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1794 ( MDCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1794th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 794th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 94th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1794, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. Events
January 13 – The U.S. Congress enacts a law providing for, effective May 1, 1795, a United States flag of 15 stars and 15 stripes, in recognition of the recent admission of Vermont and Kentucky as the 14th and 15th states. A subsequent act restores the number of stripes to 13, but provides for additional stars upon the admission of each additional state. 
January 21 – King George III of Great Britain delivers the speech opening Parliament and recommends a continuation of Britain's war with France.
February 4 – French Revolution: The French First Republic abolishes slavery.
February 8 – Wreck of the Ten Sail on Grand Cayman.
February 11 – The first session of the United States Senate is open to the public.
March 4 – The Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed by Congress for submission to the states for ratification. 
March 11 – Canonsburg Academy (modern-day Washington & Jefferson College) is chartered by the Pennsylvania General Assembly. 
March 12 – General Antoni Madaliński, a commander of the National Cavalry in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, disobeys an order from the ruling Russian Empire and Kingdom of Prussia imposing demobilization, advancing his troops from Ostrołęka to Kraków.
March 14 – Eli Whitney is granted a United States patent for the cotton gin.
March 22 – Congress prohibits American ships from supplying slaves to any nation other than the United States, setting a penalty of forfeiture of the ship and a $2,000 fine. 
March 23 – British troops capture Martinique from the French. 
March 24 – Tadeusz Kościuszko makes his proclamation, starting the Kościuszko Uprising against the Russian Empire and Kingdom of Prussia, in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Prussian Partition.
March 26 – The U.S. lays a 60-day embargo on all shipping to and from Great Britain.  March 27
The United States Government authorizes the building of the first six
United States Navy vessels (in 1797 the first three frigates, , United States and Constellation (1797) go into service), not to be confused with October 13, 1775, which is observed as the Navy's Birthday. Constitution The U.S. Senate passes a rule ending its policy of closing all of its sessions to the public.  April–June
January 7 – Eilhard Mitscherlich, German chemist (d. 1863)
February 11 – Charlotta Eriksson, Swedish actor (d. 1862)
February 20 – William Carleton, Irish novelist (d. 1869)
February 21 – Antonio López de Santa Anna, Mexican general and President of Mexico (d. 1876)
April 10 – Matthew Calbraith Perry, American commodore (d. 1858)
April 11 – Edward Everett, American politician (d. 1865)
May 17 – Anna Brownell Jameson, British writer (d. 1860)
May 24 – William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher and historian of science (d. 1866)
May 27 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, American entrepreneur (d. 1877)
June 16 – María Trinidad Sánchez, heroine of the Dominican War of Independence (d. 1846)
July 5 – Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist, inventor (d. 1851)
July 7 – Frances Stackhouse Acton, British botanist, archaeologist, writer and artist (d. 1881)
July 18 – Feargus O'Connor, Irish political radical, Chartist leader (d. 1855)
July 28 – Charles Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1868)
August 8 – Francesco Puccinotti, Italian pathologist (d. 1872)
September 24 – Jeanne Villepreux-Power, French marine biologist (d. 1871)
November 3 – William Cullen Bryant, American poet (d. 1878) November 10 – Robert Towns, merchant, founder of Townsville, Queensland, Australia (d. 1873) Date unknown
January 4 – Nicolas Luckner, Marshal of France (executed) (b. 1722)
January 8 – Justus Möser, German statesman (b. 1720)
January 11 – Caroline Townshend, 1st Baroness Greenwich, English peeress (b. 1717)
January 16 – Edward Gibbon, English historian (b. 1737)
January 28 – Henri de la Rochejaquelein, French Revolutionary leader (b. 1772)
January 31 – Mariot Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
February 10 – Jacques Roux, French priest (b. 1752)
February 12 – Mahadaji Shinde, Maratha emperor of India (1764–1794)
March 24 – Jacques Hébert, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1757)
March 28 – Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician, philosopher and political scientist (died in prison) (b. 1743)
April 18 – Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1714)
April 23 – Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (executed) (b. 1721)
May 8 – Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist (executed) (b. 1743)
May 10 – Élisabeth of France, French princess (executed) (b. 1764) 
May 17 – Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 9th Baronet (b. 1752)
May 27 – Mary Palmer, English writer (b. 1716)
June 14 – Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland (b. 1718)
June 17 – Marguerite-Élie Guadet, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1753)
June 19 – Richard Henry Lee, 12th President of the Continental Congress (b. 1732)
June 25 – Jean-Olivier Briand, French-born Catholic bishop of Quebec (b. 1715)
July 13 – James Lind, British pioneer of naval hygiene in the Royal Navy (b. 1716)
July 17 – John Roebuck, English inventor (b. 1718)
July 23 – Alexandre de Beauharnais, French politician and general (executed) (b. 1760)
August 6 – Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
August 14 – Jacoba van den Brande, Dutch cultural personality (b. 1735)
August 17 – Countess Palatine Elisabeth Auguste of Sulzbach, politically active Electress of Bavaria (b. 1721)
September 1 – Catherine Théot, French visionary (b. 1716)
September 4 – John Hely-Hutchinson, Irish statesman (b. 1724)
September 15 – Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1725)
September 16 – Hester Bateman, English silversmith (bap. 1708)
September 25 – Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
November 3 – François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal, statesman (b. 1715)
November 9 – Thomas Walker, distinguished Virginia physician, explorer (b. 1715)
December 2 – Johann Gottlob Leidenfrost, German physician (b. 1715)
December 12 – Meshullam Feivush Heller, Austrian Hasidic author (b. c. 1742) December 16 – Jean-Baptiste Carrier, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1756) In fiction
^ "Flag of the United States".
The Port Folio (July, 1818) p. 18.
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Lossing, Benson John; Wilson, Woodrow, eds. (1910). Harper's Encyclopaedia of United States History from 458 A.D. to 1909. Harper & Brothers. p. 170.
Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 204. OCLC 2191890.
^ a b c d e
Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1794". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale . Retrieved . June 5, 2007
Hogeland, William (2015). The Whiskey Rebellion: George Washington, Alexander Hamilton and the Frontier Rebels Who Challenged America's Newfound Sovereignty. Simon and Schuster. p. 213.
McClelland, W. C. (1903). "A History of Literary Societies at Washington & Jefferson College". The Centennial Celebration of the Chartering of Jefferson College in 1802. Philadelphia: George H. Buchanan and Company. pp. 111–132.
Weinberg, Bennett Alan; Bealer, Bonnie K. (2001). The world of caffeine: the science and culture of the world's most popular drug. Psychology Press. pp. 92–3. ISBN 978-0-415-92722-2 . Retrieved . May 12, 2015
"Elizabeth Of France | princess of France". Encyclopædia Britannica . Retrieved . May 19, 2020