 27, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Katherine S. Forsyth: The Ogham Inscriptions of Scotland. An Edited Corpus. Harvard University Dissertation, Cambridge, Mass. 1996
  3. ^ Katherine Holman. "BREAY/1". Celtic Inscribed Stones Project. University College London. 
  4. ^ a b c Scandinavian runic inscriptions in the British Isles. Tapir (Trondheim, Norway). 1996. p. 280Ph.D. Dissertation at Nottingham University 

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