1967 in spaceflight

Summary

1967 in spaceflight
First Launch of Saturn V - S67-50903.jpg
Apollo 4, the first flight of the Saturn V rocket lifts off.
Orbital launches
FirstIntelsat II F-2
LastCRL AF17.750D
National firsts
SatelliteAustraliaAustralia
Rockets
Maiden flightsSoviet UnionProton-K
United StatesSaturn V

The year 1967 in spaceflight saw more orbital launches than any other year before or since, including that of the first Australian satellite, WRESAT, which was launched from the Woomera Test Range atop an American Sparta rocket. The United States National Space Science Data Center catalogued 172 spacecraft placed into orbit by launches which occurred in 1967.[1]

The year saw both setbacks and advances for the United States Apollo programme. Three astronauts; Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Ed White and Roger B. Chaffee, were killed in a fire aboard the AS-204 spacecraft at Cape Kennedy Launch Complex 34 on 27 January whilst rehearsing the launch. On 20 October the Saturn V rocket made its maiden flight.

Launches


January

January launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
11 January
10:55[2]
United StatesDelta E1 United StatesLC-17, Cape Canaveral
Intelsat II F-2 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
14 January
21:28[2]
United StatesThor-Agena D United StatesSLC-2W, Vandenberg AFB
KH-4A #38 CIA Low Earth Orbit Reconnaissance 2 February 1967 Successful
18 January
14:19[2]
United StatesTitan IIIC United StatesSLC-41, Cape Canaveral
United StatesIDCSP 8 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesIDCSP 9 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesIDCSP 10 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesIDCSP 11 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesIDCSP 12 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesIDCSP 13 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesIDCSP 14 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
United StatesIDCSP 15 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful
19 January
12:39[2]
Soviet UnionVostok-2 (rocket) Soviet UnionPu-41/1, Plesetsk
Soviet UnionKosmos 138 (Zenit-2 #45) Low Earth Orbit Reconnaissance 27 January 1967 Successful
25 January
13:55[2]
Soviet UnionR-36ORB Soviet UnionPad 164/36, Baikonur
Soviet UnionKosmos 139 (OGCh #7) Low Earth Orbit Weapon System Test 27 January 1967 Successful
26 January
17:31[2]
United StatesDelta E United StatesSLC-2E, Vandenberg AFB
ESSA-4 Sun-Synchronous Orbit Meteorology In orbit Successful
31 January
12:45[2]
United StatesScout B United StatesSLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
OV3-05 US Air Force Low Earth orbit Magnetosphere research satellite 31 January Failure

February

February launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
2 February United StatesAtlas-Agena D United StatesSLC-2E, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
KH-7 36 US Air Force Low Earth orbit Optical Reconnaissance TBA Successful
5 February United StatesAtlas-Agena D United StatesLC-13, Cape Canaveral NASA
Lunar Orbiter 3 NASA Low Lunar Orbit Surface Mapping TBA Successful
7 February Soviet UnionSoyuz 11A511 Soviet UnionPad 1/5 (Gagarin's Start), Baikonur
Soviet UnionKosmos 140 (Soyuz 7K-OK 1) MOM Low Earth Orbit Uncrewed Test Flight TBA Successful
8 February United StatesThor-Burner 2 United StatesSLC-10W, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
DSAP-4A F2 US Air Force Sun-Synchronous Orbit Meteorology TBA Successful
8 February FranceDiamant-A AlgeriaHammaguir CNES
Diadème 1 CNES Low Earth Orbit Geodesy TBA Partial Failure
8 February Soviet UnionVoskhod Soviet UnionPad 41/1, Baikonur
Soviet UnionKosmos 141 (Zenit-4 #26) GRU Low Earth Orbit Optical reconnaissance TBA Successful
14 February Soviet UnionKosmos-2 Soviet UnionPad 86/1, Kasputin Yar
Soviet UnionKosmos 142 DS-U2-I #2) Yuzhnoye Design Bureau Low Earth Orbit Ionosphere Research TBA Successful
15 February FranceDiamant-A AlgeriaHammaguir CNES
Diadème 2 CNES Low Earth Orbit Geodesy TBA Successful
22 February United StatesAtlas-Agena D United StatesSLC-2W, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
KH-4A 39 US Air Force Low Earth orbit Optical Reconnaissance TBA Successful
24 February United StatesAtlas-Agena D United StatesSLC-4W, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
KH-8 4 US Air Force Low Earth orbit Optical Reconnaissance TBA Successful
27 February Soviet UnionVostok-2 Soviet UnionGagarin's Start (Pad 1/5), Baikonur
Soviet UnionKosmos 143 (Zenit-2 #46) GRU Low Earth Orbit Optical reconnaissance TBA Partial Failure
28 February Soviet UnionVostok-2M Soviet UnionPad 41/1, Plestsk
Soviet UnionKosmos 144 (Meteor-1 #6) GRU Low Earth Orbit Meteorology TBA Sucessful

March

March launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
10 March
11:30
Soviet UnionProton 8K82K (11S824) Soviet UnionPad 81/23, Baikonur MOM
Kosmos 146 MOM Low Earth orbit Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P 18 March 1967 Successful
Maiden Flight of the Proton 8K82K
21 March
10:07
Soviet UnionKosmos-2I 63SM Soviet UnionSite 86/1 Kapustin Yar Yuzhnoye Design Bureau
Kosmos 149 Yuzhnoye Design Bureau Low Earth orbit Test and optical 7 April Successful
Aerodynamic skirt stabiliser test

April

April launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
8 April
09:00
Soviet UnionProton 8K82K (11S824) Soviet UnionPad 81/23, Baikonur MOM
Kosmos 154 MOM Low Earth orbit Test prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P 10 April Failure
Block D (4th stage) failed to re-ignite
14 April
03:25
United StatesScout A United StatesSLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
Transit 15 US Navy Low Earth Orbit Navigation Satellite In orbit Successful
23 April
00:35
Soviet UnionSoyuz (A-10) Soviet UnionLC-1/5, Baikonur MOM
Soyuz 1 MOM Low Earth Orbit Test Soyuz spacecraft 24 April Failure
Solar panels jammed, bad weather prevented Soyuz 2 launch, parachute failure during descent resulted in loss of crew
26 April
10:06
United StatesScout B United StatesSan Marco platform, Formosa Bay, Kenya CRS
San Marco 2 CRS Low Earth Orbit Atmospheric Research In orbit Successful

May

May launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
5 May
16:00
United StatesScout A United StatesSLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
Ariel 3 UK Science Research Council, NASA Low Earth Orbit Atmospheric Research 14 December 1970 Successful
18 May
09:05
United StatesScout A United StatesSLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
Transit 16 US Navy Low Earth Orbit Navigation In orbit Successful
30 May
02:06
United StatesScout B United StatesSLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
ESRO 2A ESRO Low Earth Orbit X-Ray Astronomy and Radiation Measurements 30 May 1967 Failure
Third Stage Failure

July

July launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
1 July United StatesTitan IIIC United StatesSLC-41, Cape Canaveral US Air Force
DODGE US Air Force Geosynchronous Orbit Triaxial Gravity Gradient Stabilization, Magnetic Field Measurements, and Earth Imagery In orbit Successful

August

August launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
4 August
03:53
United StatesEuropa AustraliaLA-6A, Woomera ELDO
N/A Low Earth Orbit Test launcher with dummy third stage N/A Failure
Second Stage failed to ignite

September

September launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
25 September United StatesScout A United StatesSLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
Transit 17 US Navy Low Earth Orbit Navigation Satellite In orbit Successful
27 September
22:11
Soviet UnionProton 8K82K (11S824) Soviet UnionPad 81/23, Baikonur MOM
Zond 4a MOM Lunar Free-return Prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P/Zond In orbit Failure
First stage failure

October

October launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
19 October
17:33
United StatesScout B United StatesLA-3A, Wallops Island US Air Force
RAM C-1 NASA Suborbital Technology Demonstration no Successful

November

November launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
9 November
12:00
United StatesSaturn V United StatesLC-39A, Kennedy Space Center NASA
Apollo 4 NASA High Earth Orbit Test Saturn V and Apollo Command Module reentry 9 November 1967 Successful
Maiden flight of the Saturn V
22 November
19:07
Soviet UnionProton 8K82K (11S824) Soviet UnionPad 81/23, Baikonur MOM
Zond 4b MOM Lunar Free-return Prototype Soyuz 7K-L1P/Zond In orbit Failure
Second stage failure
29 November United StatesSparta (rocket) AustraliaLA-8, Woomera WRE
WRESAT WRE Low Earth orbit Atmospheric experiments 10 January 1968 Successful
First Australian orbital launch

December

December launches
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
4 December
21:01
United StatesEuropa AustraliaLA-6A, Woomera ELDO
N/A ELDO Low Earth Orbit Test launcher with dummy third stage and boilerplate spacecraft N/A Failure
Second Stage failed to separate
5 December
01:03
United StatesScout B United StatesSLC-5, Vandenberg AFB US Air Force
OV3-06 US Air Force Low Earth Orbit Magnetospheric Research 9 March 1969 Successful

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
8 February Lunar Orbiter 3 Selenocentric orbit insertion Returned 182 images
20 April Surveyor 3 Lunar landing in Oceanus Procellarum
8 May Lunar Orbiter 4 Selenocentric orbit insertion Returned 163 images
17 July Surveyor 4 Lunar impact Failed lander, impacted Sinus Medii
22 July Explorer 35 Selenocentric orbit insertion
5 August Lunar Orbiter 5 Selenocentric orbit insertion Returned 213 images
11 September Surveyor 5 Lunar landing in Mare Tranquillitatis
1 October Lunar Orbiter 2 Lunar impact
10 October Lunar Orbiter 3 Lunar impact
18 October Venera 4 Venus probe Atmospheric probe functioned for 94 minutes in the Venerian atmosphere
19 October Mariner 5 Flyby of Venus Closest approach 3,990 kilometres (2,480 mi)
31 October Lunar Orbiter 4 Lunar impact
10 November Surveyor 6 Lunar landing in Sinus Medii

References

Generic references:
RocketSunIcon.svg Spaceflight portal
  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Spacecraft Query Results". Master Catalog Search. NASA NSSDC. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g McDowell, Jonathan. Jonathon's Space Report Log http://planet4589.org/space/log/launchlog.txt%7Ctitle=Launch Log Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 30 December 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)