Živana Antonijević
Born
Живана Антонијевић

1770s
Died1828
Zemun
NationalityAustrian
Other namesBlind Živana
Occupationstoryteller
Known forbeing one of the most important sources for Serbian epic poetry recorded by Vuk Karadžić

Živana Antonijević or Blind Živana (she was probably born in the 1770s and died in Zemun in 1828) was Serbian storyteller, female gusle player (Serbian: guslar) and one of the most important sources for Serbian epic poetry recorded by Vuk Karadžić. Vuk would always distinguish between пјевачи ствараоци (pjevači stvaraoci) (to wit: singers composers) and пјевачи преносиоци (pjevači prenosioci) (singers who merely repeated what they had heard before). Živana Antonijević, along with three other female gusle players and composers, Jeca, Slepa Stepanija, and another unnamed woman, were in the creative category.

Živana was one of favorite women singers of Vuk Karadžić[1] who published seven songs recorded from her:

  • Како се крсно име служи (Kako se krsno ime služi)
  • Ко крсно име слави оном и помаже (Ko krsno ime slavi)

In both of these songs Živana refers to an old folk belief i.e. that the patron saint (guardian saint) hovers over the shoulder of his protégé, and acts accordingly.

  • Marko Kraljević and Alil-Aga (Serbian: Марко Краљевић и Алил-ага)

Here Živana talks of the holy duty of pobratismo. When Alil-Aga realizes that he is going to lose and will have to pay with his life, he pleads to Marko to accept his pledge of 'brother-unto-God'. The two men become brothers for life.

  • Marko Kraljević and the twelve Moors (Serbian: Марко Краљевић и дванаест Арапа)
  • Perilous Bogdan and voivode Dragija (Serbian: Љутица Богдан и војвода Драгија)
  • Vučko Ljubičić
  • Nahod Momir

In "Nahod Momir" Živana describes the proper ritual when a foundling is being accepted as adopted son by the czar (emperor) and later the czaritsa (empress) herself.

Some other songs are also recorded from her, including:

  • Marko and the vila (Serbian: Марко Краљевић и вила)
  • The unfaithful wife of Grujica (Serbian: Невјера љубе Грујичине)

In "The unfaithful wife of Grujica" Živana tells us of the love of a parent (Grujica) for his little son.

  • The Wedding of Todor of Stalać (Serbian: Женидба Тодора од Сталаћа)

Jelisaveta Marković (Blind Jeca), who was also a blind storyteller (one of four whose songs were recorded by Karadžić) was Živana's apprentice.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Hawkesworth, Celia (2000). Voices in the Shadows: Women and Verbal Art in Serbia and Bosnia. Central European University Press. p. 53. one of Karadžić's favored women singers, Blind Živana,
  2. ^ Hawkesworth, Celia (2000). Voices in the Shadows: Women and Verbal Art in Serbia and Bosnia. Central European University Press. p. 53. Karadžić collected songs from four blind women singers: Živana, Jeca (who was Živanas pupil) Stepanija and unnamed blind singer from northern Serbia