2013 in spaceflight

Summary

2013 in spaceflight
Antares Rocket Test Launch.jpg
The first launch of the Antares rocket occurred on 21 April 2013.
Orbital launches
First15 January
Last28 December
Total81
Successes77
Failures3
Partial failures1
Catalogued78
National firsts
Satellite
Orbital launch South Korea[a]
Rockets
Maiden flights
Retirements
Crewed flights
Orbital5
Total travellers15
EVAs11

In 2013, the maiden spaceflight of the Orbital Sciences' Antares launch vehicle, designated A-ONE, took place on 13 April.[1] Orbital Science also launched its first spacecraft, Cygnus, that docked with the International Space Station in late September 2013.

Overview

India's Indian Space Research Organisation launched its first mission to Mars with the Mars Orbiter Mission that successfully reached Mars orbit on 23 September 2014.[2]

Numerous significant milestones in robotic spaceflight occurred in 2013, including the landing of China's Chang'e 3 lander at Moon's Mare Imbrium on 14 December; it's China's first attempt and first successful soft landing by its spacecraft on an extraterrestrial surface.

Five crewed orbital launches were conducted during 2013, all successfully, carrying a total of 15 astronauts into orbit. Four of these missions were flown with the Russian Soyuz spacecraft and one with the Chinese Shenzhou.

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

15 January
16:24:59[3]
Russia Rokot / Briz-KM Russia Plesetsk Site 133/3 Russia VKO
Russia Kosmos 2482 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Russia Kosmos 2483 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth Communications In orbit Launch Failure
Russia Kosmos 2484 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Briz-KM failed around the time of spacecraft separation, resulting in the loss of one satellite.
27 January
04:40:00
Japan H-IIA 202 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan Mitsubishi
Japan IGS Radar 4 CSIC Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
Japan IGS Optical 5V CSIC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 20 February 2019[4] Successful
30 January
07:00:00
Russia South Korea Naro-1 South Korea Naro LC-1 Russia South Korea Khrunichev / KARI
South Korea STSAT-2C KARI Low Earth Technology demonstration 13 November 2019[5] Successful
First successful launch of Naro-1; first successful South Korean launch with Russian assistance; final flight of Naro-1.
31 January
01:48:00
United States Atlas V 401 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States TDRS-K (TDRS-11) NASA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

February

1 February
06:56:00
Ukraine Zenit-3SL Norway Odyssey United Nations Sea Launch
United States Intelsat 27 Intelsat Intended: Geosynchronous Communications +40 seconds Launch failure
First stage failure, impacted ocean at 40 seconds after launch. Accident caused by failure of the first stage hydraulic power supply unit pump at T+3.9s, which lead to loss of engine gimbal control.[6]
6 February
16:04:24
Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Europe Russia Starsem
United States Globalstar M078 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United States Globalstar M093 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United States Globalstar M094 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United States Globalstar M095 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United States Globalstar M096 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United States Globalstar M097 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
7 February
21:36:07
Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Azerbaijan Azerspace-1/Africasat-1a AMAKA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Spain Amazonas 3 Hispasat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
11 February
14:41:46
Russia Soyuz-U Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress M-18M / 50P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 26 July Successful
11 February
18:02:00
United States Atlas V 401 United States Vandenberg SLC-3E United States United Launch Alliance
United States Landsat DCM USGS Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensing In orbit Operational
25 February
12:31
India PSLV-CA India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India France SARAL ISRO / CNES Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography In orbit Operational
Canada Sapphire DND Low Earth (SSO) Space surveillance In orbit Operational
Canada NEOSSat CSA Low Earth (SSO) Asteroid detection In orbit Operational
Austria UniBRITE-1 University of Vienna Low Earth (SSO) Optical astronomy In orbit Operational
Austria TUGSAT-1 TU Graz Low Earth (SSO) Optical astronomy In orbit Operational
Denmark AAUSAT3 Aalborg Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United Kingdom STRaND-1 SSTL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
TUGSAT-1 is the first Austrian satellite.

March

1 March
15:10:13
United States Falcon 9 v1.0 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-2 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 26 March
16:34
Successful
Final flight of Falcon 9 v1.0
19 March
21:21:00
United States Atlas V 401 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-241 (SBIRS-GEO 2) US Air Force Geosynchronous Missile defense In orbit Operational
26 March
19:06:48
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
Mexico Satmex 8 Satmex Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
28 March
20:43:20
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz TMA-08M Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 35/36 11 September
02:58
Successful
Crewed flight

April

15 April
18:36:00
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
Canada Anik G1 Telesat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
19 April
10:00:00
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Bion-M No.1 Roscosmos Low Earth Biological science 19 May
03:12
Successful
Russia AIST No.2 SSAU Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States Dove 2 Cosmogia Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Germany BeeSat 2 TU Berlin Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Germany BeeSat 3 TU Berlin Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Germany SOMP TU Dresden Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
South Korea OSSI-1 OSSI Low Earth Amateur radio 8 July[7] Successful
21 April
21:00:02
United States Antares 110 United States MARS LP-0A United States Orbital Sciences
United States Cygnus Mass Simulator NASA Low Earth Test flight 10 May Successful
United States Alexander (PhoneSat-2.0) NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 27 April Successful
United States Graham (PhoneSat-1.0) NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 27 April Successful
United States Bell (PhoneSat-1.0) NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 27 April Successful
United States Dove 1 Cosmogia Low Earth Technology demonstration 27 April Successful
Maiden flight of Antares, COTS risk reduction flight.
24 April
10:12:16
Russia Soyuz-U Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress M-19M / 51P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 19 June Successful
26 April
04:13:04
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan SLS-2 China SAST
China Gaofen 1 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Turkey TurkSat-3USat ITU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Ecuador NEE-01 Pegaso EXA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Argentina CubeBug-1 INVAP Low Earth (SSO)] Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
NEE-01 Pegaso is the first Ecuadorian satellite.
26 April
05:23:41
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Kosmos 2485 (GLONASS-M 747) VKO Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational

May

1 May
16:06:04
China Long March 3B/E China Xichang LC-2 China CALT
China ChinaSat 11 China Satcom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
7 May
02:06:31
Europe Vega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe Proba-V ESA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Vietnam VNREDSat 1A VAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Estonia ESTCube-1 Tartu Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
ESTCube-1 is the first Estonian satellite.
14 May
16:02:00
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
France Eutelsat 3D Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
15 May
21:38:00
United States Atlas V 401 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-242 (GPS IIF-4) U.S. Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
25 May
00:27:00
United States Delta IV-M+ (5,4) United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-243 (WGS-5) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
28 May
20:31:24
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz TMA-09M Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 36/37 11 November
02:49
Successful
Crewed flight

June

3 June
09:18:31
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
France SES-6 SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
5 June
21:52:11
Europe Ariane 5 ES France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Europe Albert Einstein ATV ESA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 28 October Successful
7 June
18:37:59
Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia VKO
Russia Kosmos 2486 (Persona) VKO Low Earth (SSO) Optical reconnaissance In orbit Operational
11 June
09:38:02
China Long March 2F China Jiuquan SLS-1 China CALT
China Shenzhou 10 CASC Low Earth (Tiangong-1) Technology demonstration 26 June
00:07
Successful
China's fifth crewed spaceflight mission (2 men, 1 woman astronaut) to Tiangong-1 space lab.
25 June
17:28:48
Russia Soyuz-2.1b Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-P No.1 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensing In orbit Operational
25 June
19:27:03
Russia Soyuz-STB / Fregat France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Jersey O3b PFM O3b Networks Medium Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Jersey O3b FM2 O3b Networks Medium Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Jersey O3b FM4 O3b Networks Medium Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Jersey O3b FM5 O3b Networks Medium Earth Communications In orbit Operational
27 June
16:53:00
Russia Strela Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 175/59 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Kosmos 2487 (Kondor No.202) Roscosmos Low Earth Radar imaging[8] In orbit Operational
28 June
02:27:46
United States Pegasus-XL United States Stargazer, Vandenberg United States Orbital Sciences
United States IRIS NASA Low Earth (SSO) Heliophysics In orbit Operational

July

1 July
18:11
India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India IRNSS-1A ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
2 July
02:38:22
Russia Proton-M / DM-03 Enhanced Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-M 748 VKO Intended: Medium Earth Navigation 2 July Launch failure
Russia GLONASS-M 749 VKO Intended: Medium Earth Navigation
Russia GLONASS-M 750 VKO Intended: Medium Earth Navigation
First stage guidance failure due to angular velocity sensors installed upside down, rocket crashed near launch pad.[9]
15 July
09:27:03
China Long March 2C China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CALT
China Shijian 11-05 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
19 July
13:00:00
United States Atlas V 551 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States MUOS-2 U.S. Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
19 July
23:37:55
China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China SAST
China Shijian 15 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Shiyan 7 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Chuang Xin 3 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
25 July
19:54:07
Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Europe United Kingdom Alphasat I-XL (Inmarsat-XL) ESA / Inmarsat Geosynchronous Technology demonstration / Communications In orbit Operational
India INSAT-3D ISRO Geosynchronous Meteorology In orbit Operational
First Alphabus satellite.
27 July
20:45:08
Russia Soyuz-U Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress M-20M / 52P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 11 February 2014 Successful

August

3 August
19:48:46
Japan H-IIB Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan Kounotori 4 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 7 September Successful
United States TechEdSat-3p NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstration 16 January 2014 Successful
Vietnam PicoDragon VNSC Low Earth Technology demonstration 28 February 2014 Successful
United States ArduSat-1 NanoSatisfi Low Earth Technology demonstration 16 April 2014 Successful
United States ArduSat-X NanoSatisfi Low Earth Technology demonstration 15 April 2014 Successful
8 August
00:29:00
United States Delta IV-M+ (5,4) United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-244 (WGS-6) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
22 August
14:39:13
Ukraine Dnepr Russia Dombarovsky Site 13 Russia ISC Kosmotras
South Korea KOMPSat-5 (Arirang-5) KARI Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensing In orbit Operational
28 August
18:03:00
United States Delta IV Heavy United States Vandenberg SLC-6 United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-245 (KH-11) NRO Low Earth (SSO) Optical Imaging[10] In orbit Operational
NRO Launch 65; final KH-11 satellite.
29 August
20:30:07
Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
France Qatar Eutelsat 25B/Es'hail 1 Eutelsat / Es'hailSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
India GSAT-7 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
31 August
20:05:00
Ukraine Russia Zenit-3SLB Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 45/1 Russia SIS
Israel Amos-4 SCL Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

September

1 September
19:16
China Long March 4C China Jiuquan SLS-2 China SAST
China Yaogan 17A CNSA Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 17B CNSA Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 17C CNSA Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
7 September
03:27:00
United States Minotaur V United States MARS LP-0B United States Orbital Sciences
United States LADEE NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter 18 April 2014
04:30
Successful
Maiden flight of Minotaur V, first Lunar launch from MARS.
11 September
23:23:04
Russia Rokot / Briz-KM Russia Plesetsk Site 133/3 Russia VKO
Russia Gonets-M 5 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Russia Gonets-M 6 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Russia Gonets-M 7 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
14 September
05:00:00
Japan Epsilon Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan Hisaki (SPRINT-A) JAXA Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of the Epsilon rocket.
18 September
08:10:00
United States Atlas V 531 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-246 (AEHF-3) U.S. Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
18 September
14:58:02
United States Antares 110 United States MARS LP-0A United States Orbital Sciences
United States Cygnus 1
S.S. G. David Low
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics / Test flight 23 October
18:16
Successful
Maiden flight of Cygnus; COTS demonstration flight; final flight of Antares 110.
23 September
03:07:11
China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China SAST
China Fengyun 3C CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology In orbit Operational
25 September
04:37[11]
China Kuaizhou China Jiuquan China CASIC
China Kuaizhou-1 CAS Low Earth (SSO) Optical imaging 1 September 2015[12] Successful
Maiden flight of Kuaizhou.
25 September
20:58:50
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz TMA-10M Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 37/38 11 March 2014
03:24
Successful
Crewed flight
29 September
16:00:00
United States Falcon 9 v1.1 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
Canada CASSIOPE MDA Corporation Low Earth Communications/science[13] In orbit Operational
United States CUSat[14] Cornell Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States DANDE[14] CU-Boulder Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States POPACS-1[14] Drexel Low Earth Atmospheric research In orbit Operational
United States POPACS-2[14] Drexel Low Earth Atmospheric research In orbit Operational
United States POPACS-3[14] Drexel Low Earth Atmospheric research In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of Falcon 9 v1.1.
29 September
21:38:10
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
France Astra 2E SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

October

25 October
03:50:03
China Long March 4B China Jiuquan SLS-2 China SAST
China Shijian 16 CNSA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
25 October
18:08:54
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
United States Sirius FM-6 Sirius Satellite Radio Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
29 October
02:50:04
China Long March 2C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CALT
China Yaogan 18 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational

November

5 November
09:08[15]
India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India Mars Orbiter Mission ISRO Areocentric Mars orbiter In orbit Operational
India's first interplanetary mission.
7 November
04:14:15
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz TMA-11M Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 38/39 14 May 2014
01:58
Successful
Crewed flight
11 November
23:46:00
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Raduga-1M 3 VKO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
18 November
18:28:00
United States Atlas V 401 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States MAVEN NASA Areocentric Martian atmospheric research In orbit Operational
NASA space probe to study the Martian atmosphere.[16]
20 November
01:15:00[17]
United States Minotaur I United States MARS LP-0B United States Orbital Sciences
United States ORS-3 ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration 25 December 2015[18] Successful
United States STPSat 3 USAF STP Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States ORSES ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration 3 January 2016[19] Successful
United States ORS Tech 1 ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration 23 March 2015[20] Successful
United States ORS Tech 2 ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration 3 April 2015[21] Successful
United States Prometheus 1A SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration 12 December 2015[22] Successful
United States Prometheus 1B SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration 10 December 2015[23] Successful
United States Prometheus 2A SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration 8 December 2015[24] Successful
United States Prometheus 2B SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration 13 December 2015[25] Successful
United States Prometheus 3A SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration 29 November 2015[26] Successful
United States Prometheus 3B SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration 10 December 2015[27] Successful
United States Prometheus 4A SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration 5 December 2015[28] Successful
United States Prometheus 4B SOCOM Low Earth Technology demonstration 1 December 2015[29] Successful
United States SENSE-1 USAF SMC Low Earth Technology demonstration 21 March 2015[30] Successful
United States SENSE-2 USAF SMC Low Earth Technology demonstration 28 October 2019[31] Successful
United States Firefly NASA / NRO Low Earth Atmospheric science 1 November 2017[32] Successful
United States Horus (STARE-B) LLNL Low Earth Technology demonstration 26 April 2018[33] Successful
United States Black Knight West Point Low Earth Technology demonstration 16 July 2015[34] Successful
United States NPS-SCAT NPS Low Earth Technology demonstration 28 October 2015[35] Successful
United States DragonSat-1 Drexel Low Earth Technology demonstration 31 August 2016[36] Successful
United States COPPER St. Louis Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 February 2016[37] Successful
United States ChargerSat-1 UAH Low Earth Technology demonstration 19 March 2016[38] Successful
United States TJ3Sat TJHSST Low Earth Technology demonstration 17 September 2015[39] Successful
United States Trailblazer 1 UNM Low Earth Technology demonstration 22 May 2016[40] Successful
United States Vermont Lunar CubeSat Vermont Low Earth Technology demonstration 21 November 2015[41] Successful
United States SwampSat UFL Low Earth Technology demonstration 13 December 2015[42] Successful
United States CAPE-2 ULL Low Earth Technology demonstration 23 October 2014[43] Successful
United States Ho'oponopono 2 Hawaii Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States KySat-2 Kentucky/Morehead Low Earth Technology demonstration 12 February 2015[44] Successful
United States PhoneSat-2.4 NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstration 31 January 2017[45] Successful
ORS-3 will remain attached to upper stage.
20 November
03:31:04
China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China SAST
China Yaogan 19 CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
21 November
07:10:16[46]
Ukraine Dnepr Russia Dombarovsky Site 370/13 Russia ISC Kosmotras
United Arab Emirates DubaiSat-2 EIAST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
South Korea STSAT-3 KARI Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States SkySat-1 Skybox Imaging Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Japan WNISAT-1 Weather News Inc. Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology In orbit Operational
Poland Lem (BRITE-PL) PAS Low Earth (SSO) Photometric astrometry In orbit Operational
United States AprizeSat-7 AprizeSat Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
United States AprizeSat-8 AprizeSat Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
Italy UniSat-5 La Sapienza Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Netherlands Delfi-n3Xt TU-Delft Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States Dove 3 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States Dove 4 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Netherlands Triton 1 ISIS-BV Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
South Korea KHUSat-1 (CINEMA-2) KHU Low Earth (SSO) Space weather In orbit Operational
South Korea KHUSat-2 (CINEMA-3) KHU Low Earth (SSO) Space weather In orbit Operational
Argentina CubeBug-2 INVAP Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Denmark GOMX-1 GOMSpace Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Ecuador NEE-02 Krysaor EXA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United KingdomNetherlands FUNCube-1 AMSAT-UK/NL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Norway HiNCube Narvik Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
South Africa ZACUBE-1 CPUT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Pakistan ICube-1 PIST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Spain HumSat-D Vigo Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Peru PUCPSat-1 PUCP Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Peru Pocket-PUCP PUCP Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Germany UWE-3 Würzburg Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States BeakerSat-1 Morehead Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 13 February 2019[47] Successful
United States QubeScout-1 UMBC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Germany WREN STADOKO UG Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States $50SAT Morehead Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 19 May 2018[48] Successful
Germany First-MOVE TU-Munich Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Singapore Velox-P2 NTU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Spain OPTOS INTA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Ukraine BPA-3 Hartron-Arkos Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
22 November
12:02:29
Russia Rokot / Briz-KM Russia Plesetsk Site 133/3 Europe Russia Eurockot
Europe Swarm A ESA Low Earth Magnetospheric In orbit Operational
Europe Swarm B ESA Low Earth Magnetospheric In orbit Operational
Europe Swarm C ESA Low Earth Magnetospheric In orbit Operational
25 November
02:12:04
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan SLS-2 China SAST
China Shiyan Weixing 5 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
25 November
20:53:06
Russia Soyuz-U Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress M-21M / 53P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 9 June 2014 Successful

December

1 December
17:30:00 [50]
China Long March 3B China Xichang LC-2 China CALT
China Chang'e 3 CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander 14 December
13:12
Operational
China Yutu CNSA Selenocentric Lunar rover Operational
China's first lunar rover, and the first spacecraft to make a soft landing on the Moon since the Soviet Luna 24 mission in 1976.[49]
3 December
22:41:00
United States Falcon 9 v1.1 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Luxembourg SES-8 SES World Skies Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First launch of Falcon 9 v1.1 from CCAFS; first SpaceX launch targeting GEO.
6 December
07:14:30
United States Atlas V 501 United States Vandenberg SLC-3E United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-247 (Topaz) NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
United States ALICE AFIT Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States SMDC-ONE 2.3 U.S. Army Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States SMDC-ONE 2.4 U.S. Army Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States SNaP U.S. Army Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States TacSat-6 ORS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States FIREBIRD A Montana State Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States FIREBIRD B Montana State Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States AeroCube-5A The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States AeroCube-5B The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States CUNYSAT 1 CUNY Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States IPEX NASA JPL Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States M-Cubed 2 Michigan Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
NRO Launch 39
8 December
12:12:00
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
United Kingdom Inmarsat 5-F1 Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
9 December
03:26
China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China SAST
China Brazil CBERS-3 CASC/INPE Intended: Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensing 9 December Launch failure
Third stage shutdown 11 seconds too early.
19 December
09:12:19
Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe Gaia ESA Sun–Earth L2 Astrometric observatory In orbit Operational
20 December
16:42:04
China Long March 3B/E China Xichang LC-2 China CALT
Bolivia Túpac Katari 1 Agencia Boliviana Espacial Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
25 December
00:31:55
Russia Rokot / Briz-KM Russia Plesetsk Site 133/3 Russia VKO
Russia Kosmos 2488 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Russia Kosmos 2489 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Russia Kosmos 2490 (Strela-3M) VKO Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Russia Kosmos 2491 VKO Low Earth Technology demonstration/Satellite inspection (?) In orbit Operational
26 December
10:49:56
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia Khrunichev
Russia Ekspress AM-5 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
28 December
12:30:00
Russia Soyuz-2-1v / Volga Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Aist 1 SSAU Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Russia Kosmos 2492 (SKRL-756-1) RVSN RF Low Earth Radar calibration In orbit Operational
Russia Kosmos 2493 (SKRL-756-2) RVSN RF Low Earth Radar calibration In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of Soyuz-2-1v.

Suborbital flights

Deep space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
16 February Cassini 90th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,978 kilometres (1,229 mi).
9 March Cassini 4th flyby of Rhea Closest approach: 997 kilometres (620 mi). Last Cassini flyby of Rhea.
5 April Cassini 91st flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 kilometres (870 mi).
12 April Cassini Flyby of Polydeuces Closest approach: 115,000 kilometres (71,000 mi).
23 May Cassini 92nd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 970 kilometres (600 mi).
10 July Cassini 93rd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 964 kilometres (599 mi).
26 July Cassini 94th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 kilometres (870 mi).
12 September Cassini 95th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 kilometres (870 mi).
6 October LADEE Injection into Selenocentric orbit Preliminary orbit was 269 kilometres (167 mi) x 15,772 kilometres (9,800 mi), inclined 157 deg to the equator.
9 October Juno Flyby of Earth Gravity assist, closest approach: 552 kilometres (343 mi).
13 October Cassini 96th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 961 kilometres (597 mi).
30 November Cassini 97th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 870 kilometres (540 mi).
6 December Chang'e 3 Injection into Selenocentric orbit Preliminary orbit was 100 kilometres (62 mi), reduced to 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) on 10 December.
14 December Chang'e 3 Landing at Mare Imbrium First Chinese lunar soft lander and rover.
28 December Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 45 kilometres (28 mi).

Extra-Vehicular Activity (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
19 April
14:03
6 hours
38 minutes
20:41 Expedition 35/36

ISS Pirs

Russia Pavel Vinogradov

Russia Roman Romanenko

Installed the Obstanovka plasma waves and ionosphere experiment to the exterior of the Zvezda service module. Also replaced a faulty retro-reflector device used as navigational aids for the Automatic Transfer Vehicle and retrieved the Biorisk microbe exposure experiment. An attempt to retrieve the Vinoslivost materials sample experiment failed when it was accidentally dropped while being taken back to the Pirs module airlock.[54][55]
11 May
12:44
5 hours
30 minutes
18:14 Expedition 35/36

ISS Quest

United States Christopher Cassidy

United States Thomas Marshburn

Replaced the 2B Pump Flow Control Subassembly (PFCS) on the Port 6 truss in attempting to locate the source of an ammonia coolant leak on the Port 6 truss Photo Voltaic Thermal Control System (PVTCS).[56][57]
24 June
13:32
6 hours
34 minutes
20:06 Expedition 36/37

ISS Pirs

Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin

Russia Aleksandr Misurkin

Replaced a fluid flow regulator on the Zarya module, testing of the Kurs docking system on the station ahead of the arrival of a new Russian module, installing the "Indicator" experiment, installing gap spanners on to the outside of the station and photographing the multilayer insulation (MLI) protecting the Russian segment from micrometeoroids and taking samples from the exterior surface of the pressure hull underneath the MLI to identify signs of pressure hull material microscopic deterioration.[58][59]
9 July
12:02
6 hours
7 minutes
18:09 Expedition 36/37

ISS Quest

United States Christopher Cassidy

Italy Luca Parmitano

Replaced a failed Space-to-Ground Transmitter Receiver Controller and the Mobile Base Camera Light Pan-Tilt Assembly, retrieved the MISSE-8 and ORMatE-III experiments, photographed the AMS-02, moved two Radiator Grapple Bars to either sides of the truss, routed power cables to support the addition of the new Russian MLM and installed a multi-layer insulation cover to protect the docking interface of PMA-2.[60][61]
16 July
11:57
1 hours
32 minutes
13:29 Expedition 36/37

ISS Quest

United States Christopher Cassidy

Italy Luca Parmitano

Installed a Y-bypass jumper on power lines on the Z1 truss, routing 1553 data cables for a grapple fixture and Ethernet cables for a future Russian station module. The spacewalk was then cut short after Parmitano reported excess water leaking inside his helmet.[62][63][64]
16 August
14:36
7 hours
29 minutes
22:05 Expedition 36/37

ISS Pirs

Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin

Russia Aleksandr Misurkin

Routed power and ethernet cables for later attachment to the future Nauka module. Also installed connectors between modules and a material science experiment.[65][66]
22 August
11:34
5 hours
58 minutes
17:32 Expedition 36/37

ISS Pirs

Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin

Russia Aleksandr Misurkin

Removed a laser communication and installed an EVA work station and camera pointing platform outside the Zvezda service module, inspection and tightening of various antenna covers on Zvezda, and installed new spacewalk aids.[67][68]
9 November
14:34
5 hours
50 minutes
20:24 Expedition 37/38

ISS Pirs

Russia Oleg Kotov

Russia Sergey Ryazansky

Took the Olympic torch for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games to the outside of ISS. They also continued work on an extravehicular activity workstation and biaxial pointing platform by removing launch brackets and bolts, as well as retrieving an experimental package. The planned installation of a foot restraint on the mounting seat of the workstation was deferred to a future spacewalk after the spacewalkers noticed some issues with its alignment.[69][70]
21 December
12:01
5 hours
28 minutes
17:29 Expedition 38/39

ISS Quest

United States Richard Mastracchio

United States Michael S. Hopkins

Removed ammonia fluid lines from Active Thermal Control System pump module; removed pump module from starboard truss and stowed it on Payload Orbital Replacement Unit Accommodation.[71]
24 December
11:53
7 hours
30 minutes
19:23 Expedition 38/39

ISS Quest

United States Richard Mastracchio

United States Michael S. Hopkins

Retrieved spare ammonia pump module, installed it on starboard truss, and connected it to Loop A of Active Thermal Control System.[72][73]
27 December
13:00
8 hours
7 minutes
21:07 Expedition 38/39

ISS Pirs

Russia Oleg Kotov

Russia Sergey Ryazansky

Attempted installation of 2 HD cameras for commercial Earth observation on the outside of the Zvezda module, cancelled after one of the cameras failed to provide data to the ground during testing. Also installed and jettisoned experimental equipment outside the Russian segment. Longest Russian EVA in history.[74][75]

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

China: 15Europe: 5India: 3Japan: 3South Korea: 1Russia: 31Ukraine: 4USA: 19Circle frame.svg
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China 15 14 1 0
 Europe 5 5 0 0
 India 3 3 0 0
 Japan 3 3 0 0
 South Korea 1 1 0 0 With Russian assistance
 Russia 31 28 2 1 Includes 2 Soyuz launches from Kourou
 Ukraine 4 4 0 0
 United States 19 19 0 0
World 81 77 3 1

By rocket

By family

By type

By configuration

By spaceport

5
10
15
20
25
30
China
France
India
International waters
Japan
Kazakhstan
South Korea
Russia
United States
Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur  Kazakhstan 23 22 1 0
Cape Canaveral  United States 10 10 0 0
Dombarovsky  Russia 2 2 0 0
Kourou  France 7 7 0 0
Jiuquan  China 7 7 0 0
MARS  United States 4 4 0 0
Naro  South Korea 1 1 0 0
Ocean Odyssey United Nations International waters 1 0 1 0
Plesetsk  Russia 7 6 0 1
Satish Dhawan  India 3 3 0 0
Tanegashima  Japan 2 2 0 0
Taiyuan  China 5 4 1 0
Uchinoura  Japan 1 1 0 0
Vandenberg  United States 5 5 0 0 Includes Pegasus-XL launch whose carrier aircraft took off from Vandenberg
Xichang  China 3 3 0 0
Total 81 77 3 1

By orbit

  •   Transatmospheric
  •   Low Earth
  •   Low Earth (ISS)
  •   Low Earth (SSO)
  •   Low Earth (retrograde)
  •   Medium Earth
  •   Geosychronous
    (transfer)
  •   Inclined GSO
  •   High Earth
  •   Heliocentric
Orbital regime Launches Successes Failures Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric 0 0 0 0
Low Earth 48 47 1 0 12 to ISS, 1 to Tiangong-1
Medium Earth / Molniya 4 3 1 0
Geosynchronous / GTO 24 23 1 0
High Earth / Lunar transfer 3 3 0 0 MOM was initially placed in a highly elliptical Earth orbit and performed Trans-Mars injection under its own power
Heliocentric / Planetary transfer 2 2 0 0
Total 81 78 3 0

References

Generic references:
RocketSunIcon.svg Spaceflight portal
  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).

Footnotes

  1. ^ with assistance from Russia
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