It consists of a binary pair designated 19 Tauri A together with a single star visual companion, 19 Tauri B. 'A's' two components are themselves designated 19 Tauri Aa (officially named Taygeta/teɪˈɪdʒətə/, the traditional name for the entire system) and Ab.
The system bore the traditional name Taygeta (or Taygete).Taygete was one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology. In 2016, the IAU organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN) to catalogue and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN approved the name Taygeta for the component 19 Tauri Aa on 21 August 2016 and it is now so included in the List of IAU-approved Star Names.
The 8th magnitude visual companion, 19 Tauri B, is 69 arcseconds away. It is thought to be a yellow star somewhat more massive and larger than the Sun, and further away than the Pleiades cluster.
19 Tauri was once reported to be variable, but has since been measured to be one of the least variable of stars.
^ abcdevan Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. S2CID 18759600. Vizier catalog entry
^ abPenston M.J. (1973). "Photoelectric UBV observations made on the Palomar 20-inch telescope". Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 164 (2): 133–154. Bibcode:1973MNRAS.164..133P. doi:10.1093/mnras/164.2.133.
^ abcdProfessor James B. (Jim) Kaler. "TAYGETA (19 Tauri)". University of Illinois. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
^Davis, George A. (1944). "The pronunciations, derivations, and meanings of a selected list of star names". Popular Astronomy. 52: 8–30. Bibcode:1944PA.....52....8D.
^ ab"Naming Stars". IAU.org. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
^Hessman, F. V.; Dhillon, V. S.; Winget, D. E.; Schreiber, M. R.; Horne, K.; Marsh, T. R.; Guenther, E.; Schwope, A.; Heber, U. (2010). "On the naming convention used for multiple star systems and extrasolar planets". arXiv:1012.0707 [astro-ph.SR].
^Allen, Richard Hinckley (1899). Star-names and their meanings. G. E. Stechert. p. 407. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
^Huber, Daniel; Bryson, Stephen T; Haas, Michael R; Barclay, Thomas; Barentsen, Geert; Howell, Steve B; Sharma, Sanjib; Stello, Dennis; Thompson, Susan E (2016). "The K2 Ecliptic Plane Input Catalog (EPIC) and Stellar Classifications of 138,600 Targets in Campaigns 1-8". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 224 (1): 2. arXiv:1512.02643. Bibcode:2016ApJS..224....2H. doi:10.3847/0067-0049/224/1/2. S2CID 118621218.
^Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/GCVS. Originally Published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1. Bibcode:2009yCat....102025S.
^Percy, John R.; Wilson, Joseph B. (2000). "Another Search for Maia Variable Stars". The Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 112 (772): 846. Bibcode:2000PASP..112..846P. doi:10.1086/316577.
^Adelman, S. J. (2001). "Research Note Hipparcos photometry: The least variable stars". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 367: 297–298. Bibcode:2001A&A...367..297A. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000567.