1984 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1982 November 6, 1984 1986 →

All 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
218 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  SpeakerO'Neill.jpg Robert H. Michel--95th Congress.png
Leader Tip O'Neill Bob Michel
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since January 4, 1977 January 3, 1981
Leader's seat Massachusetts 8th Illinois 18th
Last election 269 seats 166 seats
Seats won 253 182
Seat change Decrease 16 Increase 16
Popular vote 42,973,494 38,734,908
Percentage 52.1% 47.0%
Swing Decrease 3.1% Increase 3.6%

1984 House Elections in the United States.png
Results:      Democratic gain      Democratic hold
     Republican gain      Republican hold

Speaker before election

Tip O'Neill
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Tip O'Neill
Democratic

The 1984 United States House of Representatives elections was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1984 which coincided with the re-election of President Ronald Reagan in a landslide. This victory also yielded gains for Reagan's Republican Party in the House, where they picked up a net of sixteen seats from the Democratic Party. The Democrats nonetheless retained a commanding majority in the House and gained seats in the Senate.

This would be the last time for eight years that the Democrats lost seats in the House.

Overall results

253 182
Democratic Republican
Party Seats Seat
percentage
Vote
percentage
Popular
vote
Last
election
(1982)
This
election
Net
change
Democratic Party 269 253 Decrease 16 58.2% 52.1% 42,973,494
Republican Party 166 182 Increase 16 41.8% 47.0% 38,734,908
Libertarian Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.3% 275,865
Independent 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.2% 121,187
Peace and Freedom Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.1% 61,543
Right to Life Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 35,293
Conservative Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 25,610
Populist Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 20,762
Concerns of People Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 20,333
Socialist Workers Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 18,939
Communist Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 15,810
People Before Profits Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 14,869
Citizens Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 7,725
Rainbow Coalition Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 7,615
American Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 7,122
Prohibition Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 5,942
Liberty Union Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 4,858
Constitutionalist Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 4,242
Small is Beautiful Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 3,313
American Eagle Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 2,664
Labor and Farm Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 2,433
Tisch Independent Citizens Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 2,064
Politicians are Crooks Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 1,835
Liberal Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 1,630
Constitutional Freedom Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 1,516
Christian American Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 1,196
Citizens-Socialist Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 907
Socialist Labor Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 524
Others 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.1% 47,639
Total 435 435 0 100.0% 100.0% 82