1814 and 1815 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1812 / 1813 April 26, 1814 – August 10, 1815[a] 1816 / 1817 →

All 183[b] seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
92 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Clay.jpg TimothyPitkin.jpg
Leader Henry Clay Timothy Pitkin
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Kentucky 2nd Connecticut at-large
Last election 114 seats 68 seats
Seats won 119[b] 64
Seat change Increase 5 Decrease 4

Speaker before election

Langdon Cheves
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 14th Congress were held at various dates in each state between April 1814 (in New York) and August 10, 1815 (in North Carolina) during James Madison's second term. The Congress's first session began on December 4, 1815.

This election took place in the middle of the War of 1812. Although the war was extremely unpopular in certain portions of the country, particularly New England, the dominant Democratic-Republican Party made small gains. The failed American invasion of Upper Canada (Ontario) in 1812–13 and the Burning of Washington by the British in 1814 were embarrassing setbacks, but the war was viewed by many as reasonably successful. National morale was high because the small American military overall had been able to fight British forces to a draw in coastal and frontier conflict.

The election of 1814 was the last in which the declining Federalist Party was able to secure more than a third of the seats in the House of Representatives – and it was only barely able to do so.

Election summaries

118 64
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type
Date
Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
New York Districts April 26–28, 1814 27 21 Increase12 6 Decrease12
Louisiana At-large July 4–6, 1814 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky Districts August 3, 1814 10 10 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large August 29, 1814 6 0 Steady 6 Steady
Rhode Island At-large August 30, 1814 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Vermont At-large September 6, 1814 6 0 Decrease6 6 Increase6
Connecticut At-large September 19, 1814 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Georgia At-large October 3, 1814 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland Districts 9 4 Decrease2 5 Increase2
Delaware At-large October 4, 1814 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
New Jersey At-large October 10–11, 1814 6 6 Increase4 0 Decrease4
South Carolina Districts 9 8 Decrease1 1 Increase1
Ohio Districts October 11, 1814 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania Districts 23 18 Decrease4 5 Increase4
Massachusetts Districts November 7, 1814[c] 20 2 Decrease2 18 Increase2
Late elections (After the March 4, 1815 beginning of the term)
Virginia Districts April 1815 23 19 Increase2 4 Decrease2
Tennessee Districts August 3–4, 1815 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina Districts August 10, 1815 13 11 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Total[b] 183 118
64.8%
Increase4 64
35.2%
Decrease4
House seats
Democratic-Republican
64.8%
Federalist
35.2%

Special elections

There were special elections in 1814 and 1815 to the 13th United States Congress and 14th United States Congress.

Special elections are sorted by date then district.

13th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Kentucky 2 Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent resigned January 19, 1814 to travel to Europe for the War of 1812 negotiations.
New member elected February 28, 1814.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated March 29, 1814.[1]
Successor was not later a candidate for re-election, see below.
Joseph H. Hawkins (Democratic-Republican) 47.1%
George Trotter Jr. (Federalist) 42.7%
William B. Blackburn (Democratic-Republican) 10.2%[2]
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
William M. Richardson Democratic-Republican 1811 (Special) Incumbent resigned April 18, 1814.
New member elected May 23, 1814.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Successor seated September 22, 1814.[1]
Samuel Dana (Democratic-Republican) 57.6%
Asahel Stearns (Federalist) 42.4%[3]
Virginia 11 John Dawson Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent died March 31, 1814.
New member elected June 1814.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was later re-elected, see below.
Successor seated January 11, 1815.[1]
Philip P. Barbour (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed[4]
Massachusetts 12
"Berkshire district"
Daniel Dewey Federalist 1812 Incumbent resigned February 24, 1814, to become associate judge of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.
New member elected August 4, 1814.
Federalist hold.
Successor was later re-elected, see below.
Successor seated September 26, 1814.[1]
John W. Hulbert (Federalist) 51.4%
William P. Walker (Democratic-Republican) 48.6%[5]
New Hampshire at-large Samuel Smith Federalist 1812 Incumbent resigned May 21, 1814.[e]
In the August 29, 1814 special election, no candidate received the required majority to be elected. The seat appears to have been left vacant for the remainder of the Congress.[7]
Federalist loss.
Parker Noyes (Federalist) 49.1%
David L. Morrill (Democratic-Republican) 48.2%
Charles H. Atherton (Federalist) 2.6%
Others 0.9%[7]
Tennessee 5 Felix Grundy Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent resigned in 1814.
New member elected September 15–16, 1814.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Successor seated October 15, 1814.[1]
Newton Cannon (Democratic-Republican) 50.2%
Thomas Claiborne (Democratic-Republican) 25.9%
William W. Cooke (Unknown) 15.6%
John Reid (Unknown) 8.4%[8]
New Jersey 3
"Southern district"
Jacob Hufty Federalist 1808 Incumbent died May 20, 1814.
New member elected October 10–11, 1814.
Democratic-Republican gain.
By the time of the special election the legislature had reinstated at-large elections. This was the second of three cases when the special election was held on a different basis than the general election.
Successor was not a candidate that same day for election to the next term, see below.
Successor seated November 2, 1814.[1]
Thomas Bines (Democratic-Republican) 51.3%
William B. Ewing (Federalist) 48.7%[9]
Missouri Territory at-large Edward Hempstead Democratic-Republican 1812 (New seat) Incumbent served until September 17, 1814.
New delegate elected September 17, 1814.
Successor also elected to the next term, see below.
Successor seated November 16, 1814.[1]
Rufus Easton (Democratic-Republican) 36.7%
Alexander MacNair (Democratic-Republican) 33.1%
Samuel Hammond (Democratic-Republican) 28.8%
Thomas F. Riddick (Democratic-Republican) 1.4%[10]
Ohio 6 Reasin Beall Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent resigned June 7, 1814.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New member elected October 11, 1814.
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Successor seated December 22, 1814.[1]
David Clendenin (Democratic-Republican) 63.6%
Lewis Kinney (Democratic-Republican) 17.5%
John G. Young (Democratic-Republican) 12.2%
Thomas G. Jones (Democratic-Republican) 6.1%[11]
Pennsylvania 2 Jonathan Roberts Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent resigned February 24, 1814, when elected U.S. Senator.
New member elected October 11, 1814.
Federalist gain.
Successor lost election, the same day, to the next term, see below.
Successor seated November 29, 1814.[1]
Samuel Henderson (Federalist) 50.4%
John Hahn (Democratic-Republican) 49.6%[12]
Pennsylvania 3 James Whitehill Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent resigned September 1, 1814, to engage in mercantile pursuits.
New member elected October 12, 1814.
Federalist gain.
Successor elected, the next day, to the next term, see below.
Successor seated December 12, 1814.[1]
Amos Slaymaker (Federalist) 55.9%
John Whiteside (Democratic-Republican) 44.1%[13]

14th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
Daniel A. White Federalist 1814 Member-elect declined the seat to become Probate Judge in Essex County.
New member elected July 17, 1815.
Federalist hold.
Successor seated December 4, 1815.[14]
Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist)[f][15]
New York 6 Jonathan Fisk Democratic-Republican 1808
1810 (Retired)
1812
Incumbent resigned in March 1815 when appointed U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York.
New member elected in April 1815.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 4, 1815.[14]
James W. Wilkin (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New York 12 Benjamin Pond Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent died October 14, 1814.
New member elected in April 1815.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 7, 1815.[14]
Asa Adgate (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Virginia 15 Matthew Clay Democratic-Republican 1797
1812 (Lost)
1815
Incumbent died May 27, 1815.
New member elected in October 1815.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 5, 1815.[14]
John Kerr (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Pennsylvania 1 Jonathan Williams Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent died May 16, 1815.
New member elected October 10, 1815.
Federalist gain.
Successor seated December 6, 1815.[14]
John Sergeant (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Pennsylvania 3 Amos Ellmaker Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent resigned July 3, 1815 to become President Judge of the 12th Judicial District.
New member elected October 10, 1815.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 4, 1815.[14]
James M. Wallace (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Pennsylvania 9 David Bard Democratic-Republican 1794
1798 (Lost)
1802
Incumbent died March 12, 1815.
New member elected October 10, 1815.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 11, 1815.[14]
Thomas Burnside (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Kentucky 2 Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 1810
1814 (Resigned)
1814
Seat declared vacant in 1815 by the governor, “caused by the acceptance of Henry Clay to sign a commercial convention as minister plenipotentiary to Great Britain.”[16]
Incumbent re-elected October 30, 1815 to fill his own vacancy.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated December 4, 1815.[14]
Henry Clay (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed[17]
Tennessee 2 John Sevier Democratic-Republican 1790 (in North Carolina)
1790 (Retired)
1811
Incumbent died September 24, 1815.
New member elected December 7–8, 1815.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated January 8, 1816.[14]
William G. Blount (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing.]

Connecticut

Connecticut held its election September 19, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Epaphroditus Champion Federalist 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Epaphroditus Champion (Federalist)[f]
John Davenport (Federalist)
Lyman Law (Federalist)
Jonathan O. Moseley (Federalist)
Timothy Pitkin (Federalist)
Lewis B. Sturges (Federalist)
Benjamin Tallmadge (Federalist)
Sylvanus Backus (Federalist)
Asa Bacon (Federalist)
Charles Dennison (Federalist)
Sylvester Gilbert (Federalist)
James Gould (Federalist)
Uriel Holmes (Federalist)
Ebenezer Huntington (Federalist)
Samuel B. Sherwood (Federalist)
Nathan Smith (Federalist)
Nathaniel Terry (Federalist)
Thomas S. Williams (Federalist)
John Davenport Federalist 1798 Incumbent re-elected.
Lyman Law Federalist 1810 Incumbent re-elected.
Jonathan O. Moseley Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected.
Benjamin Tallmadge Federalist 1801 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Timothy Pitkin Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Lewis B. Sturges Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

Delaware

Delaware held its election October 4, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Delaware at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Henry M. Ridgely Federalist 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Thomas Clayton (Federalist) 30.4%
Thomas Cooper (Federalist) 30.4%
Willard Hall (Democratic-Republican) 19.6%
George Read Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 19.6%
Thomas Cooper Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected.

Georgia

Georgia held its election October 3, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
John Forsyth Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John Forsyth (Democratic-Republican) 17.0%
Alfred Cuthbert (Democratic-Republican) 15.7%
Wilson Lumpkin (Democratic-Republican) 13.7%
Richard Henry Wilde (Democratic-Republican) 12.4%
Bolling Hall (Democratic-Republican) 11.4%
Thomas Telfair (Democratic-Republican) 10.6%
William Barnett (Democratic-Republican) 9.8%
Joel Abbot (Democratic-Republican) 8.5%
Hiram Storrs 0.9%
Alfred Cuthbert Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
George M. Troup Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Barnett Democratic-Republican 1812 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Bolling Hall Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected.
Thomas Telfair Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected.

Kentucky

Kentucky held its elections August 3, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 James Clark Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. James Clark (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Kentucky 2 Joseph H. Hawkins Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.[g]
Henry Clay (Democratic-Republican)[g][f]
Kentucky 3 Richard M. Johnson Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Richard M. Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Kentucky 4 Joseph Desha Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Desha (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Kentucky 5 Samuel Hopkins Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Alney McLean (Democratic-Republican) 54.1%
Anthony New (Democratic-Republican) 27.1%
Rezin Davidge 18.8%
Kentucky 6 Solomon P. Sharp Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Solomon P. Sharp (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Kentucky 7 Samuel McKee Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel McKee (Democratic-Republican) 61.3%
Samuel South 38.7%
Kentucky 8 Stephen Ormsby Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected. Stephen Ormsby (Democratic-Republican)[f]
James Moore
Kentucky 9 Thomas Montgomery Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Micah Taul (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Thomas Montgomery (Democratic-Republican)
Kentucky 10 William P. Duval Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Benjamin Hardin (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Matthew Walton (Democratic-Republican)

Louisiana

Louisiana held its election July 4–6, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Louisiana at-large Thomas B. Robertson Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas B. Robertson (Democratic-Republican) 90.6%
John B. Prevost (Federalist) 8.2%

Maryland

Maryland held its elections October 3, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Maryland 1 Philip Stuart Federalist 1810 Incumbent re-elected. Philip Stuart (Federalist) 99.8%
Maryland 2 Joseph Kent Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John C. Herbert (Federalist) 57.3%
Joseph Kent (Democratic-Republican) 42.6%
Maryland 3 Alexander C. Hanson Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Alexander C. Hanson (Federalist) 99.4%
Maryland 4 Samuel Ringgold Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
George Baer Jr. (Federalist) 51.4%
Samuel Ringgold (Democratic-Republican) 48.5%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican 1803
1810 (Lost)
1812
Incumbent re-elected. Nicholas R. Moore (Democratic-Republican) 38.3%
William Pinkney (Democratic-Republican) 38.0%
John E. Howard (Federalist) 22.9%
Alexander McKim Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Maryland 6 Stevenson Archer Democratic-Republican 1811 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Stevenson Archer (Democratic-Republican) 51.8%
Abraham Jarrett (Federalist) 48.1%
Maryland 7 Robert Wright Democratic-Republican 1810 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Robert Wright (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
Samuel W. Thomas (Federalist) 47.5%
Maryland 8 Charles Goldsborough Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected. Charles Goldsborough (Federalist) 96.2%
Thomas E. Waggaman (Democratic-Republican) 3.8%

Massachusetts

Massachusetts held its elections November 7, 1814. State law required a majority vote for election which was not met in two districts, leading to a second election January 6, 1815.

District[h] Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Artemas Ward Jr. Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Artemas Ward Jr. (Federalist) 96.9%
Benjamin Austin (Democratic-Republican) 3.1%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Timothy Pickering
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Timothy Pickering (Federalist) 89.2%
Daniel Kilham (Democratic-Republican) 10.8%
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
William Reed
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Federalist 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Successor either declined the seat or resigned after the term began, leading to a special election.
Daniel A. White (Federalist) 89.6%
Thomas Kitteridge (Democratic-Republican) 10.2%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Samuel Dana Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Asahel Stearns (Federalist) 53.5%
Samuel Dana (Democratic-Republican) 46.5%
Massachusetts 5
"Hampshire South district"
William Ely Federalist 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Elijah H. Mills (Federalist) 89.4%
Enos Foot (Democratic-Republican) 10.6%
Massachusetts 6
"Hampshire North district"
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Taggart (Federalist) 61.7%
Samuel C. Allen (Federalist) 30.2%
Solomon Snead (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
Massachusetts 7
"Berkshire district"
John W. Hulbert
Redistricted from the 12th district
Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John W. Hulbert (Federalist) 55.6%
William P. Walker (Democratic-Republican) 44.4%
Massachusetts 8
"Plymouth district"
William Baylies
Redistricted from the 7th district
Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. William Baylies (Federalist) 65.3%
Seth Sprague (Democratic-Republican) 33.5%
Joseph Rice (Democratic-Republican) 1.2%
Massachusetts 9
"Barnstable district"
John Reed Jr.
Redistricted from the 8th district
Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 78.4%
Thomas Hazard Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 19.5%
Joseph Dimmick (Democratic-Republican) 2.1%
Massachusetts 10
"Bristol district"
Laban Wheaton
Redistricted from the 9th district
Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Laban Wheaton (Federalist) 65.2%
Marcus Morton (Democratic-Republican) 34.8%
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester South district"
Elijah Brigham
Redistricted from the 10th district
Federalist 1810 Incumbent re-elected. Elijah Brigham (Federalist) 66.2%
John Spurr (Democratic-Republican) 33.8%
Massachusetts 12
"Worcester North district"
Abijah Bigelow
Redistricted from the 11th district
Federalist 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Solomon Strong (Federalist) 74.8%
Edmund Cushing (Democratic-Republican) 25.2%
Massachusetts 13
"Norfolk district"
Nathaniel Ruggles Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Ruggles (Federalist) 57.4%
Thomas Boylston Adams (Democratic-Republican) 42.6%
Massachusetts 14
"1st Eastern district", District of Maine
Cyrus King Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Cyrus King (Federalist) 53.1%
John Holmes (Democratic-Republican) 46.9%
Massachusetts 15
"2nd Eastern district", District of Maine
George Bradbury Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. George Bradbury (Federalist) 64.7%
Ezekiel Whitman (Democratic-Republican)
Massachusetts 16
"3rd Eastern district", District of Maine
Abiel Wood
Redistricted from the 17th district
Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Benjamin Brown (Federalist) 61.7%
Abiel Wood (Democratic-Republican) 38.3%
Massachusetts 17
"4th Eastern district", District of Maine
John Wilson
Redistricted from the 18th district
Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 7, 1814):
John Wilson (Federalist) 49.3%
James Carr (Federalist) 48.3%
Others 2.4%

Second ballot (January 6, 1815):
James Carr (Federalist) 57.0%
John Wilson (Federalist) 43.0%
Massachusetts 18
"5th Eastern district", District of Maine
James Parker
Redistricted from the 19th district
Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 56.4%
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 43.6%
Massachusetts 19
"6th Eastern district", District of Maine
Samuel Davis
Redistricted from the 16th district
Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 7, 1814):
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 49.3%
Timothy Boutelle (Federalist) 48.8%
William Reed (Democratic-Republican) 1.5%
Others 0.4%

Second ballot (January 6, 1815):
Samuel S. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 52.4%
Timothy Boutelle (Federalist) 47.6%
Massachusetts 20
"7th Eastern district", District of Maine
Levi Hubbard Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Albion K. Parris (Democratic-Republican) 56.6%
Samuel A. Bradley (Federalist) 43.4%

New Hampshire

New Hampshire held its election August 29, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
William Hale Federalist 1808
1810 (Lost)
1812
Incumbent re-elected. William Hale (Federalist) 8.7%
Daniel Webster (Federalist) 8.7%
Roger Vose (Federalist) 8.7%
Jeduthun Wilcox (Federalist) 8.7%
Bradbury Cilley (Federalist) 8.7%
Charles Humphrey Atherton (Federalist) 8.7%
John Fabyan Parrott (Democratic-Republican) 8.0%
David Morrill (Democratic-Republican) 8.0%
Stephen P. Webster (Democratic-Republican) 8.0%
Nathaniel Upham (Democratic-Republican) 8.0%
Elisha Huntley (Democratic-Republican) 8.0%
Josiah Butler (Democratic-Republican) 7.9%
Daniel Webster Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
Roger Vose Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
Jeduthun Wilcox Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
Bradbury Cilley Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel Smith Federalist 1812 Incumbent resigned May 21, 1814.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.

New Jersey

New Jersey held its election October 10–11, 1814. The state returned to an at-large basis for electing its representatives, abolishing the short-lived districts of the previous election.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Jacob Hufty Federalist 1808 Incumbent died May 20, 1814.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Successor was not a candidate that same day to finish the term, see above.
Henry Southard (Democratic-Republican) 8.6%
Lewis Condict (Democratic-Republican) 8.6%
Ephraim Bateman (Democratic-Republican) 8.6%
Ezra Baker (Democratic-Republican) 8.6%
Benjamin Bennet (Democratic-Republican) 8.6%
Thomas Ward (Democratic-Republican) 8.6%
John Frelinghuysen (Federalist) 8.1%
John N. Cumming (Federalist) 8.1%
James Parker (Federalist) 8.1%
James Giles (Federalist) 8.0%
Samuel W. Harrison (Federalist) 8.0%
Jacob S. Thompson (Federalist) 8.0%
Lewis Condict
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected.
James Schureman
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Federalist 1789
1798 (Lost)
1813
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Richard Stockton
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Federalist 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Coxe Jr.
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Federalist 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas Ward
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent re-elected.

New York

New York held its elections April 26–28, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
New York 1
Plural district with 2 seats
Ebenezer Sage Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George Townsend (Democratic-Republican) 26.8%
Henry Crocheron (Democratic-Republican) 26.8%
William Townsend (Federalist) 22.7%
Cornelius Bedell (Federalist) 22.6%
John Lefferts Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 2
Plural district with 2 seats
William Irving Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William Irving (Democratic-Republican) 26.3%
Peter H. Wendover (Democratic-Republican) 26.0%
John Anthon (Federalist) 23.7%
Jacob Lorillard (Federalist) 23.7%
Jotham Post Jr. Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 3 Peter Denoyelles Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jonathan Ward (Democratic-Republican) 45.6%
Richard Valentine Morris (Federalist) 43.8%
Philip Van Cortlandt (Democratic-Republican) 10.6%
New York 4 Thomas J. Oakley Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Abraham H. Schenck (Democratic-Republican) 54.0%
Abraham Bockee (Federalist) 46.0%
New York 5 Thomas P. Grosvenor Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas P. Grosvenor (Federalist) 61.7%
Edward P. Livingston (Democratic-Republican) 38.3%
New York 6 Jonathan Fisk Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
Incumbent resigned at the beginning of the term, triggering a special election.
Jonathan Fisk (Democratic-Republican) 78.0%
Jonas Storey (Federalist) 22.0%
New York 7 Abraham J. Hasbrouck Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Samuel R. Betts (Democratic-Republican) 56.6%
Elnathan Sears (Federalist) 43.7%
New York 8 Samuel Sherwood Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Loser successfully challenged the election.
John Adams (Federalist) 47.1%
Erastus Root (Democratic-Republican) 39.2%
"Erastus Rott" 13.8%
New York 9 John Lovett Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John Lovett (Federalist) 63.9%
Robert L. Tillotson (Democratic-Republican) 36.1%
New York 10 Hosea Moffitt Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Hosea Moffitt (Federalist) 57.9%
Josiah Masters (Democratic-Republican) 42.1%
New York 11 John W. Taylor Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John W. Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 57.8%
Elisha Powell (Federalist) 42.2%
New York 12
Plural district with 2 seats
Zebulon R. Shipherd Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Savage (Democratic-Republican) 25.8%
Benjamin Pond (Democratic-Republican) 25.6%
Elisha I. Winter (Federalist) 24.4%
Zebulon R. Shipherd (Federalist) 24.3%
Elisha I. Winter Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Successor died before the next term began, triggering a special election.
New York 13 Alexander Boyd Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John B. Yates (Democratic-Republican) 57.8%
Lawrence Vrooman (Federalist) 42.2%
New York 14 Jacob Markell Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Daniel Cady (Federalist) 51.9%
John McCarthy (Democratic-Republican) 48.1%
New York 15
Plural district with 2 seats
Isaac Williams Jr. Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jabez D. Hammond (Democratic-Republican) 28.0%
James Birdsall (Democratic-Republican) 27.8%
Robert Campbell (Federalist) 22.2%
Tracy Robinson (Federalist) 22.0%
Joel Thompson Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 16 Morris S. Miller Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Thomas R. Gold (Federalist) 56.6%
Nathan Williams (Democratic-Republican) 43.4%
New York 17 William S. Smith Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
Loser successfully challenged the election.
William S. Smith (Federalist) 47.5%
Westel Willoughby Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 46.7%
"Westel Willoughby" 5.8%
New York 18 Moss Kent Federalist 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Moss Kent (Federalist) 53.9%
Samuel Whittlesey (Democratic-Republican) 46.1%
New York 19 James Geddes Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Victory Birdseye (Democratic-Republican) 58.9%
James Geddes (Federalist) 41.1%
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Daniel Avery Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Enos T. Throop (Democratic-Republican) 36.8%
Oliver C. Comstock (Democratic-Republican) 36.5%
Emanuel Coryell (Federalist) 13.4%
Seth Phelps (Federalist) 13.3%
Oliver C. Comstock Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 21
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel M. Hopkins Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Micah Brooks (Democratic-Republican) 27.6%
Peter B. Porter (Democratic-Republican) 27.1%
Daniel W. Lewis (Federalist) 22.7%
Richard Smith (Federalist) 22.6%
Nathaniel W. Howell Federalist 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

North Carolina

North Carolina held its elections August 10, 1815.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1 William H. Murfree Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent re-elected. William H. Murfree (Democratic-Republican) 57.0%
Lemuel Sawyer (Democratic-Republican) 37.0%
William S. Hinton (Democratic-Republican) 5.4%
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Democratic-Republican 1798 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph H. Bryan (Democratic-Republican) 52.2%
Thomas Burgess (Federalist) 47.8%
North Carolina 3 William Kennedy Democratic-Republican 1803
1810 (Lost)
1813 (Special)
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James W. Clark (Democratic-Republican) 53.3%
James B. Haughton (Federalist) 46.7%
North Carolina 4 William Gaston Federalist 1813 Incumbent re-elected. William Gaston (Federalist)[f]
North Carolina 5 William R. King Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected. William R. King (Democratic-Republican)[f]
North Carolina 6 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican 1791 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Macon (Democratic-Republican) 71.6%
William Person (Federalist) 28.4%
North Carolina 7 John Culpepper Federalist 1806
1808 (Contested election)
1808 (Special)
1813
Incumbent re-elected. John Culpepper (Federalist) 86.6%
Richard Powell 3.6%
Benjamin Robinson 3.0%
John Winslow 1.0%
North Carolina 8 Richard Stanford Democratic-Republican 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Stanford (Democratic-Republican) 52.3%
Roger Tillman (Democratic-Republican) 47.3%
North Carolina 9 Bartlett Yancey Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent re-elected. Bartlett Yancey (Democratic-Republican) 60.0%
John Caldwell (Federalist) 25.9%
Alexander Sneed 14.1%
North Carolina 10 Joseph Pearson Federalist 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William C. Love (Democratic-Republican) 53.1%
Joseph Pearson (Federalist) 46.9%
North Carolina 11 Peter Forney Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Daniel M. Forney (Democratic-Republican) 53.0%
Joseph Graham (Federalist) 47.0%
North Carolina 12 Israel Pickens Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected. Israel Pickens (Democratic-Republican) 51.8%
Felix Walker (Democratic-Republican) 48.2%
North Carolina 13 Meshack Franklin Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Lewis Williams (Democratic-Republican) 57.2%
Meshack Franklin (Democratic-Republican) 42.8%

Ohio

Ohio held its elections October 11, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Ohio 1 John McLean Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John McLean (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Ohio 2 John Alexander Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John Alexander (Democratic-Republican) 50.6%
Thomas Morris (Democratic-Republican) 41.6%
John W. Campbell (Democratic-Republican) 7.8%
Ohio 3 William Creighton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William Creighton Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 83.1%
Levin Belt (Federalist) 16.9%
Ohio 4 James Caldwell Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. James Caldwell (Democratic-Republican) 61.2%
Bazaleel Wells (Federalist) 38.3%
Ohio 5 James Kilbourne Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. James Kilbourne (Democratic-Republican) 45.4%
Samuel MacCulloch (Democratic-Republican) 24.3%
Philemon Beecher (Federalist) 21.2%
Robert E. Slaughter (Democratic-Republican) 4.6%
Robert Cloud (Democratic-Republican) 2.2%
Hiram M. Curry (Democratic-Republican) 2.2%
Ohio 6 Reasin Beall Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent resigned June 7, 1814.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected the same day to finish the current term.
David Clendenin (Democratic-Republican) 55.7%
Lewis Kinney (Democratic-Republican) 24.7%
John G. Young (Democratic-Republican) 15.2%
Thomas G. Jones (Democratic-Republican) 4.4%

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania held its elections October 11, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[18]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 4 seats
Adam Seybert Democratic-Republican 1809 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Jonathan Williams (Federalist) 13.6%
Joseph Hopkinson (Federalist) 13.6%
William Milnor (Federalist) 13.2%
Thomas Smith (Federalist) 13.2%
Adam Seybert (Democratic-Republican) 11.8%
William Anderson (Democratic-Republican) 11.8%
Charles J. Ingersoll (Democratic-Republican) 11.4%
John Conard (Democratic-Republican) 11.3%
William Anderson Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Charles J. Ingersoll Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Conard Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 2 seats
Roger Davis Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Darlington (Democratic-Republican) 25.1%
John Hahn (Democratic-Republican) 25.0%
Isaac Wayne (Federalist) 25.0%
Samuel Henderson} (Federalist) 24.9%[i]
Jonathan Roberts Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent resigned February 24, 1814, when elected U.S. Senator.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor was not elected to finish the current term.
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 2 seats
James Whitehill Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent resigned September 1, 1814, to engage in mercantile pursuits.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor had been elected, the previous day, to finish the current term.
Amos Ellmaker (Democratic-Republican) 28.9%
John Whiteside (Democratic-Republican) 28.4%
Amos Slaymaker (Federalist) 22.0%[i]
Samuel Rex (Federalist) 20.7%
Edward Crouch Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 4 Hugh Glasgow Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Hugh Glasgow (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Pennsylvania 5
Plural district with 2 seats
William Crawford Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. William Maclay (Democratic-Republican) 27.6%
William Crawford (Democratic-Republican) 25.7%
Edward Crawford (Federalist) 23.9%
Alexander Cobean (Federalist) 19.7%
John Rea Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 6
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel D. Ingham Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel D. Ingham (Democratic-Republican) 34.1%
John Ross (Democratic-Republican) 30.0%
William Rodman (Federalist) 15.9%
James Hollingshead (Federalist) 12.5%
James Ralston (Democratic-Republican) 4.3%
Samuel Sitgreaves 3.1%(Federalist)
Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 1798 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 7 Daniel Udree Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Hiester (Democratic-Republican) 60.7%
Daniel Udree 39.3%
Pennsylvania 8 William Piper Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected. William Piper (Democratic-Republican) 62.4%
John Anderson (Federalist) 37.6%
Pennsylvania 9 David Bard Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. David Bard (Democratic-Republican) 78.0%
John Blair (Federalist) 22.0%
Pennsylvania 10
Plural district with 2 seats
Isaac Smith Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 28.9%
Jared Irwin (Democratic-Republican) 25.8%
David Scott (Democratic-Republican) 25.6%
John Boyd (Federalist) 18.0%
Isaac Smith (Democratic-Republican) 1.7%
Jared Irwin Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 11 William Findley Democratic-Republican 1802 Incumbent re-elected. William Findley (Democratic-Republican) 55.3%
James Brady (Federalist) 44.7%
Pennsylvania 12 Aaron Lyle Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Aaron Lyle (Democratic-Republican) 61.3%
Obadiah Jennings (Federalist) 34.2%
Thomas L. Birch (Democratic-Republican) 4.4%
Pennsylvania 13 Isaac Griffin Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Isaac Griffin (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Pennsylvania 14 Adamson Tannehill Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Woods (Federalist) 50.5%
Adamson Tannehill (Democratic-Republican) 49.5%
Pennsylvania 15 Thomas Wilson Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 78.1%
Epaphroditus Cossitt (Federalist) 21.9%

Rhode Island

Rhode Island held its election August 30, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Richard Jackson Jr. Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John L. Boss Jr. (Federalist) 28.3%
James B. Mason (Federalist) 27.5%
Nehemiah R. Knight (Democratic-Republican) 22.1%
John DeWolf Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 22.1%
Elisha R. Potter Federalist 1808 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.

South Carolina

South Carolina held its elections October 10–11, 1814.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
South Carolina 1 Langdon Cheves Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry Middleton (Democratic-Republican) 62.8%
Thomas Rhett Smith (Federalist) 37.2%
South Carolina 2 William Lowndes Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected. William Lowndes (Democratic-Republican) 100%
South Carolina 3 Theodore Gourdin Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Benjamin Huger (Federalist) 51.6%
Theodore Gourdin (Democratic-Republican) 48.4%
South Carolina 4 John J. Chappell Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John J. Chappell (Democratic-Republican)[f]
South Carolina 5 David R. Evans Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Woodward (Democratic-Republican)[f]
South Carolina 6 John C. Calhoun Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected. John C. Calhoun (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Benjamin C. Yancey (Democratic-Republican)
South Carolina 7 Elias Earle Democratic-Republican 1805 (Special)
1806 (Lost)
1810
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 75.4%
Elias Earle (Democratic-Republican) 24.1%
South Carolina 8 Samuel Farrow Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.[j]
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Moore (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Bowen[k] (Federalist)
Samuel Farrow(Democratic-Republican)[j]
South Carolina 9 John Kershaw Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Mayrant (Democratic-Republican) 66.1%
John Kershaw (Democratic-Republican) 33.9%

Tennessee

Tennessee held its elections August 3–4, 1815.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Rhea Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Samuel Powell (Democratic-Republican) 58.9%
John Rhea (Democratic-Republican) 41.1%
Tennessee 2 John Sevier Democratic-Republican 1790 (in North Carolina)
1790 (Retired)
1811
Incumbent re-elected. John Sevier (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Tennessee 3 Thomas K. Harris Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Isaac Thomas (Democratic-Republican) 54.4%
Thomas K. Harris (Democratic-Republican) 45.6%
Tennessee 4 John H. Bowen Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Bennett H. Henderson (Democratic-Republican) 66.1%
Archibald W. Overton 23.4%
Willis Jones 10.5%
Tennessee 5 Newton Cannon Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Newton Cannon (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed
Tennessee 6 Parry W. Humphreys Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James B. Reynolds (Democratic-Republican) 33.7%
Peter R. Booker 31.6%
George W. L. Marr 28.8%
James Holland (Democratic-Republican) 5.8%

Vermont

Vermont held its elections September 6, 1814. Voters swung from one party to the other. The margins were close, actually, but to toss the entire six-member delegation out of office.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
William Czar Bradley Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Chauncey Langdon (Federalist) 8.5%
Charles Marsh (Federalist) 8.5%
Asa Lyon (Federalist) 8.5%
Daniel Chipman (Federalist) 8.5%
John Noyes (Federalist) 8.5%
Luther Jewett (Federalist) 8.5%
Ezra Butler (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
Richard Skinner (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
William Czar Bradley (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
James Fisk (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
William Strong (Democratic-Republican) 8.2%
Charles Rich (Democratic-Republican) 8.1%
William Strong Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
James Fisk Democratic-Republican 1805
1808 (Lost)
1810
Incumbent lost re-election.
Federalist gain.
Charles Rich Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Richard Skinner Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Ezra Butler Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.

Virginia

Virginia held its elections in April 1815.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Virginia 1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1803
1810 (Resigned)
1813
Incumbent re-elected. John G. Jackson (Democratic-Republican) 94.7%
Others 5.3%
Virginia 2 Francis White Federalist 1813 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Magnus Tate (Federalist) 63.4%
Francis White (Democratic-Republican) 36.6%
Virginia 3 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry S. Tucker (Democratic-Republican) 71.5%
Griffin Taylor (Federalist) 27.6%
Virginia 4 William McCoy Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. William McCoy (Democratic-Republican) 51.0%
Robert Porterfield (Federalist) 49.0%
Virginia 5 James Breckinridge Federalist 1809 Incumbent re-elected. James Breckinridge (Federalist) 51.5%
John Floyd (Democratic-Republican) 48.5%
Virginia 6 Daniel Sheffey Federalist 1809 Incumbent re-elected. Daniel Sheffey (Federalist)[f]
Virginia 7 Hugh Caperton Federalist 1813 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Ballard Smith (Democratic-Republican)[f]
John Matthews (Federalist)
Virginia 8 Joseph Lewis Jr. Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Lewis Jr. (Federalist) 52.0%
Armistead Mason (Democratic-Republican) 48.0%
Virginia 9 John P. Hungerford Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent re-elected. John P. Hungerford (Democratic-Republican) 56.9%
William Brent (Democratic-Republican) 43.1%
Virginia 10 Aylett Hawes Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. Aylett Hawes (Democratic-Republican) 59.4%
John Scott (Federalist) 40.6%
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Philip P. Barbour (Democratic-Republican)[f]
John Mercer (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 12 John Roane Democratic-Republican 1809 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William H. Roane (Democratic-Republican) 78.1%
James M. Garnett (Federalist) 21.9%
Virginia 13 Thomas M. Bayly Federalist 1811 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Burwell Bassett (Democratic-Republican) 52.6%
John Eyre (Federalist)
Virginia 14 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William A. Burwell (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Virginia 15 John Kerr Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Matthew Clay (Democratic-Republican) 42.5%
John Kerr (Democratic-Republican) 34.1%
William Rice (Federalist) 20.3%
White (Federalist) 3.1%[k]
Virginia 16 John W. Eppes Democratic-Republican 1803
1811 (Lost)
1813
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Randolph (Democratic-Republican) 51.6%
John W. Eppes (Democratic-Republican) 48.4%
Virginia 17 James Pleasants Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. James Pleasants (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Virginia 18 Thomas Gholson Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Gholson Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 88.1%
John C. Goode (Federalist) 11.9%
Virginia 19 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Peterson Goodwyn (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Virginia 20 James Johnson Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent re-elected. James Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 52.2%
Edwin Gray (Federalist) 47.8%
Virginia 21 Thomas Newton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Newton Jr. (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Virginia 22 Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. Hugh Nelson (Democratic-Republican)[f]
Virginia 23 John Clopton Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent re-elected. John Clopton (Democratic-Republican)[f]

Non-voting delegates

Four territories sent delegates to the 14th Congress. There was no election held in Illinois Territory

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana Territory at-large Jonathan Jennings [Data unknown/missing.] 1809 Incumbent re-elected. Jonathan Jennings[f]
Elisha Sparks
Mississippi Territory at-large William Lattimore [Data unknown/missing.] 1803
1813
Incumbent re-elected. William Lattimore 58.6%
Cowles Mead 41.4%
Missouri Territory at-large Edward Hempstead [Data unknown/missing.] 1812 Retired Rufus Easton 36.7%
Alexander MacNair 33.1%
Samuel Hammond 28.8%
Thomas Federalist. Riddick 1.4%

This was the last election for Indiana Territory, as it was admitted to the Union as a state in 1816. In Missouri Territory, Hempstead resigned and Easton also filled his seat for the remainder of the 13th Congress

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Excludes states admitted during the 14th Congress
  2. ^ a b c Includes late elections
  3. ^ Massachusetts law required a majority vote for election, which was not met in two districts, requiring a second election, held on January 6, 1815.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed.
  5. ^ Samuel Smith's resignation is not mentioned in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.[6]
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source.
  7. ^ a b Henry Clay was elected to the 2nd district, which he had represented in the 12th and 13th Congresses until he resigned to accept a position as diplomatic envoy to Great Britain. He was still out of the country at the time of the general election. Kentucky's governor, unsure of the implications of a situation in which Clay held the office of United States Representative and diplomatic envoy simultaneously, declared his seat vacant. A subsequent special election was held in 1815, which Clay won without opposition, See above. Although the district was unrepresented from the March 4, 1815 (the start of the 14th Congress) until October 30, 1815, the 14th Congress did not meet until December 4, 1815[14] so there was no effective vacancy.
  8. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here.
  9. ^ a b Won special election to fill vacancy in 13th Congress.
  10. ^ a b The source indicates uncertainty as to whether Farrow ran in 1814.
  11. ^ a b Source did not provide full name.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Thirteenth Congress March 4, 1813, to March 3, 1815". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  2. ^ "Kentucky 1815 U.S. House of Representatives, District 2, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  3. ^ "Massachusetts 1814 U.S. House of Representatives, Middlesex District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Virginia 1814 U.S. House of Representatives, District 11, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  5. ^ "Massachusetts 1814 U.S. House of Representatives, Berkshire District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  6. ^ United States Congress. "Samuel Smith (id: S000608)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  7. ^ a b "New Hampshire 1814 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  8. ^ "Tennessee 1814 U.S. House of Representatives, District 5, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  9. ^ "New Jersey 1814 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  10. ^ "Missouri 1814 U.S. House of Representatives (Territorial Delegate)". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  11. ^ "Ohio 1814 U.S. House of Representatives, District 6, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  12. ^ "Pennsylvania 1814 U.S. House of Representatives, District 2, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  13. ^ "Pennsylvania 1814 U.S. House of Representatives, District 3, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Fourteenth Congress March 4, 1815, to March 3, 1817". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  15. ^ "Massachusetts 1815 U.S. House of Representatives, Essex North District, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  16. ^ United States Congress. "Henry Clay (id: c000482)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  17. ^ "Kentucky 1815 U.S. House of Representatives, District 2, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  18. ^ Cox, Harold (January 31, 2007). "Pennsylvania Election Statistics: 1682–2006". The Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.

Bibliography

  • Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789–1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
  • "A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787-1825". Tufts Digital Library, Tufts University. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  • "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
  • "Fourteenth Congress March 4, 1815, to March 3, 1817". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved October 21, 2018 – via History.house.gov.

External links

  • Office of the Historian (Office of Art & Archives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives)