1991 Azerbaijani Mil Mi-8 shootdown

Summary

1991 Azerbaijani MI-8 helicopter shootdown
Mi-8 Hip Roving Sands 99.jpg
A Mil Mi-8 similar to the aircraft shot down
DateNovember 20, 1991
SummaryShootdown
SiteBerdashen (Karakend),
 Azerbaijan (de jure)
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (de facto)
Aircraft
Aircraft typeAssault transport helicopter
Aircraft nameMI-8
Flight originAgdam
DestinationMartuni
Fatalities22
Survivors0

On November 20, 1991, an Azerbaijani Mil Mi-8 military helicopter, carrying a peacekeeping mission team consisting of 13 Azerbaijani government officials, 2 Russian and 1 Kazakhstani Ministry of Internal Affairs officials, 3 Azerbaijani journalists and 3 helicopter crew was shot down amidst heavy fighting near the village of Berdashen, also known as Karakend, in Nagorno-Karabakh.[1][2] All 22 people (19 passengers and 3 crew) on board were killed in the crash.[3] The incident is known in Azerbaijan as the Karakend tragedy.

Background

In accordance with the Zheleznovodsk communique initiated by Boris Yeltsin and Nursultan Nazarbayev in the Russian city of Zheleznovodsk for the peaceful resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and their subsequent shuttle diplomacy visit to the region in September 1991, officials from Russia and Kazakhstan were placed in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO) for an observation mission.

On the eve of the crash, the Armenian side ceased the peace talks with Azerbaijan until Azerbaijan re-opened the natural gas supply to Armenia, which it had cut off on November 4.[4] The team of observers along with representatives of Azerbaijani government were to fly from Agdam to Martuni due to rising tension in the district.[1]

Shootdown

The helicopter MI-8 with the observation team departed from Agdam with 22 people on board and was shot down en route with a group of ZSU-23-4 Shilka and SA-6 missiles, killing everyone on board.[5] The attack on the helicopter disrupted the ongoing peace talks.[6][7]

Various conspiracy theories about the incident have since been in circulation, and are promoted by various political figures in Azerbaijan, who claim that the shootdown was a political assassination. Despite an absence of official investigation evidence, such theories are considered credible by a significant part of the Azerbaijani population.

List of victims[3][8][9]
Full name Position Country
Tofig Ismayilov Secretary of State  Azerbaijan
Ismat Gayibov Public Prosecutor General  Azerbaijan
Mahammad Asadov Minister of Internal Affairs, State Advisor  Azerbaijan
Zulfi Hajiyev Deputy Prime Minister  Azerbaijan
Osman Mirzayev Head of Presidential Administration, journalist  Azerbaijan
Ali Mustafayev Journalist of Azerbaijani State TV,[10] Azerbaijan  Azerbaijan
Vagif Jafarov Member of Parliament  Azerbaijan
Vali Mammadov [ru] Member of Parliament  Azerbaijan
Igor Plavski Public Prosecutor of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO)  Azerbaijan
Saylau Serikov Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs  Kazakhstan
Fakhraddin Shahbazov Cameraman, Azerbaijani State TV  Azerbaijan
Arif Huseynzadeh Lights technician, Azerbaijani State TV  Azerbaijan
Rafig Mammadov Aide to Secretary of State  Azerbaijan
Sergey Ivanov Head of department of National Security Ministry, NKAO  Azerbaijan
Nikolai Zhinkin [ru] Commandant for Emergency Situations of NKAO  Azerbaijan
Mikhail Lukashov Motor Vehicle Division, Major General  Russia
Oleg Kocherev Lieutenant Colonel of the MVD  Russia
Vladimir Kovalyov Head of Ministry of Internal Affairs of NKAO  Azerbaijan
Gurban Namazaliyev [az] Deputy Prime Minister of Amelioration and Water Management  Azerbaijan
Vyacheslav Kotov Commander of helicopter crew  Azerbaijan
Gennadiy Domov Member of the helicopter crew  Azerbaijan
Dmitry Yarovenko Member of the helicopter crew  Azerbaijan

Investigation

Initial reports by central state agency TASS claimed the helicopter flew into fog and crashed into a hill. On November 21, the chairman of the crash investigation committee announced over TV that the helicopter was shot at by large caliber weapons and the weapons and video equipment were stolen from the site of the incident.[1] At 6:30 PM, the same day, the deputy Chief of Command of Internal Troops of the Ministry for Internal Affairs of USSR, Vyacheslav Ponomarev left for Agdam. The Interior Ministry officials declared they would not withdraw the internal troop detachments from the district due to escalation of the conflict. The investigation committee was also to determine where the victims would be buried.[1] However, because the area of the crash was soon captured by Armenian militants, the investigation was suspended and no one was indicted.[11]

The investigation was initiated for clarifying the reasons for the crash. The first version was transferred by TASS referring to the commander's special area of NKAO: helicopter exploded, sprung upon a rock in the fog.[1] However, an investigation found holes in the fuselage consistent with the explosion of a rocket.[12] Investigation Commission Chairman Adil Agayev said that the helicopter was shot down from the ground by a large-caliber weapon, video equipment and weapons from the crash site were removed.[1] Armenians denied any involvement, although they were blamed immediately for the incident.[12] In response to Agayev the deputies of the USSR from Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh Zori Balayan, Victor Hambardzumyan, Henrik Igityan, Sos Sargsyan accused Central television of bias and hinted at the uninvolvement of Armenians in the crash.[1] According to American researcher Michael P. Croissant, it appeared to be an Armenian rocket attack.[5]

Aftermath

After the public burial of the Azerbaijani victims in Baku on November 22, demonstrations began. The protestors demanded the Supreme Soviet and the chairman of Communist Party of Azerbaijan, Ayaz Mutalibov, to establish authority in Karabakh or resign from office.

As a result, the Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet called a special session on November 26 requesting the imposition of martial law in the republic, withdrawing cadets and officers of Azerbaijani ethnicity from the Soviet Army and ceasing all negotiations with Armenia.[1]

On November 27, the Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet voted in favour of abolishing the autonomous status of NKAO and established direct rule over it. It also officially changed the name of Stepanakert to its pre-Soviet name, Khankendi, and re-arranged administrative division of the rayons in Nagorno-Karabakh area.[5][6]

See also

External links

  • My father's helicopter was shot down

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Roman Glebov (1991-11-25). "Республики. В Азербайджане сбит вертолет с VIP на борту" [Republics. A helicopter with VIP on board has been shot down in Azerbaijan.] (in Russian). Kommersant. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
  2. ^ Menashri, David (1998). Central Asia Meets Middle East. London, Great Britain: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. p. 155. ISBN 0-7146-4600-8.
  3. ^ a b "Azerbaijan Association. 17 year passes since "Mi-8" military helicopter was shot in Garakand sky – complete list of the perished people". November 21, 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  4. ^ Eichensehr, Kristen; Reisman, W.Michael (1998). Stopping Wars and Making Peace: Studies in International Intervention. Leiden, The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 55. ISBN 978-90-04-17855-7.
  5. ^ a b c Croissant, Michael P. (1998). The Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict: causes and implications. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 45. ISBN 0-275-96241-5.
  6. ^ a b Карабах: хронология конфликта [Karabakh: Chronology of the conflict]. BBC News (in Russian). 2005-08-29. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
  7. ^ Хронология событий в конфликтных точках СНГ [Chronology of events in conflict spots of CIS] (in Russian). Peacekeeper.ru. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  8. ^ Террористические акты, совершенные на воздушных судах [Terror acts committed on air transport] (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2 May 2010. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  9. ^ "23 years have passed since Armenians shot down military helicopter with Azerbaijani political elite on board". Archived from the original on November 3, 2020. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  10. ^ "International Eurasia Press Fund. 5 journalists were killed in 1991". July 31, 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  11. ^ K. Zarbaliyeva (2008-11-19). "Investigation into Crash of Helicopter with Azerbaijani Senior Officials Suspended". Trend News Agency. Archived from the original on 2012-07-15. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
  12. ^ a b Croissant, Michael P. (1998). The Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict: causes and implications. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 55. ISBN 0-275-96241-5.