The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly election, 2014 was held in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir in five phases from 25 November – 20 December 2014. Voters elected 87 members to the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, which ends its six-year term on 19 January 2015. The results were declared on 23 December 2014. Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) along with EVMs were used in 3 assembly seats out of 87 in Jammu Kashmir elections.
All 87 seats in Legislative Assembly
44 seats needed for a majority
Campaigning before the elections were aggressive and robust. Following the huge victory of Bharatiya Janata Party in the Indian parliamentary election, the BJP turned its attention towards J&K and campaigned on the promise of 'development'. This included a visit from the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi in support of the local BJP campaign.
Despite these calls, voter turnout in the 2014 elections instead increased by 4%, from roughly 61% in the previous election to 65%.
The polls were carried out in five phases. Despite several boycott calls by hurriyat leaders, elections recorded highest voters turnout in last 25 years. Voters turnout was more than 65% which is higher than usual voting percentage in other states of India.
|Tuesday 25 November||15||71.28%|
|Tuesday 2 December||18||71%|
|Tuesday 9 December||16||58.89%|
|Sunday 14 December||18||49%|
|Saturday 20 December||20||76%|
The European Parliament, on the behalf of European Union, welcomed the smooth conduct of the State Legislative Elections in the Jammu and Kashmir. The EU in its message said that, "The high voter turnout figure proves that democracy is firmly rooted in India. The EU would like to congratulate India and its democratic system for conduct of fair elections, unmarred by violence, in the state of Jammu and Kashmir". The European Parliament also takes cognizance of the fact that a large number of Kashmiri voters turned out despite calls for the boycott of elections by certain separatist forces. However, elected Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Mufti Muhammad Sayeed said, "If God forbid the Hurriyat and the militants tried to disrupt the elections there would not have been as participative as they had been. They (Pakistan) also allowed these elections to take place." Ruling Party president Mehbooba Mufti also defended Mufti's remarks. While taking a dig at Mufti's statement former Chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir and leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha Ghulam Nabi Azad said that, "In fact, Pakistan and militant groups tried their best to destabilize the democratic process in the state."
|Party||Seats||Previously||+/–||Vote %||Vote Share|
|People's Democratic Party||28||21||+7||22.7%||10,92,203|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||25||11||+14||23.0%||11,07,194|
|Indian National Congress||12||17||-5||18.0%||8,67,883|
|Jammu & Kashmir People's Conference||2||0||+2||1.9%|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||1||1||0||0.5%|
|Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Front||0||0||0|
|Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party||0||3||-3|
|People's Democratic Front||1||1||0||-||-|
|Jammu & Kashmir Democratic Party Nationalist||0||1||-1||%|
|Total (turnout 65.23%)||87||87||-||-|
|Votes cast / turnout||48,22,776||65.91|
|Source:Election Commission of India|
PDP became the single largest party with 28 seats. BJP became the second largest party with 25 seats.
Omar Abdullah resigned as a chief minister on 24 December 2014.
|Karnah||None||Raja Manzoor Ahmad||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party||Kashmir Division|
|Kupwara||None||Bashir Ahmad Dar||Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference|
|Lolab||None||Abdul Haq Khan||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Handwara||None||Sajad Gani Lone||Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference|
|Langate||None||Abdul Rashid Sheikh||Independent|
|Uri||None||Mohammad Shafi||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Rafiabad||None||Yawar Ahmad Mir||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Sopore||None||Abdul Rashid Dar||Indian National Congress|
|Gurez||None||Nazir Ahmad Khan||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Bandipora||None||Usman Abdul Majid||Indian National Congress|
|Sonawari||None||Mohammad Akbar Lone||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Sangrama||None||Syed Basharat Ahmed Bukhari||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Baramulla||None||Javid Hassan Baig||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Gulmarg||None||Mohd. Abass Wani||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Pattan||None||Imran Raza Ansari||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Kangan||None||Altaf Ahmad||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Ganderbal||None||Ishfaq Ahmad Sheikh||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Hazratbal||None||Asiea||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Zadibal||None||Abid Hussain Ansari||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Eidgah||None||Mubarik Ahmad Gul||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Khanyar||None||Ali Mohd Sagar||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Habba Kadal||None||Shamim Firdous||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Amira Kadal||None||Syed Mohammad Altaf Bukhari||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Sonawar||None||Mohammad Ashraf Mir||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Batmaloo||None||Noor Mohd Sheikh||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Chadoora||None||Javaid Mustafa Mir||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Budgam||None||Aga Syed Ruhullah Mehdi||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Beerwah||None||Omar Abdullah||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Khan Sahib||None||Hakeem Mohammad Yaseen Shah||Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Front|
|Chrar-i-sharief||None||Ghulam Nabi Lone||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Tral||None||Mushtaq Ahmad Shah||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Pampore||None||Zahoor Ahmad Mir||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Pulwama||None||Mohd. Khalil Band||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Rajpora||None||Haseeb A Drabu||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Wachi||None||Aijaz Ahmad Mir||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Shopian||None||Mohd Yousuf Bhat||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Noorabad||None||Abdul Majid Padder||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Kulgam||None||Mohamad Yousuf Tarigami||Communist Party of India|
|Hom Shali Bugh||None||Ab. Majeed||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Anantnag||None||Mufti Mohd Sayeed||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Devsar||None||Mohammad Amin Bhat||Indian National Congress|
|Dooru||None||Syed Farooq Ahmad Andrabi||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Kokernag||None||Abdul Rahim Rather||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Shangus||None||Gulzar Ahmad Wani||Indian National Congress|
|Bijbehara||None||Abdul Rehman Bhat||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Pahalgam||None||Altaf Ahmad Wani||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Nubra||None||Deldan Namgail||Indian National Congress||Ladakh|
|Leh||None||Nawang Rigzin||Indian National Congress|
|Kargil||None||Asgar Ali Karbalaie||Indian National Congress|
|Zanskar||None||Syed Mohammad Baqir Rizvi||Independent|
|Kishtwar||None||Sunil Kumar Sharma||Bharatiya Janata Party||Jammu Division|
|Inderwal||None||Ghulam Mohd Saroori||Indian National Congress|
|Doda||None||Shakti Raj||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Bhaderwah||None||Daleep Singh||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Ramban||SC||Neelam Kumar Langeh||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Banihal||None||Vikar Rasool Wani||Indian National Congress|
|Gulab Garh||None||Mumtaz Ahmed||Indian National Congress|
|Reasi||None||Ajay Nanda||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Gool Arnas||None||Ajaz Ahmed Khan||Indian National Congress|
|Udhampur||None||Pawan Kumar Gupta||Independent|
|Chenani||SC||Dina Nath||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Ram Nagar||None||Ranbir Singh Pathania||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Bani||None||Jewan Lal||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Basohli||None||Lal Singh||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Kathua||None||Rajiv Jasrotia||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Billawar||None||Dr. Nirmal Kumar Singh||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Hira Nagar||SC||Kuldeep Raj||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Samba||SC||Devinder Kumar Manyal||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Vijay Pur||None||Chander Parkash||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Nagrota||None||Devender Singh Rana||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Gandhi Nagar||None||Kavinder Gupta||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Jammu East||None||Rajesh Gupta||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Jammu West||None||Sat Paul Sharma||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Bishnah||None||Kamal Verma||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Ranbir Singh Pura||SC||Dr. Gagan Bhagat||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Suchet Garh||None||Sham Lal Choudhary||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Marh||None||Sukhnandan Kumar||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Raipur Domana||SC||Bali Bhagat||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Akhnoor||None||Rajeev Sharma||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Chhamb||SC||Dr. Kirshan Lal||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Nowshera||None||Ravinder Raina||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Darhal||None||Chowdhary Zulfkar Ali||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Rajouri||None||Qamar Hussain||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
|Kala Kote||None||Abdul Ghani Kohli||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Surankote||None||Ch Mohd Akram||Indian National Congress|
|Mendhar||None||Javed Ahmed Rana||Jammu & Kashmir National Conference|
|Poonch Haveli||None||Shah Mohd Tantray||Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party|
Three days after the results, the JKNC approached the BJP for a meeting to try and form a government. As part of the deal, Nirmal Kumar Singh was to be the chief minister and JKNC's MLA Ali Mohammad Sagar was to be his deputy. The deal fell through after a revolt in the JKNC. The BJP also rejected this deal, citing morality issues.
In the following days, the JKNC also announced its intention to support the PDP from outside by submitting a letter to the governor Narinder Nath Vohra after the dialogue with the BJP fell through. The PDP refused.
A week after the results, the PDP and the BJP officially started talks. Both parties had a two-member team to form a Common Minimum Programme (CMP). The PDP was represented by Naeem Akhtar and Haseeb Drabu, while Ram Madhav and Nirmal Kumar Singh represented the BJP. Minister of State in the PMO, Jitendra Singh, supervised the dialogue.
Omar Abdullah resigned as chief minister on 24 December. The Governor[who?] accepted his resignation but asked him to continue in an interim capacity until the formation of a new government. President's rule was imposed on 1 January 2015.
After dealing with issues, both parties turned their attention to the composition of the cabinet. The PDP was initially reluctant for a three-year rotation of the chief minister's post but later agreed. There were also issues related to the joining of the government by separatist-turned-politician Sajjad Lone. In the run-up to the election, he met Prime Minister Narendra Modi and praised him by calling him "big brother." The BJP reciprocated by not running a candidate against Lone for the Handwara seat, from where he won, and got elected to the assembly for the first time.
Both parties announced on 25 February that the CMP was almost ready, in a joint press conference called by BJP national President Amit Shah and PDP President Mehbooba Mufti. They also stated that the ideological differences had been "ironed out" and both parties were now working on the formation of a cabinet. The dialogue between both parties ended successfully on 18 February - two months and 5 days after the beginning of talks.
The new PDP-BJP government took the oath of office on 1 March in the Zorawar Singh Stadium of Jammu, with Mufti Mohammad Sayeed as chief minister for the full term of six years and Nirmal Kumar Singh as his deputy. Modi was also present for the occasion. Twelve cabinet ministers from each party were also sworn-in. This was the first time that the BJP was a coalition partner in the Jammu and Kashmir government. Lone and independent MLA for Udhampur, Pawan Kumar Gupta, were also sworn-in as cabinet ministers from the BJP's quota.
The CMP was then released in a press conference. The CMP gave a vision of the "all-around development of Jammu and Kashmir" and "Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas" (with everyone, everyone's development). Contentious issues like Article 370 and AFSPA would be referred to a high-power committee, with representation from both parties and civil society. The PDP also agreed to join the NDA's central, with Mehbooba Mufti's induction into the union cabinet, at a later date, and also support the Modi government in both houses of parliament.