1996 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1994 November 5, 1996 1998 →

All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
218 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  SpeakerGingrich.jpg Dick Gephardt.jpg
Leader Newt Gingrich Dick Gephardt
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 20, 1989 June 6, 1989
Leader's seat GA-6th MI-3
Last election 230 seats[1] 204 seats[1]
Seats won 226[2] 207[2]
Seat change Decrease 3 Increase 2
Popular vote 43,447,962 43,507,586
Percentage 48.2% 48.2%
Swing Decrease 3.7% Increase 3.4%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Last election 1 seat
Seats won 2
Seat change Increase 1
Popular vote 572,746
Percentage 0.6%

United States House of Representatives elections, 1996.png
Results:
     Democratic gain      Republican gain      Independent gain
     Democratic hold      Republican hold      Independent hold

Speaker before election

Newt Gingrich
Republican

Elected Speaker

Newt Gingrich
Republican

The 1996 United States House of Representatives elections was an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 5, 1996, which coincided with the re-election of President Bill Clinton. Democrats won by almost 60,000 votes (0.07%) and gained a net of two[3][4] seats from the Republicans, but the Republicans retained an overall majority of seats in the House for the first time since 1928.

Although the Republicans lost 3 seats, 1 of them included an Independent who would caucus with them and switch to the Republicans. This resulted in a 227 Republican majority to the Democrats' 208 minority which also included an Independent caucusing with them.

The election is similar to the 1952 elections, although, in terms of the total vote this result remains one of the closest in U.S. history.

Results summary

227 2 206
Republican I Democratic
Party Seats Seat
percentage
Vote
percentage
Popular
vote
1994 Elected Net
Change
Republican Party 230 227 Decrease 3 52.4% 48.2% 43,447,962
Democratic Party 204 206 Increase 2 47.4% 48.2% 43,507,586
Libertarian Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.7% 651,448
Independent 1 2 Increase 1 0.2% 0.6% 572,746
Natural Law Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.6% 518,413
Reform Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.2% 178,475
U.S. Taxpayers' Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.1% 54,054
Independence Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.1% 48,272
Peace and Freedom Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% 0.1% 48,136
Green Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 42,510
Right to Life Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 37,154
Conservative Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 33,458
Independent American Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 20,148
Liberal Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 19,763
Grassroots Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 18,067
Americans Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 7,428
Socialist Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 7,092
Socialist Workers Party 0 0 Steady 0.0% <0.1% 6