2021 in spaceflight

Summary

2021 in spaceflight
JWST Full Mirror.jpg
The James Webb Space Telescope is set to launch aboard an Ariane 5 rocket in 2021.

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2021.

Overview

Exploration of the Solar System

Spacecrafts from three Mars exploration programs (Mars 2020, Tianwen-1, and Hope) are expected to arrive at Mars for orbit insertion in February. The Perseverance rover will attempt landing on 18 February while the Chinese lander will do so on 23 April.

Lunar exploration

Multiple spaceflights to the Moon are planned to take place in 2021. As part of NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services program, the launches of commercial landers developed by Astrobotic Technology and Intuitive Machines are scheduled. Russia plans to resume its Luna-Glob exploration programme with the Luna 25 lander, and India will attempt once more to deliver a robotic lander to the lunar surface with Chandrayaan-3. Artemis 1 is planned to fly in November, the maiden flight of the Space Launch System and the first lunar mission for Orion. NASA is planning a crewed return to the Moon in 2024, and following that a human mission to Mars in the mid 2030s.

Human spaceflight

In the United States, Boeing's CST-100 Starliner will conduct a second uncrewed test flight in January[1] in advance of a first crewed test flight in summer 2021.[2][3]

China plans to start the construction of the Chinese Space Station (CSS), phase 3 of its Tiangong program, with the planned launches of the Tianhe core module and Wentian lab module. It will follow the launches with crewed visits of Shenzhou 12 and Shenzhou 13, interspersed with Tianzhou cargo deliveries.

Space Telescope

The long-delayed James Webb Space Telescope, the largest space telescope ever built, is planned to be launched to the Sun–Earth L2 point by a European Ariane 5 rocket in October.[4]

Rocket innovation

The trend towards cost reduction in access to orbit is expected to continue. Arianespace's Ariane 6 will make its maiden flight,[5] targeting a per-satellite launch cost similar to a Falcon 9.[6] United Launch Alliance plans to debut their Vulcan rocket, which was designed to gradually replace Atlas V and Delta IV Heavy at lower costs.[7] Mitsubishi Heavy Industries's H3 launch vehicle, scheduled to enter service this year, will cost less than half that of H-IIA, its predecessor.[8] Blue Origin plans to launch its first orbital-class New Glenn rocket with a reusable first stage.[9] After suborbital tests in 2020, SpaceX plans the first orbital flight of the fully reusable Starship.[10] Multiple other companies plan to introduce smaller rockets.

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

4 January[1][3] United States Atlas V N22 AV-082[12] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Starliner Boe-OFT 2 Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Flight test / ISS logistics  
Boeing Orbital Flight Test 2 of Starliner, as part of the Commercial Crew Development program.[11]
January (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
January (TBD)[14][15] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States WorldView Legion 1[16] DigitalGlobe Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States WorldView Legion 2[16] DigitalGlobe Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
January (TBD)[17][18] China Hyperbola-1 Y2 China Jiuquan China i-Space
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Second Hyperbola-1 flight.
January (TBD)[19] United States Rocket 3 United States Kodiak United States Astra
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  

February

1 February[1][21] United States Antares 230+ United States MARS LP-0A United States Northrop Grumman
United States Cygnus NG-15 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
United States IT-SPINS (SpaceBuoy)[22] MSU Low Earth Ionospheric research  
United States ThinSat-2 × 9[23] Virginia Space Low Earth Technology demonstration / Education  
The ELaNa 33 mission will launch on this resupply flight.[20]
February (TBD)[24] Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA254 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
France Eutelsat Quantum[25] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Brazil Star One D2[26] Star One Geosynchronous Communications  
February (TBD)[14][27] United States Atlas V 551 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States STP-3 (STPSat-6)[28] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Technology demonstration  
February (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
February (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Vigoride Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States Dodona (La Jument 2)[30] Lockheed Martin / USC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Italy FEES2[31] GP Advanced Projects Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Gossamer[32] LunaSonde Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Singapore NuX-1[33] Aliena / NuSpace Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United Kingdom OrbAstro Demo[34][35] OrbAstro Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Kuwait QMR-KWT[29] Orbital Space Low Earth (SSO) Education  
Italy REVELA[36] ARCA Dynamics Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Bulgaria SPARTAN[29] EnduroSat Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Sherpa-FX2[37] Spaceflight Industries Low Earth (SSO) CubeSat deployer  
SmallSat Rideshare mission. QMR-KWT will be Kuwait's first satellite.[29]
February (TBD)[38][39] South Korea Nuri (KSLV-II) South Korea Naro LC-2 South Korea KARI
South Korea Dummy payload KARI Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Nuri (also known as KSLV-II), South Korea's first indigenously developed orbital launch vehicle.
February (TBD)[40] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
Brazil Amazônia-1 INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First Brazilian earth observation satellite.

March

12 March[1] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-22 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
United States Alpha Cornell University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States ARKSat-1 University of Arkansas Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States BeaverCube MIT Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States CaNOP Carthage College Low Earth Earth observation  
United States CAPSat UIUC Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States EagleSat-2 ERAU Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States PR-CuNaR 2 UIPR Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States RamSat Oak Ridge Public Schools Low Earth Education  
United States Stratus Michigan Tech Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States SPACE-HAUC UMass Lowell Low Earth Technology demonstration  
The ELaNa 36 mission will launch on this resupply flight.[20]
19 March[1][41] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-17 / 78P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
30 March[1] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX Crew-2 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 65/66  
Second operational Crew Dragon mission, as part of the Commercial Crew Program.[42]
March (TBD)[14][43] United States Atlas V 511 AV-085[12] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States USSF-8 / GSSAP 5[44] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance  
United States USSF-8 / GSSAP 6[44] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance  
First flight of the 511 configuration for Atlas V.
March (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
March (TBD)[45][46] India GSLV Mk II F10[47] India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GISAT 1 ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
March (TBD)[48][49] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Chandrayaan-3 ISRO Selenocentric Lunar lander / rover  
March (TBD)[20][50] United States LauncherOne F3[51] United States Cosmic Girl, Andersen United States VOX Space
United States PAN[52] Cornell University Low Earth Technology demonstration  
ELaNa 29 mission.
March (TBD)[14][53] United States Minotaur I United States MARS LP-0B United States Northrop Grumman
United States NROL-111 NRO TBA Reconnaissance  
March (TBD)[19] United States Rocket 3 United States TBA United States Astra
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
March (TBD)[54] China TBA China TBA China TBA
China Italy CSES-02 / Zhangheng 2[55] CNSA / ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Ionospheric research
 
Q1 (TBD)[57][58] South Korea Blue Whale 1 Australia Whalers Way South Korea Perigee Aerospace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
First commercial flight of Blue Whale 1.[56]
Q1 (TBD)[59] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1A United States Rocket Lab
Europe OHB satellite OHB SE Low Earth Communications  
Q1 (TBD)[60][61] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
Germany SARah 1 Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
Q1 (TBD)[62] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SXM 8[63] Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications  
Q1 (TBD)[64] United States Firefly Alpha F2 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
United Kingdom Carbonite 4[65] SSTL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Q1 (TBD)[66][67] China Long March 5B China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Tianhe CNSA Low Earth Space station assembly  
Tianhe is the foundation element of the Chinese Space Station, providing life support and living quarters for three crew members, and guidance, navigation and attitude control for the station.
Q1 (TBD)[68] United States RS1 United States TBA United States ABL Space Systems
TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
First flight of RS1.
Q1 (TBD)[69][70][71] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Glavkosmos
South Korea CAS500-1[72][73] KARI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Japan ELSA-d[74] Astroscale Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Japan Fukui Prefectural Satellite[75] Axelspace / FSTRA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Japan GRUS-1 × 3[75] Axelspace Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Tunisia Challenge One[76] Telnet Tunisie Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
Canada Kepler × 2[77] Kepler Low Earth (SSO) Communications  
India Pixxel[70][78] Pixxel Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Technology demonstration
 
Russia HSE Remote Sensing Sat (НИУ ВШЭ - ДЗЗ)[71] HSE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Education
 
Russia OrbiCraft-Zorkiy[79][71] Sputnix Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Russia Sirius Remote Sensing Sat (Сириус-ДЗЗ)[71] Sirius Educational Centre Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
Education
 
Saudi Arabia TBA[71] TBA Low Earth (SSO) Education  
Italy UniSat-7[80] GAUSS Srl Low Earth (SSO) Satellite dispenser  
United States Vigoride 1 (VR-1) Strait of Magellan[81][82] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United States SteamJet[83] SteamJet Space Systems Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Lemur-2 × 1[84] Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q1 (TBD)[85] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-16 / 77P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
Q1 (TBD)[86] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 19 (K1 №7) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
Q1 (TBD)[87] Europe Vega VV18 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Main payload TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Norway NorSat-3[88] NOSA Low Earth (SSO) AIS ship tracking  
Europe ELO[89] Eutelsat Low Earth (SSO) IoT  
United States Lemur-2 × ? Spire Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Australia Myriota × 3[90] Myriota Low Earth (SSO) IoT  
Lithuania NanoAvionics cubesat TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Small Satellites Mission Service (SSMS) piggyback mission.

April

1 April[85][91] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-18 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 65/66  
20 April[93][94] Russia Proton-M P4[95] Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia Khrunichev
Russia Nauka[96] Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly  
Nauka will be launched along with the European Robotic Arm.[92]
April (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
United States PredaSAR 1 PredaSAR Low Earth Earth observation  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission. The first PredaSAR satellite is scheduled to launch in the spring of 2021 on a yet-to-be-determined SmallSat Rideshare mission.[97]
April (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 2C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
April (TBD)[19] United States Rocket 3 United States Kodiak United States Astra
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  

May

10 May[1][21] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-23 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
May (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.

June

June (TBD)[100] United States Atlas V N22 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Boe-CFT Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 65 / Crewed flight test  
Boeing Crewed Flight Test of Starliner, as part of the Commercial Crew Development program.
June (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
June (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Mars Demo-1[101] NanoRacks Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States Vigoride[105] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
United Kingdom EarthTV 1[106] Sen Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation
UHD streaming
 
Taiwan IRIS-A[107] National Cheng Kung University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Luxembourg PVM × 4[108] Kleos Space Low Earth (SSO) Navigation  
Poland STORK[109][110] SatRevolution Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States TROPICS Pathfinder[111] NASA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Australia Skykraft Pathfinder[112] Skykraft Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
United States YAM-3[113][114] Loft Orbital Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[13] The NanoRacks Outpost technology demonstration mission, named Mars Demo-1,[101] will cut metal samples representative of C4M upper stages in order to test technologies for converting spent upper stages into NanoRacks Space Outposts.[102][103][104]
June (TBD)[19] United States Rocket 3 United States TBA United States Astra
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
June (TBD)[116] China Zhuque-2 China Jiuquan China LandSpace
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Zhuque-2, LandSpace's first liquid-propellant rocket.[115]
Q2 (TBD)[14][117] United States Atlas V 421 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States SBIRS-GEO 5[118] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Early warning  
Q2 (TBD)[119] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1A United States Rocket Lab
United States RASR-3 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance  
Q2 (TBD)[119][53] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1B United States Rocket Lab
United States RASR-4 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance  
Q2 (TBD)[120][121] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States NationSat Saturn Satellite Networks Geosynchronous Communications  
TBA TBA Geosynchronous Communications  
Q2 (TBD)[122][123] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Turkey Türksat 5B[124] Türksat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q2 (TBD)[14][125] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States USSF-44[126] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Military communications  
United States TETRA-1[127][128] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Technology demonstration  
Q2 (TBD)[129][130] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States USSF-52 U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Communications  
Q2 (TBD)[64] United States Firefly Alpha F3 United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
United States TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Q2 (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 2D or 4B/4C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
Q2 (TBD)[131][132] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q2 (TBD)[86] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 20 (K1 №8) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
Q2 (TBD)[87] Europe Vega VV19 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
SSMS piggyback mission.
H1 2021 (TBD)[133] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Gaganyaan 1 ISRO Low Earth Flight test  
First Gaganyaan flight test.
H1 2021 (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 3B China Xichang China CASC
China TBA TBA Geosynchronous TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
H1 2021 (TBD)[134] TBA TBA TBA
United Kingdom Inmarsat-6 F2 (GX 6B)[135] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Mid 2021 (TBD)[136][137] United States Electron United States MARS LC-2 United States Rocket Lab
United States CAPSTONE NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Technology demonstration  
Mid 2021 (TBD)[138] United States Firefly Alpha United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
United States Dedicated rideshare mission Spaceflight Industries Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
Rideshare mission for smallsats.
Mid 2021 (TBD)[139][140] China Long March 3B/E China Xichang China CASC
China Tiantong-1 02 China Satcom Geosynchronous Communications  
Mid 2021 (TBD)[141][142] Europe Vega-C VC01 France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Italy LARES 2 ASI Low Earth Laser ranging
Geodesy
 
First flight of Vega-C.

July

22 July[144] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States DART NASA Heliocentric Asteroid redirect test  
Italy LICIA Cube ASI Heliocentric Asteroid flyby  
Launch of the DART mission.[143]
July (TBD)[147] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States GPS IIIA-05 Neil Armstrong U.S. Space Force Medium Earth Navigation  
Will be the first DoD payload to fly on the single-stick Falcon 9 with a flight-proven first stage booster; planned to fly with first stage B1062.2, which would be the second flight of the first stage that will launch GPS Block IIIA SV04 in October 2020.[145] Named after American astronaut Neil Armstrong, the first person to walk on the moon.[146]
July (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
July (TBD)[19] United States Rocket 3 United States Kodiak United States Astra
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
July (TBD)[148] United States Vulcan Centaur 522[149] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Peregrine[150] Astrobotic Technology Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Maiden flight of Vulcan Centaur.

August

12 August[1] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX Crew-3 SpaceX / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 66/67  
Third operational Crew Dragon mission, as part of the Commercial Crew Program.
18 August[85] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-18 / 79P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
August (TBD)[151] United States Atlas V 551 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States USSF-12 / WFOV[152] U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Early warning  
August (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
August (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 2C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
August (TBD)[153][154] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Kondor-FKA №1[155] Roscosmos Low Earth Reconnaissance  
August (TBD)[156][157] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Meteor-M №2-3 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  

September

14 September[93][158] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Prichal (Progress M-UM) Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly  
14 September[161][160] United States Vulcan Centaur 542[159] United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Dream Chaser Demo-1 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
First Dream Chaser cargo mission for CRS-2.[159] Second flight of Vulcan Centaur.[160]
15 September[1] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Italy IXPE NASA / ASI Low Earth X-ray astronomy  
Launch of the IXPE X-ray astronomy satellite under NASA's Small Explorer program.[162]
September (TBD)[163] United States Atlas V 401 United States Vandenberg SLC-3E United States ULA
United States Landsat 9[164] NASA / USGS Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
United States CUTE CU Boulder Low Earth (SSO) Ultraviolet astronomy  
United States CuPID Boston University Low Earth (SSO) Space weather  
The ELaNa 34 mission will launch on this flight.[20]
September (TBD)[60] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
Germany SARah 2 Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
Germany SARah 3 Bundeswehr Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
September (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
September (TBD)[19] United States Rocket 3 United States TBA United States Astra
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Q3 (TBD)[165][166] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Luxembourg SES-17[167][a] SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[165][168] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Luxembourg O3b mPower × 3 (FM21–FM23) SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[169] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
TBA[170] TBA Geosynchronous Communications  
United States Astranis MicroGEO Astranis / Pacific Dataport Geosynchronous Communications  
Q3 (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 2D or 4B/4C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
Q3 (TBD)[172] United States Ravn X United States Cecil Spaceport United States Aevum
United States ASLON-45 U.S. Space Force Low Earth Technology demonstration  
Multiple experimental CubeSats will be launched using the Agile Small Launch Operational Normalizer (ASLON) vehicle under the Small Rocket Program-Orbital (SRP-O) program for the Space and Missile Systems Center.[171]
Q3 (TBD)[173][174] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia GK Launch Services
South Korea CAS500-2 KAI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
South Korea SNIPE × 4[175] KASI Low Earth (Polar) Ionospheric research
Space physics
 
Q3 (TBD)[86] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 21 (K1 №9) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
Q3 (TBD)[20] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States CapSat-1[176] The Weiss School Low Earth Education  
United States D3[177] University of Florida Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States GW-Sat[178] GWU Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States JAGSAT[179] University of South Alabama Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States LEOPARDSat-1[180] University of Cincinnati Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States MARIO[181] UMich Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States NACHOS[182] LANL Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States OreSat[183] Portland State University Low Earth Technology demonstration
Education
 
United States PATCOOL[184] University of Florida / NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States petitSat[185] NASA Low Earth Ionospheric research  
United States REALOP[186] UC Davis Low Earth Technology demonstration
Education
 
Brazil United States SPORT[187] ITA / NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
ELaNa 37 mission.

October

1 October[188][189] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Luna 25[190] Roscosmos Selenocentric Lunar lander  
First mission of the Luna-Glob Moon exploration programme.
2 October[1] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-24 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
5 October[85] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-19 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 67/68  
11 October[191] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States IM-1 Intuitive Machines Selenocentric Lunar lander  
United States Moon Mark Mission 1[192] Moon Mark Selenocentric Lunar rovers
Education
 
First Nova-C mission, which will land commercial payloads and five NASA-sponsored instruments at the Oceanus Procellarum for the Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) program.
16 October[1][193] United States Atlas V 401 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Lucy NASA Heliocentric Exploration of Jupiter trojans  
31 October[4] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States Europe Canada James Webb Space Telescope NASA / ESA / CSA Sun–Earth L2,
Halo orbit
Astronomy  
International space observatory mission utilizing a long-wavelength visible and infrared telescope. Launching to L2.
October (TBD)[194] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
France CSO 3[195] French Armed Forces Low Earth Reconnaissance  
October (TBD)[196] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States AX-1 SpaceX / Axiom Space Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
Axiom Space mission 1, launching on Crew Dragon. 10-day commercial flight of four (one professional and three private) astronauts to the International Space Station.
October (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
October (TBD)[197] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States VOX Space
United States STP-S28 U.S. Space Force Low Earth Technology demonstration  
United States Slingshot-1[198] The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology demonstration  

November

17 November[85] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-19 / 80P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics  
November (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
November (TBD)[38] South Korea Nuri (KSLV-II) South Korea Naro LC-2 South Korea KARI
South Korea NEXTSat 2[201] KAIST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
South Korea ASTRIS-II KAIST Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
South Korea CubesatYonsei Yonsei University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
South Korea SNUGLITE Seoul National University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
South Korea STEP CubeLab-II Chosun University Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
Second flight of Nuri, and first with customer payloads.[199][200]
November (TBD)[48][202][203] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India XPoSat ISRO / RRI Low Earth X-ray astronomy  
November (TBD)[204] United States SLS Block 1 United States Kennedy LC-39B United States NASA
United States Artemis 1 NASA Selenocentric Technology demonstration  
United States Near-Earth Asteroid Scout NASA Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
United States Lunar Flashlight NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
United States BioSentinel NASA Heliocentric Astrobiology  
United States SkyFire Lockheed Martin Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
United States Lunar IceCube NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
United States CuSP NASA Heliocentric Space weather  
United States Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper NASA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
Japan EQUULEUS University of Tokyo Earth–Moon L2 Earth observation  
Japan OMOTENASHI JAXA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Italy ArgoMoon ASI Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
United States Cislunar Explorers Cornell University Selenocentric Technology demonstration  
United States Earth Escape Explorer CU Boulder Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
United States Team Miles Fluid & Reason Heliocentric Technology demonstration  
Maiden flight of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS).
November (TBD)[205][206] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-P №4[207] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  

December

7 December[1][208] United States Atlas V 541 United States Cape Canaveral LC-41 United States ULA
United States GOES-T[209] NASA / NOAA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
8 December[85][210] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-20 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
12-day mission to the ISS with a crew of three, including one professional cosmonaut and two tourists.
December (TBD)[100] United States Atlas V N22 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States ULA
United States Boeing Starliner-1 (PCM-1)[211] Boeing / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Expedition TBA  
First operational Starliner mission, as part of the Commercial Crew Development program.
December (TBD)[212] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Intruder 13 / NROL-85[213] NRO Low Earth ELINT  
December (TBD)[212] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States NROL-87[214] NRO Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
December (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States Starlink × 60 SpaceX Low Earth Communications  
Scheduled Starlink SmallSat Rideshare mission.
December (TBD)[13] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Vigoride[105] Momentus Space Low Earth (SSO) Space tug  
India Astrogate cubesat[215] Astrogate Labs Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration  
India Pixxel 2[31] Pixxel Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Poland SOWA[109] SatRevolution Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.[13]
December (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 2C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
December (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 2C/2D or 4B/4C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
December (TBD)[216] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
South Korea KOMPSat 7 (Arirang 7) KARI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q4 (TBD)[217] Russia Angara 1.2 Russia Plesetsk Site 35/1 United States Russia ILS
South Korea KOMPSat 6 (Arirang 6) KARI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q4 (TBD)[218][219] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Germany Heinrich Hertz (H2Sat)[220][a] DLR Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[221][222] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Sweden Ovzon 3[a] Ovzon Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[223][224] United States Atlas V 551 or Falcon Heavy United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States ULA or SpaceX
United States ViaSat-3 Americas[225][226] ViaSat Geosynchronous Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[227] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Crew Dragon SpaceX / Space Adventures Low Earth Space tourism  
Space Adventures Crew Dragon mission. 5-day orbital flight of up to four passengers to an altitude exceeding 1,000 kilometres (620 mi).
Q4 (TBD)[228][229] China Hyperbola-2 China TBA China i-Space
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Hyperbola-2.
Q4 (TBD)[230] United States Minotaur IV United States MARS LP-0B United States Northrop Grumman
United States NROL-174 NRO Low Earth Reconnaissance  
Q4 (TBD)[228][231] China NewLine-1 China TBA China LinkSpace
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of NewLine-1.
Q4 (TBD)[86][232] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M[233][234] Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Gonets-M 23 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 24 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Russia Gonets-M 25 Gonets Satellite System Low Earth Communications  
Q4 (TBD)[235] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Terran 1.
Q4 (TBD)[87] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
SSMS rideshare mission.

To be determined

2021 (TBD)[236] Russia Angara A5 / Persei Russia Plesetsk Site 35/1 Russia RVSN RF
Russia TBA VKS TBA Flight test  
Flight test of Persei, a Blok DM-03 upper stage variant for Angara.
2021 (TBD)[237][238] Europe Ariane 5 ECA France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Malaysia MEASAT-3d[a] MEASAT Geosynchronous Communications  
H2 2021 (TBD)[239] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Ariane 6.
H2 2021 (TBD)[240] Europe Ariane 62 France Kourou ELA-4[241] France Arianespace
European Union Galileo FOC 25, 26 ESA Medium Earth Navigation  
First Galileo launch with Ariane 6.
H2 2021 (TBD)[242] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Hotbird 13F[243] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Europe Hotbird 13G[243] Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
H2 2021 (TBD)[246][247] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Germany ALINA[248] PTScientists Moon transfer Lunar lander  
The Autonomous Landing and Navigation Module (ALINA) will land near the Apollo 17 landing site and deploy two Audi lunar rovers. They will try to locate NASA's Lunar Roving Vehicle and stream images back to Earth using a small 4G base station on ALINA developed by Nokia and Vodafone Germany.[244][245]
2021 (TBD)[251] South Korea Blue Whale 1 Australia Whalers Way South Korea Perigee Aerospace
South Korea Dummy payload Perigee Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) Flight test  
First flight of Blue Whale 1.[249][250]
H2 2021 (TBD)[147][252] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States GPS IIIA-06 Amelia Earhart U.S. Space Force Medium Earth Navigation  
Planned to fly with an as-yet-unnamed flight-proven Falcon 9 first-stage booster.[145] Named after American aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart.[146]
H2 2021 (TBD)[15][253] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States WorldView Legion 3[16] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation  
United States WorldView Legion 4[16] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation  
United States WorldView Legion 5[16] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation  
United States WorldView Legion 6[16] DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[254][255] India GSLV Mk II F12[46] India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GISAT 2 ISRO Geosynchronous Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[254][256] India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-7C ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[254][258][259] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India DRSS-1 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
First of two Indian Data Relay Satellites.[257]
2021 (TBD)[258] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India DRSS-2 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Second of two Indian Data Relay Satellites.[260]
H2 2021 (TBD)[133][261] India GSLV Mk III India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Gaganyaan 2 ISRO Low Earth Flight test  
Second Gaganyaan flight test.
2021 (TBD)[254][262] India GSLV Mk III M2 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India GSAT-20 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[254][263] India GSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-7R ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Will eventually replace GSAT-7.
2021 (TBD)[254][264] India GSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India GSAT-32 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications  
Planned replacement for GSAT-6A.
2021 (TBD)[265] Japan H-IIA 204 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
United Kingdom Inmarsat-6 F1[266] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[267][268] Japan H3-22S Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan ALOS-3 JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First flight of the H3 Launch Vehicle.
2021 (TBD)[98][99] China Jielong 1 China Jiuquan LA-4 China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
2021 (TBD)[269] China Jielong 3 China Jiuquan LA-4 China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Maiden flight of Jielong 3, also known as Smart Dragon 3 (SD-3).
2021 (TBD)[270][271] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United Kingdom Pearl × 8 Sky and Space Global Low Earth IoT  
2021 (TBD)[246][272] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Mojave United States Virgin Orbit
United States HALO-Net Free Flyer U.S. Navy / Iridium Low Earth Technology demonstration / Optical communications  
2021 (TBD)[273] United States LauncherOne United States Cosmic Girl, Guam Airport[273] United States Virgin Orbit
United States Ignis[273] Astro Digital Low Earth Technology demonstration  
2021 (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 2C China TBA China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
2021 (TBD)[66][139] China Long March 2F China Jiuquan SLS-1 China CASC
China Shenzhou 12 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Crewed spaceflight  
First crewed flight to the Chinese space station, which will dock to the Tianhe core module.
2021 (TBD)[139] China Long March 2F China Jiuquan SLS-1 China CASC
China Shenzhou 13 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Crewed spaceflight  
Second crewed flight to the Chinese space station.
2021 (TBD)[274][275] China Long March 3B/E China Xichang China CASC
China Fengyun 4B[276] CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
H2 2021 (TBD)[139] China Long March 3B/E China Xichang China CASC
China Tiantong-1 03 China Satcom Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[277][278] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 2D[279] Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[274][280] China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Fengyun 3E[281] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2021 (TBD)[282] China Long March 5B China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Wentian CNSA Low Earth Space station assembly  
Wentian is the first laboratory module of the Chinese Space Station, to be docked and linked with the Tianhe core module.
2021 (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 6 China Taiyuan LC-16 China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
2021 (TBD)[66] China Long March 7 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China Tianzhou 2 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Space logistics  
First cargo flight to the Chinese Space Station.
2021 (TBD)[282] China Long March 7 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China Tianzhou 3 CNSA Low Earth (CSS) Space logistics  
Second cargo flight to the Chinese Space Station
2021 (TBD)[98][99] China Long March 11 China Jiuquan LA-4 China CASC
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Scheduled rideshare launch opportunity.
2021 (TBD)[277][283] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
China HaiYang 3B Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[277][284] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
China HaiYang XX Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth Earth observation  
Ocean Salinity Observation Satellite (Experimental).
2021 (TBD)[285] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
Cambodia Techo 1[286] The Royal Group Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[9] United States New Glenn United States Cape Canaveral LC-36 United States Blue Origin
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Blue Origin's New Glenn rocket.
2021 (TBD)[287] Russia Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ekspress AMU-3[288] RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
Russia Ekspress AMU-7[288] RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[287] Russia Proton-M / Briz-M P4 Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ekspress AMU-4 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[289] India PSLV-CA India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
Germany EnMAP[290] DLR / GFZ Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[46][291] India PSLV-CA India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Oceansat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography  
2021 (TBD)[46][206] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Cartosat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[46] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Cartosat-3B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
India IMS-2 × 2 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
India Microsat × 3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[46] India PSLV-XL C52 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India IRNSS-1J[292] ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation  
2021 (TBD)[46] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-1A[293] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[46] India PSLV-XL India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India RISAT-2A[294] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[254][295] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India CCI-Sat ISRO Low Earth Signals intelligence  
2021 (TBD)[46][296] India PSLV C51 India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India HRSAT-1 × 3[132][297] ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[132] India PSLV[131] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Oceansat-3A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Oceanography  
2021 (TBD)[132] India PSLV[131] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[46][206] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3S ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[132] India PSLV[131] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India Resourcesat-3SA ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[206][132] India PSLV[131] India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India RISAT-1B ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[254][298][299] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
India SPADEX ISRO Low Earth Technology demonstration  
2021 (TBD)[300] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/x Russia RVSN RF
Russia Meridian-M 10 (20L)[301] Ministry of Defence Molniya Communications  
H2 2021 (TBD)[302] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Obzor-R №1[303] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[304] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Arktika-M №1[305] Roscosmos Molniya Meteorology  
2021 (TBD)[86] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 17 (K1 №4) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2021 (TBD)[86] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K 18 (K1 №6) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2021 (TBD)[306][307] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K2 13L (K2 №1) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2021 (TBD)[307] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K2 14L (K2 №2) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
Second GLONASS-K2 test satellite.[308]
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny France Arianespace / Russia Starsem
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021–2022 (TBD)[309] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
United Kingdom OneWeb × 34–36 OneWeb Low Earth Communications  
2021 (TBD)[310][311] United States Spyder United States MARS LP-0A United States UP Aerospace
United States TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Spyder.
2021 (TBD)[254][313] India SSLV D2[314] India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
United States BlackSky Global 5 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 6 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 9 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
United States BlackSky Global 10 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First commercial SSLV launch.[312]
2021 (TBD)[315] United States Starship United States TBA United States SpaceX
TBA TBA Geosynchronous Communications  
First commercial flight of Starship.
2021 (TBD)[269] China Tenglong 1 China TBA China China Rocket
China TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Tenglong 1, also known as Flying Dragon 1.
2021 (TBD)[316] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States Dedicated rideshare mission Spaceflight Industries Low Earth Satellite dispenser  
Rideshare mission for smallsats.
2021 (TBD)[317] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States Vigoride Momentus Space Geosynchronous Space tug  
2021 (TBD)[318] Europe Vega-C[319] France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
France CERES × 3[320] French Armed Forces Low Earth SIGINT  
2021 (TBD)[321] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Italy COSMO-SkyMed (CSG) 2 ASI Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[142][322] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
France Pléiades-Neo 1[323] CNES Low Earth Earth observation  
France Pléiades-Neo 2[323] CNES Low Earth Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[324] Europe Vega or Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Thailand THEOS-2 GISTDA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[326] TBA TBA TBA
Israel EROS-C2 ImageSat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Second of three satellites for the EROS-NG constellation.[325]
H2 2021 (TBD)[252] United States TBA United States Cape Canaveral United States TBA
United States GPS IIIA-07 Sally Ride U.S. Space Force Medium Earth Navigation  
Named after American astronaut Sally Ride, the first American woman in space.[146]
H2 2021 (TBD)[327] TBA TBA TBA
United States Jupiter-3 / EchoStar 24[328] EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications  
2021 (TBD)[329] China TBA China TBA China TBA
China Sanya-1 Hainan Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2021 (TBD)[330] China TBA China TBA China TBA
China Yang Wang-1 Origin Space Low Earth Space telescope / Asteroid cataloging  

Suborbital flights

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
2021 (TBD)[332] Spain Miura 1 Spain El Arenosillo Spain PLD Space
Germany TBA ZARM Suborbital Microgravity research  
Maiden flight of Miura 1. Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi).[331]

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
17 January Parker Solar Probe 7th perihelion
11 February Tianwen-1 Mars orbit insertion
18 February Perseverance Mars landing
20 February Parker Solar Probe Fourth gravity assist at Venus
21 February Juno 32nd perijove of Jupiter
February Emirates Mars Mission Mars orbit insertion
March OSIRIS-REx Departure from asteroid Bennu
15 April Juno 33rd perijove
23 April Tianwen-1 Mars landing
29 April Parker Solar Probe 8th perihelion
7 June Juno 34th perijove
30 July Juno End of mission Intentional destructive entry into Jupiter's atmosphere
8 August Solar Orbiter Second gravity assist at Venus[333]
9 August Parker Solar Probe 9th perihelion
11 August BepiColombo Second gravity assist at Venus
2 October BepiColombo First gravity assist at Mercury
16 October Parker Solar Probe Fifth gravity assist at Venus
21 November Parker Solar Probe 10th perihelion
26 November Solar Orbiter Gravity assist at Earth[333] Gravity assist will set up future fly-bys of Venus that will increase its inclination relative to the Sun.


Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By spaceport

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric 0 0 0 0
Low Earth 0 0 0 0
Geosynchronous / transfer 0 0 0 0
Medium Earth 0 0 0 0
High Earth 0 0 0 0
Heliocentric orbit 0 0 0 0 Including planetary transfer orbits

Expected maiden flights

Heavy/super heavy-lift vehicles

Medium-lift vehicles

Small-lift vehicles

Spaceplane

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Ariane 5 carries two satellites per mission; manifested payloads still need to be paired.

References

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  3. ^ a b Clark, Stephen (25 August 2020). "Boeing plans second Starliner test flight in December or January". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
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