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These three kings were supposed to have ruled before the flood of Deucalion.
|Periphas||Turned into an eagle by Zeus|
|Ogyges||King of the Ectenes who were the earliest inhabitants of Boeotia|
|Actaeus||Father of Agraulus, and father-in-law to Cecrops|
The early Athenian tradition, followed by the 3rd century BC Parian Chronicle, made Cecrops, a mythical half-man half-serpent, the first king of Athens. The dates for the following kings were conjectured centuries later, by historians of the Hellenistic era who tried to backdate events by cross-referencing earlier sources such as the Parian Chronicle. Tradition says that King Menestheus took part in the Trojan War.
|1556–1506 BC||Cecrops I|
|1437–1397 BC||Pandion I|
|1347–1307 BC||Cecrops II||Omitted in Heraclides' epitome of Aristotle's Constitution of the Athenians|
|1307–1282 BC||Pandion II|
|1282–1234 BC||Aegeus||Construction of Trojan Walls by Poseidon, Apollo and the mortal Aeacus (c. 1282 BC)|
|1205–1183 BC||Menestheus||Trojan War and the Sack of Troy (c. 1183 BC)|
After Codrus's death, his sons Medon and Acastus either reigned as kings, or became hereditary archons. In 753 BC the hereditary archonship was replaced by a non-hereditary system (see Archons of Athens).