1920 Manitoba general election

Summary

The 1920 Manitoba general election was held on June 29, 1920 to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada.

The election resulted in a fragmented parliament, with no group holding effective power over the legislature. Norris's Liberals were re-elected. They remained the largest party, but were reduced to a minority government with 21 seats out of 55.

This was the first general election in which women could vote and run for office. Edith Rogers was elected in this election, becoming the first woman elected to the Manitoba Legislature.

This was also the first election where Single Transferable Voting was used to elect the Winnipeg MLAs, now ten in number.

BackgroundEdit

Between the previous 1915 election and the 1920 campaign, Manitoba experienced profound social and cultural change. Since the formal introduction of partisan politics in 1888, Manitoba had been dominated by the Liberal and Conservative parties, which governed the province in succession. After World War I, new political groups and interests emerged to threaten the two-party system.

The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 brought labour issues to the forefront of provincial concern, and radicalized many working-class Manitobans. In previous elections, labour and socialist parties were a marginal force; going into the 1920 election, they stood to make significant electoral gains. In the rural constituencies, several candidates ran for office as farmer representatives, or as "people's candidates" opposed to partisan government.

Against this backdrop, the governing Liberal Party of Tobias Norris was forced to run a defensive campaign. Supported by the Winnipeg Free Press, the Liberals portrayed themselves as a stabilizing force amid the province's changes.

The 1920 election is notable for its use of Single Transferable Voting in the City of Winnipeg. Previously, the city had been divided into three two-member constituencies. Starting in the 1920 election, Winnipeg was a single ten-member constituency, where each voter had but one vote. The method of election was the single transferable voting (STV) system of proportional representation.

OutcomeEdit

The election resulted in a fragmented parliament, with no group holding effective power over the legislature. Norris's Liberals remained the largest party, but were reduced to a minority government with 21 seats out of 55. The party remained in office until 1922, but unwilling or unable to find joint cause with the other factions did little in the way of legislative initiatives.

Twelve "farmer" and "independent farmer" candidates were elected in rural constituencies. These candidates were a heterogeneous group, and did not run a united campaign. While not a "political party" in the traditional sense, they formed a functional caucus group in the legislature. Some members of this group later joined the political wing of the United Farmers of Manitoba, which took power in the next election.

In Winnipeg, Liberal candidates took four seats and Conservatives two but Labour made a good showing there as well. Four different working-class and left-wing parties ran candidates in Winnipeg.

The Labour Party won an impressive victory in Winnipeg, taking two seats. Party leader Fred Dixon received 1100 votes in the First Count, a lead of more than 7,000 votes ahead of his nearest rival. His vote tally was more than twice the number needed to take a seat (the quota). His surplus were not wasted but under the rules of STV, they were transferred to other candidates. Many went to other DLP candidates, and Ivens then exceeded quota and was declared elected.

Leftists were rewarded with four seats of the 10 Winnipeg seats. Elected were Dixon and William Ivens of the Dominion Labour Party, George Armstrong of the Socialist Party of Canada, and John Queen of the Social Democratic Party. SPC's Robert B. Russell narrowly failed to win a second seat for his party. A candidate of the Ex-Soldiers and Ex-Sailors Party of Manitoba also campaigned with the labour candidates in Winnipeg. When he was eliminated, his votes went mostly to the remaining candidates of the DLP, SPC and SDP.

Ivens, Armstrong, Queen and Russell were all serving prison sentences at the time of the election, due to their leadership of the Winnipeg General Strike. Many Winnipeg-ers believed the prison sentences were politically motivated, and the issue was a rallying cry for labour in the campaign.

Seven other labour MLAs were elected in the rest of the province, making the Labour group the third largest in the legislature.

The Conservative Party managed a minor recovery from its disastrous showing in 1915, winning eight seats under new leader Richard G. Willis. Willis himself was not elected.

Three independents were also elected to the legislature in rural districts.

The first woman was elected to the Legislature in this election. Edith Rogers was also the first Indigenous woman in the Manitoba Legislature.

Party resultsEdit

Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
1915 Elected % Change # % % Change
  Liberal Tobias Norris   40 21 -47.5%   35.1% -20%
Farmer -     12     14.1%  
  Labour (DLP) Fred Dixon     9     17.7%  
  Socialist     1     2.8%  
  Social Democratic (1)   1 1 -       Conservative Richard G. Willis   5 8 +60.0%   18.5% -14.5%
  Independents/others (1)   1 3 +200%   2.6%  
Total   47 55 +17.0%   100%  

Note:

(1) SDP popular vote included in "Independents/others".

Popular vote
Liberal
35.10%
DLP/Soc/SD
20.50%
Conservative
18.50%
Farmer
14.10%
Others
11.80%
Seats summary
Liberal
38.18%
Farmer
21.82%
DLP/Soc/SD
20.00%
Conservative
14.55%
Others
5.45%

Riding resultsEdit

Arthur:

Assiniboia:

Beautiful Plains:

Birtle:

Brandon City:

Carillon:

Cypress:

Dauphin:

Deloraine:

Dufferin:

Emerson:

Ethelbert:

  • Nicholas Hryhorczuk (Independent Farmer) 1271
  • Ernest A. Marcroft (Farmer) 684
  • James Guiszdaski (L) 110

Fairford:

  • Albert Kirvan (L) 241
  • Gabriel Gilbert Serkan (L) 240
  • Oliver Calverley (Ind) 236
  • A.F. Carpenter (Ind) 137
  • J. Matheson (Ind) 121

Fisher:

  • Henry Mabb (Independent Farmer) 443
  • J.W. Arsenyth (L) 362
  • A.J. Gamache (L) 214

Gilbert Plains:

Gimli:

Gladstone:

Glenwood:

Hamiota:

Iberville:

Kildonan & St. Andrews:

  • Charles Tanner (DLP/Lab) 1184
  • David Morrison (L) 876
  • T. McConnell (Farmer) 852

Killarney:

Lakeside:

Lansdowne:

La Verendrye:

Manitou:

Minnedosa:

Morden and Rhineland:

Morris:

  • William Clubb (Farmer) 930
  • Alex Ayotte (Farmer) 765
  • Frederick J. Last (Ind) 251

Mountain:

Norfolk:

Portage la Prairie:

Roblin:

Rockwood:

Rupertsland:

Russell:

St. Boniface:

St. Clements:

St. George:

Ste. Rose:

Springfield:

  • Arthur Moore (Lab) 987
  • Isaac Cook (Farmer) 928
  • E.D.R. Bissett (L) 352
  • E.H. Dugard (Farmer) 123

Swan River:

The Pas:

Turtle Mountain:

Virden:

Winnipeg election resultsEdit

Winnipeg: Single Transferable Voting was used to elect the ten Winnipeg MLAs in one city-wide district.

Final Winnipeg seat tally: Liberal 4, DLP 2, Conservative 2, SDP 1, SPC 1.

Election was not by party list. The successful candidates were chosen individually by the voters:

  • Liberals: Thomas Johnson, John Stovel, Duncan Cameron, Edith Rogers
  • Dominion Labour Party: Fred Dixon, William Ivens
  • Conservatives: John Thomas Haig, William J. Tupper
  • Social Democratic Party: John Queen
  • Socialist Party of Canada: George Armstrong (but not Robert Russell)

All of the successful candidates except one were among the most-popular candidates in the First Count. One came from among the lower-ranking candidates to take a seat through vote transfers. Each voter casting just a single vote in a multi-member district meant mixed roughly proportional ranking of candidates from the 1st Count on.

41 candidates ran for the ten seats. 10 Liberals; 10 Conservatives; 4 Labour (Dominion Labour Party); 8 Independents; 4 Socialist Party of Canada (SPC); 1 Social Democratic Party (SDP); 2 Ind.-Liberals; 1 Ind.-P/Conservative; 1 Ex-Soldiers and Ex-Sailors Party of Manitoba (S&S).

10-member "Labour" slate: 4 Labour (Dominion Labour Party); 4 Socialist Party of Canada (SPC); 1 Social Democratic Party (SDP); 1 Ex-Soldiers and Ex-Sailors Party of Manitoba (S&S).

At least five candidates were women (1 Conservative, 1 Liberal, 1 SPC, 2 Ind.).

Valid votes: 47,427 Quota was 4312 (This was the minimum required to win a seat, until the last count.)

First Count (Dixon and Johnson declared elected):

Second Count (Transfer of Dixon's surplus; Ivens declared elected):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4386 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 5544 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3187
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2410
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2104
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2028
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 1969
  • John Stovel (L) 1773
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1566
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1505
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1440
  • William Christie (C) 1297
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1240
  • William Morden (Ind) 1231
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1207
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 958
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 894
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 888
  • W. Gibben (L) 846
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 830
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 817
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 725
  • James Lightfoot (C) 594
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 474
  • F.W. Law (L) 396
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 372
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 300
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 266
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 264
  • George Prout (Ind) 252
  • M. McInnes (C) 223
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 218
  • A. McMartin (C) 202
  • W.A. James (DLP) 146
  • G.H. Lawrence (C) 153
  • A. Holling (Ind) 128
  • R.J. Johns (SPC) 104
  • James Turnbull (C) 90
  • David Lyon (IL) 49
  • J.H. Gislason (IL) 39

Third Count (transfer of Johnson's surplus):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 5544 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3187
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2418
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2104
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2028
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 1970
  • John Stovel (L) 1783
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1572
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1506
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1441
  • William Christie (C) 1297
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1250
  • William Morden (Ind) 1232
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1207
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 976
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 895
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 888
  • W. Gibben (L) 850
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 830
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 823
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 725
  • James Lightfoot (C) 594
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 474
  • F.W. Law (L) 399
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 372
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 300
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 267
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 266
  • George Prout (Ind) 253
  • M. McInnes (C) 223
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 218
  • A. McMartin (C) 202
  • G.H. Lawrence (C) 153
  • W.A. James (DLP) 146
  • A. Holling (Ind) 128
  • R.J. Johns (SPC) 104
  • James Turnbull (C) 90
  • David Lyon (IL) 49
  • J.H. Gislason (IL) 39

Fourth Count (Transfer of Ivens's surplus):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3240
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2478
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2419
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2191
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 1972
  • John Stovel (L) 1785
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1576
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1506
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1449
  • William Christie (C) 1298
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1258
  • William Morden (Ind) 1241
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1209
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 978
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 956
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 898
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 888
  • W. Gibben (L) 852
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 831
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 824
  • James Lightfoot (C) 597
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 475
  • F.W. Law (L) 403
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 373
  • W.A. James (DLP) 353
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 301
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 288
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 269
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 266
  • George Prout (Ind) 257
  • M. McInnes (C) 224
  • A. McMartin (C) 203
  • R.J. Johns (SPC) 169
  • G.H. Lawrence (C) 155
  • A. Holling (Ind) 129
  • James Turnbull (C) 90
  • David Lyon (IL) 50
  • J.H. Gislason (IL) 40

Fifth Count (Gislason and Lyon eliminated. Transfer of their votes to back-up preferences, where possible):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3241
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2486
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2420
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2197
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 1975
  • John Stovel (L) 1785
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1576
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1507
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1451
  • William Christie (C) 1302
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1260
  • William Morden (Ind) 1245
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1210
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 980
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 958
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 899
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 890
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 853
  • W. Gibben (L) 853
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 824
  • James Lightfoot (C) 600
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 479
  • F.W. Law (L) 405
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 374
  • W.A. James (DLP) 357
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 303
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 289
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 269
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 267
  • George Prout (Ind) 257
  • M. McInnes (C) 224
  • A. McMartin (C) 205
  • R.J. Johns (SPC) 170
  • G.H. Lawrence (C) 156
  • A. Holling (Ind) 130
  • James Turnbull (C) 90

Sixth Count (Turnbull eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3241
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2486
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2420
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2199
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 1990
  • John Stovel (L) 1785 (?)
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1578
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1522
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1453
  • William Christie (C) 1304
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1262
  • William Morden (Ind) 1253
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1213
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 980
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 958
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 903
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 890
  • W. Gibben (L) 859
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 853
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 824
  • James Lightfoot (C) 608
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 480
  • F.W. Law (L) 407
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 378(?)
  • W.A. James (DLP) 358
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 305
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 292
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 269
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 269
  • George Prout (Ind) 257
  • M. McInnes (C) 229
  • A. McMartin (C) 205
  • R.J. Johns (SPC) 170
  • G.H. Lawrence (C) 157
  • A. Holling (Ind) 131

Seventh Count (Holling eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3241
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2488
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2421
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2201
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 1999
  • John Stovel (L) 1792
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1588
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1522
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1479
  • William Christie (C) 1305
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1266
  • William Morden (Ind) 1257
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1219
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 984
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 959
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 906
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 893
  • W. Gibben (L) 859 (?) error in original
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 853
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 825
  • James Lightfoot (C) 611
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 480
  • F.W. Law (L) 412
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 392
  • W.A. James (DLP) 362
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 308
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 295
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 273
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 269
  • George Prout (Ind) 258
  • M. McInnes (C) 229
  • A. McMartin (C) 205
  • R.J. Johns (SPC) 172
  • G.H. Lawrence (C) 159

Eighth Count (Lawrence eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3243
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2491
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2422
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2203
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2007
  • John Stovel (L) 1796
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1589
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1526
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1481
  • William Christie (C) 1309
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1269
  • William Morden (Ind) 1260
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1221
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 985
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 960
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 908
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 895
  • W. Gibben (L) 865
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 854
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 826
  • James Lightfoot (C) 628
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 480
  • F.W. Law (L) 413
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 394
  • W.A. James (DLP) 363
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 308
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 295
  • A. McMartin (C) 281
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 275
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 269
  • George Prout (Ind) 259
  • M. McInnes (C) 230
  • R.J. Johns (SPC) 173

Ninth Count (Johns eliminated. Transfer of votes to back-up preferences):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3263
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2508
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2423
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2227
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2007
  • John Stovel (L) 1797
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1589
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1527
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1485
  • William Christie (C) 1309
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1272
  • William Morden (Ind) 1261
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1221
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 987
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 967
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 948
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 909
  • W. Gibben (L) 865
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 854
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 828
  • James Lightfoot (C) 632
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 480
  • F.W. Law (L) 416
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 394
  • W.A. James (DLP) 381
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 308
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 299
  • A. McMartin (C) 282
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 277
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 269
  • George Prout (Ind) 261
  • M. McInnes (C) 230

Tenth Count (McInnes eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3265
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2508
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2428
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2229
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2048
  • John Stovel (L) 1804
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1593
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1535
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1497
  • William Christie (C) 1323
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1280
  • William Morden (Ind) 1269
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1225
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 992
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 968
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 948
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 918
  • W. Gibben (L) 868
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 854
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 828
  • James Lightfoot (C) 643
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 482
  • F.W. Law (L) 418
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 405
  • W.A. James (DLP) 385
  • A. McMartin (C) 326
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 309
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 300
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 282
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 281
  • George Prout (Ind) 261

Eleventh Count (Prout eliminated. Votes transferred to back-up preferences):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3270
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2517
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2442
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2236
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2063
  • John Stovel (L) 1832
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1602
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1546
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1515
  • William Christie (C) 1326
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1295
  • William Morden (Ind) 1289
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1236
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1000
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 971
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 950
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 931
  • W. Gibben (L) 874
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 857
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 834
  • James Lightfoot (C) 648
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 495
  • F.W. Law (L) 422
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 415
  • W.A. James (DLP) 386
  • A. McMartin (C) 330
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 309
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 309
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 284
  • P.V. Torrance (C) 282

Twelfth Count (Torrance eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3271
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2517
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2452
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2236
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2087
  • John Stovel (L) 1839
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1648
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1622
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1517
  • William Christie (C) 1344
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1307
  • William Morden (Ind) 1294
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1242
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1006
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 972
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 950
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 945
  • W. Gibben (L) 876
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 857
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 835
  • James Lightfoot (C) 670
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 495
  • F.W. Law (L) 428
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 425
  • W.A. James (DLP) 386
  • A. McMartin (C) 336
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 311
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 309
  • (x) Robert Lowery (L) 284

Thirteenth Count (Lowery eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3272
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2519
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2469
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2236
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2090
  • John Stovel (L) 1874
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1656
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1643
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1524
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1380
  • William Christie (C) 1344
  • William Morden (Ind) 1300
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1243
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1035
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 972
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 959
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 953
  • W. Gibben (L) 897
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 858
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 857
  • James Lightfoot (C) 671
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 497
  • F.W. Law (L) 444
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 426
  • W.A. James (DLP) 386
  • A. McMartin (C) 338
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 311
  • C.H. Forrester (Ind Prog-Con) 309

Fourteenth Count (Forrester eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3279
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2525
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2470
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2238
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2107
  • John Stovel (L) 1876
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1666
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1649
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1525
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1384
  • William Christie (C) 1361
  • William Morden (Ind) 1325
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1250
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1036
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 977
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 962
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 954
  • W. Gibben (L) 904
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 894
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 868
  • James Lightfoot (C) 680
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 501
  • F.W. Law (L) 446
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 430
  • W.A. James (DLP) 392
  • A. McMartin (C) 342
  • Fred Tipping (DLP) 313

Fifteenth Count (Tipping eliminated. Votes transferred to back-up preferences):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3291
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2574
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2470
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2301
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2109
  • John Stovel (L) 1879
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1672
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1652
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1537
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1387
  • William Christie (C) 1363
  • William Morden (Ind) 1327
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1251
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1037
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1009
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 973
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 970
  • W. Gibben (L) 907
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 894
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 868(?)
  • James Lightfoot (C) 680
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 501
  • W.A. James (DLP) 469
  • F.W. Law (L) 447
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 432
  • A. McMartin (C) 342

Sixteenth Count (McMartin eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3295
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2592
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2476
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2303
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2158
  • John Stovel (L) 1882
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1700
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1659
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1552
  • William Christie (C) 1390(?)
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1390
  • William Morden (Ind) 1370
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1259
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1043
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1014
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 1000
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 979
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 973
  • W. Gibben (L) 909
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 871
  • James Lightfoot (C) 721
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 503
  • W.A. James (DLP) 472
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 454
  • F.W. Law (L) 450

Seventeenth Count (Law eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3297
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2600
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2513
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2308
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2172
  • John Stovel (L) 1929
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1705
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1704
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1573
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1437
  • William Christie (C) 1392
  • William Morden (Ind) 1384
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1272
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1064
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 1022
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1021
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 1000
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 984
  • W. Gibben (L) 928
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 896
  • James Lightfoot (C) 765
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 504
  • W.A. James (DLP) 474
  • G.L. Skinner (C) 461

Eighteenth Count (Skinner eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3300
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2603
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2518
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2311
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2220
  • John Stovel (L) 1950
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1776
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1749
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1673
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1440
  • William Christie (C) 1427
  • William Morden (Ind) 1388
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1283
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1069
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 1033
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1024
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 1002
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 987
  • W. Gibben (L) 934
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 906
  • James Lightfoot (C) 809
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 508
  • W.A. James (DLP) 475

Nineteenth Count (James eliminated. Votes transferred to back-up preferences):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3326
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2720
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2518
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2363
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2233
  • John Stovel (L) 1953
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1777
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1752
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1685
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1442
  • William Christie (C) 1428
  • William Morden (Ind) 1395
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1286
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1133
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 1091
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1073
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 1036
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 1004
  • W. Gibben (L) 936
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 906
  • James Lightfoot (C) 818
  • E.B. Fisher (Ind) 508

Twentieth Count (Fisher eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3335
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2729
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2545
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2367
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2297
  • John Stovel (L) 1987
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1799
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1769
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1744
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1465
  • William Christie (C) 1456
  • William Morden (Ind) 1430
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1315
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1144
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 1099
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1095
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 1059
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 1014
  • W. Gibben (L) 961
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 918
  • James Lightfoot (C) 842

Twenty-First Count (Lightfoot eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3349
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2743
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2565
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2442
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2376
  • John Stovel (L) 2025
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1938
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1807
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1769
  • William Christie (C) 1548
  • William Morden (Ind) 1512
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1479
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1367
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1157
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 1119
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1116
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 1102
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 1018
  • W. Gibben (L) 972
  • (x) Thomas Glendenning Hamilton (L) 934

Twenty-Second Count (Hamilton eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3356
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2757
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2721
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2475
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2380
  • John Stovel (L) 2147
  • William J. Tupper (C) 1950
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1923
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1816
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1629
  • William Christie (C) 1558
  • William Morden (Ind) 1525
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1381
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1219
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1162
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 1124
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 1117
  • W. Gibben (L) 1059
  • N.T. Carey (Ind) 1019

Twenty-Third Count (Carey eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3380
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2840
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2752
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2562
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2398
  • John Stovel (L) 2173
  • William J. Tupper (C) 2043
  • Edith Rogers (L) 1947
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1910
  • William Christie (C) 1650
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1648
  • William Morden (Ind) 1645
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1405
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1260
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1212
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 1163
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 1147
  • W. Gibben (L) 1067

Twenty-Fourth Count (Gibben eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3390
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2970
  • John Queen (SDPC) 2851
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2621
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2405
  • John Stovel (L) 2332
  • Edith Rogers (L) 2073
  • William J. Tupper (C) 2057
  • J. Dick (Ind) 1991
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1804
  • William Morden (Ind) 1660
  • William Christie (C) 1659
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1420
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1382
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1223
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 1188
  • Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard (SPC) 1155

Twenty-Fifth Count (Mrs. William Arthur Pritchard eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3459
  • John Queen (SDPC) 3391
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 2973
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2820
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2626
  • John Stovel (L) 2337
  • Edith Rogers (L) 2080
  • William J. Tupper (C) 2060
  • J. Dick (Ind) 2005
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1809
  • William Morden (Ind) 1667
  • William Christie (C) 1660
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1426
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1383
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1278
  • Leonard Warde (Ind) 1201

Twenty-Sixth Count (Warde eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3493
  • John Queen (SDPC) 3431
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 3021
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 2852
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2695
  • John Stovel (L) 2430
  • Edith Rogers (L) 2154
  • William J. Tupper (C) 2115
  • J. Dick (Ind) 2086
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1875
  • William Morden (Ind) 1754
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1729
  • William Christie (C) 1682
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1419
  • Sam Cartwright (S&S) 1384

Twenty-Seventh Count (Cartwright eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Queen (SDPC) 3870
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3856
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 3030
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3030
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2726
  • John Stovel (L) 2454
  • Edith Rogers (L) 2177
  • J. Dick (Ind) 2170
  • William J. Tupper (C) 2125
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 1897
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1805
  • William Morden (Ind) 1798
  • William Christie (C) 1705
  • (x) William Parrish (L) 1424

Twenty-Eighth Count (Parrish eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Queen (SDPC) 3887
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3859
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 3280
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3040
  • John Stovel (L) 2961
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 2778
  • Edith Rogers (L) 2389
  • J. Dick (Ind) 2213
  • William J. Tupper (C) 2163
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 2119
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1820
  • William Morden (Ind) 1811
  • William Christie (C) 1726

(13 candidates remaining, seven seats still open)

Twenty-Ninth Count (Christie eliminated):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Queen (SDPC) 3907
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 3869
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 3794
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 3312
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3043
  • John Stovel (L) 3011
  • William J. Tupper (C) 2501
  • Edith Rogers (L) 2423
  • J. Dick (Ind) 2288
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 2148
  • William Morden (Ind) 1869
  • D.N. Armstrong (Ind) 1844

Thirtieth Count (D.A. Armstrong eliminated)

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Queen (SDPC) 4087
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 4020
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 4006
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 3461
  • John Stovel (L) 3138
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3114
  • William J. Tupper (C) 2598
  • Edith Rogers (L) 2570
  • J. Dick (Ind) 2558
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) 2223 (error in numbers)
  • William Morden (Ind) ?

(11 candidates remaining, seven seats still open)

Thirty-First Count (Morden eliminated; Haig declared elected):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 4416 elected
  • John Queen (SDPC) 4274
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 4090
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 3562
  • John Stovel (L) 3331
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3206
  • J. Dick (Ind) 2743
  • William J. Tupper (C) 2922
  • Edith Rogers (L) 2694
  • (x) Robert Jacob (L) ?

(9 candidates remaining, six seats still open)

Thirty-Second Count (Jacob eliminated; Queen declared elected):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 4416 elected [his surplus votes not transferred until 34th Count]
  • John Queen (SDPC) 4332 elected
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 4123
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 4103
  • John Stovel (L) 4095
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3226
  • Edith Rogers (L) 3189
  • William J. Tupper (C) 3069
  • J. Dick (Ind) 2934

(although Queen was the only SDP candidate and did not initially have quota, he received many vote transfers and eventually exceeded quota and took a seat. These were all votes transferred across party lines.)

(7 candidates remaining, five seats still open)

(Numbers for the 33rd count not listed. Dick eliminated. Stovel elected with 4674 votes; Cameron elected with 4394 votes.)

(4 candidates remaining, 3 seats still open) After the necessary transfer of surplus votes, if no one gets quota, the bottom candidate will be eliminated, leaving just enough candidates for the available seats.

Thirty-Fourth Count (transfer of Haig's surplus):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 4312 elected
  • John Queen (SDPC) 4332 elected
  • John Stovel (L) 4674 elected
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 4394 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 4245
  • Edith Rogers (L) 3801
  • William J. Tupper (C) 3488
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3487

Thirty-Fifth Count (transfer of Queen's surplus):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 4312 elected
  • John Queen (SDPC) 4312 elected
  • John Stovel (L) 4674 elected
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 4394 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 4245
  • Edith Rogers (L) 3805
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3503
  • William J. Tupper (C) 3488

Thirty-Sixth Count (transfer of Stovel's surplus):

  • (x) F. J. Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 4312 elected
  • John Queen (SDPC) 4312 elected
  • John Stovel (L) 4312 elected
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 4394 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 4258
  • Edith Rogers (L) 3947
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3519
  • William J. Tupper (C) 3519

(4 candidates remaining, 3 seats still open) Thirty-Seventh Count (Cameron's surplus transferred - no change in order of candidates)

  • (x) Fred Dixon (DLP) 4312 elected
  • (x) Thomas Johnson (L) 4312 elected
  • William Ivens (DLP) 4312 elected
  • John Thomas Haig (C) 4312 elected
  • John Queen (SDPC) 4312 elected
  • John Stovel (L) 4312 elected
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 4312 elected
  • George Armstrong (SPC) 4282
  • Edith Rogers (L) 4010
  • William J. Tupper (C) 3582
  • Robert Russell (SPC) 3520

(exhausted votes at this point: 1849

Thirty-Eighth Count Russell is eliminated, leaving only Armstrong, Rogers and Tupper to take the three open seats. They are declared elected.

Final Winnipeg seat tally: Liberal 4, DLP 2, Conservative 2, SDPC 1, SPC 1

Election was not by party list. The successful candidates were chosen individually by the voters: Liberals: Thomas Johnson, John Stovel,Duncan Cameron, Edith Rogers Dominion Labour: Fred Dixon, William Ivens Conservatives: John Thomas Haig, William J. Tupper Social Democrats: John Queen Socialists: George Armstrong (but not Robert Russell)

SourcesEdit

The first ballot results for Winnipeg and results for all other constituencies are taken from an official Manitoba government publication entitled "Manitoba elections, 1920-1941" (cross-referenced with an appendix to the government's report of the 2003 provincial election). The Canadian Parliamentary Guide for 1921 lists slightly different results for Dufferin and Gladstone; the other two sources contain more information, however, and may be taken as more reliable.

All ballot results for Winnipeg after the first count are taken from reports in the Winnipeg Free Press newspaper. It is possible that some errors appeared in the original publication.

Post-election changesEdit

The Independent and Farmer members formed a parliamentary bloc after the election, known as the Independent-Farmer group. Albert Kristjansson later left the Labour caucus to sit with this group.

Birtle (George Malcolm to cabinet, September 30, 1920), October 14, 1920:

Lakeside (Charles Duncan McPherson to cabinet, January 20, 1921), January 31, 1921:

Further readingEdit

  • Hopkins, J. Castell (1921). The Canadian Annual Review of Public Affairs, 1920. Toronto: The Canadian Review Company.