1986 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1984 November 4, 1986 1988 →

All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
218 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  SpeakerO'Neill.jpg Robert H. Michel--95th Congress.png
Leader Tip O'Neill
(retired)
Bob Michel
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since January 3, 1973 January 3, 1981
Leader's seat MA-8th Illinois-18th
Last election 253 seats 182 seats
Seats won 258 177
Seat change Increase 5 Decrease 5
Popular vote 32,447,021 26,533,178
Percentage 54.3% 44.4%
Swing Increase 2.2% Decrease 2.6%

1986 House Election in the United States.png
Results:
     Democratic hold      Democratic gain
     Republican hold      Republican gain

Speaker before election

Tip O'Neill
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Jim Wright
Democratic

The 1986 United States House of Representatives elections was held on November 4, 1986, in the middle of President Ronald Reagan's second term in office while he was still relatively popular with the American public. As in most midterm elections, the President's party—in this case, the Republican Party — lost seats, with the Democratic Party gaining a net of five seats and cementing its majority. These results were not as dramatic as those in the Senate, where the Republicans lost control of the chamber to the Democrats.

Overall results

258 177
Democratic Republican
Party Seats Seat
percentage
Vote
percentage
Popular vote
Last
election
(1984)
This
election
Net
change
  Democratic 253 258 Increase 5 59.3% 54.3% 32,447,021
  Republican 182 177 Decrease 5 40.7% 44.4% 26,533,178
  Independent 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.2% 157,332
  Libertarian 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.2% 121,076
  Conservative 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.1% 58,712
  Peace and Freedom 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.1% 57,003
  Right to Life 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.1% 39,407
  American 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 20,360
  Socialist Workers 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 12,812
  Pro-Life 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 11,209
  Citizens 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 8,386
  Labor for Maine 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 7,109
  Small is Beautiful 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 5,847
  Workers League 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 3,985
  Labor and Farm 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 3,953
  New Alliance 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 3,672
  People Before Profits 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 3,646
Populist 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 2,783
  Concerns of People 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 2,338
  Liberal 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 2,288
  Inflation Fighting Housewife 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 2,023
  AWG 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 2,004
  Port Authority = Crooks 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 1,825
  Quality Congressional Representation 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 1,348
  Stop Financing Communism 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 789
  Let Freedom Ring 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 525
  Others 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.4% 251,578
Totals 435 435 Steady 100.0% 100.0% 59,758,397

Source: Election Statistics - Office of the Clerk

Popular vote
Democratic