2020 in spaceflight

Summary

2020 in spaceflight
PIA23499-Mars2020Rover-FirstTestDrive-20191217a.jpg
The Perseverance rover is set to launch aboard an Atlas V rocket in 2020.
Orbital launches
First7 January
Last30 June
Total45
Successes41
Failures4
Partial failures0
Catalogued39
National firsts
Satellite
Rockets
Maiden flights
Retirements
Crewed flights
Orbital2
Suborbital0
Total travellers5
EVAs5

This article documents notable spaceflight events during the year 2020.

Overview

Exploration of the Solar System

Three missions to Mars are planned to be launched in 2020, including two rovers, two orbiters, and a lander. NASA plans to launch the Mars 2020 mission, which includes the Perseverance rover and Mars Helicopter, and will cache samples for eventual return to Earth.[1] The China National Space Administration (CNSA) will launch its Tianwen-1 mission, which includes an orbiter, a lander, and a small rover; it will be China's first mission to another planet using its own delivery vehicle.[1] Finally, the United Arab Emirates will launch the Hope Mars Mission orbiter on a Japanese rocket.[1]

China also intends to launch Chang'e 5, the first sample-return mission to the Moon since Luna 24 in 1976. Chang'e 5 will use the recently developed Long March 5 heavy-lift rocket.

NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission will sample the asteroid 101955 Bennu in August.[2] JAXA's Hayabusa2 mission will return samples of 162173 Ryugu to Earth in December.

Two solar missions are scheduled to be launched: ESA's Solar Orbiter to a heliocentric orbit, and India's Aditya-L1 to the Sun–Earth L1 point. Parker Solar Probe, launched in 2018, will decrease its minimal distance to the Sun further to 14.2 million km.

Human spaceflight

China conducted a flight test of a next generation crewed spacecraft in May,[3] and continues preparations for the 2021 launch of the Tianhe Core Cabin Module of the Chinese Space Station.[4]

In the United States, SpaceX's SpaceX Dragon 2 made its first crewed flight to the International Space Station on 31 May 2020 as part of the Commercial Crew Program,[5] enabling American human orbital spaceflight capability for the first time since the Space Shuttle's retirement in 2011. Boeing's CST-100 Starliner will conduct a second uncrewed test flight in advance of a first crewed test flight in 2021.[6]

NASA astronaut Christina Koch set a women's record-breaking 328 days in space ending on 6 February 2020. Scott Kelly still holds the all-time American record with 340 days in space; Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov holds the all-time record of 437 days. Koch also participated in the first all-female spacewalk with Jessica Meir on 18 October 2019.[7]

Rocket innovation

SpaceX aims to begin orbital testing of its fully reusable two-stage-to-orbit vehicle Starship.[8]

The trend towards cost reduction in access to orbit is expected to continue. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries's H3 launch vehicle, scheduled to enter service this year, will cost less than half that of H-IIA, its predecessor.[9] Despite the increasing competition the cost of delivering cargo to the ISS will go up.[10]

Satellite innovation

SpaceX expects to begin operation of its Starlink constellation in 2020, with over 1000 satellites launched by the end of the year.[11] As of 17:37, Thursday, July 2, 2020 (UTC), 538 satellites have been launched. OneWeb planned to start service in 2020 as well,[12] but filed for bankruptcy in March 2020 after 74 satellites were launched.[13]

The Mission Extension Vehicle MEV-1 became the first telerobotically-operated spacecraft to service another satellite on-orbit when it completed the first phase of a 5-year mission to extend the life of the Intelsat 901 (I-901) satellite. In February 2020 MEV-1 captured the I-901 commsat, which had been moved to graveyard orbit some months before. In April MEV-1 successfully brought I-901 it back to position in geosynchronous orbit where it is now expected to operate for another five years. This was a space industry first as satellite servicing had previously been accomplished only with on-orbit human assistance, during the missions to service the Hubble Space Telescope in the early 2000s.[14]

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

7 January
02:19[15]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L2[16] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
7 January
15:20:14[17][18]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y62[19] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China TJSW-5 Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Geosynchronous Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
15 January
02:53[20]
China Long March 2D 2D-Y58 China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Jilin-1 Kuanfu-01 (Wideband-01) Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Argentina ÑuSat 7 (Sophie) Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Argentina ÑuSat 8 (Marie) Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Tianqi-5[21] Guodian Gaoke Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
16 January
03:02[22]
China Kuaizhou 1A Y9[23] China Jiuquan LA-4 China ExPace
China Yinhe-1 / GS-SparkSat-03 / Galaxy-1[24] Galaxy Space Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
16 January
21:05[25]
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA251 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
France Eutelsat Konnect[26] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
India GSAT-30 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
GSAT-30 will replace INSAT-4A.
29 January
14:06:49[27][11]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L3 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
31 January
02:56[28]
United States Electron "Birds of a Feather" New Zealand Mahia LC-1A United States Rocket Lab
United States NROL-151 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
First launch contracted via the NRO's Rapid Acquisition of a Small Rocket (RASR) program.

February

6 February
21:42:41[29][30]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat ST27[31] Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Second OneWeb mission. Baikonur flight 1.
9 February
01:34[32]
Japan H-IIA 202 F41[33] Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Optical 7 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
9 February
15:45[34]
Iran Simorgh Iran Semnan LP-2 Iran ISA
Iran Zafar 1[35] IUST Low Earth Earth observation 9 February Launch failure
Satellite failed to reach orbit.
10 February
04:03[36]
United States Atlas V 411 AV-087[37] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
Europe Solar Orbiter ESA Heliocentric Heliophysics In orbit En route
15 February
20:21:04[41]
United States Antares 230+ United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-13
S.S. Robert H. Lawrence
NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 29 May Successful
United States Red-Eye 2 DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational[42]
United States Red-Eye 3 DARPA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational[43]
United States DeMi MIT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States TechEdSat-10 (TES-10) NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Red-Eye 2, Red-Eye 3, DeMi, and the ELaNa 30 satellite TES-10 were carried within the Cygnus spacecraft and will be released into orbit at a later date.[38] Red-Eye 2 was deployed into orbit from ISS on 17 June 2020.[39] Red-Eye 3 was deployed into orbit on 23 June 2020.[40]
17 February
15:05:55[44]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L4 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
18 February
22:18[45]
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA252[46] France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Japan JCSAT-17[47] JSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
South Korea GEO-KOMPSAT-2B[48][49] KARI Geosynchronous Ocean monitoring In orbit Operational
19 February
21:07[50][51]
China Long March 2D 2D-Y61[52] China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China XJS-C SAST Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China XJS-D SAST Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China XJS-E HIT Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China XJS-F CAST Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
First Long March 2D launch from Xichang.
20 February
08:24:54[53][54]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/3 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Meridian-M 9 (19L)[55] Ministry of Defence Molniya Communications In orbit Operational

March

7 March
04:50:31[61]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-082 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-20 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 7 April
18:50
Successful[62]
Japan G-SATELLITE TOCOG / University of Tokyo Low Earth Space advertising In orbit Operational
Guatemala Quetzal-1 (Guatesat-1)[63] UVG Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States Lynk 4 (Lynk the World)[64][65] Lynk Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Final flight of Dragon 1. G-SATELLITE (Gundam Satellite) carries two miniature Gundam figurines to promote the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics. Quetzal-1 is Guatemala's first satellite.[56] G-SATELLITE and Quetzal-1 were deployed into orbit from the ISS on 28 April 2020.[57][58][59] Lynk the World, Lynk's fourth satellite, was launched to the ISS on this flight and deployed into space by the Cygnus NG-13 spacecraft on 13 May.[60]
9 March
11:55[66]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y69[19] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China BeiDou-3 G2Q[67] CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
16 March
13:34[68][69]
China Long March 7A Y1 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China Xinjishu Yanzheng-6 (XJY-6) TBA Geosynchronous Technology demonstration 16 March Launch failure
First flight of Long March 7A. Failed to reach orbit.
16 March
18:28[70]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-M 760[71] VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
18 March
12:16:39[72]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Fifth flight of booster B1048; recovery was not successful.
21 March
17:06:58[73]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat ST28[74] Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34 OneWeb Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Baikonur flight 2.
24 March
03:43[75]
China Long March 2C 2C-Y42[76] China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China Yaogan 30-06 01 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 30-06 02 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 30-06 03 CAS Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
26 March
20:18[77]
United States Atlas V 551 AV-086[37] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States AEHF-6[78] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Military communications In orbit En route
United States TDO-2[79] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Laser ranging In orbit En route

April

9 April
08:05:06[80]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-16 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 62/63 In orbit Docked
First crewed flight of Soyuz-2.1a.
9 April
11:46[82]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y71[19] China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
Indonesia Nusantara Dua (Palapa-N1) PSN / Indosat Geosynchronous Communications 9 April Launch failure
Intended to replace Palapa-D. Failed to reach orbit.[81]
22 April
03:59[83]
Iran Qased Iran Shahrud Missile Test Site Iran IRGC
Iran Noor 1[84] IRGC Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
First launch of the Qased.
22 April
19:30:30[85]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L6 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
25 April
01:51:41[86]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-14 / 75P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational

May

5 May
10:00[3]
China Long March 5B Y1[90] China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Chinese next-generation crewed spacecraft CNSA Highly elliptical Flight test 8 May
05:49
Successful
China Flexible Inflatable Cargo Return Module[91] CASIC Low Earth Technology demonstration 6 May Spacecraft failure
First flight of Long March 5B, testing a new crewed spacecraft.[4] The capsule successfully returned to Earth on May 8, following on-orbit testing.[87][88] An experimental secondary payload, meant to test inflatable heat shield reentry technologies, malfunctioned during its return to Earth on May 6.[89]
12 May
01:16[92]
China Kuaizhou 1A Y6[93] China Jiuquan LA-4 China ExPace
China Xingyun-2 01 Xingyun Satellite Co. Low Earth (SSO) IoT In orbit Operational
China Xingyun-2 02 Xingyun Satellite Co. Low Earth (SSO) IoT In orbit Operational
Xingyun-2 01/02 are the first two small satellites launched for the Xingyun narrow-band Internet of Things constellation to perform data relay and tracking services. The constellation will eventually consist of 80 such satellites.[92]
17 May
13:14:00[94][95]
United States Atlas V 501 AV-081[37] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States USSF-7 (X-37B OTV-6) U.S. Space Force Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States FalconSAT-8 U.S. Air Force Academy Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
20 May
17:31:00[96]
Japan H-IIB F9 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan HTV-9 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics In orbit Operational
Final HTV cargo launch, and final flight of the H-IIB rocket. The HTV-X and H3 rocket will replace them, respectively.
22 May
07:31:17[97][98]
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia EKS-4 (Tundra 14L)[99] VKS Molniya Early warning In orbit Operational
25 May
19:50[100]
United States LauncherOne F1 United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States Dummy payload Virgin Orbit Low Earth Flight test 25 May Launch failure
United States Starshine 4[102] NASA Low Earth Education 25 May Launch failure
First orbital flight of LauncherOne. Mission was terminated shortly after first stage ignition.[100][101]
29 May
20:13[103][104]
China Long March 11 China Xichang[105] China CASC
China XJS-G CAS Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China XJS-H NUDT Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
30 May
19:22:45[109][110]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-085 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpX-DM2 Endeavour SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 63 / Crewed flight test In orbit Operational
Crew Dragon Demo 2: Crewed flight test of SpaceX Dragon 2 as part of the Commercial Crew Development program.[106] Mission duration will be determined after arrival at the International Space Station.[107] First crewed orbital spaceflight with a private spacecraft.[108]
31 May
08:53[111][112]
China Long March 2D 2D-Y51 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China Gaofen-9 02[113] CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China HEAD-4[114] HEAD Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) AIS ship tracking In orbit Operational

June

4 June
01:25[115]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L7 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
Fifth flight of booster B1049; recovery was successful (first booster to be recovered after 5th flight).
10 June
18:31:24[116][117]
China Long March 2C 2C-Yxx[52] China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 1D Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
13 June
05:12:12[123]
United States Electron "Don't Stop Me Now"[124] New Zealand Mahia LC-1A United States Rocket Lab
United States ANDESITE Mule + Node × 8[121] Boston University Low Earth Auroral science
Technology demonstration
In orbit Operational
United States USA-301 (NROL-TBA)[125] NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
United States USA-302 (NROL-TBA)[125] NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
United States USA-303 (NROL-TBA)[125] NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
Australia M2 Pathfinder UNSW Canberra Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Launch of the ELaNa 32 mission,[118] plus additional payloads.[119] ANDESITE will conduct magnetospheric research using an experimental fractionated formation of eight picosatellites, to be deployed after reaching orbit.[120][121] Three NRO payloads were deployed as part of RASR-2.[122]
13 June
09:21:18[127]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L8 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 58 SpaceX Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United States SkySat 16–18[128] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
First Smallsat Rideshare Mission launch.[126]
17 June
07:19[129][130]
China Long March 2D 2D-Y52 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China Gaofen-9 03[113] CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China HEAD-5 HEAD Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) AIS ship tracking In orbit Operational
China Pixing-3A Zhejiang University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
23 June
01:43[132][133]
China Long March 3B/E 3B-Y68 China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China BeiDou-3 G3Q[67] CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
Last satellite of the BeiDou-3 constellation to be launched, completing the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System.[131]
30 June
20:10:46[134][135]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 F9-089 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States GPS IIIA-03 U.S. Space Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational

July

Upcoming launches
3 July
03:09[136]
China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Gaofen Duomo (Multimode) CASC Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
China Xibaipo (BY70-2) Luquan No.1 Middle School Low Earth (SSO) Popular science  
3 July
21:13[137][138]
United States Electron "Pics Or It Didn't Happen" New Zealand Mahia LC-1A United States Rocket Lab
Japan CE-SAT-IB Canon Inc. Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States Flock-4e × 5[139] Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United Kingdom Faraday-1 In-Space Missions Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
4 July
23:45[140]
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China Shiyan-6 02 CAST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
8 July
16:15[142]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L9 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 57 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States BlackSky Global 7[143] BlackSky Global Low Earth Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 8 BlackSky Global Low Earth Earth observation  
SmallSat Rideshare Mission to deploy BlackSky Global 7 and 8; first Starlink rideshare contracted with Spaceflight Industries, dubbed "SXRS-1".[141]
8–11 July[146][147] China Kuaizhou 11 China Jiuquan China ExPace
China Bilibili Video Satellite (Jilin-1 Gaofen-02E)[145][148] Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
China CentiSpace-1 S2 (Xiangrikui 2)[145] Beijing Future Navigation Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
First flight of Kuaizhou 11.[144][145]
9–10 July[149][150] China Long March 3B/E 3B-Yxx[19] China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China APStar 6D[151] APT Satellite Co. Geosynchronous Communications  
14 July
20:51:27[152]
Japan H-IIA 202[153] F42 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
United Arab Emirates Hope (Al-Amal) Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre Areocentric Mars orbiter  
Emirates Mars Mission; first Emirati space probe.
14 July[142][155][156] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
South Korea ANASIS-II[157] Republic of Korea Army Geosynchronous Military communications  
South Korea's first dedicated military communications satellite.[154]
15 July[109] United States Minotaur IV / Orion 38 United States MARS LP-0B United States Northrop Grumman
United States NROL-129[158] NRO ? Reconnaissance  
20 July[159][162][163] United States Rocket 3 Rocket 3.1 United States Kodiak United States Astra
United States TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
First flight of Astra's Rocket 3 smallsat launch vehicle. Originally intended to be the second of two launches for the DARPA Launch Challenge, Rocket 3.1[159] (formerly "2 or 3") will be the first to launch a commercial payload after the loss of "1 of 3" during a prelaunch test.[160][161]
23 July
14:26[166][164]
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-15 / 76P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
At the end of its mission, Progress MS-15 will deorbit the Pirs module to make way for the arrival of Nauka in early 2021.[164][165]
23 July[109] China Long March 5 Y4[90] China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Tianwen-1 CNSA Areocentric Mars orbiter and rover  
China's first independent Mars mission.[167]
28 July[168][169] Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA253[170] France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Japan BSAT-4b[171][172] BSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
United States Galaxy 30[173][174] Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
United States MEV-2 Northrop Grumman Geosynchronous Satellite servicing  
29 July
21:27[175]
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ekspress 80 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
Russia Ekspress 103 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
30 July
11:50[177][178]
United States Atlas V 541 AV-088 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Perseverance NASA / JPL TMI to Martian surface Mars rover  
United States Ingenuity NASA / JPL TMI to Martian surface Mars aircraft  
Mars 2020 mission.[176]
July (TBD)[142][180] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Argentina SAOCOM 1B CONAE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission[181] SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
United States Sequoia (Capella 2)[182] Capella Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States GNOMES-1[183][184] PlanetIQ Low Earth (SSO) Radio occultation  
The first attempt to launch a polar orbit mission from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station since the failure of a Transit 3A satellite launch in 1960.[179]
July (TBD)[181] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 Starlink V1.0-L10[109] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 58 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SkySat 19–21[185] Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation  
SmallSat Rideshare Mission to deploy SkySat 19–21.
July (TBD)[186][187] China Long March 3B/E China Xichang China CASC
China Tiantong-1 02 China Satcom Geosynchronous Communications  
July (TBD)[186][188] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Ziyuan III-03 Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth Earth observation  
July (TBD)[190] China Long March 6 China Taiyuan LC-16 China CASC
Argentina ÑuSat × 13[191] Satellogic[192] Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
ÑuSat 9–21.[189]
July (TBD)[193][109] India PSLV-QL C49[194] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-2BR2[195][196] ISRO Low Earth Earth observation  
Luxembourg KSM × 4[197] Kleos Space Low Earth Navigation  
July (TBD)[198][199] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/3 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K №15 (K1 №3) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  

August

1 August
04:27:00[200]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SXM 7[201] Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications  
14 August[118][202] United States LauncherOne F2 United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States CACTUS-1 Capitol Technology University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CAPE-3 University of Louisiana Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States ExoCube-2 NASA Low Earth Atmospheric research  
United States INCA NMSU Low Earth Ionospheric research  
United States MiTEE-1 University of Michigan Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States PICS 1, 2 Brigham Young University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States PolarCube Colorado Space Grant Consortium Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States Q-PACE (Cu-PACE) UCF Low Earth Microgravity research  
United States RadFxSat-2 (Fox-1E) AMSAT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States TechEdSat-7 (TES-7) SJSU, NASA, University of Idaho Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Launch of NASA's ELaNa 20 mission.[118] Second flight of LauncherOne.[109]
18 August[208]
01:51:10[109]
Europe Vega VV16 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
United States Athena Facebook[209] Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Canada ESAIL[203] exactEarth Low Earth (SSO) AIS ship tracking  
Canada GHGSat-C1 (Iris)[210][204] GHGSat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Canada Slovenia NEMO-HD[203][204] UTIAS / Space-SI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Argentina ÑuSat 6 (Hypatia)[191] Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Spain UPMSat-2[203] UPM Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration
Education
 
Italy ION CubeSat Carrier 1 (ION SCV LUCAS)[203] D-Orbit Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer  
United States Flock-4v × 26[211] Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
France Russia AMICal SAT[203] CSUG / MSU Low Earth (SSO) Auroral science  
Israel Switzerland Italy DIDO-3[204] SpacePharma / ISA / ASI Low Earth (SSO) Microgravity research  
Spain FSSCAT A & B[204][212] UPC Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States Lemur-2 × 8[203] Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Monaco OSM-1 Cicero[207][213] OSM Low Earth (SSO) Radio occultation  
Thailand NAPA-1 (RTAFSAT-1)[204][214] RTAF Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Belgium PICASSO[204] BIRA-IASB Low Earth (SSO) Atmospheric research  
Belgium SIMBA[204] RMI Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States SpaceBEE × 12[203] Swarm Technologies Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Canada TARS[203] Kepler Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Slovenia TRISAT[204] University of Maribor Low Earth (SSO) Education  
Estonia TTÜ100[204] TalTech Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States Tyvak 171[203] Tyvak Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Small Satellites Mission Service Proof of Concept (SSMS PoC) mission.[203][204] Return to flight for Vega after the July 2019 launch failure. 53 satellites will be deployed by the SSMS dispenser, including 14 Flock CubeSats carried on SSMS QuadPack deployers, while 12 additional Flock CubeSats will be deployed separately by the ION SCV LUCAS satellite.[203][205] NEMO-HD and TRISAT are Slovenia's first satellites,[206] and OSM-1 Cicero is Monaco's first satellite.[207]
26 August[215] United States Delta IV Heavy D-385 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States ULA
United States Orion 10 / NROL-44 NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance  
August (TBD)[181] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
August (TBD)[216] China Jielong 1 Y2 China Jiuquan LA-4 China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth Earth observation  
China TBA TBA Low Earth Earth observation  

September

7 September[118] United States Antares 230+ United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-14 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
United States BeaverCube MIT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States Bobcat-1 Ohio University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States PTD-2[217] NASA Ames Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States NEUTRON-1 University of Hawaii Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States RamSat Oak Ridge Public Schools Low Earth Education  
United States SPOC University of Georgia Low Earth Technology demonstration  
The ELaNa 31 mission will launch on this resupply flight.[118]
15 September[218] China Long March TBA China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China CAS-5B CAMSAT Low Earth (SSO) Amateur radio  
China CAS-7A CAMSAT Low Earth (SSO) Amateur radio  
China CAS-7C CAMSAT Low Earth (SSO) Amateur radio  
Mid September (TBD)[220] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX Crew-1 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 64/65  
First operational Crew Dragon mission, as part of the Commercial Crew Program.[219]
20 September[221][222] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Gonets-M 17[223] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 18[223] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 19[223] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
30 September[135][224] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States GPS IIIA-04 U.S. Space Force Medium Earth Navigation  
September (TBD)[225] United States Atlas V 531[109] AV-090[37] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States NROL-101[226] NRO TBA Reconnaissance  
September (TBD)[181] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
September (TBD)[216] China Long March 6 China Taiyuan LC-16 China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
September (TBD)[228] India PSLV[194] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
Brazil Amazônia-1 INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States Whitney × 3[182] Capella Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First Brazilian earth observation satellite.[227]
Q3 (TBD)[230][231] China Ceres-1 China Jiuquan China Galactic Energy
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
First flight of Ceres-1, carrying a main satellite and two passengers.[229]
Q3 (TBD)[233] United States Electron United States MARS LC-2 United States Rocket Lab
United States Monolith U.S. Space Force Low Earth Space weather  
First launch from Rocket Lab Launch Complex 2 at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in Wallops, flying the Space Force's STP-27RM mission.[232]
Q3 (TBD)[234][235] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Whitney 1 Capella Space Low Earth Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[236] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SXM 8[201] Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[237] India PSLV-XL C50[194] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-1A[238] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[239] India PSLV-XL[194] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Cartosat-3B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
India IMS-2 × 2 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
India Microsat × 3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q3 (TBD)[240] United States RS1 TBA United States ABL Space Systems
TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
First flight.
Q3 (TBD)[109] India SSLV D1[242] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India Microsat-2A ISRO Low Earth Earth observation  
First flight of India's Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV).[241]
Q3 (TBD)[243][244] Europe Vega VV17[109] France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Spain SEOSat-Ingenio[245] Hisdesat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
France TARANIS[246] CNES Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  

October

14 October[247] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-17 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 63/64  
Mid October (TBD)[249][250] United States Firefly Alpha F1 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W[251] United States Firefly
United States DREAM Firefly Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer  
United States DFAST Demonstrator[252] Benchmark Space Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
First flight of the Firefly Alpha commercial smallsat launcher. 26 cubesat rideshare payloads will be launched through Firefly's Dedicated Research and Education Accelerator Mission (DREAM) program.[248] Firefly's experimental orbit transfer vehicle (OTV) will also be tested on this flight.[249]
17 October[253] Russia Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-M VS24 France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
United Arab Emirates Falcon Eye 2[254] UAE Armed Forces Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance (IMINT)  
30 October[109] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-21 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
United States Bishop Airlock Module NanoRacks / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Satellite deployment / ISS assembly  
NanoRacks' Bishop Airlock Module will launch on this resupply flight.
October (TBD)[255] United States Rocket 3 Rocket 3.2 United States Kodiak United States Astra
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
October (TBD)[181] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
Canada Kepler × (unspecified number)[256][257] Kepler Low Earth Communications  
October (TBD)[258][259] China Jielong 1 China Wenchang China China Rocket
China Hainan-1 × 4 China Sanya Institute of Remote Sensing Low Earth Earth observation  
October (TBD)[260][261] China Long March 5 / YZ-2 Y5[90] China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Chang'e 5 CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
China's first lunar sample return mission.
October (TBD)[216] China Long March 6 China Taiyuan LC-16 China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  

November

3 November[262] Russia Angara A5 / Briz-M[263] Russia Plesetsk Site 35/1 Russia RVSN RF
Russia IPM 2 (dummy payload)[264] VKS Geosynchronous Flight test  
6 November[164] Russia Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-M VS25 France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
France CSO 2[265] French Armed Forces Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
10 November[266][267] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Europe Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich NASA / NOAA / ESA / Eumetsat Low Earth Earth observation  
13 November[269][270] United States Atlas V N22 AV-082[37] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Starliner Boe-OFT 2 Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS logistics  
Boeing Orbital Flight Test 2 of Starliner, as part of the Commercial Crew Development program.[268]
25 November[71] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-M 761 VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
November (TBD)[271][272] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
Germany SARah 1 Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
November (TBD)[181] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
November (TBD)[273][274] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Glavkosmos
South Korea CAS500-1[275][276] KARI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Japan ELSA-d[277] Astroscale Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Japan Fukui Prefectural Satellite[278] Axelspace / FSTRA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Japan GRUS-1 × 3[278] Axelspace Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Tunisia Challenge One[279] Telnet Tunisie Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Canada Kepler × 2[280][281] Kepler Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
India Pixxel[273][282] Pixxel Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Technology demonstration
 
Russia HSE Remote Sensing Sat (НИУ ВШЭ - ДЗЗ)[274] HSE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Education
 
Russia OrbiCraft-Zorkiy[283][274] Sputnix Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Russia Sirius Remote Sensing Sat (Сириус-ДЗЗ)[274] Sirius Educational Centre Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Education
 
Saudi Arabia TBA[274] TBA Low Earth (SSO) Education  
Italy UniSat-7[284] GAUSS Srl Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
United States Vigoride 1 (VR-1) Strait of Magellan[285][286] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States SteamJet[287] SteamJet Space Systems Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Lemur-2 × 1[288] Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  

December

1 December[118][181] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission SpaceX Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
United States PTD-1[289] NASA Ames / Tyvak Low Earth Technology demonstration  
ELaNa 35 will launch along with the third Starlink rideshare mission contracted with Spaceflight Industries, SXRS-3.[118][141]
9 December[290] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Arktika-M №1[291] Roscosmos Molniya Earth observation  
11 December[164] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-16 / 77P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
15 December[164][292] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT VS26 France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
European Union Galileo FOC 23, 24 ESA Medium Earth Navigation  
Eighth Galileo launch with Soyuz ST-B, carrying Patrick and a yet-to-be-named satellite.
16 December[297][181] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States SmallSat Rideshare Mission SpaceX Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
United States NanoRacks Outpost demonstration NanoRacks Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Vigoride 2 (VR-2) Amber Road[285] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United Kingdom Alba Cluster 3[296] Alba Orbital Low Earth (SSO) PocketQube dispenser  
Finland Aurora[298] Aurora Propulsion Technologies Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States GNOMES-2[299][183] PlanetIQ Low Earth (SSO) Radio occultation  
Canada Kepler × (unspecified number)[256][257] Kepler Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
United States Lemur-2 × 8 Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States SpaceBEE × 12[300] Swarm Technologies Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Poland LabSat[301] SatRevolution Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Poland Australia SW1FT[302] SatRevolution / Spiral Blue Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States LINCS[303] General Atomics Low Earth (SSO) Laser communications  
United States Umbra SAR[304] Umbra Lab Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States XR-1[297] R2 Space Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States Exoport[305] Exolaunch Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
Lithuania NanoAvionics cubesat[306] TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
United States YAM-3[307] Loft Orbital Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Italy ION CubeSat Carrier 2[308] D-Orbit Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer  
Dedicated smallsat rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[181] This dedicated rideshare will launch the NanoRacks Outpost technology demonstration mission, which will cut metal samples representative of C4M upper stages in order to test technologies for converting spent upper stages into NanoRacks Space Outposts.[293][294][295] Up to 10 PocketQubes will be deployed as part of Alba Cluster 3.[296]
December (TBD)[109][310] Europe Vega-C VC01 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Italy LARES 2[311] ASI Low Earth Laser ranging
Geodesy
 
First flight of Vega-C.[309]
Q4 (TBD)[312] Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA254 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
France Eutelsat Quantum[313] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Brazil Star One D2[314] Star One Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[315][316] United States Atlas V 511 AV-085[37] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States AFSPC-8 / GSSAP 5[317] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance  
United States AFSPC-8 / GSSAP 6[317] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance  
Q4 (TBD)[319][320] South Korea Blue Whale 1 Australia Whalers Way South Korea Perigee Aerospace
Dummy payload Perigee Aerospace Low Earth Flight test  
First flight of Blue Whale 1.[318]
Q4 (TBD)[315] United States Delta IV Heavy United States Vandenberg SLC-6 United States ULA
United States NROL-82 NRO Polar orbit Reconnaissance  
Q4 (TBD)[321] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
Japan StriX-α Synspective Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q4 (TBD)[322] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Turkey Türksat 5A Türksat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[323] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States USSF-44[324] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Military communications  
United States TETRA-1[325][326] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Technology demonstration  
Q4 (TBD)[328][329] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India DRSS-1 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
First of two Indian Data Relay Satellites.[327]
Q4 (TBD)[239] India GSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-7R ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Will eventually replace GSAT-7.[330]
Q4 (TBD)[331][332] Japan H3-22S Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan ALOS-3 JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First flight of the H3 Launch Vehicle.
Q4 (TBD)[118][333] United States LauncherOne F3[334] United States Cosmic Girl, Andersen United States VOX Space
United States PAN[335] Cornell University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Launch of NASA's ELaNa 29 mission.
Q4 (TBD)[336][337] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United Kingdom Pearl × 8 Sky and Space Global Low Earth IoT  
Q4 (TBD)[338] United States Minotaur I United States MARS LP-0B United States Northrop Grumman
United States NROL-111 NRO TBA Reconnaissance  
Q4 (TBD)[339][340] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India SPADEX ISRO Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Q4 (TBD)[199][71] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 16 (K1 №5) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
After the initial two prototypes launched in 2011 and 2014, only nine more GLONASS-K1 models will be produced. They will be launched as needed to replace end-of-life GLONASS-M variants.[341]
Q4 (TBD)[342] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Gonets-M 20[223] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 21[223] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 22[223] Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[244] Europe Vega VV18 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Q4 (TBD)[343] China TBA China TBA China TBA
China GECAM[344] CAS Low Earth Gravitational-wave astronomy  

To be determined

H2 2020 (TBD)[173] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States Intelsat (TBD)[a] Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
2020 (TBD)[346] United States Atlas V 551 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States STP-3 (STPSat-6)[347] USAF Advanced Systems and Development Directorate Geosynchronous Technology demonstration  
The first GEM 63 solid rocket motors will fly on this mission.[345]
2020 (TBD)[348][349] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Dragracer 1 TriSept Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Dragracer 2 TriSept Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
The Dragracer mission will test Tethers Unlimited's Terminator Tape, an electrodynamic tether that can passively de-orbit satellites in order to reduce space debris.
2020 (TBD)[351] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1 United States Rocket Lab
United States Photon Rocket Lab TBA Satellite bus  
First launch of the Photon satellite bus.[350]
2020 (TBD)[250][352] United States Firefly Alpha F2 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
United Kingdom Carbonite 4[353] SSTL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
2020 (TBD)[250][352] United States Firefly Alpha F3 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
United States TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
2020 (TBD)[354] India GSLV Mk II F10[355] India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GISAT 1[356] ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[357] India GSLV Mk II F12 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GISAT 2[356] ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[358] India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-7C ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
2020 (TBD)[239][359] India GSLV Mk III M2 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GSAT-20 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
2020 (TBD)[360] India GSLV[239] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-32 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
H2 2020 (TBD)[361][362] Taiwan Hapith V Taiwan Taitung Launch Site[363] Taiwan TiSPACE
Taiwan TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
First flight of Hapith V.
H2 2020 (TBD)[361][362] Taiwan Hapith V Taiwan Taitung Launch Site[363] Taiwan TiSPACE
Taiwan TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
First commercial Hapith V launch.[364]
2020 (TBD)[365] Japan H-IIA 202 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-1R CAO Tundra Navigation  
Replacement for QZS-1 (Michibiki-1).
2020 (TBD)[365] Japan H-IIA 204 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan JDRS JAXA Geosynchronous Data relay  
Japanese Optical Data Relay Satellite.
2020 (TBD)[366] China Hyperbola-1 Y2 China Jiuquan China i-Space
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Second Hyperbola-1 flight.
2020 (TBD)[367] China Jielong 2 China Jiuquan LA-4 China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
First flight of Jielong 2, also known as Smart Dragon 2 (SD-2).
2020 (TBD)[93] China Kuaizhou 1A Y3 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China ExPace
China Jilin-1 TBA Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[93] China Kuaizhou 1A Y4 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China ExPace
China Jilin-1 TBA Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[93] China Kuaizhou 1A Y5 China Jiuquan SLS-2 China ExPace
China Jilin-1 TBA Chang Guang Satellite Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[145] China Kuaizhou 11 China Jiuquan China ExPace
China Gamma-ray Burst Detection Satellite (JSBT)[145] Shanghai Microsatellite Engineering Center Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
China Xiangrikui 1A (Sunflower-1A)[145] Beijing Future Navigation Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
China Xiangrikui 1B (Sunflower-1B)[145] Beijing Future Navigation Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
China Xiaoxiang 4 (Tianyi 4)[368] Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth (SSO) X-ray astronomy  
China Zhongwei 1[145] Galaxy Space Low Earth (SSO) Communications (5G)[369]  
2020 (TBD)[370][371] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States HALO-Net Free Flyer U.S. Navy / Iridium Low Earth Technology demonstration / Optical communications  
2020 (TBD)[372] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Guam Airport[372] United States Virgin Orbit
United States Ignis[372] Astro Digital Low Earth Technology demonstration  
2020 (TBD)[373] China Long March 2D 2D-Yxx[52] China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China Shijian 19 CAST Low Earth Technology demonstration  
First flight of the New Generation Recoverable Satellite (NGRS).
2020 (TBD)[374] China Long March 3B/E China Xichang or Wenchang China CASC
China Fengyun 4B[375] CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
2020 (TBD)[376] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 2C Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[377] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 2D[378] Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[379] China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Fengyun 3E[380] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2020 (TBD)[381] China Long March 4C China Jiuquan or Taiyuan China CASC
China WCOM[382] CAS Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[376] China Long March 6[383] China Taiyuan LC-16 China CASC
China HaiYang 3A Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[384] China Long March 6A China Taiyuan LC-16 China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) Flight test  
First flight of Long March 6A.
2020 (TBD)[384] China Long March 8 China Wenchang LC-2[385] China CASC
China TBA CASC Low Earth (SSO) Flight test  
First flight of Long March 8, which will test vertical takeoff, vertical landing technologies.
2020 (TBD)[386] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
China HaiYang 3B Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[387] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
China HaiYang XX Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth Earth observation  
Ocean Salinity Observation Satellite (Experimental).
2020 (TBD)[388] China Long March TBA China Wenchang China CASC
China Taihu-1 Wuxi Kalman Navigation Technology Low Earth Earth observation
AIS ship tracking
 
2020 (TBD)[389][390] China Nebula 1 China TBA China Deep Blue Aerospace
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
First flight of Nebula 1.
2020 (TBD)[239] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India CCI-Sat ISRO Low Earth Signals intelligence  
2020 (TBD)[376] India PSLV-XL[194] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Cartosat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[391] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GSAT-12R ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Replacement for GSAT-12.
2020 (TBD)[392] India PSLV C51[194] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India HRSAT-1 × 3[393][394] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[395] India PSLV-XL C52[194] India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India IRNSS-1J ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
2020 (TBD)[184][396][397] India PSLV-CA India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Oceansat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography  
2020 (TBD)[376] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3S ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[398] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-2A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[399] Iran Simorgh Iran Semnan LP-2 Iran ISA
Iran Zafar 2 IUST Low Earth Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[400][401] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Bars-M 3L VKS Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2020 (TBD)[54] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/x Russia RVSN RF
Russia Meridian-M 10 (20L)[55] Ministry of Defence Molniya Communications  
2020 (TBD)[402] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M[403] Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Neitron №1[404] Ministry of Defence ? Reconnaissance  
2020 (TBD)[405][401] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Pion-NKS 901[406] VKS Low Earth (SSO) ELINT  
Part of the Russian Liana ELINT system.
2020 (TBD)[143][408] India SSLV D2[242] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
United States BlackSky Global 5 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 6 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 9 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 10 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First commercial SSLV launch.[407]
2020 (TBD)[310][409] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
France Pléiades-Neo 1[410] CNES Low Earth Earth observation  
France Pléiades-Neo 2[410] CNES Low Earth Earth observation  
2020 (TBD)[412] TBA TBA TBA
Israel EROS-C1 ImageSat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First of three satellites for the EROS-NG constellation.[411]

Suborbital flights

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
9 January
08:00:00
Japan S-310 45 Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
JAXA Suborbital Technology 9 January Successful
Apogee: 131 km[413]
19 January India K-4 India Visakhapatnam India Indian Navy
Indian Navy Suborbital Missile test 19 January Successful
Apogee: 500 km? The missile was from a submerged platform located in the coastal waters of Andhra Pradesh. This test was undertaken in full operational configuration during which the missile traversed a distance of over 3,500 km in approximately 21 minutes.[414]
19 January
15:30[419]
United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX Dragon 2 SpaceX Suborbital Test flight 19 January Successful
Apogee: 40 km.[415] In-flight abort test at Max Q. It was planned that the capsule from the first demonstration mission SpX-DM1 would be used, but that capsule having been subsequently destroyed after the mission in a fire during a ground-test, a new capsule was assigned for this mission.[416][417][418]
24 January India K-4 India Visakhapatnam India Indian Navy
Indian Navy Suborbital Missile test 24 January Successful
Apogee: 500 km?
27 January
13:40
Canada Black Brant IX United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States PolarNOx 2 Virginia Tech Suborbital Thermosphere research 27 January Successful
Apogee: 260 kilometres (160 mi)
5 February
08:33
United States Minuteman-III United States Vandenberg Air Force Base LF-04 United States US Air Force
United States FTU-2 US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 5 February Successful
12 February United States UGM-133 Trident II United States USS Maine (SSBN-741), Pacific Missile Range Facility United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 12 February Successful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation (DASO) 30
16 February United States UGM-133 Trident II United States USS Maine (SSBN-741), Pacific Missile Range Facility United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 16 February Successful
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation (DASO) 30
20 March
08:30
United States UGM-27 Polaris (STARS) United States Barking Sands LC-42 United States US Navy
United States C-HGB US Navy Suborbital Technology 20 March Successful
Common-Hypersonic Glide Body, successful hypersonic glide vehicle test.[420]
12 June France M51 France Le Téméraire, Audierne Bay France DGA/Marine nationale
DGA/Marine nationale Suborbital Test flight 12 June Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)?
14 June Japan Momo 5 Japan Taiki Aerospace Research Field Japan Interstellar Technologies
Japan Kochi University of Technology Suborbital ? 14 June Launch failure
About 35 seconds into flight, sparks were observed near the engine nozzle. About thirty seconds later, the engine failed and the rocket tumbled out of control.
Upcoming launches
June (TBD)[361] Taiwan Hapith I Taiwan Pingtung Launch Site Taiwan TiSPACE
Taiwan Ionosphere Scintillation Package (ISP) NSPO Suborbital Flight test  
Maiden flight of Hapith I. Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)[421]
H1 2020 (TBD)[423] Spain Miura 1 Spain El Arenosillo Spain PLD Space
Suborbital Microgravity Research  
Maiden flight of Miura 1. Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi).[422]
2020 (TBD)[424] United Kingdom Skyrora 1 United Kingdom TBA United Kingdom Skyrora
Suborbital  
Maiden flight of Skyrora 1.
2020 (TBD) Russia RS-28 Sarmat Russia Plesetsk Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test  

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
29 January Parker Solar Probe 4th perihelion
17 February Juno 25th perijove of Jupiter
10 April Juno 26th perijove
10 April BepiColombo Gravity assist at Earth
2 June Juno 27th perijove
7 June Parker Solar Probe 5th perihelion
11 July Parker Solar Probe Third gravity assist at Venus
25 July Juno 28th perijove
August[2] OSIRIS-REx Touch-and-go maneuver on Bennu for sampling
16 September Juno 29th perijove
27 September Parker Solar Probe 6th perihelion
16 October BepiColombo First gravity assist at Venus
8 November Juno 30th perijove
26 December Solar Orbiter First gravity assist at Venus[425]
30 December Juno 31st perijove
December Hayabusa2 Sample return to Earth

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
15 January 18:04 7 hours 29 minutes 01:33 Expedition 61

ISS Quest

United States Christina Koch

United States Jessica Meir

During the 7-hour, 29-minute spacewalk, the two NASA astronauts successfully replaced nickel-hydrogen batteries with newer, more powerful lithium-ion batteries for the power channel on one pair of the station’s solar arrays.[426]

20 January 17:33 6 hours 58 minutes 00:31 Expedition 61

ISS Quest

United States Christina Koch

United States Jessica Meir

During the six hour and 58-minute spacewalk, the two NASA astronauts successfully completed the battery upgrade for one channel on one pair of the station’s solar arrays.

Work included removing the last two nickel-hydrogen batteries from this area of the station’s backbone near the port solar array and moving them to an external platform. The batteries will be stored there until they can be disposed of in the next Japanese HTV cargo spacecraft after it delivers tons of supplies to the space station later this year. Meir and Koch also installed the sixth and final new lithium-ion battery, and ground controllers verified the new batteries powered up successfully to provide an improved and more efficient power capacity for station operations.[427]

25 January 11:04 6 hours 16 minutes 17:20 Expedition 61

ISS Quest

United States Andrew Morgan

Italy Luca Parmitano

During the 6 hour, 16 minute spacewalk, the two astronauts successfully completed leak checks for the cooling system on the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) and opened a valve to being pressurizing the system. Preliminary testing shows AMS is responding as expected.[428]

26 June 11:02 6 hours 7 minutes 17:39 Expedition 63

ISS Quest

United States Chris Cassidy

United States Robert Behnken

The spacewalkers removed five of six aging nickel-hydrogen batteries for one of two power channels for the starboard 6 (S6) truss, installed two of three new lithium-ion batteries, and installed two of three associated adapter plates that are used to complete the power circuit to the new batteries. Mission control reports that the two new batteries are working.

The two NASA astronauts completed all the work planned for this first of four spacewalks to replace batteries that provide power for the station’s solar arrays on the starboard truss of the complex as well as initial tasks originally planned for the second scheduled spacewalk next Wednesday. The new batteries provide an improved and more efficient power capacity for operations.[429]

1 July 10:13 6 hours 1 minutes 16:14 Expedition 63

ISS Quest

United States Chris Cassidy

United States Robert Behnken

During the six hour and one-minute spacewalk, the two NASA astronauts completed half the work to upgrade the batteries that provide power for one channel on one pair of the station’s solar arrays. The new batteries provide an improved and more efficient power capacity for operations.

They successfully moved and connected one new, powerful lithium-ion battery and its adapter place to complete the circuit to the new battery and relocated one aging nickel-hydrogen battery to an external platform for future disposal.[430]

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

China: 15Europe: 2India: 0Iran: 2Israel: 0Japan: 2North Korea: 0Russia: 7Ukraine: 0USA: 17Circle frame.svg
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China 15 13 2 0
 Europe 2 2 0 0
 India 0 0 0 0
 Iran 2 1 1 0
 Japan 2 2 0 0
 Russia 7 7 0 0 Includes Soyuz launches from Kourou
 United States 17 16 1 0 Includes Electron launches from Mahia
World 45 41 4 0

By rocket

By family

By type

By configuration

By spaceport

5
10
15
20
China
France
India
Iran