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|Komuna e Gjilanit =|
The street that runs through the city's center
Location of the municipality of Suva Reka within Kosovo
|District||District of Prizren|
|• Mayor||Bali Muharremaj|
|• Municipal||361 km2 (139 sq mi)|
|Elevation||389 m (1,276 ft)|
|• Municipal density||170/km2 (430/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+383 29|
Suva Reka (Serbian Cyrillic: Сува Река), or Suhareka or Theranda (Albanian: Suharekë or Therandë), is a town and municipality located in the Prizren district of central-southern Kosovo.[a] According to the 2011 census, the town has 10,422 inhabitants, while the municipality has 59,722 inhabitants.
Suva Reka means "dry river" in Serbian. The Albanian spellings are Suharekë or Suhareka (derived from Serbian), while an alternative name was recently created by the Albanological Institute, Therandë, adopted from an unlocated Roman site (possibly in Suva Reka or Ljubižda in the Miruša valley), as part of the Albanian nationalistic renaming of Serbian placenames (itself part of state-building Kosovo as Albanian).
The municipality includes several medieval Serbian sites and old settlements, such as the villages of Banja, Dulje, Mušutište, Popovljane, Rečane, and churches of Virgin Hodegetria, St. George, Holy Trinity, St. Nicholas, among others. The settlement of Suva Reka itself was first mentioned in 1465.
During the Kosovo War (1998–99), the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) operated in the region and it was reported that it had killed and wounded several Serbian policemen and civilians. Among KLA attacks against police officers recorded in 1998 in the municipality were: on 16 August in Blace (one badly wounded), on 23 August in Dulje (three badly, four lightly wounded) and in Reštane (one badly wounded), on 25 August in Dulje (one badly wounded), on 28 September in Budakovo (three badly wounded) and in Vranić (one lightly wounded). KLA shot at an OSCE vehicle driving behind a FR Yugoslav military convoy between Suva Reka and Štimlje on 5 November 1998. In 10–16 January 1999, FR Yugoslav forces conducted counter-insurgency operations in Suva Reka. UNHCR estimated on 18 March 1999 that the Suva Reka municipality had 6,100 displaced and 5,600 returns. On 25 March, the town was surrounded by the Yugoslav army and police, and U.S. documents claim reports of at least 30 Albanians killed. There were reports that Serb forces extorted Albanians in Belanica on 27 March. In April and May 1999, Serb paramilitary repeatedly attacked the villages in the municipality, forcing the population to leave and gather in KLA territory. On 11–12 June 1999, a Serb family of four was kidnapped in Dvorane and never located. On 12 June 1999, KLA attacked Mušutište and kidnapped eighteen Serb civilians.
After the war, Serbian heritage was destroyed all over Kosovo; the churches (including cemeteries) of Virgin Hodegetria, St. George, Holy Trinity, St. Nicholas and others were completely destroyed in 1999 after the arrival of KFOR (and end of war).
|Municipal historical population|
|Source: Division of Kosovo|
According to the 2011 census done by the Government of Kosovo, the municipality of Suhareka had 59,722 inhabitants of which 98.9% were Kosovo Albanians. However, these results should be taken with caution, due to the partial boycott by Kosovo Serbs. According to OSCE, the whereabouts of the displaced Serb and Roma communities is unknown.
Suva Reka is twinned with:
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