2017 in spaceflight

Summary

Notable spaceflight activities in 2017 included the maiden flight of India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (also called LVM3) on 5 June and the first suborbital test of Rocket Lab's Electron rocket, inaugurating the Mahia spaceport in New Zealand. The rocket is named for its innovative Rutherford engine which feeds propellants via battery-powered electric motors instead of the usual gas generator and turbopumps.

2017 in spaceflight
Cassini portrait of Saturn, backlit by the Sun
Peggy Whitson in the International Space Station's Cupola module
A Falcon 9 awaiting launch at Kennedy LC-39A
A Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III launching from Sriharikota Second
Highlights from spaceflight in 2017[a]
Orbital launches
First5 January
Last26 December
Total91
Successes83
Failures6
Partial failures2
Catalogued86
National firsts
Satellite
Rockets
Maiden flights
Retirements
Crewed flights
Orbital4
Total travellers11
EVAs10

OverviewEdit

China launched its new missile-derived Kaituozhe-2 variant on 2 March. The Japanese SS-520, a suborbital sounding rocket modified for orbital flight, failed to reach orbit in January.[1] If successful, it would have become the smallest and lightest vehicle to ever put an object in orbit.[2]

The venerable Russian Soyuz-U workhorse was retired after its 786th mission on 22 February. On 30 March, the SES-10 mission was launched with a previously flown Falcon 9 first stage, achieving a key milestone in the SpaceX reusable launch system development program; several other Falcon 9 first-stage boosters were re-used since then.

After a record-breaking 13-year mission observing Saturn, its rings and moons, the Cassini space probe was deliberately destroyed by plunging into Saturn's atmosphere, on 15 September 2017.[3]

A record number of 466 satellites were attempted to be launched thanks to an increase in the number of small satellites. 289 of all satellites weighted less than 10 kg.[4] The number of small satellites launched exceeded even the most optimistic forecasts.[5]

Orbital launchesEdit

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

JanuaryEdit

5 January
15:18
  Long March 3B/E 3B-Y39[6]   Xichang LC-2[6]   CASC
  TJS 2 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
9 January
04:11:12
  Kuaizhou 1A   Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2   CASIC
  Jilin-1 Video-03 (Lingqiao 1-03)[7] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Caton-1 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Xingyun Shiyan 1 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
14 January
17:54:39
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-029   Vandenberg SLC-4E   SpaceX
  Iridium NEXT 1–10 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Return to flight mission for Falcon 9 after an accident in September 2016. First stage landed on a drone ship.
14 January
23:33
  SS-520[8]   Uchinoura   JAXA
  TRICOM-1 University of Tokyo Low Earth Technology demonstration 14 January Launch failure
Contact lost at +20 sec after launch. Aborted ignition of 2nd stage.[1]
21 January
00:42
  Atlas V 401 AV-066   Cape Canaveral SLC-41   United Launch Alliance
  USA-273 / SBIRS GEO-3 US Air Force Geosynchronous Missile warning In orbit Operational
24 January
07:44
  H-IIA 204 F32   Tanegashima LA-Y1   MHI
  DSN-2 DSN / JSDF Geosynchronous Communications (military) In orbit Operational
28 January
01:03:34
  Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT   Kourou ELS   Arianespace
  Hispasat AG1 Hispasat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First GTO launch by Soyuz at the Guiana Space Centre

FebruaryEdit

14 February
21:39
  Ariane 5 ECA VA235   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Intelsat 32e /
  SkyBrasil-1
Intelsat / SKY Brasil Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
  Telkom-3S Telkom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
15 February
03:58
  PSLV-XL C37   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
  Cartosat-2D ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  INS-1A, 1B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Flock-3p × 88 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  BGUSAT Ben Gurion University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  DIDO-2 SpacePharma Low Earth (SSO) Microgravity research In orbit Operational
 / / /  PEASS PEASS Consortium Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Al-Farabi 1 KazGU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Nayif 1 EIAST/AUS Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Second largest number of satellites launched on a single rocket (104).
19 February
14:38:59
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-030   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  SpaceX CRS-10 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 19 March 2017, 14:46 Successful
First SpaceX launch from LC-39A. Carries the SAGE III and Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) Earth-observation instruments to the ISS. First stage returned to Landing Zone 1.
22 February
05:58
  Soyuz-U   Baikonur Site 1/5   Roscosmos
  Progress MS-05 / 66P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 20 July Successful
786th and final flight of Soyuz-U.

MarchEdit

1 March
17:50
  Atlas V 401 AV-068   Vandenberg SLC-3E   United Launch Alliance
  NROL-79 / Intruder 8 / USA-274 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
2 March
23:53
  Kaituozhe-2   Jiuquan   CASIC
  Tiankun-1 CASIC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Maiden flight.
7 March
01:49:24
  Vega   Kourou ELV   Arianespace
  Sentinel-2B ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
16 March
06:00
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-031   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  Echostar 23 EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Due to the satellite's heavy mass (~5,600 kg),[9] the rocket flew in its expendable configuration and the first-stage booster was not recovered.[10]
17 March
01:20:00
  H-IIA 202 F33   Tanegashima LA-Y1   MHI
  IGS-Radar 5 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
19 March
00:18
  Delta IV M+(5,4)   Cape Canaveral SLC-37B   United Launch Alliance
  WGS-9 / USA-275 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
30 March
22:27
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-032   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  SES-10 SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First flight of a Falcon 9 re-used first stage.[11] SpaceX recovered the stage again.

AprilEdit

12 April
11:04
  Long March 3B/E 3B-Y43[6]   Xichang LC-2[6]   CASC
  Shijian 13[12] CNSA Geosynchronous Communications
Technology demonstration
In orbit Operational
18 April
15:11
  Atlas V 401 AV-070   Cape Canaveral SLC-41   United Launch Alliance
  Cygnus CRS OA-7
SS John Glenn[13]
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 12 June 2017 Successful
  Altair 1 Millennium Space Systems Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  IceCube GSFC Low Earth Technology demonstration
Atmospheric research
3 October 2018[14] Successful
  CSUNSat 1 CSUN Low Earth Technology demonstration 5 May 2019[15] Successful
  CXBN 2 MSU Low Earth X-ray astronomy 1 March 2019[16] Successful
 / / /  SHARC (Biarri-Point) Project Biarri / AFRL Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 May 2019[17] Successful
  QB50 x 31 Various Low Earth Technology demonstration
Atmospheric research
In orbit Operational
QB50 mission includes first Finnish satellite Aalto-2, Greek satellite UPSat
20 April
07:13:44
  Soyuz-FG   Baikonur Site 1/5   Roscosmos
  Soyuz MS-04 / 50S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 51/52 3 September 2017
01:22
Successful
Crewed flight with two cosmonauts.[18]
20 April
11:41:35
  Long March 7 Y2[20]   Wenchang LC-2   CASC
  Tianzhou 1 CMSA Low Earth (Tiangong 2) Tiangong 2 resupply 22 September 2017
10:00
Successful
  SilkRoad-1 / Silu 1[19] Xi'an Institute of Surveying and Mapping Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
SilkRoad-1 was released on 1 August from Tianzhou 1.[19]

MayEdit

1 May
11:15
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-033   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  NROL-76 / USA-276 NRO Low Earth[21] Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
First stage returned to Landing Zone 1.
4 May
21:50
  Ariane 5 ECA VA236   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Koreasat-7 KT Corporation Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
  SGDC-1 Telebras Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
5 May
11:27
  GSLV Mk II F09   Satish Dhawan SLP   ISRO
  GSAT-9 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
15 May
23:21
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-034   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  Inmarsat-5 F4 Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Due to the satellite's heavy mass (6,070 kg),[22] the rocket flew in its expendable configuration and the first-stage booster was not recovered.[10]
18 May
11:54:53
  Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-MT[23]   Kourou ELS   Arianespace
  SES-15 SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
25 May
04:20:00
  Electron It's a Test   Mahia LC-1A   Rocket Lab
  It's a Test Rocket Lab Low Earth Rocket stage / Flight test 25 May Launch failure
First Electron launch. Flight terminated by range safety at an altitude of 224 kilometres (139 mi) due to an error in ground tracking equipment. Carried instruments on the upper stage rather than a payload.[24]
25 May
06:33
  Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  EKS-2 VKS Molniya Missile early warning In orbit Operational

JuneEdit

1 June
00:17:46
  H-IIA 202 F34   Tanegashima LA-Y1   MHI
  QZS-2 CAO Tundra/Quasi-Zenith Orbit[25] Navigation In orbit Operational
1 June
23:45
  Ariane 5 ECA VA237   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  ViaSat-2 ViaSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
  Eutelsat 172B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
This mission carried the heaviest and most expensive commercial payload ever launched, valued at $800 million[26] with a combined payload mass of 9,969 kg for both satellites (10,865 kg total launch mass with dual-deployment hardware).[27]
3 June
21:07
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-035   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  SpaceX CRS-11 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 3 July 2017 Successful
  NICER[29] NASA Low Earth (ISS) X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational
  TOKI KIT Low Earth Technology demonstration 3 May 2019[30] Successful
  GhanaSat-1 All Nations University Low Earth Technology demonstration 22 May 2019[31] Successful
  Mazaalai National University of Mongolia Low Earth Technology demonstration 11 May 2019[32] Successful
  BRAC ONNESHA BRACU Low Earth Technology demonstration 6 May 2019[33] Successful
  Nigeria EduSat-1 FUTA Low Earth Technology demonstration 13 May 2019[34] Successful
First stage returned to Landing Zone 1. TOKI, GhanaSat-1, Mazaalai, BRAC ONNESHA, and Nigeria EduSat-1 were carried to ISS as the cargo of SpaceX CRS-11 and deployed into orbit on 7 July 2017.[28]
5 June
11:58
  GSLV Mk III D1   Satish Dhawan SLP   ISRO
  GSAT-19 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Maiden orbital flight.
8 June
03:45
  Proton-M / Briz-M 935-61[35]   Baikonur Site 81/24     International Launch Services
  Echostar 21 EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
14 June
09:20
  Soyuz-2.1a   Baikonur Site 31/6   Roscosmos
  Progress MS-06 / 67P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 28 December Successful
  Tanyusha-YuZGU 1 South-West State University Low Earth Technology demonstration 30 July 2019[38] Successful
  Tanyusha-YuZGU 2 South-West State University Low Earth Technology demonstration 8 September 2019[39] Successful
  Sfera-53 2 Low Earth Radar calibration target 29 November 2018[40] Successful
  TNS-0 2 RISDE Low Earth Technology demonstration 15 October 2019[41] Successful
Tanyusha-YuZGU, Sfera-53 2, TNS-O No.2 were small satellites deployed into orbit from the ISS by cosmonauts during an EVA on 17 August 2017.[36][37]
15 June
03:15
  Long March 4B 4B-Y31[42]   Jiuquan SLS-2   CASC
  HXMT CAS / IHEP Low Earth (SSO) X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational
  Zhuhai-1 01 Zhuhai Orbital Control Engineering Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Zhuhai-1 02 Zhuhai Orbital Control Engineering Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  ÑuSat 3 Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  CAS-4A CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
  CAS-4B CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
18 June
16:12
  Long March 3B/E 3B-Y28[6]   Xichang LC-2   CASC
  ChinaSat 9A (Zhongxing-9A)[45] China Satcom Geosynchronous (intended) Communications In orbit Partial launch failure Operational
Payload was inserted into a wrong orbit.[43][44] After 16 days of orbit raising maneuvers, the satellite raised its orbit from 16,420 km to 36,000 km, and corrected its longitude to 101.4°E.[citation needed]
23 June
03:59
  PSLV-XL C38   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
  Cartosat-2E[46] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  NIUSAT Noorul Islam University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  CE-SAT-1 Canon Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Max Valier Sat Max Valier school, Bozen Low Earth (SSO) X-ray astronomy
Technology demonstration
In orbit Operational
  D-SAT D-Orbit Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
      Blue Diamond Sky and Space Global Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
      Green Diamond Sky and Space Global Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
      Red Diamond Sky and Space Global Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
  Pegasus QB-50 FH Wiener Neustadt Low Earth (SSO) Thermosphere research In orbit Operational
  InflateSail QB-50 University of Surrey Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 3 September 2017, 01:27 Operational
  UCLSat QB-50 University College London Low Earth (SSO) Ionosphere research In orbit Operational
  NUDTSat QB-50 NUDT Low Earth (SSO) Ionosphere research In orbit Operational
  COMPASS-2 QB-50 FH Aachen Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Lituanica SAT-2 QB-50 Vilnius University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  URSA MAIOR QB-50 Sapienza University Low Earth (SSO) Thermosphere research In orbit Operational
  VZLUSat-1 QB-50 VZLU Low Earth (SSO) Thermosphere research In orbit Operational
  SUCHAI-1 University of Chile Low Earth (SSO) Ionosphere research In orbit Operational
  Venta 1 Ventspils University College Low Earth (SSO) AIS ship tracking In orbit Operational
  Aalto-1 Aalto University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  ROBUSTA-1B University of Montpellier Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  skCUBE University of Zilina Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  CICERO-6 GeoOptics Inc Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Tyvak-53b Tyvak Nanosatellite Systems, Inc Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
23 June
18:04
  Soyuz-2-1v / Volga   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  Kosmos 2519 VKS Low Earth Geodesy 23 December 2021[48] Successful
  Kosmos 2521 VKS Low Earth Technology demonstration 12 September 2019[49] Successful
Napryazhenie / 14F150 / Nivelir.[47] Kosmos 2521, also known as Sputnik Inspektor, was later deployed by Kosmos 2519.
23 June
19:10
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-036   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  BulgariaSat-1 Bulsatcom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Second flight of a Falcon 9 re-used first stage.[50]
25 June
20:25:14
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-037   Vandenberg SLC-4E   SpaceX
  Iridium NEXT 11–20 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
28 June
20:59
  Ariane 5 ECA VA238   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  EuropaSat /
  Hellas Sat 3
Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
  GSAT-17 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

JulyEdit

2 July
11:23:23
  Long March 5 Y2[52]   Wenchang LC-1   CASC
  Shijian 18[12] CAST Geosynchronous Communications
Technology demonstration
2 July 2017 Launch failure
The cause of the failure was confirmed by CASC later, related to the anomaly happened on one of the YF-77 engine in the first stage.[51]
5 July
23:38
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust[54] F9-038   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  Intelsat 35e Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Due to the satellite's heavy mass (6,761 kg),[53] the rocket flew in its expendable configuration and the first-stage booster was not recovered.[10]
14 July
06:36:49
  Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M   Baikonur Site 31/6   Roscosmos
  Kanopus-V-IK[60] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Flying Laptop Institute of Space Systems Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  TechnoSat microsat TU Berlin Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  WNISAT-1R microsat Weathernews Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  NORSAT-1 microsat Norsk Romsenter Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  NORSAT-2 microsat Norsk Romsenter Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Flock-2k × 48 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  CICERO × 3 GeoOptics Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Corvus-BC 1, 2 Astro Digital Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Failure[61]
  Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  NanoACE Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Mayak MPU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Partial failure
  Iskra-MAI-85 MAI Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
 /  Ecuador-UTE-YuZGU UTE / YuZGU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  MKA-N × 2 Roscosmos / Dauria Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Failure[56][62]
Delivery of 73 satellites in three orbital altitudes with a single launch.[55] Some cubesats were deployed into unintended orbit or having communication problem.[56] Mayak fails to deploy solar reflector.[57] Glavcosmos has later confirmed upper stage anomaly during the launch.[58][59]
27 July   Simorgh   Semnan   ISA
ISA Low Earth 27 July 2017 Launch failure
The first orbital attempt for Simorgh.[63] Iranian official sources state that the rocket has reached orbit.[64][65] U.S. Strategic Command confirmed that no satellite deployed from the rocket as the rocket suffered a "catastrophic failure" shortly after liftoff.[66][67] The U.S. Air Force's Joint Space Operations Center at Vandenberg Air Force Base reported that it had not detected any satellite released into low-Earth orbit by the Simorgh SLV.[68] Finally, the United States, France, Germany and Britain have condemned Iran's test of a satellite-launching rocket.[69]
28 July[70]
15:41[71]
  Soyuz-FG   Baikonur Site 1/5   Roscosmos
  Soyuz MS-05 / 51S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 52/53 14 December 2017
08:48
Successful
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.

AugustEdit

2 August
01:58
  Vega   Kourou ELV   Arianespace
  OPTSAT-3000 Italian Defense Ministry Low Earth (SSO) IMINT (Reconnaissance) In orbit Operational
  /   VENµS ISA / CNES Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
14 August
16:31
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-039   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  SpaceX CRS-12 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 17 September 2017 Successful
  OSIRIS-3U Penn State Low Earth Space weather 7 March 2019[77] Successful
  Kestrel Eye 2M U.S. Army Low Earth Reconnaissance 28 August 2021[78] Successful
  Dellingr/RBLE GSFC Low Earth Technology demonstration / Heliophysics In orbit Operational
  ASTERIA MIT/JPL Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Successful[79]
First flight of Falcon 9 "block 4" upgrade.[72] Last flight of a newly-built Dragon capsule; further missions will use refurbished spacecraft.[73] Carried cosmic-ray detector ISS-CREAM to be installed on the station, and several cubesats to be later deployed from the ISS. Kestrel Eye was deployed into orbit from ISS on 24 October 2017.[74] ASTERIA and Dellingr/RBLE were deployed on 20 November 2017,[75] and OSIRIS-3U was deployed on 21 November 2017.[76]
16 August
22:07
  Proton-M / Briz-M ?[35]   Baikonur Site 81/24   RVSN RF
  Blagovest-11L[80] VKS Geosynchronous Communications (military) In orbit Operational
18 August
12:29
  Atlas V 401 AV-074   Cape Canaveral SLC-41   United Launch Alliance
  TDRS-M NASA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
19 August
05:29
  H-IIA 204 F35   Tanegashima LA-Y1   MHI
  QZS-3 CAO Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
24 August
18:50
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-040   Vandenberg SLC-4E   SpaceX
  FormoSat-5 NSPO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
26 August
06:04
  Minotaur IV / Orion 38   Cape Canaveral SLC-46   Orbital ATK
  ORS-5 ORS Low Earth Space surveillance In orbit Operational
31 August
13:30
  PSLV-XL C39   Satish Dhawan FLP   ISRO
  IRNSS-1H ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation 2 March 2019 Launch failure
Payload fairing failed to separate, leaving the satellite adrift within the fairing after internally separating from the fourth stage of the rocket.[81] The stage, along with IRNSS-1H, re-entered the atmosphere together on 2 March 2019.[82]

SeptemberEdit

7 September
14:00
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-041   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  X-37B / OTV-5 / USA-277 U.S. Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration (classified) 27 October 2019
07:51
Successful[83]
11 September
19:23:41
  Proton-M / Briz-M 935-65[35]   Baikonur Site 200/39     International Launch Services
  Amazonas 5 Hispasat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
12 September
21:17:02
  Soyuz-FG   Baikonur Site 1/5   Roscosmos
  Soyuz MS-06 / 52S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 53/54 In orbit Operational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.[18][84]
22 September
00:02:32
  Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Plesetsk Site 43/4   RVSN RF
  Kosmos 2522 / GLONASS-M 752 VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
24 September
05:49:47
  Atlas V 541 AV-072   Vandenberg SLC-3E   United Launch Alliance
  NROL-42 / Trumpet / USA-278 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
28 September
18:52:16
  Proton-M / Briz-M 937-03[35]   Baikonur Site 200/39     International Launch Services
  AsiaSat 9 AsiaSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
29 September
04:21
  Long March 2C 2C-Y29[85]   Xichang LC-3   CASC
  Yaogan-30 A CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Yaogan-30 B CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Yaogan-30 C CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
29 September
21:47
  Ariane 5 ECA VA239   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Intelsat 37e Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
  BSAT-4a BSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

OctoberEdit

9 October
04:13
  Long March 2D 2D-Y30[85]   Jiuquan SLS-2   CASC
  VRSS-2 ABAE / MPPCTII Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
9 October
12:37
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-042   Vandenberg SLC-4E   SpaceX
  Iridium NEXT 21–30 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
9 October
22:01:37
  H-IIA 202 F36   Tanegashima LA-Y1   MHI
  QZS-4 CAO Tundra Navigation In orbit Operational
11 October
22:53
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-043   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  SES-11 /
  EchoStar 105
SES S.A. / EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Third time a Falcon 9 first stage is re-used.[86]
13 October
09:27:44
  Rokot / Briz-KM   Plesetsk Site 133/3   /   Eurockot
  Sentinel-5 Precursor ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
14 October
08:46:53
  Soyuz-2.1a   Baikonur Site 31/6   Roscosmos
  Progress MS-07 / 68P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 26 April 2018 Successful
 /  Iskra 5 Moscow Aviation Institute / Space Kidz India Low Earth Communications  
Originally intended to debut a new two-orbit rendezvous profile, profile reverted to standard 34-orbit profile after the first launch attempt was scrubbed.[87]
15 October
07:28
  Atlas V 421 AV-075   Cape Canaveral SLC-41   United Launch Alliance
  NROL-52 / Quasar 21 / USA-279 NRO Geosynchronous (TBC)[88] Communications (military) In orbit Operational
30 October
19:34
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-044   Kennedy LC-39A   SpaceX
  Koreasat 5A KT Corporation Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
31 October
21:37
  Minotaur-C   Vandenberg LC-576E   Orbital ATK
  SkySat x 6 Terra Bella Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Flock-3m x 4 Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
Return to flight mission for Minotaur-C after a failed launch in March 2011.

NovemberEdit

5 November
11:45:00
  Long March 3B / YZ-1 3B-Y46[6]   Xichang   CASC
  BeiDou-3 M1 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
  BeiDou-3 M2 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
8 November
01:42:30
  Vega   Kourou ELV   Arianespace
  Mohammed VI-A (MN35-13) Morocco Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
12 November
12:19:51[90]
  Antares 230   MARS LP-0A   Orbital ATK
  Cygnus CRS OA-8E
SS Gene Cernan[91]
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 18 December 2017 Successful
  ISARA JPL Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  EcAMSat NASA Low Earth Microbiology 8 December 2021[92] Successful
  Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
  CHEFsat NRL Low Earth Technology demonstration 2 January 2022[93] Successful
  Asgardia-1 Asgardia Space Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  AeroCube (OSCD) × 2 The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  PropCube 2 NPS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  TechEdSat 6 SJSU/UI/NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstration 15 May 2018[94] Successful
EcAMSat was deployed into orbit from ISS on 20 November 2017,[75] and TechEdSat-6 was deployed on 21 November 2017.[76] Other small satellites were deployed from Cygnus after it departed from ISS.[89]
14 November
18:35
  Long March 4C 4C-Y21[42]   Taiyuan LA-9[42]   CAST
  Fengyun 3D[95] CMA Low Earth (polar) Meteorology In orbit Operational
  Head-1[95] Head Aerospace Low Earth (polar) AIS ship tracking In orbit Operational
18 November
09:47:36
  Delta II 7920   Vandenberg SLC-2W   United Launch Alliance
  NOAA-20 NOAA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology In orbit Operational
  Buccaneer RMM UNSW, DSTO Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  EagleSat ERAU Low Earth (SSO) Education In orbit Operational
  MakerSat 0 NNU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  MiRaTA MIT Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  RadFxSat (Fox 1B) AMSAT Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Last flight of the Delta II 7920 configuration, penultimate flight of Delta II
21 November
04:50
  Long March 6 Y2[96]   Taiyuan LA-16   CASC
  Jilin-1 Video-04 (Lingqiao 1-04)[97] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Jilin-1 Video-05 (Lingqiao 1-05)[97] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  Jilin-1 Video-06 (Lingqiao 1-06)[97] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
24 November
18:10
  Long March 2C 2C-Y30[85]   Xichang   CASC
  Yaogan-30 D CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
  Yaogan-30 E CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
  Yaogan-30 F CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
28 November
05:41:46[71]
  Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M   Vostochny Site 1S[99]   Roscosmos
  Meteor-M No.2-1 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology 28 November 2017 Launch failure
  Baumanets 2 Bauman University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 28 November 2017 Launch failure
  LEO Vantage 2 TeleSat Canada Low Earth (SSO) Communications (experimental) 28 November 2017 Launch failure
  IDEA-OSG 1 Astroscale Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 28 November 2017 Launch failure
  AISSat-3 NSC Low Earth (SSO) Traffic monitoring 28 November 2017 Launch failure
  Corvus-BC 3 Astro Digital Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 28 November 2017 Launch failure
  Lemur-2 × 10 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 28 November 2017 Launch failure
  D-Star One German Orbital Systems Low Earth (SSO) Communications (experimental) 28 November 2017 Launch failure
  SEAM Multiple users Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 28 November 2017 Launch failure
The Fregat upper stage suffered an apparent programming failure resulting in the loss of all 19 satellites.[98]

DecemberEdit

2 December
10:43:26
  Soyuz-2.1b   Plesetsk   RVSN RF
  Kosmos-2524 (Lotos No.2 803) Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
3 December
04:11
  Long March 2D 2D-Y47[85]   Jiuquan LC-43   CASC
  LKW-1[100] CAS Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
10 December
16:41 [101]
  Long March 3B 3B-Y40[6]   Xichang LC-2   CAST
  Alcomsat-1 Algerian Space Agency Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First Algerian geostationary communications satellite
12 December
18:36:07
  Ariane 5 ES VA240   Kourou ELA-3   Arianespace
  Galileo FOC 15-18 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
Second Galileo launch with Ariane 5 (9th overall), carrying Nicole, Zofia, Alexandre, and Irina.
15 December
15:36
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-045   Cape Canaveral SLC-40   SpaceX
  SpaceX CRS-13 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 13 January 2018 Successful
Re-used the first-stage booster from CRS-11 (2017) and the Dragon capsule from CRS-6 (2015)[102]
17 December
07:21
  Soyuz-FG   Baikonur Site 1/5   Roscosmos
  Soyuz MS-07 / 53S Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 54/55 In orbit Operational
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts.
23 December
01:26:22[103]
  H-IIA 202 F37   Tanegashima LA-Y1   MHI
  GCOM-C JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
  SLATS JAXA Low Earth Atmospheric sciences
Technology demonstration
1 October 2019 Successful
23 December
01:27:23[71]
  Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-046   Vandenberg SLC-4E   SpaceX
  Iridium NEXT 31–40 Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Re-using a first-stage booster.[104] This rocket flew in its expendable configuration so the first-stage booster was not recovered[105]
23 December
04:14[106]
  Long March 2D 2D-Y48[85]   Jiuquan LC-43   CASC
  LKW-2 CAS Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
25 December
19:44
  Long March 2C 2C-Y34[85]   Xichang LC-3   CASC
  Yaogan-30 G CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Yaogan-30 H CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
  Yaogan-30 J CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
26 December
19:00:03
  Zenit-3F /   Fregat-SB   Baikonur Site 45/1   S7 Space[109]
  AngoSat 1 Republic of Angola Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Spacecraft failure[110]
First satellite of Angola. Launch was successful but contact was lost quickly afterwards.[107] On 28 December 2017, communication was temporarily restored and telemetry was received.[108]

Suborbital flightsEdit

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
15 January   DF-5C   Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center   PLARF
PLARF Suborbital Missile test 15 January Successful
16 January   RS-12M Topol   Plesetsk   RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 16 January Successful
23 January
02:30
  VSB-30   Esrange  DLR /  SSC
  /   MAIUS-1 [111] DLR / SSC Suborbital Microgravity 23 January Successful
Apogee: 238 kilometres (148 mi)
24 January   Ababeel   ?   ASFC
ASFC Suborbital Missile test 24 January Successful
25 January   Black Sparrow   F-15 Eagle, Israel   IAF
IAI/IDF Suborbital Missile test target 25 January Successful
DST-5 target, successfully intercepted
25 January   Stunner   Palmachim Airbase   IAF
IAI/IDF Suborbital Missile test 25 January Successful
DST-5 interceptor
27 January
13:45:00
  Black Brant IX   Poker Flat Research Range   NASA
  PolarNOx Virginia Tech Suborbital Thermosphere research 27 January Successful
Apogee: 283 kilometres (176 mi).[112]
29 January   Khorramshahr   Semnan   AFIRI
AFIRI Suborbital Missile test 29 January Launch failure
The missile flew about 600 miles before exploding. Test of a reentry vehicle failed.[113]
4 February
8:30:00
  MRBM SFTM-01   Pacific Missile Range Facility   MDA
  SFTM-01 Target MDA Suborbital ABM target 4 February Successful
Ballistic missile target for interception[114]
4 February
~8:30:00
  SM-3 SFTM-01   USS John Paul Jones, Kauai   MDA
  SFTM-01 Interceptor MDA Suborbital ABM test 4 February Successful
Ballistic missile interceptor[114]
9 February
7:38:59
  Minuteman-III   Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-10   US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 9 February Successful
16 February   UGM-133 Trident II   USS Ohio (SSGN-726), Pacific Missile Range Facility   US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 9 February Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 53
16 February   UGM-133 Trident II   USS Ohio (SSGN-726), Pacific Missile Range Facility   US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 9 February Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 53
16 February   UGM-133 Trident II   USS Ohio (SSGN-726), Pacific Missile Range Facility   US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 9 February Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 53
16 February   UGM-133 Trident II   USS Ohio (SSGN-726), Pacific Missile Range Facility   US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 9 February Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 53
22 February
10:14:00
  Black Brant IX   Poker Flat Research Range   NASA
  ISINGLASS Dartmouth College Suborbital Ionosphere research 22 February Successful
[115]
1 March   Black Brant IX   Poker Flat Research Range   NASA
  JETS Goddard Space Flight Center Suborbital Magnetosphere research 1 March Successful
Apogee: 330 kilometres (210 mi).[116]
1 March   Black Brant IX   Poker Flat Research Range   NASA
  JETS Goddard Space Flight Center Suborbital Magnetosphere research 1 March Successful
Apogee: 190 kilometres (120 mi).[116]
1 March   Black Brant IX   Poker Flat Research Range   NASA
  ISINGLASS Dartmouth College Suborbital Ionosphere research 1 March Successful
Apogee: 365 kilometres (227 mi).[116]
17 March   Hyunmoo-2B   Anheung Test Site   ADD
ADD Suborbital Missile test 17 March Successful
7 April
09:30
  Maxus   Esrange   EuroLaunch
  /   MAXUS-9 ESA / SSC Suborbital Microgravity 7 April Successful
Apogee: 678 kilometres (421 mi)[117]
26 April   Minuteman-III   Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-09   US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 26 April Successful
27 April  Agni-III  ITR IC-4  Indian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 27 April Successful
Apogee: 350 kilometres (220 mi)
3 May   Minuteman-III   Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-04   US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 3 May Successful
4 May   Agni II   Integrated Test Range   Indian Army / DRDO
Indian Army/DRDO Suborbital Missile test 4 May Successful
5 May   Black Brant IX   White Sands Missile Range   NASA
  RAISE 3 Southwest Research Institute Suborbital Solar research 5 May Successful
Apogee: 296 kilometres (184 mi).[118]
13 May   VSB-30   Esrange  DLR /  SSC
  MAPHEUS-6 DLR Suborbital Technology demonstration 13 May Successful
Apogee: 254 kilometres (158 mi)
14 May   Hwasong-12 [121]   Kusong   Korean People's Army Strategic Force
  ? Korean People's Army Strategic Force Suborbital Missile Test 14 May Successful
Apogee: 2,111 kilometres (1,312 mi)[119][120]
16 May   Black Brant IX   Wallops Flight Facility   NASA
  SubTec-7 NASA Suborbital Technology demonstration 16 May Successful
Apogee: 248 kilometres (154 mi).[122]
30 May   ICBM-T2 FTG-15   Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site   MDA
  FTG-15 target MDA Suborbital ABM target 30 May Successful
Ballistic missile target for interception
30 May   GBI-OBV FTG-15   Vandenberg Air Force Base   MDA
  FTG-15 interceptor MDA Suborbital ABM test 30 May Successful
Ballistic missile interceptor
14 June   Sabre Zombi (ATACMS)   White Sands Missile Range   NASA
US Army Suborbital Missile test 14 June Successful
Apogee: 80 kilometres (50 mi)?
22 June
9:20
  MRBM SFTM-02   Pacific Missile Range Facility   MDA
  SFTM-02 target MDA Suborbital ABM target 22 June Successful
Ballistic missile target for interception
22 June
~9:20
  SM-3 SFTM-02   USS John Paul Jones, Kauai   MDA
  SFTM-02 interceptor MDA Suborbital ABM test 22 June Failure
Ballistic missile interceptor, failed to intercept the target[123]
22 June   Terrier-Improved Orion   Wallops Flight Facility   NASA
  RockOn University of Colorado Suborbital Student payloads 22 June Successful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi).[124]
23 June   Hyunmoo-2C   Anheung Test Site   ADD
ADD Suborbital Missile test 17 March Successful
26 June   RSM-56 Bulava   K-535 Yury Dolgorukiy, White Sea   VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 26 June Successful
27 June   Black Brant IX   White Sands Missile Range   NASA
  CHESS-3 University of Colorado Suborbital UV Astronomy 27 June Successful
29 June   Terrier-Improved Malemute   Wallops Flight Facility   NASA
  Ampoule Test Launch NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 29 June Successful
Apogee: 190 kilometres (120 mi).[125]
30 June   VSB-30   Woomera Test Range   DSTO
  /   HiFire-4 DSTO / Boeing Suborbital Technology demonstration 30 June Successful
Successful experimental hypersonic vehicle flight test, exceeded expectations in flight control performance.[126]
3 July   Hwasong-14[127]   ?   Korean People's Army Strategic Force
  ? Korean People's Army Strategic Force Suborbital Missile Test 3 July Successful
Apogee: 2,803 kilometres (1,742 mi) First confirmed North Korean ICBM test
11 July   IRBM-T1 ? FFT-18   C-17, Pacific Ocean   MDA
  MDA Suborbital ABM target 11 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi), successfully intercepted
11 July   THAAD FFT-18   Kodiak   US Army
  US Army/MDA Suborbital ABM test 11 July Successful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 July   B-611   Shuangchengzi  PLA
PLA Suborbital ABM target 23 July Successful
Target
23 July   DN-3   Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center   PLARF
PLARF Suborbital ABM test 23 July Launch failure[citation needed]
28 July   Hwasong-14[128]   ?   Korean People's Army Strategic Force
  ? Korean People's Army Strategic Force Suborbital Missile Test 28 July Successful
Apogee: 3,700 kilometres (2,300 mi)
29 July   Momo   Taiki Aerospace Research Field   Interstellar Technologies
Interstellar Technologies Suborbital Test flight 29 July Launch failure
Communications were lost just over one minute into the flight, resulting in an early shutdown of the engine.[129]
30 July   eMRBM ? FET-01   C-17, Pacific Ocean   MDA
  MDA Suborbital ABM target 30 July Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), successfully intercepted
30 July   THAAD FET-01   Kodiak   US Army
  US Army/MDA Suborbital ABM test 30 July Successful
Intercepted target missile, apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
2 August
09:10
  Minuteman-III   Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-10   US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 2 August Successful
13 August
09:30
  Terrier-Improved Malemute   Wallops Flight Facility   NASA
  RockSat-X NASA Suborbital Student experiments 13 August Successful
Apogee: 151 kilometres (94 mi).[130]
23 August   DF-4   Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center   PLARF
PLARF Suborbital Missile test 23 August Successful
29 August   Hwasong-12[131]   Pyongyang International Airport   Korean People's Army Strategic Force
Korean People's Army Strategic Force Suborbital Missile test 29 August Successful
Apogee: 550 kilometres (340 mi)[131]
29 August   MRBM-T3 ? FTM-27 E2   Pacific Missile Range Facility   MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 29 August Successful
FTM-27 E2 target, successfully intercepted by SM-6 missile in low altitude
9 September
11:34
  Black Brant IX   Kwajalein Atoll   NASA
  WINDY NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 9 September Successful
Apogee: 409 kilometres (254 mi).[132]
9 September
11:39
  Terrier Malemute   Kwajalein Atoll   NASA
  WINDY NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 9 September Partial failure[132]
Useful data was not obtained.[132]
12 September   RS-24 Yars   Plesetsk   RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 12 September Successful
14 September   Hwasong-12 (?)   Pyongyang International Airport   Korean People's Army Strategic Force
Korean People's Army Strategic Force Suborbital Missile test 14 September Successful
Apogee: 770 kilometres (480 mi)[133]
17 September   PTV   Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site   Orbital ATK
  Patriot target vehicle SMC Suborbital ABM target 17 September Successful
Ballistic missile target for interception
17 September   MIM-104 Patriot   Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site   SMC
SMC Suborbital ABM test 17 September Successful
Ballistic missile interceptor
20 September   RS-24 Yars   Plesetsk   RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 20 September Successful
22 September   Khorramshahr   Semnan   AFIRI
AFIRI Suborbital Missile test 22 September Successful
25 September   Terrier-Oriole   South Uist, Hebrides   MDA
DOD Suborbital Radar-Target 25 September Successful
Radar-Target, apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)?
26 September   RS-12M Topol   Kapustin Yar   RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 26 September Successful
4 October
11:45
  Black Brant IX   Wallops Flight Facility   NASA
  ASPIRE NASA Suborbital Technology demonstration 4 October Successful
Tested Mars 2020's parachute
15 October   Terrier-Oriole FS-17 E4   South Uist, Hebrides   MDA
DOD Suborbital ABM target 15 October Successful
SM-3 Target, apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)?
15 October   SM-3 FS-17 E4   USS Donald Cook (DDG-75), Hebrides Range   US Navy
US Navy Suborbital ABM test 15 October Successful
Second Aegis-Test in the North Atlantic, successful intercept, apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)?
26 October   RS-12M Topol[134][135]   Plesetsk   RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 26 October Successful
26 October   R-29R Volna   Russian submarine, Sea of Okhotsk   VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 26 October Successful
26 October   R-29R Volna   Russian submarine, Sea of Okhotsk   VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 26 October Successful
26 October   R-29RMU Sineva   Russian submarine, Barents Sea   VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 26 October Successful
30 October   UGM-27 Polaris (STARS)   Barking Sands LC-42   US Navy
  CPS FE-1 US Navy Suborbital Technology 30 October Successful
Conventional Prompt Strike Flight Experiment-1, successful hypersonic glide vehicle test
30 October
10:00
  Black Brant IX   White Sands Missile Range   NASA
  DEUCE NASA Suborbital Astronomy 30 October Partial failure
Black Brant rocket performed flawlessly but science data was not obtained.[136]
16 November   Sabre Zombi (ATACMS)[137]   Fort Bliss McGregor Range   NASA
US Army Suborbital Missile test 16 November Successful
Apogee: 80 kilometres (50 mi)?
4 December   Black Sparrow   F-15 Eagle, Israel   IAF
IAI/IDF Suborbital Missile test target 4 December Launch failure
Arrow-III interceptor launch was called off after launch failure of the target missile[138]
12 December   New Shepard   Corn Ranch   Blue Origin
  New Shepard crew capsule Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight 12 December Successful
Flight test with new capsule[139]
26 December
03:30
  RS-12M Topol   Kapustin Yar   RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 26 December Successful

Deep-space rendezvousEdit

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
2 February Juno 4th perijove of Jupiter A decision was made to cancel a period reduction maneuver and remain in a 53-day orbit for the remainder of the mission over engine concerns.[140]
27 March Juno 5th perijove
22 April[141] Cassini 127th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 979 kilometres (608 mi).
19 May Juno 6th perijove
11 July Juno 7th perijove
1 September Juno 8th perijove
15 September Cassini End of mission Intentional destructive entry into Saturn's atmosphere
23 September OSIRIS-REx Flyby of Earth Gravity assist to accelerate the probe towards its destination
24 October Juno 9th perijove
16 December Juno 10th perijove

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)Edit

Start date/time Duration End time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
6 January
12:23
6 hours
31 minutes
18:54 Expedition 50
ISS Quest
The crew completed the installation of new batteries on the station's power channel 3A, and then executed a series of tasks to get ahead for the next EVA. Kimbrough collected photos of the AMS-02, then they removed a broken light on the S3 truss and routed ethernet cables on the Z1 truss.
13 January
11:22
5 hours
58 minutes
17:20 Expedition 50
ISS Quest
The crew completed the installation of new batteries on the station's power channel 1A, and then executed a series of get ahead tasks. First they installed a new camera on the Mobile Transporter Relay Assembly, then Pesquet replaced a Worksite Interface Adapter on Canadarm-2 and collected photos of Z1 truss and S0 truss, meanwhile Kimbrough removed 2 handrails from the Destiny module. Then they picked up a bundle of covers and brought them to the Tranquillity module where will be installed when Pressurized Mating Adapter 3 will be moved from Node 3 to Node 2. When removed, the PMA's Common Berthing Mechanism will be covered up to protect it from the space environment.
24 March
11:24
6 hours
34 minutes
17:58 Expedition 50
ISS Quest
Kimbrough replaced the External Control Zone 2 (EXT-2) multiplexer–demultiplexer (MDM) with an upgraded "EPIC MDM" and prepared PMA-3 for its robotic relocation on Sunday. Pesquet inspected the Radiator Beam Valve Module for ammonia leaks, then lubricated one of the Latching End Effectors of Dextre. Kimbrough then replaced a pair of cameras on the Kibo module, and a light on one of the CETA carts.
30 March
11:29
7 hours
4 minutes
18:33 Expedition 50
ISS Quest
Kimbrough replaced the External Control Zone 1 (EXT-1) multiplexer–demultiplexer (MDM) with an upgraded "EPIC MDM" while Whitson connected heater power and heater feedback telemetry to enable PMA-3 to be repressurized, then released a series of straps to free up a cover that protected the APAS. The astronauts then installed axial shields on PMA-3's former location on Tranquillity module and installed covers on PMA-3. One of the shields was lost but the others were installed successfully.[142]
12 May
13:01 [143]
4 hours
13 minutes
17:21 Expedition 51
ISS Quest
  • EXT-1 MDM remove and replace
  • Lab EWC antenna install
23 May
11:20 [144]
2 hours
46 minutes
14:06 Expedition 51
ISS Quest
Throughout this hurriedly planned "contingency" spacewalk, both Fischer and Whitson successfully replaced a failed multiplexer–demultiplexer (MDM), and installed a pair of antennas on station to enhance wireless communication for future spacewalks.[145]
17 August
14:36 [146]
7 hours
34 minutes
22:10 Expedition 52
ISS Pirs
  • Test of an upgraded version of the Orlan space suit, the Orlan MKS
  • Restavratsiya retrieval
  • Deployment of 5 small satellites
  • Impakt installation
  • Adapter installation on Poisk sensors
  • BKDO (БКДО) reposition
  • Test sample collection
  • Hand rail and exposure init installation
5 October
12:05
6 hours
55 minutes
19:00 Expedition 53
ISS Quest
  • Removal of LEE-A from SSRMS
  • Removal of POA LEE via 6 EDF bolts
  • Installation of POA LEE as new SSRMS LEE-A
  • Installation of former LEE-A on POA
  • SSRMS power-up and checkout
10 October
11:56
6 hours
26 minutes
18:22 Expedition 53
ISS Quest
  • ESP-1 PFCS rotate by 90°
  • CP9 camera group R/R
  • LEE-A ballscrew lubrication
  • POA LEE socket removal
  • MT camera lens replacement
  • Hand rail removal (x2)
20 October
11:47
6 hours
49 minutes
18:36 Expedition 53
ISS Quest
  • Dextre EOTP fuse replacement
  • Canadarm2 LEE-A CLA remove and replace
  • CP3 HD camera installation
  • MLI removal from ORUs (x2)

Orbital launch statisticsEdit

By countryEdit

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

China: 18Europe: 9India: 5Iran: 1Israel: 0Japan: 7North Korea: 0Russia: 20Ukraine: 1USA: 30 
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
  China 18 16 1 1
  Europe 9 9 0 0
  India 5 4 1 0
  Iran 1 0 1 0
  Japan 7 6 1 0
  Russia 20 18 1 1 Includes two European Soyuz launches from