55 seats of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba
27 seats needed for a majority
This was the second election in Manitoba where two types of preferential voting was used in all electoral divisions. Winnipeg elected ten members through single transferable ballot, while all other constituencies elected one member by instant runoff voting.
The election was called soon after the announcement of an alliance between the governing Progressive Party of John Bracken and the Liberal Party led by Murdoch Mackay. These parties were ideologically similar, and had a common interest in preventing the Conservative Party from coming to power. National Liberal leader William Lyon Mackenzie King supported this alliance, out of concern that a Conservative victory would strengthen the hand of Conservative Prime Minister Richard Bennett.
Bracken tried to bring the Conservatives into his coalition, but was rebuffed by Conservative leader Fawcett Taylor. Taylor's refusal to consider a consensus government was used against him in the campaign.
The election was also contested by the social democratic Independent Labour Party, under the leadership of John Queen. Though it was the second-largest party in the legislature after the 1920 election, Labour had slumped to only three seats in 1927 amid a general period of decline in the Canadian left. While the ILP was poised to improve its showing in the 1932 campaign, it was not a serious contender for government. In the event it elected only five MLAs, four in Winnipeg and one in St. Boniface, evidence of the benefits of preferential balloting to a minority party.
Leslie Morris and Jacob Penner of the Communist Party campaigned in the city of Winnipeg, and other Communist candidates ran in the outlying areas. As the Communist Party was under legal restrictions at the time, they ran as "United Front Workers" candidates. Former Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) George Armstrong ran as a candidate of the Socialist Party, and Jessie MacLennan campaigned as a labour candidate unaffiliated with the ILP.
The result was a resounding victory for the governing alliance, as Liberals, Progressives and their allies won 38 out of 55 seats. The Conservatives fell from fifteen seats to ten. Having lost his third consecutive election, Fawcett Taylor resigned as Conservative leader in 1933. The Independent Labour Party managed a modest recovery after its poor showing in 1927, increasing its caucus to five members. No other parties' candidates were elected, although two former Progressives were elected as independents. The Continuing Liberals fared especially poorly, and disappeared after the election.
Leslie Morris came 309 votes short of winning the tenth seat in Winnipeg. Had he won, he would have been the first Communist elected to a provincial legislature in Canada.
|Party||Party Leader||# of
|Independent Labour||John Queen||15||3||5||+2||16.5%||+6.0%|
|Continuing Liberal||David Campbell||13||-||0||-||2.0%||n/a|
1927 Manitoba election
|List of Manitoba elections||Succeeded by|
1936 Manitoba election
Of the 17 opposition MLAs, 7 were elected in Winnipeg through STV.
(LP/P = Liberal Party/Progressive) L = continuing Liberal group led by Campbell (45 single-member seats, winner determined through Alternative Voting; 10 Winnipeg seats, winners determined through STV)
Smith was eliminated.
Cater was eliminated. Clement was eliminated on the second count with 1555 votes.
Wicks was eliminated.
Kolodzinski was eliminated.
Hamilton was eliminated. Note that one source lists Hamilton as a Continuing Liberal.
Ewanchuk was eliminated. Kapusta was eliminated on the second count with 716 votes, and Thorvaldson was eliminated on the third count with 858 votes.
Cook was eliminated.
Ramsay was eliminated.
St. John was eliminated.
Lewis was eliminated.
Rupertsland (16 July):
Atkinson was eliminated.
St. Boniface: Harold Lawrence (ILP) elected at end of vote count process
Valid votes: 11,359 majority required to win on First Count: 5680
2nd Count Campbell was eliminated. His 1116 votes were transferred to other candidates according to voters' marked preferences or put aside as "exhausted." 3rd Count Gagnon was eliminated. His 3560 votes were transferred.
After 3rd Count
Lawrence with a majority of the remaining votes in the district was declared elected. At the end there were 9424 votes still in play. The others were "exhausted." They had run out of marked preferences so were no longer in use.
Smith was eliminated. Dunn was eliminated after the second count with 1824 votes.
Matheson was eliminated. McRury and Grant were eliminated after the second count with 1113 and 251 votes, respectively.
Goodman was eliminated.
The Pas (deferred):
Winnipeg (ten members):
Valid votes: 76,991 Quota: 7000 votes
First Count: Evans and Queen declared elected
Second Count: transfer of Evans' surplus
Third Count: transfer of Queen's surplus
Fourth count: Fulton and Gargan eliminated
Fifth count: Elcheshen eliminated (378 votes; Haig elected, 7019 votes)
Sixth count: transfer of Haig's surplus
Seventh count: Keith eliminated (588 votes)
Eighth count: Cameron eliminated
Ninth count: Reid eliminated (812 votes)
Tenth count: Armstrong eliminated (880 votes)
Eleventh count: Brigden eliminated (1084 votes; Farmer elected, 7105 votes)
Twelfth count: transfer of Farmer's surplus
Thirteenth count: Penner eliminated
Fourteenth count: Hermanson eliminated (1331 votes)
Fifteenth count: Anderson eliminated
Sixteenth count: Russell eliminated (1570 votes)
Seventeenth count: MacLennan eliminated (2082 votes; Major elected, 7044 votes)
Eighteenth count: transfer of Major's surplus
Nineteenth count: Montgomery eliminated (2177 votes)
Twentieth count: Tobias eliminated (2425 votes)
Twenty-first count: Andrusychen eliminated (2923 votes)
Twenty-second count: Swail eliminated (3457 votes; Ketchen elected, 7486 votes)
Twenty-third count: transfer of Ketchen's surplus
Twenty-fourth count: Barry eliminated (4780 votes)
After the twenty-fourth count: Morris was eliminated, leaving Hyman (ILP), John McDiarmid (LP/L), William Ivens (ILP) and Ralph Maybank (LP/L) to take the last empty seats. Morris's votes were not transferred because only four candidates remained to fill the four remaining open seats.
These were elected:
(Only Ivens had not been among the ten most-popular candidates in the First Count.) The successful candidates had a total of about 65,000 votes. Adding in Morris's 5000 votes, the total means there were about 7000 exhausted votes.
The first ballot results for Winnipeg and results for all other constituencies are taken from an official Manitoba government publication entitled "Manitoba elections, 1920-1941", cross-referenced with an appendix to the government's report of the 2003 provincial election. The Canadian parliamentary guide lists slightly different results from Kildonan & St. Andrews, Lansdowne, La Verendrye, Morris, Springfield and Turtle Mountain; the other two sources are more comprehensive, however, and may be taken as more reliable.
All ballot results for Winnipeg after the first count are taken from reports in the Winnipeg Free Press newspaper. It is possible that some errors appeared in the original publication.
Russell (Isaac Griffiths to cabinet, May 28, 1935), July 4, 1935: