|Discovery site||Kitt Peak National Obs.|
|Discovery date||26 December 2000|
|(82075) 2000 YW134|
|2000 YW134 · 2001 XG201|
|TNO · res (3:8)|
|Epoch 1 July 2021 (JD 2459396.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 2|
|Observation arc||20.19 yr (7,373 d)|
|434.78 yr (158,805 d)|
|0° 0m 8.28s / day|
|Known satellites||S/2005 (82075) 1|
(82075) 2000 YW134, provisional designation: 2000 YW134, is a resonant trans-Neptunian object and binary system, located in the outermost region of the Solar System. It was discovered on 26 December 2000, by astronomers with the Spacewatch survey at Kitt Peak Observatory near Tucson, Arizona. The reddish object stays in a rare 3:8 resonance with Neptune and measures approximately 216 kilometers (130 miles). Its 75-kilometer sized companion was discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope in October 2002. As of 2021[update], neither the primary body nor its satellite have been named.
2000 YW134 orbits the Sun at a distance of 41.0–73.8 AU once every 434 years and 9 months (158,805 days; semi-major axis of 57.39 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.29 and an inclination of 20° with respect to the ecliptic. The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation by Spacewatch on 26 December 2000. It last came to perihelion in 1979, and is currently at about 46.5 AU from the Sun, with an apparent magnitude of 21.54. It will reach aphelion in December 2197.
2000 YW134 is a resonant trans-Neptunian object that stays in a rare 3:8 mean-motion orbital resonance with Neptune, orbiting exactly three times the Sun for every 8 orbits Neptune does. There are currently two other objects known to have the same resonant type: 2014 UE228 and (542258) 2013 AP183. Due to its relatively large distance to Neptune, a classification as an extended-scattered or detached object was also considered earlier on (Lykawka, 2006). However, improved observations and long-term numerical integrations of the object's orbit by Emel’yanenko and Kiseleva (84% probability) and the Deep Ecliptic Survey – with all alternative integrations in agreement, showing a minimum perihelion distance of 38.2 AU – have since secured its 3:8 orbital resonance with Neptune.
This minor planet was numbered by the Minor Planet Center on 4 May 2004, receiving the number (82075) in the minor planet catalog (M.P.C. 51853). As of 2021[update], it has not been named. According to the established naming conventions, it will be given a mythological name associated with the underworld.
The surface of 2000 YW134 is moderately red in the visible part of the spectrum. Its IR spectral type transitions from the very red (RR) to the intermediate blue-red (BR). Alternatively a BR-spectral type has also been assumed. The object's B−V and V–R color indices have also been measured several times, giving an averaged value of close to 1.0 and 0.5, respectively, for a combined B−R magnitude of 1.50.
In 2010, observations with the Herschel Space Observatory constrained the object's geometric albedo to no darker than 8%, and allowed to place an upper limit to its effective mean-diameter of 500 km (310 mi), as no thermal radiation had been detected. However, according to Michael Mommert's dissertation in 2013, the object has a much higher albedo of 0.408±0.329, which greatly reduces its effective diameter to 229 km (140 mi).
On 25 October 2002, observations in the far-infrared with the NICMOS instrument of the Hubble Space Telescope revealed, that 2000 YW134 is a binary system with a satelite in its orbit. The discovery was announced on 6 October 2005.: 22 Johnston's Archive derives a diameter of 216 km (130 mi) for the primary and a diameter of 75 km (47 mi) for the secondary, based on a secondary-to-primary diameter ratio of 0.347, for a difference of 1.3 magnitudes between the two objects. The satellite, designated S/2005 (82075) 1, orbits its primary every 10 days (estimated) at an average distance of 1,900 km (1,200 mi).