2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election

Summary

The Legislative Assembly election was held over five-phases in Bihar through October–November 2015 before the end of the tenure of the prior Legislative Assembly of Bihar on 29 November 2015.[1][2]

2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election

← 2010 12 October 2015 (2015-10-12) – 5 November 2015 (2015-11-05) 2020 →

All 243 seats of the Bihar Legislative Assembly
122 seats needed for a majority
Turnout56.91% (Increase4.18%)
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  The Union Minister for Railways, Shri Lalu Prasad addressing the Media to announce a policy matter in New Delhi on September 12, 2004.jpg Nitish Kumar (cropped).JPG Sushil Kumar Modi 1.JPG
Leader Lalu Prasad Yadav Nitish Kumar Sushil Modi
Party Rashtriya Janata Dal Janata Dal (United) Bharatiya Janata Party
Alliance MGB MGB NDA
Leader since 1997 2005 2005
Leader's seat Did not contest MLC MLC
Last election 22 115 91
Seats won 80 71 53
Seat change Increase58 Decrease44 Decrease38
Popular vote 6,995,509 6,416,414 9,308,015
Percentage 18.4% 16.8% 24.4%

2015 Bihar election result by alliance.svg

Bihar Election 2015 Seats Diagram.svg

Chief Minister before election

Nitish Kumar
Janata Dal (United)

Elected Chief Minister

Nitish Kumar
Janata Dal (United)

In April 2015, the Janata Parivar group (a group of six parties – Samajwadi Party, Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal, Janata Dal (Secular), Indian National Lok Dal and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya))[3][4] announced their intention to fight the election, with Nitish Kumar as their Chief Ministerial candidate. The Janta Parivar was joined by the Indian National Congress and the Nationalist Congress Party.[5] This coalition was restructured as Mahagatabandhan when the Samajwadi Party, Janata Dal (Secular), Indian National Lok Dal and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) departed from the Janata Parivar.

The Bharatiya Janata Party led NDA fought the election alongside the Lok Janshakti Party, the Rashtriya Lok Samata Party and Hindustani Awam Morcha.[6][7][8]

Six left parties fought jointly, independently from both of the two main blocs.[9][10]

This election saw the highest voter turnout in Bihar assembly polls since 2000, with a 56.8% voter turnout in this election.[11] The RJD emerged as a single largest party with 81 seats, followed by JD (U) with 70 seats and BJP with 53 seats. In terms of vote share, BJP came first with 24.4%, followed by RJD with 18.4% and JD (U) with 16.8% and Congress got 6.7%.[12]

BackgroundEdit

Electoral process changesEdit

 
NOTA symbol

Election Commission of India announced that around 1,000 Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) machines will be used along with EVM in 36 out of the 243 assembly seats in Bihar elections, spread over 38 districts.[13][14][15][16][17][18] ECIL manufactured VVPATs will be used in 10 assembly constituencies, while BEL manufactured VVPAT will be used in 26 assembly constituencies.[19] The election information was webcast for the first time and voters can locate their polling booth on phones via an app.[20] About 1.5 crore voters would be informed about the voting dates via SMS.[21]

Election Commission used three new software products – Suvidha, Samadhan and Sugam – to facilitate campaigning, public grievance redressal and vehicle management in Bihar.[22] Electoral Roll Management Software helped in addition/deletion/upgradation of rolls.[23] Android based app 'Matdan' helped the commission with poll-day monitoring in Bihar. Election Commission launched a special drive, Systematic Voters' Education And Electoral Participation (SVEEP) for voter awareness and higher voter turn out in Bihar elections.[24][25][26] Bihar would be the first state to have photo electoral rolls, with photographs of candidates on EVMs.[27][28]

Assembly constituencies of Bihar having VVPAT facility with EVMs[29]
Katihar Purnia Kishanganj Saharsa
Samastipur Forbesganj Munger Jamui
Madhubani Begusarai Khagaria Gopalganj
Supaul Madhepura Sasaram Aurangabad
Buxar Jehanabad Nawada Sitamarhi
Bhabhua Motihari Bettiah Hajipur
Gaya Town Muzaffarpur Darbhanga Ara
Biharsarif Chhapra Siwan Kumhrar
Bankipur Digha Bhagalpur Banka

Eleven NRI voters registered in the electoral rolls for the first time in Bihar electoral history. They were contacted by election officials through their family members.[30] It was the first time that NRIs cast their votes semi-electronically from foreign countries.[31] The e-postal ballot system and the existing proxy-voting facility is extended for NRI voters from their place of residence abroad.[32][33][34] But this facility is not available to migrant voters within India.[35][36][37]

A cross will be NOTA symbol to be used in this and subsequent elections.[38] The Election Commission introduced the specific symbol for NOTA, a ballot paper with a black cross across it, on 18 September. The symbol is designed by the National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad.[39][40]

On 31 July, the ECI published the final voters' list for the election,[41] which has an overall population of 10,38,04,637, in accordance with the 2011 Census of India.[42][43]

Final voters list for Bihar Legislative Assembly election 2015
S.No Group of voters Voters population
1 Male 3,56,46,870
2 Female 3,11,77,619
3 third gender 2,169
Total voters 6,68,26,658

SecurityEdit

The security used Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drones, called Netras (eyes) for the election.[44][45] The Election Commission of India decided that Bihar Police personnel would not be deployed at any of the 62,779 polling stations.[46] They would be manned by members of the Central Armed Police Forces.[47]

Bihar Legislative Council electionEdit

In July 2015, BJP-led NDA won 13 seats (including 1 independent backed by BJP) out of 24 seats of Bihar Legislative Council election.[48][49] JDU and RJD combine won 10 seats only, while 1 seat was won by an independent candidate.[50][51]

Central government actionsEdit

On 19 August, the central government notified 21 Bihar districts, including the capital Patna, as backward areas and unveiled tax rebates for them.[52] On 25 August, the central government released the religious data of the 2011 census.[53][54] Hindus constituted 82.7% (8.6 crore people) in Bihar, while Muslims constituted 16.9% (1.7 crore peoples).[55]

In July 2015, Jitan Ram Manjhi was accorded "Z"-plus security cover by the Union Home Ministry, while Pappu Yadav was accorded "Y" category security by government of India.[56][57]

Other political developmentsEdit

In May 2015, the JDU government increased the Dearness Allowance (DA) by six percent to 11 percent for provincial government employees and pensioners.[58] In July, Nitish Kumar announced a 50 percent quota for OBC, EBC and SC/STs in all government contracts up to Rs 15 lakh.[59][60] In July, the government issued a notification to give caste certificates to children from upper caste Hindu and Muslim families whose annual income was below 1.5 lakh (US$2,000).[61]

In September, the government agreed to the creation of a dedicated fund for fencing off temples and the inclusion of two Extremely Backward Castes (EBCs), Nishad (Mallah) and Nonia, in the SC/ST category.[62][63] The state government also decided to provide grants-in-aid to 609 more madrassas across Bihar from the list of 2,459 registered by Bihar State Madrassa Education Board.[64] The Bihar government gave a tax-exempt status to Manjhi – The Mountain Man, a film based on Dashrath Manjhi, a Dalit who carved a path through a 360 ft long, 30 ft wide and 25 ft high hillock in 22 years (1960–1982).[65] Opposition parties accused Nitish Kumar government of doing nothing for Manjhi's village Gehlaur.[citation needed]

In April 2015, Nitish Kumar announced the JDU's decision to include few more castes, including the Teli, in list of Extremely Backward Class, which have 18% reservation in Bihar.[66][67]

Caste and religion dataEdit

The 2011 national census indicated that Scheduled Castes constituted 16% of Bihar's 10.4 crores population.[68][69] The census identified 21 of 23 Dalit sub-castes as Mahadalits.[70] The Mahadalit community consists of the following sub-castes: Bantar, Bauri, Bhogta, Bhuiya, Chaupal, Dabgar, Dom (Dhangad), Ghasi, Halalkhor, Hari (Mehtar, Bhangi), Kanjar, Kurariar, Lalbegi, Musahar, Nat, Pan (Swasi), Rajwar, Turi, Dhobi, Chamar and Paswan (Dusadh).[71] Among Dalits in Bihar, Chamars are the largest 31.3%, followed by Paswans (Dusadh) 30.9% and Musahars 13.9%.[72] The Paswan caste was initially left out of the Mahadalit category,[73] to the consternation of Ram Vilas Paswan.[74][75] Chamars were included later in Mahadalit category. Adivasis (Scheduled Tribes) constituted around 1.3% of the Bihari population.[76][77][78] They include the Gond, Santhal and Tharu communities.[79][80] There are about 130 Extremely Backward Castes (EBCs) in Bihar.[62][81]

Castes of Bihar[82][83][84][85][86][87][88][89][90]
Caste Population (%) Notes
OBC/EBC 51% Yadav – 14%
Kurmis – 4%
Kushwaha (Koeri) – 8%
(EBCs – 26%[62][91][92][93][94] – includes,[95][96][97] Teli – 3.2%))
Mahadalits*+ Dalits(SCs) 16%[98][99] includes Chamar – 5%, Dusadh – 5%, Musahar – 2.8%[100]
Muslims 16.9%[55] includes Shershahbadi, Surjapuri, Ansari castes[101][102]
Forward caste 15% [103] Bhumihar – 6%
Brahmin – 5%[104]
Rajput – 3%
Kayasth – 1%
Adivasis(STs) 1.3% [105][106]
Others 0.4% includes Christians, Sikhs, Jains

ScheduleEdit

On 9 September, Election Commission of India announced the dates for Bihar Assembly elections.[107]

 
Voting phases.
Phase Date No of constituencies Covering Districts
I 12 October 49 Samastipur, Begusarai, Khagaria, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Lakhisarai, Sheikhpura, Nawada, Jamui
II 16 October 32 Kaimur, Rohtas, Arwal, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Gaya
III 28 October 50 Saran, Vaishali, Nalanda, Patna, Bhojpur, Buxar
IV 1 November 55 Paschim Champaran, Purvi Champaran, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Muzaffarpur, Gopalganj, Siwan
V 5 November 57 Madhubani, Supaul, Araria, Kishanganj, Purnia, Katihar, Madhepura, Saharsa, Darbhanga
Counting 8 November 243
Source: Election Commission of India

Parties and alliancesEdit

MahagathbandhanEdit

On 7 June, Lalu Prasad Yadav announced the RJD was joining in an alliance with the JDU for the election.[108][109] On 13 July, he led a march demanding that the central government release its findings of the Socio Economic Caste Census 2011 (SECC) on caste,[110][111][112] although Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan pitched for a comprehensive classification of caste data of SECC 2011 before its release,[113] and also said Lalu, Nitish will be worst impacted from the caste data even if its released.[114][115] BJP Leader Sushil Kumar Modi called for rectification of errors in the cases of 1.46 crore people in India, including 1.75 lakh in Bihar, before releasing the caste data.[116]

On 3 August, incumbent Chief Minister Nitish Kumar declared that he would not stand in the election.[117][118] On 11 August, he announced the seat-sharing formula, according to which JD(U) and RJD will contest 100 seats each, while Congress will contest 40 seats in Bihar.[119] NCP pulled out of this alliance later.[120] On 23 September, Nitish Kumar announced the list of 242 candidates for the JDU–RJD–INC alliance.[121][122][123] OBCs were most favoured in the alliance ticket distribution plan.[124][125][126] 10% of tickets were allotted to women candidate by the alliance.[127] The Congress Vice-president Rahul Gandhi assigned the task to shortlist Congress candidates for each of the 40 assembly constituencies to former Governor of Kerala and Nagaland Nikhil Kumar.[128]

Nitish Kumar was the declared chief ministerial candidate for the Mahagathbandhan (Grand Alliance). Kumar started his Har Ghar Dastak (door-to-door) campaign on 2 July.[129][130][131] Initially there were definite political overtures when both Lalu Prasad Yadav and Nitish Kumar shared stage together in a public [132] event commemorating former chief minister Satyendra Narain Sinha's birth anniversary that witnessed veiled attacks on each other, the last time [133] they did it in public. Prashant Kishor was a key election strategist for the alliance.[134][135] The Janata Dal-United started 400 audio-visual vans called Jan Bhagidari Manch raths[clarification needed] for the campaign.[136] Kumar is launching 'Bihar Samman Sammelan' in various cities, including Delhi and Mumbai, to connect with the Bihari diaspora.[137]

However, the grand alliance broke on 26 July 2017 as a result of the resignation by Nitish Kumar and on the next day 27 July JD(U) made an alliance with NDA and Nitish Kumar sworn in as the chief minister of Bihar for the 6th time and Sushil Modi was sworn in as the deputy chief minister for the 3rd time.

National Democratic AllianceEdit

Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) used 243 GPS-monitored raths (modified Boleros) and video vans in the election.[138][139][140] The BJP also set up a monitoring headquarters in Patna to track the movement of the GPS-equipped vehicles which will visit 40,000 villages in all 243 constituencies.[141][142] The campaign was kick-started by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Muzaffarpur on 25 July, where he also inaugurated the permanent campus of IIT Patna in Bihta.[143][144][145][146] The BJP election exercise also involved three lakh volunteers.[clarification needed][138] Modi held his second election rally in Gaya on 9 August[147][148] and his third rally in Arrah[149][150] and Saharsa on 18 August.[151][152] Modi announced a Rs 1.25 lakh crore package[clarification needed] for Bihar.[153][154] He addressed his fourth rally in Bhagalpur on 1 September.[155] Bollywood actor Ajay Devgan also campaigned for the BJP.[156][157] Modi addressed several rallies after 25 October in several constituencies.[158]

In a rally in Buxar on 26 October, Modi vowed to defend reservation of Dalits, STs, OBCs.[159][160][161] He said of the Mahagathbandhan that it was trying to hatch a conspiracy to carve out a sub-quota on the basis of religion as the Supreme Court of India has said reservation cannot be more than 50%.[162][163][164][165] On 27 October, in Bettiah, he again accused Nitish Kumar and Lalu Prasad Yadav of diluting the share of SC, ST and OBC.[166][167] It promoted the view that an attempt was being made to take the reservation of Dalits and other OBCs and give it to other minorities.[168] Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley also agreed with Modi's assertions that the idea of reservations on the basis of religion is fraught with danger.[169][170] On 1 November, Modi repeated the allegations that the two leaders came together in July 2005 to demand a review of the policy to provide for religion-based reservation.[171][172] A video dating from 2005 which was leaked showed Lalu was asking for a quota for Muslims.[173] On 3 July, BJP announced its seventh morcha, the BJP OBC Morcha, reportedly in regards to the election.[174][175][176]

On 11 June, Jitan Ram Manjhi announced his party Hindustani Awam Morcha alliance with the NDA for the election.[177][178]

On 14 September, the NDA announced its seat distribution: BJP got 160 seats, LJP got 40 seats, RLSP got 23 seats and HAM got 20 seats.[179] The NDA did not announce any chief ministerial candidate.[180] BJP announced the names of 154 candidates in three lists.[181][182][183] Caste played a major role in distributing tickets.[184][185] BJP also accommodated five candidates of the Hindustani Awam Morcha.[186] Later, the BJP gave the Imamganj seat to HAM for Majhi is contesting and BJP reduced its seat tally to 159.[187][188] On 1 October, the BJP released its manifesto.[189]

Socialist Secular MorchaEdit

On 19 September, the leaders of six parties – Samajwadi Party, Nationalist Congress Party, Jan Adhikar Party, Samras Samaj Party, National People's Party and Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic – announced the formation of a third front known as the Socialist Secular Morcha. SP and NCP fought on most of the seats. NPP fought on 3 seats. [190] On 15 October, NCP leader Tariq Anwar announced that his party had decided to leave the third front.[191][192]

Left partiesEdit

On 24 July, the Communist Party of India, the Communist Party of India (Marxist), the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation, the All India Forward Bloc, the Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) and the Revolutionary Socialist Party decided to run in all constituencies on a join ticket citing its call for an alternative platform.[10] The CPI will contest 91 seats, while the CPI-ML, CPI(M), SUCI, Forward Bloc, and RSP will contest 78, 38, 6, 5, and 3 seats, respectively.[193] CPI released its first list of 81 candidates on 16 September 2015.[194]

OthersEdit

Muslim partiesEdit

At least six Muslim parties contested the election.[195] AIMIM contested six seats.[196]

All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) leader Asaduddin Owaisi addressed a rally in Kishanganj on 16 August.[197][198] Owaisi accused Nitish and Lalu of keeping the Seemanchal region (consisting of 24 seats) as a backward region.[199][200][201] AIMIM is contesting on 6 assembly seats in Seemanchal region where Muslim voters play a major role.[202][203][204] He addressed a public rally in Kishanganj on 4 October in the Sontha village, which is part of the Kochadhaman (Vidhan Sabha constituency).[205][206][207] He held further rallies at many places in Kishanganj and Purnia.[208][209]

On 5 October, AIMIM released its first list of its six candidates for the election.[210]

Bahujan Samaj PartyEdit

In June 2015, the Bahujan Samaj Party said it would contest all 243 seats.[211][212] In July, the BSP initially released its first list of 49 candidates, including five women candidates, by Bharat Bind, the president of the BSP Bihar unit.[213] National party leader Mayawati planned to campaign for its candidates.[214] BSP's first list has 11 Other Backward Class (OBCs) and 11 Muslims, while they also field Dalits and OBCs from non-reserved seats.[215] On 6 September, Mayawati said of the central government that it was being "remote-controlled" by the "communal and fascist" organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).[216][217][218]

Naseemuddin Siddiqui, Munquad Ali (Rajya Sabha MP), and Ram Achal Rajbhar were appointed to form a strategy to consolidate the Dalits, Most Backward Castes (MBCs), and Muslim votes.[219] On 9 September, Mayawati questioned the announcement of Dearness Allowance (DA) by the central government just before the election and again accused the RSS and its affiliated Sangh Parivar organizations of using the 2011 national census for fear-mongering against Muslim population growth for sectarian purposes, as well as to divert attention from such issues as the alleged failure of the central government to deliver on its promises. She added that the census also showed positive signs such as the sex ratio among Muslims is 951 females to 1,000 males, which is higher than the national average and indicated a slowing of the Muslim population growth rate.[220] On 10 September, she called for the deployment of central forces in large numbers on electoral duty to assure a free and fair election and further asked the ECI to keep a watch on possible sectarian ploys by the BJP.[221][222]

Mayawati officially launched the party's campaign on 9 October from Banka.[223] On 13 October, addressing a rally in Rohtas and Kaimur districts, she claimed that the SP chief Mulayam Singh Yadav and the party leadership had surrendered to the BJP. She claimed that it has fielded candidates after consulting with the BJP.[224][225] She further called on the NDA to not allow the reservation policy for OBCs and SC/STs to fall under the RSS' influence.[226] On 25 October, Mayawati while addressing a rally in Buxar district of Bihar said that Samajwadi Party played in the hands of BJP due to which Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) broke away from it. She also alleged that BJP is working only for the Business class and the Nitish-Lalu governments did nothing for the poor.[227]

MinorEdit

Expelled RJD MP Pappu Yadav created the Jan Adhikar Party before the election and announced to fight against the Lalu-Nitish alliance.[228][229] Yogendra Yadav has announced that Swaraj Abhiyan may extend its support to certain political parties, however it was not clear which one.[230]

On 17 September, Shiv Sena announced that it will contest over 150 seats during the election.[231][232] On 19 September, a third front – Socialist Secular Morcha – announced its seat distribution: SP got 85 seats, Janadhikar Party got 64 seats, NCP got 40 seats, SSP got 28 seats, SJP got 23 seats and NPP got three seats.[233] Former U.K. banker Akshay Verma's Sarvajan Kalyan Loktantrik Party contested about 90 seats in the election.[234]

The Aam Aadmi Party and JVM-P decided that they will not contest the election, but will campaign against the NDA.[235][236]

Opinion pollsEdit

When conducted Ref Polling organisation/Agency Sample size

JD(U) + RJD
+ INC
BJP
+ LJP
+ RLSP
+ HAM
Other
Apr–May 2015 [237] ABP News[238] NA 127 111 5
Jun–Jul 2015 [239] ABP News – Nielsen NA 121 118 4
August–September 2015 [240] India Today – Cicero 5,968 106 125 12
August–September 2015 [241] India TV–CVoter poll 10,638 120–128 94–106 17–21
3–7 September 2015 [242] ABP News – Nielsen 4,493 122 118 3
12–13 September 2015 [243] Zee News Survey 31,906 70–103 140–173 0
23 September 2015 [244] Times Now – CVoter 7,786 112 117 14
October 2015 [245] Leadtech – infoelections.com 11,566 73 168
8 October 2015 [246] CNN-IBN–Axis Poll 27500 137 95 11
7 October 2015 [247] ABP News NA 112 128 3
October 2015 [248] India Today – Cicero poll NA 122 111 10
October 2015 [249] News Nation 7,000 115–119 120–124 2–4
October 2015 [250] India TV– Cvoter 9,916 108–124 111–127 4–12

ElectionEdit

The electoral process cost about 300 crore (US$39 million) to the Bihar government exchequer.[251][252][253]

The electorate in Chandila village of Maker block in Saran district's Amnour (Vidhan Sabha constituency) boycotted the election and no votes were cast in protest against the government's failure to bring electricity to their village.[254][255]

Exit pollsEdit

The Axis APM polls was not finally aired by its commissioning news channel, CNN–IBN.[256]

Polling organisation/Agency Ref Sample size

JD(U) + RJD
+ INC
BJP
+ LJP
+ RLSP
+ HAM
Other
ABP News – Nielsen [257] N/A 130 108 5
CNN–IBN – Axis [256][258][259][260][261] N/A 176 64 3
India Today – Cicero [262] N/A 111–123 113–127 4–8
NDTV – Hansa [263] 76,000 110 125 8
India TVTimes Now–CVoter [264] 35,000+ 112–132 101–121 6–14
News 24 – Today's Chanakya [265] N/A 83 155 5

ResultsEdit

The result was announced on 8 November.[266] The counting of EVMs of 14 assembly constituencies of Patna district was done in AN College Patna.[267][268] The NOTA option had nine lakhs, or 2.5%, of popular votes and was the highest it had achieved in Bihar elections.[269][270] The number of Yadav MLAs increased to 61 in the Bihar assembly.[271]

Results showed that, of the 53 seats won by BJP, 27 were urban areas, which signified that BJP had dramatically shrunk back to its traditional urban support base in Bihar. BJP failed to make a big impact in the rural areas of Bihar, which has one of the lowest urbanization rates. Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh.[272]

According to one analysis, RJD was the biggest beneficiary of this election. RJD increased its seat tally by 59 compared with the previous election. RJD had the best strike rate by winning 81 of the 101 seats contested. RJD became the single largest party in Bihar Assembly. RJD defeated BJP in 36 seats BJP had won in the last election, similarly, it took 25 seats JD (U) had won in the last election.[273]

SummaryEdit

178 58 7
Mahagathbandhan NDA Others
 
Map displaying constituencies won by parties
Summary of results of the 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election[274][275]
Alliance Political party Votes Vote % Change
in vote %
Vote % in
Seats Contested
Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Seats
Mahagathbandhan Rashtriya Janata Dal 6,995,509 18.4  0.44  44.35 101 80  68 32.92
Janata Dal (United) 6,416,414 16.8  5.81  40.65 101 71  44 29.21
Indian National Congress 2,539,638 6.7  1.68  39.49 41 27  23 11.11
NDA Bharatiya Janata Party 9,308,015 24.4  7.94  37.48 157 53  38 21.81
Lok Janshakti Party 1,840,834 4.8  1.95  28.79 42 2  1 0.82
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party 976,787 2.6 - 0.64 23 2  2 0.82
Hindustani Awam Morcha 864,856 2.3 - 26.90 21 1  1 0.41
Left parties Communist Party of India 516,699 1.4  0.29  3.43 91 0  1 0
CPI(ML) Liberation 587,701 1.5  0.29  3.82 98 3  3 1.23
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 232,149 0.6  0.21  3.32 38 0   0
Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) 11,621 0.03  0.02  0.74 10 0   0
All India Forward Bloc 6,936 0.00  0.00  0.21 8 0   0
Revolutionary Socialist Party 3,045 0.01  0.00  0.64 3 0   0
Socialist
Secular
Morcha
Samajwadi Party 385,511 1.0  0.45  1.83 85 0   0
Jan Adhikar Party (Loktantrik) 514,748 1.4 N/A N/A 64 0   0
Nationalist Congress Party 185,437 0.5  1.32  2.82 40 0   0
Samras Samaj Party N/A N/A N/A N/A 28 0   0
Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic N/A N/A N/A N/A 23 0   0
National People's Party N/A N/A N/A N/A 3 0   0
Others Bahujan Samaj Party 788,024 2.1  1.11  2.21 243 0   0
Shiv Sena 211,131 0.6  0.21  1.84 150 0   0
Sarvajan Kalyan Loktantrik Party 108,851 0.3 N/A 0.91 90 0   0
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 103,940 0.3  0.31  2.02 N/A 0   0
Garib Janata Dal (Secular) 92,279 0.2 N/A 0.66 N/A 0   0
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen 80,248 0.2 N/A 8.04 6 0   0
Independents 3,580,953 9.4  3.82  9.57 1150 4  2 1.64
NOTA 947,276 2.5 N/A 2.49 243 N/A N/A N/A
Total 37,673,594 100.00 243
Valid votes 37,673,594 99.94
Invalid votes 23,384 0.06
Votes cast / turnout 37,673,594 56.91
Abstentions 2,85,46,215 43.09
Registered voters 6,62,43,193

Results by DistrictEdit

District Total
MGB NDA Other
West Champaran 9 3 5 1
East Champaran 12 5 7 0
Sheohar 1 1 0 0
Sitamarhi 8 6 2 0
Madhubani 10 8 2 0
Supaul 5 4 1 0
Araria 6 4 2 0
Kishanganj 4 4 0 0
Purnia 7 6 1 0
Katihar 7 4 2 1
Madhepura 4 4 0 0
Saharsa 4 4 0 0
Darbhanga 10 8 2 0
Muzaffarpur 11 6 3 2
Gopalganj 6 4 2 0
Siwan 8 6 1 1
Saran 10 8 2 0
Vaishali 8 6 2 0
Samastipur 10 10 0 0
Begusarai 7 7 0 0
Khagaria 4 4 0 0
Bhagalpur 7 6 1 0
Banka 5 4 1 0
Munger 3 3 0 0
Lakhisarai 2 1 1 0
Sheikhpura 2 2 0 0
Nalanda 7 6 1 0
Patna 14 6 7 1
Bhojpur 7 6 0 1
Buxar 4 4 0 0
Kaimur 4 0 4 0
Rohtas 7 6 1 0
Arwal 2 2 0 0
Jehanabad 3 3 0 0
Aurangabad 6 4 2 0
Gaya 9 6 3 0
Nawada 5 3 2 0
Jamui 4 3 1 0
Total 243 178 58 7

Results by constituencyEdit

Results
Assembly Constituency Winner Runner Up Margin
# Name Candidate Party Votes Candidate Party Votes
West Champaran District
1 Valmiki Nagar Dhirendra Pratap Singh Independent 66860 Irshad Hussain Indian National Congress 33280 33580
2 Ramnagar Bhagirathi Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 82166 Purnmasi Ram Indian National Congress 64178 17988
3 Narkatiaganj Vinay Verma Indian National Congress 57212 Renu Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 41151 16061
4 Bagaha Raghaw Sharan Pandey Bharatiya Janata Party 74476 Bhishm Sahani Janata Dal (United) 66293 8183
5 Lauriya Vinay Bihari Bharatiya Janata Party 57351 Ran Kaushal Pratap Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 39778 17573
6 Nautan Narayan Prasad Bharatiya Janata Party 66697 Baidyanath Prasad Mahto Janata Dal (United) 52362 14335
7 Chanpatia Prakash Rai Bharatiya Janata Party 61304 N. N. Sahi Janata Dal (United) 60840 464
8 Bettiah Madan Mohan Tiwari Indian National Congress 66786 Renu Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 64466 2320
9 Sikta Khurshid (Feroz Ahmad) Janata Dal (United) 69870 Dilip Varma Bharatiya Janata Party 67035 2835
East Champaran District
10 Raxaul Ajay Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 64731 Suresh Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 61562 3169
11 Sugauli Ramchandra Sahani Bharatiya Janata Party 62384 Om Prakash Choudhary Rashtriya Janata Dal 54628 7756
12 Narkatiya Shamim Ahmad Rashtriya Janata Dal 75118 Sant Singh Kushwaha Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 55136 19982
13 Harsidhi Rajendra Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 75203 Krishnandan Paswan Bharatiya Janata Party 64936 10267
14 Govindganj Raju Tiwari Lok Janshakti Party 74685 Brajesh Kumar Indian National Congress 46765 27920
15 Kesaria Rajesh Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 62902 Rajendra Prasad Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party 46955 15947
16 Kalyanpur Sachindra Prasad Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 50060 Razia Khatoon Janata Dal (United) 38572 11488
17 Pipra Shyambabu Prasad Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 65552 Krishan Chandra Janata Dal (United) 61622 3930
18 Madhuban Rana Randhir Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 61054 Shivajee Rai Janata Dal (United) 44832 16222
19 Motihari Pramod Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 79947 Binod Kumar Shrivastava Rashtriya Janata Dal 61430 18517
20 Chiraia Lal Babu Prasad Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party 62831 Laxmi Narayan Prasad Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 58457 4374
21 Dhaka Faisal Rahman Rashtriya Janata Dal 87458 Pawan Kumar Jaiswal Bharatiya Janata Party 68261 19197
Sheohar District
22 Sheohar Sharfuddin Janata Dal (United) 44576 Lovely Anand Hindustani Awam Morcha 44115 461
Sitamarhi District
23 Riga Amit Kumar Tuna Indian National Congress 79217 Moti Lal Prasad Bharatiya Janata Party 56361 22856
24 Bathnaha Dinkar Ram Bharatiya Janata Party 74763 Surendra Ram Indian National Congress 54597 20166
25 Parihar Gayatri Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 66388 Ram Chandra Purve Rashtriya Janata Dal 62371 4017
26 Sursand Syed Abu Dojana Rashtriya Janata Dal 52857 Amit Kumar Independent 29623 23234
27 Bajpatti Ranju Geeta Janata Dal (United) 67194 Rekha Kumari Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 50248 16946
28 Sitamarhi Sunil Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 81557 Sunil Kumar Pintu Bharatiya Janata Party 66835 14722
29 Runnisaidpur Mangita Devi Rashtriya Janata Dal 55699 Pankaj Kumar Mishra Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 41589 14110
30 Belsand Sunita Singh Chauhan Janata Dal (United) 33785 Md. Nasir Ahamad Lok Janshakti Party 28210 5575
Madhubani District
31 Harlakhi Basant Kumar Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 40468 Mohammad Shabbir Indian National Congress 36576 3892
32 Benipatti Bhawana Jha Indian National Congress 55978 Vinod Narayan Jha Bharatiya Janata Party 51244 4734
33 Khajauli Sitaram Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 71534 Arun Shankar Prasad Bharatiya Janata Party 60831 10703
34 Babubarhi Kapil Deo Kamat Janata Dal (United) 61486 Binod Kumar Singh Lok Janshakti Party 41219 20267
35 Bisfi Faiyaz Ahmad Rashtriya Janata Dal 70975 Manoj Kumar Yadav Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 35650 35325
36 Madhubani Samir Kumar Mahaseth Rashtriya Janata Dal 76823 Ramdeo Mahto Bharatiya Janata Party 69516 7307
37 Rajnagar Ram Prit Paswan Bharatiya Janata Party 71614 Ramawatar Paswan Rashtriya Janata Dal 65372 6242
38 Jhanjharpur Gulab Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 64320 Nitish Mishra Bharatiya Janata Party 63486 834
39 Phulparas Guljar Devi Yadav Janata Dal (United) 64368 Ram Sundar Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 50953 13415
40 Laukaha Lakshmeshwar Roy Janata Dal (United) 79971 Pramod Kumar Priyedarshi Bharatiya Janata Party 56138 23833
Supaul District
41 Nirmali Aniruddha Prasad Yadav Janata Dal (United) 79600 Ram Kumar Roy Bharatiya Janata Party 55649 23951
42 Pipra Yaduvansh Kumar Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 85944 Vishwa Mohan Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 49575 36369
43 Supaul Bijendra Prasad Yadav Janata Dal (United) 82295 Kishor Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 44898 37397
44 Triveniganj Veena Bharti Janata Dal (United) 89869 Anant Kumar Bharti Lok Janshakti Party 37469 52400
45 Chhatapur Neeraj Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 75697 Jahur Alam Rashtriya Janata Dal 66405 9292
Araria District
46 Narpatganj Anil Kumar Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 90250 Janardan Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 64299 25951
47 Raniganj Achmit Rishidev Janata Dal (United) 77717 Ramji Das Rishidev Bharatiya Janata Party 62787 14930
48 Forbesganj Vidya Sagar Keshri Bharatiya Janata Party 85929 Krityanand Biswas Rashtriya Janata Dal 60691 25238
49 Araria Avidur Rahman Indian National Congress 92667 Ajay Kumar Jha Lok Janshakti Party 52623 40044
50 Jokihat Sarfaraz Alam Janata Dal (United) 92890 Ranjeet Yadav Independent 38910 53980
51 Sikti Vijay Kumar Mandal Bharatiya Janata Party 76995 Shatrughan Prasad Suman Janata Dal (United) 68889 8106
Kishanganj District
52 Bahadurganj Md. Tauseef Alam Indian National Congress 53533 Awadh Bihari Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 39591 13942
53 Thakurganj Naushad Alam Janata Dal (United) 74239 Gopal Kumar Agrawal Lok Janshakti Party 66152 8087
54 Kishanganj Mohammad Jawed Indian National Congress 66522 Sweety Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 57913 8609
55 Kochadhaman Mujahid Alam Janata Dal (United) 55929 Akhtarul Iman All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen 37086 18843
Purnia District
56 Amour Abdul Jalil Mastan Indian National Congress 100135 Saba Zafar Bharatiya Janata Party 48138 51997
57 Baisi Abdus Subhan Rashtriya Janata Dal 67022 Vinod Kumar Independent 28282 38740
58 Kasba Md. Afaque Alam Indian National Congress 81633 Pradip Kumar Das Bharatiya Janata Party 79839 1794
59 Banmankhi Krishna Kumar Rishi Bharatiya Janata Party 59053 Sanjiv Kumar Paswan Rashtriya Janata Dal 58345 708
60 Rupauli Bima Bharti Janata Dal (United) 50945 Prem Prakash Mandal Bharatiya Janata Party 41273 9672
61 Dhamdaha Leshi Singh Janata Dal (United) 75400 Shiv Shankar Thakur Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 45583 29817
62 Purnia Vijay Kumar Khemka Bharatiya Janata Party 92020 Indu Sinha Indian National Congress 59205 32815
Katihar District
63 Katihar Tarkishore Prasad Bharatiya Janata Party 66048 Bijay Singh Janata Dal (United) 51154 14894
64 Kadwa Shakeel Ahmad Khan Indian National Congress 56141 Chander Bhushan Thakur Bharatiya Janata Party 50342 5799
65 Balrampur Mahbub Alam Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) L 62513 Barun Kumar Jha Bharatiya Janata Party 42094 20419
66 Pranpur Binod Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 47924 Israt Parween Nationalist Congress Party 39823 8101
67 Manihari Manohar Prasad Singh Indian National Congress 61704 Anil Kumar Oraon Lok Janshakti Party 48024 13680
68 Barari Neeraj Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 71175 Bibhash Chandra Choudhary Bharatiya Janata Party 56839 14336
69 Korha Punam Paswan Indian National Congress 78409 Mahesh Paswan Bharatiya Janata Party 72983 5426
Madhepura District
70 Alamnagar Narendra Narayan Yadav Janata Dal (United) 87962 Chandan Singh Lok Janshakti Party 44086 43876
71 Bihariganj Niranjan Kumar Mehta Janata Dal (United) 78361 Ravindra Charan Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 49108 29253
72 Singheshwar Ramesh Rishidev Janata Dal (United) 83073 Manju Devi Hindustani Awam Morcha 32873 50200
73 Madhepura Chandra Shekhar Rashtriya Janata Dal 90974 Vijay Kumar Bimal Bharatiya Janata Party 53332 37642
Saharsa District
74 Sonbarsha Ratnesh Sada Janata Dal (United) 88789 Sarita Devi Lok Janshakti Party 35026 53763
75 Saharsa Arun Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 102850 Alok Ranjan Bharatiya Janata Party 63644 39206
76 Simri Bakhtiarpur Dinesh Chandra Yadav Janata Dal (United) 78514 Yusuf Salahuddin Lok Janshakti Party 40708 37806
77 Mahishi Abdul Ghafoor Rashtriya Janata Dal 56436 Chandan Kumar Sah Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 30301 26135
Darbhanga District
78 Kusheshwar Asthan Shashi Bhushan Hajari Janata Dal (United) 50062 Dhananjay Kumar Paswan Lok Janshakti Party 30212 19850
79 Gaura Bauram Madan Sahni Janata Dal (United) 51403 Vinod Sahni Lok Janshakti Party 37341 14062
80 Benipur Sunil Choudhary Janata Dal (United) 69511 Gopal Jee Thakur Bharatiya Janata Party 43068 26443
81 Alinagar Abdul Bari Siddiqui Rashtriya Janata Dal 67461 Mishri Lal Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 54001 13460
82 Darbhanga Rural Lalit Kumar Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 70557 Naushad Ahmad Hindustani Awam Morcha 36066 34491
83 Darbhanga Sanjay Saraogi Bharatiya Janata Party 77776 Om Prakash Kheria Rashtriya Janata Dal 70316 7460
84 Hayaghat Amarnath Gami Janata Dal (United) 65677 Ramesh Choudhary Lok Janshakti Party 32446 33231
85 Bahadurpur Bhola Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 71547 Hari Sahani Bharatiya Janata Party 54558 16989
86 Keoti Faraz Fatmi Rashtriya Janata Dal 68601 Ashok Kumar Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 60771 7830
87 Jale Jibesh Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 62059 Rishi Mishra Janata Dal (United) 57439 4620
Muzaffarpur District
88 Gaighat Maheshwar Prasad Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 67313 Veena Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 63812 3501
89 Aurai Surendra Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 66958 Ram Surat Ray Bharatiya Janata Party 56133 10825
90 Minapur Rajeev Kumar (Munna Yadav) Rashtriya Janata Dal 80790 Ajay Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 56850 23940
91 Bochahan Baby Kumari Independent 67720 Ramai Ram Janata Dal (United) 43590 24130
92 Sakra Lal Babu Ram Rashtriya Janata Dal 75010 Arjun Ram Bharatiya Janata Party 61998 13012
93 Kurhani Kedar Prasad Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party 73227 Manoj Kumar Singh Janata Dal (United) 61657 11570
94 Muzaffarpur Suresh Kumar Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party 95594 Bijendra Chaudhary Janata Dal (United) 65855 29739
95 Kanti Ashok Kumar Choudhary Independent 58111 Ajit Kumar Hindustani Awam Morcha 48836 9275
96 Baruraj Nand Kumar Rai Rashtriya Janata Dal 68011 Arun Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 63102 4909
97 Paroo Ashok Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 80445 Shankar Prasad Rashtriya Janata Dal 66906 13539
98 Sahebganj Ram Vichar Ray Rashtriya Janata Dal 70583 Raju Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 59923 10660
Gopalganj District
99 Baikunthpur Mithlesh Tiwari Bharatiya Janata Party 56162 Manjeet Kumar Singh Janata Dal (United) 42047 14115
100 Barauli Md. Nematullah Rashtriya Janata Dal 61690 Rampravesh Rai Bharatiya Janata Party 61186 504
101 Gopalganj Subash Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 78491 Reyazul Haque Raju Rashtriya Janata Dal 73417 5074
102 Kuchaikote Amrendra Kumar Pandey Janata Dal (United) 72224 Kali Prasad Pandey Lok Janshakti Party 68662 3562
103 Bhore Anil Kumar Indian National Congress 74365 Indradev Manjhi Bharatiya Janata Party 59494 14871
104 Hathua Ramsewak Singh Janata Dal (United) 57917 Mahachandra Prasad Singh Hindustani Awam Morcha 34933 22984
Siwan District
105 Siwan Vyas Deo Prasad Bharatiya Janata Party 55156 Bablu Prasad Janata Dal (United) 51622 3534
106 Ziradei Ramesh Singh Kushwaha Janata Dal (United) 40760 Asha Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 34669 6091
107 Darauli Satyadeo Ram Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) L 49576 Ramayan Manjhi Bharatiya Janata Party 39992 9584
108 Raghunathpur Hari Shankar Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 61042 Manoj Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 50420 10622
109 Daraunda Kavita Singh Janata Dal (United) 66255 Jitendra Swami Bharatiya Janata Party 53033 13222
110 Barharia Shyam Bahadur Singh Janata Dal (United) 65168 Bachha Panday Lok Janshakti Party 50585 14583
111 Goriakothi Satyadeo Prasad Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 70965 Devesh Kant Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 63314 7651
112 Maharajganj Hem Narayan Sah Janata Dal (United) 68459 Kumar Deo Ranjan Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 48167 20292
Saran District
113 Ekma Manoranjan Singh Janata Dal (United) 49508 Kameshwar Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 41382 8126
114 Manjhi Vijay Shanker Dubey Indian National Congress 29558 Keshav Singh Lok Janshakti Party 20692 8866
115 Baniapur Kedar Nath Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 69851 Tarkeshwar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 53900 15951
116 Taraiya Mudrika Prasad Roy Rashtriya Janata Dal 69012 Janak Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 48572 20440
117 Marhaura Jitendra Kumar Ray Rashtriya Janata Dal 66714 Lal Babu Ray Bharatiya Janata Party 49996 16718
118 Chapra C.N. Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party 71646 Randhir Kumar Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 60267 11379
119 Garkha Muneshwar Chaudhary Rashtriya Janata Dal 89249 Gyanchand Manjhi Bharatiya Janata Party 49366 39883
120 Amnour Shatrudhan Tiwari Bharatiya Janata Party 39134 Krishna Kumar Mantoo Janata Dal (United) 33883 5251
121 Parsa Chandrika Rai Rashtriya Janata Dal 77211 Chhotelal Rai Lok Janshakti Party 34876 42335
122 Sonepur Ramanuj Prasad Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 86082 Vinay Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 49686 36396
Vaishali District
123 Hajipur Awadhesh Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 86773 Jagannath Prasad Rai Indian National Congress 74578 12195
124 Lalganj Raj Kumar Sah Lok Janshakti Party 80842 Vijay Kumar Shukla Janata Dal (United) 60549 20293
125 Vaishali Raj Kishore Singh Janata Dal (United) 79286 Brishin Patel Hindustani Awam Morcha 48225 31061
126 Mahua Tej Pratap Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 66927 Ravindra Ray Hindustani Awam Morcha 38772 28155
127 Raja Pakar Shivchandra Ram Rashtriya Janata Dal 61251 Ram Nath Raman Lok Janshakti Party 46096 15155
128 Raghopur Tejashwi Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 91236 Satish Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 68503 22733
129 Mahnar Umesh Singh Kushwaha Janata Dal (United) 69825 Achuta Nand Bharatiya Janata Party 43370 26455
130 Patepur Prema Chaudhary Rashtriya Janata Dal 67548 Mahendra Baitha Bharatiya Janata Party 55087 12461
Samastipur District
131 Kalyanpur Maheshwar Hazari Janata Dal (United) 84904 Prince Raj Lok Janshakti Party 47218 37686
132 Warisnagar Ashok Kumar Janata Dal (United) 92687 Chandrashekhar Rai Lok Janshakti Party 34114 58573
133 Samastipur Akhtarul Islam Sahin Rashtriya Janata Dal 82508 Renu Kumari Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 51428 31080
134 Ujiarpur Alok Kumar Mehta Rashtriya Janata Dal 85466 Kumar Anant Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 38006 47460
135 Morwa Vidya Sagar Singh Nishad Janata Dal (United) 59206 Suresh Ray Bharatiya Janata Party 40390 18816
136 Sarairanjan Vijay Kumar Chaudhary Janata Dal (United) 81055 Ranjeet Nirguni Bharatiya Janata Party 47011 34044
137 Mohiuddinnagar Ejya Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 47137 Rajesh Kumar Singh Independent 23706 23431
138 Bibhutipur Ram Balak Singh Janata Dal (United) 57882 Ram Deo Verma Communist Party of India (Marxist) 40647 17235
139 Rosera Ashok Kumar Indian National Congress 85506 Manju Hazari Bharatiya Janata Party 51145 34361
140 Hasanpur Raj Kumar Ray Janata Dal (United) 63094 Vinod Choudhary Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 33494 29600
Begusarai District
141 Cheria-Bariarpur Manju Verma Janata Dal (United) 69795 Anil Kumar Chaudhary Lok Janshakti Party 40059 29736
142 Bachhwara Ramdeo Rai Indian National Congress 73983 Arvind Kumar Singh Lok Janshakti Party 37052 36931
143 Teghra Birendra Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 68975 Ram Lakhan Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 53364 15611
144 Matihani Narendra Kumar Singh Janata Dal (United) 89297 Sarvesh Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 66609 22688
145 Sahebpur Kamal Shreenarayan Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 78225 M.d. Aslam Lok Janshakti Party 32751 45474
146 Begusarai Amita Bhushan Indian National Congress 83521 Surendra Mehta Bharatiya Janata Party 66990 16531
147 Bakhri Upendra Paswan Rashtriya Janata Dal 72632 Ramanand Ram Bharatiya Janata Party 32376 40256
Khagaria District
148 Alauli Chandan Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 70519 Pashupati Kumar Paras Lok Janshakti Party 46049 24470
149 Khagaria Poonam Devi Yadav Janata Dal (United) 64767 Rajesh Kumar Hindustani Awam Morcha 39202 25565
150 Beldaur Panna Lal Singh Patel Janata Dal (United) 63216 Mithilesh Kumar Nishad Lok Janshakti Party 49691 13525
151 Parbatta Ramanad Prasad Singh Janata Dal (United) 76248 Ramanuj Choudhary Bharatiya Janata Party 47324 28924
Bhagalpur District
152 Bihpur Varsha Rani Rashtriya Janata Dal 68963 Kumar Shailendra Bharatiya Janata Party 56247 12716
153 Gopalpur Narendra Kumar Niraj Janata Dal (United) 57403 Anil Kumar Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 52234 5169
154 Pirpainti Ram Vilash Paswan Rashtriya Janata Dal 80058 Lalan Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 74914 5144
155 Kahalgaon Sadanand Singh Indian National Congress 64981 Niraj Kumar Mandal Lok Janshakti Party 43752 21229
156 Bhagalpur Ajeet Sharma Indian National Congress 70514 Arjit Shashwat Choubey Bharatiya Janata Party 59856 10658
157 Sultanganj Subodh Roy Janata Dal (United) 63345 Himanshu Prasad Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 49312 14033
158 Nathnagar Ajay Kumar Mandal Janata Dal (United) 66485 Amar Nath Prasad Lok Janshakti Party 58660 7825
Banka District
159 Amarpur Janardan Manjhi Janata Dal (United) 73707 Mrinal Shekhar Bharatiya Janata Party 61934 11773
160 Dhoraiya Manish Kumar Janata Dal (United) 68858 Bhudeo Choudhary Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 44704 24154
161 Banka Ramnarayan Mandal Bharatiya Janata Party 52379 Zafrul Hoda Rashtriya Janata Dal 48649 3730
162 Katoria Sweety Sima Hembram Rashtriya Janata Dal 54760 Nikki Hembram Bharatiya Janata Party 44423 10337
163 Belhar Giridhari Yadav Janata Dal (United) 70348 Manoj Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 54157 16191
Munger District
164 Tarapur Mewa Lal Choudhary Janata Dal (United) 66411 Sakuni Choudhury Hindustani Awam Morcha 54464 11947
165 Munger Vijay Kumar 'Vijay' Rashtriya Janata Dal 77216 Pranav Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 72851 4365
166 Jamalpur Shailesh Kumar Janata Dal (United) 67273 Himanshu Kunvar Lok Janshakti Party 51797 15476
Lakhisarai District
167 Suryagarha Prahlad Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 82490 Prem Ranjan Patel Bharatiya Janata Party 52460 30030
168 Lakhisarai Vijay Kumar Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party 75901 Ramanand Mandal Janata Dal (United) 69345 6556
Sheikhpura District
169 Sheikhpura Randhir Kumar Soni Janata Dal (United) 41755 Naresh Saw Hindustani Awam Morcha 28654 13101
170 Barbigha Sudarshan Kumar Indian National Congress 46406 Sheo Kumar Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 30689 15717
Nalanda District
171 Asthawan Jitendra Kumar Janata Dal (United) 58908 Chhote Lal Yadav Lok Janshakti Party 48464 10444
172 Biharsharif Sunil Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 76201 Mohammad Asghar Shamim Janata Dal (United) 73861 2340
173 Rajgir Ravi Jyoti Kumar Janata Dal (United) 62009 Satyadev Narayan Arya Bharatiya Janata Party 56619 5390
174 Islampur Chandrasen Prasad Janata Dal (United) 66587 Birendra Gope Bharatiya Janata Party 66587 22602
175 Hilsa Shakti Singh Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 72347 Deepika Kumari Lok Janshakti Party 46271 26076
176 Nalanda Shrawan Kumar Janata Dal (United) 72596 Kaushlendra Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 69600 2996
177 Harnaut Hari Narayan Singh Janata Dal (United) 71933 Arun Kumar Lok Janshakti Party 57638 14295
Patna District
178 Mokama Anant Kumar Singh Independent 54005 Neeraj Kumar Janata Dal (United) 35657 18348
179 Barh Gyanendra Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 63989 Manoj Kumar Janata Dal (United) 55630 8359
180 Bakhtiarpur Ranvijay Singh Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 61496 Aniruddh Kumar Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 53594 7902
181 Digha Sanjeev Chaurasiya Bharatiya Janata Party 92671 Rajeev Ranjan Prasad Janata Dal (United) 67892 24779
182 Bankipur Nitin Nabin Bharatiya Janata Party 86759 Kumar Ashish Indian National Congress 46992 39767
183 Kumhrar Arun Kumar Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party 87792 Aquil Haider Indian National Congress 50517 37275
184 Patna Sahib Nand Kishore Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 88108 Santosh Mehta Rashtriya Janata Dal 85316 2792
185 Fatuha Rama Nand Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 77210 Satyendra Kumar Singh Lok Janshakti Party 46808 30402
186 Danapur Asha Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 72192 Raj Kishor Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 66983 5209
187 Maner Bhai Virendra Rashtriya Janata Dal 89773 Srikant Nirala Bharatiya Janata Party 66945 22828
188 Phulwari Shyam Rajak Janata Dal (United) 94094 Rajeshwar Manjhi Hindustani Awam Morcha 48381 45713
189 Masaurhi Rekha Devi Rashtriya Janata Dal 89657 Nutan Paswan Hindustani Awam Morcha 50471 39186
190 Paliganj Jai Vardhan Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 65932 Ram Janm Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party 41479 24453
191 Bikram Siddharth Indian National Congress 94088 Anil Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 49777 44311
Bhojpur District
192 Sandesh Arun Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 74306 Sanjay Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 48879 25427
193 Barhara Saroj Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 65001 Asha Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 51693 13308
194 Arrah Mohammad Nawaz Alam Rashtriya Janata Dal 70004 Amrendra Pratap Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 69338 666
195 Agiaon Prabhunath Prasad Janata Dal (United) 52276 Shivesh Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 37572 14704
196 Tarari Sudama Prasad Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) L 44050 Gita Pandey Lok Janshakti Party 43778 272
197 Jagdishpur Ram Vishnun Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 49020 Rakesh Raushan Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 38825 10195
198 Shahpur Rahul Tiwary Rashtriya Janata Dal 69315 Visheshwar Ojha Bharatiya Janata Party 54745 14570
Buxar District
199 Brahampur Shambhu Nath Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 94079 Vivek Thakur Bharatiya Janata Party 63303 30776
200 Buxar Sanjay Kumar Tiwari Indian National Congress 66527 Pradeep Dubey Bharatiya Janata Party 56346 10181
201 Dumraon Dadan Yadav Janata Dal (United) 81081 Ram Bihari Singh Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 50742 30339
202 Rajpur Santosh Kumar Nirala Janata Dal (United) 84184 Bishawnath Ram Bharatiya Janata Party 51396 32788
Kaimur District
203 Ramgarh Ashok Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 57501 Ambika Singh Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 49490 8011
204 Mohania Niranjan Ram Bharatiya Janata Party 60911 Sanjay Kumar Indian National Congress 53330 7581
205 Bhabua Anand Bhushan Pandey Bharatiya Janata Party 50768 Pramod Kumar Singh Janata Dal (United) 43024 7744
206 Chainpur Brij Kishor Bind Bharatiya Janata Party 58913 Mohammad Zama Khan Bahujan Samaj Party 58242 671
Rohtas District
207 Chenari Lalan Paswan Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 68148 Mangal Ram Indian National Congress 58367 9781
208 Sasaram Ashok Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 82766 Jawahar Prasad Bharatiya Janata Party 63154 19612
209 Kargahar Bashisht Singh Janata Dal (United) 57018 Birendra Kumar Singh Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 44111 12907
210 Dinara Jai Kumar Singh Janata Dal (United) 64699 Rajendra Prasad Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 62008 2691
211 Nokha Anita Devi Rashtriya Janata Dal 72780 Rameshwar Chaurasiya Bharatiya Janata Party 49782 22998
212 Dehri Mohammad Iliyas Hussain Rashtriya Janata Dal 49402 Jitendra Kumar Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 45504 3898
213 Karakat Sanjay Kumar Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 59720 Rajeshwar Raj Bharatiya Janata Party 47601 12119
Arwal District
214 Arwal Ravinder Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 55295 Chitranjan Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 37485 17810
215 Kurtha Satyadeo Singh Janata Dal (United) 43676 Ashok Kumar Verma Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 29557 14119
Jehanabad District
216 Jehanabad Mudrika Singh Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 76458 Praveen Kumar Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 46137 30321
217 Ghosi Krishan Nandan Prasad Verma Janata Dal (United) 67248 Rahul Kumar Hindustani Awam Morcha 45623 21625
218 Makhdumpur Subedar Das Rashtriya Janata Dal 66631 Jitan Ram Manjhi Hindustani Awam Morcha 39854 26777
Aurangabad District
219 Goh Manoj Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 53615 Ranvijay Kumar Janata Dal (United) 45943 7672
220 Obra Birendra Kumar Sinha Rashtriya Janata Dal 56042 Chandra Bhushan Verma Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 44646 11396
221 Nabinagar Virendra Kumar Singh Janata Dal (United) 42035 Gopal Narayan Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 36774 5261
222 Kutumba Rajesh Kumar Indian National Congress 51303 Santosh Suman Manjhi Hindustani Awam Morcha 41205 10098
223 Aurangabad Anand Shankar Singh Indian National Congress 63637 Ramadhar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 45239 18398
224 Rafiganj Ashok Kumar Singh Janata Dal (United) 62897 Pramod Kumar Singh Lok Janshakti Party 53372 9525
Gaya District
225 Gurua Rajiv Nandan Bharatiya Janata Party 56480 Ramchandra Prasad Singh Janata Dal (United) 49965 6515
226 Sherghati Vinod Prasad Yadav Janata Dal (United) 44579 Mukesh Kumar Yadav Hindustani Awam Morcha 39745 4834
227 Imamganj Jitan Ram Manjhi Hindustani Awam Morcha 79389 Uday Narayan Choudhary Janata Dal (United) 49981 29408
228 Barachatti Samta Devi Rashtriya Janata Dal 70909 Sudha Devi Lok Janshakti Party 51783 19126
229 Bodh Gaya Kumar Sarvjeet Rashtriya Janata Dal 82656 Shyamdeo Paswan Bharatiya Janata Party 52183 30473
230 Gaya Town Prem Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 66891 Priya Ranjan Indian National Congress 44102 22789
231 Tikari Abhay Kumar Sinha Janata Dal (United) 86975 Anil Kumar Hindustani Awam Morcha 55162 31813
232 Belaganj Surendra Prasad Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 71067 Sharim Ali Hindustani Awam Morcha 40726 30341
233 Atri Kunti Devi Rashtriya Janata Dal 60687 Arvind Kumar Singh Lok Janshakti Party 46870 13817
234 Wazirganj Awadhesh Kumar Singh Indian National Congress 80107 Birendra Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 67348 12759
Nawada District
235 Rajauli Prakash Veer Rashtriya Janata Dal 70549 Arjun Ram Bharatiya Janata Party 65934 4615
236 Hisua Anil Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 82493 Kaushal Yadav Janata Dal (United) 70254 12239
237 Nawada Rajballabh Prasad Rashtriya Janata Dal 88235 Indradeo Prasad Rashtriya Lok Samta Party 71509 16726
238 Gobindpur Purnima Yadav Indian National Congress 43016 Fula Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 38617 4399
239 Warsaliganj Aruna Devi Bharatiya Janata Party 85912 Pradip Kumar Janata Dal (United) 66385 19527
Jamui District
240 Sikandra Sudhir Kumar Indian National Congress 59092 Subhash Chandra Bosh Lok Janshakti Party 51102 7990
241 Jamui Vijay Prakash Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 66577 Ajoy Pratap Bharatiya Janata Party 58328 8249
242 Jhajha Rabindra Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 65537 Damodar Rawat Janata Dal (United) 43451 22086
243 Chakai Savitri Devi Rashtriya Janata Dal 47064 Sumit Kumar Singh Independent 34951 12113

MLA StatisticsEdit

- #
SC 38
ST 2
Yadav 61
Muslim 24
Rajput 19
Koeri 19
Bhumihar 17
Kurmi 16
Vaishya 16
Brahmin 10
Kayasta 3
Others 67
Total 243
  • 1 in every 4 new members in Bihar Assembly is a Yadav[276]
  • Elected MLAs caste-wise-2015[277][278][279]
  • ಬಿಹಾರದ ಶಾಸಕರಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾದವರು ಶೇ 25ರಷುı!

Government formationEdit

Janata Dal (United) leader Nitish Kumar was sworn in as chief minister for the fifth time on 20 November 2015 after the Mahagathbandhan alliance won a sweeping victory, taking 178 seats.[280] The two sons of RJD chief Lalu Prasad, Tejaswi and Tej Pratap were also sworn in as ministers. Tejaswi Yadav became Deputy Chief Minister. Apart from Nitish Kumar, 12 members each from the Janata Dal (United) and the Rashtriya Janata Dal and four from the Congress were administered the oath of office as ministers.[281]

On 26 July 2017, the Grand Alliance broke and a new coalition government between JD(U) and the BJP was formed.[282]

Voting analysisEdit

A phase-wise analysis of the polling percentages puts the fifth and final phase on the top with a 60% turnout. The polling in this round beats the 58.5% turnout recorded in the fourth phase, as also 53.7% voting in the third phase, 55.5% in the second, and 55.8% in the first phase.

  • 2015 – 56.9%; 2010 – 52.7%; 2005 – 45.9%; 2000 – 62.6% (Assembly Polls were held twice in 2005 due to a fractured verdict.)[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

  • Bihar Lok Sabha Election 2019 Results Website
  • Election Commission of India – Bihar 2015
  • Detailed results – Election Commission of India, State Elections, 2015 Legislative Assembly of Bihar