Elections for regional councils are held using the first-past-the-post electoral system. Voters in each constituency elect one councillor to represent them on their regional council. Local authority councillors are elected by a system of proportional representation. Local authority candidate lists have affirmative action requirements for women.
Although Namibia has 1.35 million registered voters, only about 370,000 have voter cards that specify their area of residence, a requirement to elect local and regional councillors. A supplementary voter registration, also for citizens that have turned 18 and those who have relocated, was conducted between 7 and 15 September 2020, and yielded 188,000 registrations.
In April 2020, the Electoral Commission of Namibia announced that the national lockdown would not affect the election date. The elections will be conducted using paper ballots after the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled in February 2020 that without a paper trail, usage of electronic voting machines (EVMs) in elections contravenes the Electoral Act of 2014.
For every of the 121 constituencies of Namibia one individual is elected to serve as constituency councillor and to represent their constituency in the respective regional council. The regional councils in turn select 3 representatives each to serve in the National Council.
While the ruling SWAPO party nominated candidates in all constituencies and for all local councils, four constituencies had no opposition candidates at all: Mankumpi, Nkurenkuru, Tondoro and Uuvudhiya. There the SWAPO candidate was declared the winner. In the Mariental Rural constituency "serious procedural errors" were discovered. No initial result were announced, and the electoral court ordered a re-run. The re-run was conducted on 26 February 2021.
|Landless People’s Movement||LPM||12|
|Independent Patriots for Change||IPC||5|
|National Unity Democratic Organisation||NUDO||4|
|Popular Democratic Movement||PDM||4|
|United Democratic Front of Namibia||UDF||4|
|Total (voter turnout 38,26%)|
|Source: Electoral Commission of Namibia, 27 November 2020|
Local elections determine the population of the village, town, and city councils and have a direct influence on who will become mayor, as this position is elected among all councillors. Contrary to the regional elections, local elections in Namibia are determined by party, not by individual. There are 57 local authorities for which elections were conducted.
Results for the local authority elections were announced on 29 November. For Okakarara, Otavi and Katima Mulilo the results were yet unavailable due to a necessary review. In all three towns it was alleged that the formula for allocating seats was not correctly applied. In the local authority elections for Aroab, Koës and Stampriet "serious procedural errors" were discovered. Voters were handed the wrong ballot papers, meant for a different local authority or for a different election, respectively. No initial result were announced, and the electoral court ordered a re-run. The re-run was conducted on 26 February 2021.