2023 in spaceflight

Summary

2023 in spaceflight
BFR at stage separation-2018 design.jpg
SpaceX's Starship is scheduled to conduct a crewed lunar flyby in 2023 at the earliest.

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2023.

Overview

In 2023, SpaceX plans to conduct a crewed lunar flyby with Yusaku Maezawa using the Starship, a crewed spacecraft being developed with partial funding from Maezawa.[1] The flight, dubbed the #dearMoon project, will include six to eight artists invited as passengers.

NASA plans to launch the first two components of the Lunar Gateway,[2] a key part of its efforts to return to the Moon and a stepping stone for crewed missions to Mars in the 2030s.[3]

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks


February

February (TBD)[5][6] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States PUNCH NASA Low Earth (SSO) Heliophysics  
United States TRACERS NASA Low Earth (SSO) Magnetospheric research  
Launch of two missions for NASA's Small Explorer program.[4]

March

March (TBD)[7][8] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
United States Galaxy 37 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
March (TBD)[9] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Japan Hakuto-R Mission 2[10] ispace Selenocentric Lunar lander and rover  
March (TBD)[11] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-24 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 68/69  
Q1 (TBD)[12] United States Atlas V N22 or Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States ULA or SpaceX
United States AX-4 Boeing or SpaceX / Axiom Space Low Earth (ISS) Space tourism  
Axiom Space mission 4, launching on Starliner or Crew Dragon. 10-day commercial flight of four (one professional and three private) astronauts to the International Space Station. The winner of the Space Hero reality television show will be awarded a seat on this mission.
Q1 (TBD)[14] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States TSIS-2 NASA / LASP Low Earth Earth observation  
Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor-2.[13]
Q1 (TBD)[15][16] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States WSF-M U.S. Space Force Low Earth Meteorology  

April

April (TBD)[18] Russia Soyuz-2.1b[19] Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Bion-M2 Roscosmos Low Earth Biological science  
30-day mission to observe the effects of the Van Allen radiation belts on mice.[17]

May

May (TBD)[20] TBA TBA TBA
Poland ScopeSat × 8[21] SatRevolution Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
SatRevolution-NCRD project,[20] comprising eight satellites in SatRevolution's Real-time Earth-observation Constellation (REC).[21]

June

June (TBD)[11] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-25 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 69/70  
June (TBD)[22] TBA TBA TBA
Taiwan FORMOSAT-8A NSPO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Q2 (TBD)[23] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia GK Launch Services
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
GK Launch Services rideshare mission.

July

July (TBD)[24] TBA TBA TBA
TBA SSL 1300 bus satellite TBA Geosynchronous Communications  
United States SunRISE NASA Geosynchronous Space weather  

August

August (TBD)[25][26] United States SLS Block 1 United States Kennedy LC-39B United States NASA
United States Artemis 2 NASA Lunar free-return Crewed lunar flyby  
First crewed test flight of SLS and Orion.

September

September (TBD)[27] Russia Angara A5 Russia Vostochny Site 1A Russia Roscosmos
Russia Orel Roscosmos Low Earth Flight test  
An uncrewed test flight of Russia's new crew spacecraft. First launch of Angara A5 from Vostochny.
September (TBD)[11] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-26 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 70/71  

October

October (TBD)[28] United States Terran 1 United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
United States Vigoride Momentus Space Low Earth Space tug  
United States Cryogenic Fluid Management demo mission[29] Lockheed Martin Low Earth Technology demonstration  

November

November (TBD)[30][2] United States Commercial launch vehicle United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States TBA
United States Power and Propulsion Element (PPE) NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Lunar Gateway component  
United States Habitation and Logistics Outpost (HALO) NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Lunar Gateway component  
First two modules of the Lunar Gateway planned for launch. NASA originally intended to launch them on two separate Falcon Heavies, but switched to a single launch on a to-be-announced commercial launch vehicle to reduce risk.[2]
November (TBD)[32][33] United States Commercial launch vehicle United States TBA United States TBA
United States VIPER NASA / Astrobotic TLI to lunar surface Lunar rover  
Commercial Lunar Payload Services rover on an Astrobotic Griffin lander, which will prospect for water ice at the lunar south pole.[31]
November (TBD)[34][35] Europe Vega-C or Ariane 62 France Kourou ELV or ELA-4 France Arianespace
China Europe SMILE[36] CAS / ESA Molniya Earth observation  

December

Q4 (TBD)[37][38] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe MTG-S1[39] EUMETSAT Geosynchronous Meteorology  
Q4 (TBD)[40] TBA TBA TBA
Spain Spainsat NG I[41] Hisdesat Geosynchronous Communications  

To be determined

2023 (TBD)[42] Europe Ariane 6 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Electra SES S.A. / ESA Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[43] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Payloads TBA TBA TLI Lunar lander / orbiter  
Dedicated rideshare mission to lunar transfer orbit.
2023 (TBD)[44] United States Delta IV Heavy United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States ULA
United States Orion 11 / NROL-68[45] NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[47] United States Electron New Zealand Mahia LC-1[48] United States Rocket Lab
United States Photon relay satellite Rocket Lab Cytherocentric Venus flyby[49]  
United States Atmospheric probe Rocket Lab Cytherocentric Venus entry probe  
Venus atmospheric-entry probe in early development, according to Rocket Lab founder Peter Beck.[46]
2023 (TBD)[51] Japan Epsilon S Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Vietnam LOTUSat-1[52][53] VNSC Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First launch of Epsilon S, an upgraded version of Epsilon that will have commonality with H3 rocket components.[50]
2023 (TBD)[54] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Indonesia SATRIA PSN Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[55] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan GOSAT-GW[56] JAXA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[55] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Optical 8 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[55] Japan H-IIA Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan IGS-Radar 8 CSICE Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance  
2023 (TBD)[57] Japan H-IIA or H3 Japan Tanegashima[58] Japan MHI
United Arab Emirates MBZ-SAT MBRSC Low Earth Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[55] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-5 (Michibiki-5) CAO Tundra Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[55] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-6 (Michibiki-6) CAO Tundra Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[55] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-7 (Michibiki-7) CAO Tundra Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[60] Russia Irtysh / DM-SLB[61] Kazakhstan Baikonur[62] Russia Roscosmos
Russia Dummy satellite Roscosmos Low Earth Flight test  
First launch of Irtysh, also known as Soyuz-5. A dummy payload matching a future satellite in weight and size will be launched.[59]
2023 (TBD)[63] China Long March 2C China Xichang China CASC
China APStar 6E APT Satellite Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[64] China Long March 2C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 1E[65][66] CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[64] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 2F[67][68] CAST Low Earth Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[64] China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Fengyun 3G[69][70] CMA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2023 (TBD)[71] Russia Proton-M / DM-03 Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Elektro-L №5[72] Roscosmos Geosynchronous Meteorology  
2023 (TBD)[73] United Kingdom Skyrora XL United Kingdom Sutherland[74] United Kingdom Skyrora
United Kingdom TBA Skyrora Low Earth Flight test  
First launch of Skyrora XL.
2023 (TBD)[75] Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Obzor-R №2[76] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[71][77] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Arktika-M №2[78] Roscosmos Molniya Meteorology  
2023 (TBD)[79] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat-M[80] Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia GLONASS-K2 24 (K2 №3) VKS Medium Earth Navigation  
2023 (TBD)[81] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-PM №1[82] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[83] Russia Soyuz ST-A / Fregat France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe Sentinel-1D[84] ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Fourth Sentinel-1 satellite.
2023 (TBD)[86] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe MetOp-SG A1[87] EUMETSAT Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
First of six MetOp-SG launches.[85]
2023 (TBD)[88] United States Starship United States Boca Chica or Cape Canaveral/Kennedy United States SpaceX
Japan #dearMoon Yusaku Maezawa Lunar free-return Crewed lunar flyby  
Private spaceflight with 6 to 8 artists commissioned and funded by Japanese entrepreneur Yusaku Maezawa.[88]
2023 (TBD)[90] United States Terran 1 United States Vandenberg B-330 United States Relativity Space
United States Iridium NEXT 174[91] Iridium Low Earth Communications  
First of six Iridium NEXT satellites to be launched on-demand between 2023 and 2030.[89]
2023 (TBD)[92] Europe TBA France Kourou France Arianespace
Europe ALTIUS ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[93] TBA TBA TBA
Argentina ARSAT SG-1 ARSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[94] TBA TBA TBA
Saudi Arabia BADR-8 Arabsat Geosynchronous Communications  
2023 (TBD)[95] TBA TBA TBA
Brazil Carponis-1 FAB Low Earth Earth observation  
2023 (TBD)[96] TBA TBA TBA
United Kingdom Inmarsat-7 F1 (GX 7)[97] Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
United Kingdom Inmarsat-7 F2 (GX 8) Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
United Kingdom Inmarsat-7 F3 (GX 9) Inmarsat Geosynchronous Communications  
The satellites may launch on separate rockets, though they are designed to fit together in a single payload fairing.
2023 (TBD)[98] TBA TBA TBA
Europe Lunar Pathfinder[99] ESA Selenocentric
elliptical orbit
Communications  
2023 (TBD)[100] TBA TBA TBA
Australia Optus 11 Optus Geosynchronous Communications  

Suborbital flights

Deep-space rendezvous

20 June BepiColombo Third gravity assist at Mercury
21 August Parker Solar Probe Sixth gravity assist at Venus
24 September OSIRIS-REx Sample return to Earth

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By spaceport

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric 0 0 0 0
Low Earth 0 0 0 0
Geosynchronous / transfer 0 0 0 0
Medium Earth 0 0 0 0
High Earth 0 0 0 0
Heliocentric orbit 0 0 0 0 Including planetary transfer orbits

Notes

References

  1. ^ Foust, Jeff (17 September 2018). "SpaceX signs up Japanese billionaire for circumlunar BFR flight". SpaceNews. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Clark, Stephen (6 May 2020). "NASA plans to launch first two Gateway elements on same rocket". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  3. ^ Gebhardt, Chris (6 April 2017). "NASA finally sets goals, missions for SLS – eyes multi-step plan to Mars". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  4. ^ "NASA Selects Missions to Study Our Sun, Its Effects on Space Weather" (Press release). NASA. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  5. ^ "FY 2021 President's Budget Request Summary" (PDF). NASA. 10 February 2020. p. 587. Retrieved 29 February 2020. PUNCH is in preliminary design and technology completion phase (Phase B) with an expected launch date of February 2023.
  6. ^ "SwRI-led PUNCH mission to image Sun's outer corona enters Phase B". Southwest Research Institute (Press release). 26 September 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  7. ^ "Intelsat entrusts Arianespace for the launch of three C-band satellites on Ariane 5 and Ariane 6". Arianespace (Press release). 17 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  8. ^ "Intelsat confie à Arianespace le lancement de trois satellites" [Intelsat entrusts Arianespace with the launch of three satellites]. France Info (in French). 17 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  9. ^ Gebhardt, Chris (23 August 2019). "ispace alters Moon mission timelines for greater response to customer needs". NASASpaceFlight. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Mission Timeline Adjustment for the HAKUTO-R Program". ispace. 22 August 2019. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
  11. ^ a b c "Россия в 1,5 раза увеличит число пусков пилотируемых "Союзов" к МКС" [Russia to increase number of crewed Soyuz launches to the ISS by factor of 1.5]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). 2 May 2020. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  12. ^ Clark, Stephen (23 September 2020). "Axiom finalizing agreements for private astronaut mission to space station". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  13. ^ "Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor -2 (TSIS-2)". EOSPSO. NASA. 23 October 2019. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  14. ^ "General Atomics Awarded NASA Contract for TSIS-2 Spacecraft". General Atomics (Press release). 22 July 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  15. ^ Keller, John (12 November 2018). "Ball Aerospace wins half-billion-dollar contract to build first WSF-M microwave imaging weather satellite". Military & Aerospace Electronics. Retrieved 30 December 2019. On this contract Ball Aerospace will do the work in Boulder, Colo., and should be finished by January 2023.
  16. ^ Bourassa, M.A.; et al. (23 August 2019). "Remotely Sensed Winds and Wind Stresses for Marine Forecasting and Ocean Modeling". Frontiers in Marine Science. 6: 443. doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00443. Retrieved 30 December 2019. The first of two planned sensors will launch in 2023.
  17. ^ "NASA Selects Space Biology Experiments to Study Living Organisms on Russian Bion-M2 Mission". NASA. 27 September 2019. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  18. ^ Sohail, Daniyal (10 September 2019). "Russia's Bion-M2 Biosatellite Launch Postponed Until 2023 - Space Agency". UrduPoint. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  19. ^ "France signs contract to join Russia's Bion-M2 bio-satellite project". TASS. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2020. The Bion-M2 spacecraft, designed and manufactured by the Progress Rocket Space Center, is expected to be launched from Baikonur atop the Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket.
  20. ^ a b "SatRevolution REC Constellation for Agriculture". SatRevolution. 10 June 2020. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  21. ^ a b "Real-time Earth-observation Constellation". SatRevolution. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  22. ^ "FORMOSAT-8". NSPO. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  23. ^ @anik1982space (5 August 2020). "Soyuz-2 Commercial Launch Missions" (Tweet). Retrieved 5 August 2020 – via Twitter.
  24. ^ Foust, Jeff (30 March 2020). "NASA selects space science cubesat mission". SpaceNews. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  25. ^ "Report No. IG-20-018: NASA's Management of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle Program" (PDF). OIG. NASA. 16 July 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  26. ^ Clark, Stephen (18 May 2020). "NASA will likely add a rendezvous test to the first piloted Orion space mission". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  27. ^ "Рогозин допустил перенос первого запуска "Ангары" с Восточного на месяц" [Rogozin: First launch of Angara from the East may be delayed a month]. TASS (in Russian). 16 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  28. ^ Foust, Jeff (17 October 2020). "NASA awards contracts for lunar technologies and ice prospecting payload". SpaceNews. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  29. ^ "Cryogenic fluid management is a key 'tipping point' technology to get humans to the Moon, Mars and Beyond". Lockheed Martin. 15 October 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  30. ^ Foust, Jeff (14 May 2020). "NASA refines plans for launching Gateway and other Artemis elements". SpaceNews. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  31. ^ Foust, Jeff (27 October 2019). "NASA confirms plans to send prospecting rover to the moon". SpaceNews. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  32. ^ Colaprete, Anthony (17 August 2020). "VIPER: A lunar water reconnaissance mission" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  33. ^ "NASA Selects Astrobotic to Fly Water-Hunting Rover to the Moon". NASA (Press release). 11 June 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  34. ^ "SMILE Mission Overview". Chinese Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  35. ^ "China plans more space science satellites". Xinhua News Agency. 29 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  36. ^ "SMILE: Summary". UCL Mullard Space Science Laboratory. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  37. ^ "Meteosat Series - Future Satellites". EUMETSAT. 19 November 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  38. ^ Henry, Caleb (10 July 2020). "Eumetsat shifts two tardy satellites to Ariane 6". SpaceNews. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  39. ^ Krebs, Gunter (20 February 2020). "MTG-S 1, 2 (Meteosat 13, 16 / Sentinel 4A, 4B)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  40. ^ Henry, Caleb (31 July 2020). "Xtar sells satellite to Hisdesat, shifts to lease agreement". SpaceNews. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  41. ^ Erwin, Sandra (6 May 2019). "Airbus inks two-satellite deal with Spain's satellite operator Hisdesat". SpaceNews. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  42. ^ "SENER designs the mechanisms for the assembly of Electra, the first European commercial satellite with electric propulsion". SENER (Press release). 10 September 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  43. ^ Henry, Caleb (22 October 2019). "Arianespace targets 2023 for lunar Ariane 6 rideshare mission". SpaceNews. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  44. ^ Erwin, Sandra (30 September 2019). "Air Force awards ULA $1.18 billion contract to complete five Delta 4 Heavy NRO missions". SpaceNews. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  45. ^ Krebs, Gunter (3 September 2019). "Orion 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  46. ^ "I am Peter Beck, CEO and founder of Rocket Lab. Ask me anything about launching rockets, building satellites, and going to the Moon". 30 June 2020. Retrieved 30 July 2020 – via Reddit. Still early days. The point of the probe is to look for possible life in Venus' atmosphere. Current probe candidates are about 25 kg and have about 6 mins of time in the sweet spot. Photon will act as the relay back to Earth.
  47. ^ Wall, Mike (17 August 2020). "Rocket Lab aims to launch private Venus mission in 2023". Space.com. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  48. ^ New Zealand Space Agency [@nzspacegovt] (26 July 2020). "Peter Beck @RocketLab has Venus in his sights planning a NZ mission there in 2023" (Tweet). Retrieved 30 July 2020 – via Twitter.
  49. ^ Peter Beck [@Peter_J_Beck] (14 September 2020). "Atmospheric entry probe with a flyby from the main bus" (Tweet). Retrieved 14 September 2020 – via Twitter.
  50. ^ "「イプシロンSロケットの開発及び打上げ輸送サービス事業の実施に関する基本協定」の締結について" [Conclusion of Basic Agreement on Development of Epsilon S Rocket and Implementation of Launch Transportation Service Business]. JAXA (in Japanese). 12 June 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  51. ^ "ベトナム向け地球観測衛星「LOTUSat-1」のイプシロンロケットによる打上げ受託について" [Launch contract for Vietnamese earth observation satellite "LOTUSat-1" on Epsilon]. JAXA (in Japanese). 12 June 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  52. ^ Krebs, Gunter (23 April 2020). "LOTUSat 1, 2". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  53. ^ "NEC to provide Vietnam with "LOTUSat-1" Earth observation satellite system". NEC (Press release). 23 April 2020. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  54. ^ "Indonesia's $550m SATRIA satellite in focus". SpaceTech Asia. 30 September 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  55. ^ a b c d e f "宇宙基本計画工程表 (令和元年度改訂)" [Space Plan Schedule (2019 Revision)] (PDF) (in Japanese). Cabinet Office. 13 December 2019. p. 16. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  56. ^ "GOSAT-GW". JAXA (in Japanese). Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  57. ^ "UAE announces all Emirati-built MBZ-SAT satellite". Arabian Aerospace. 31 October 2020. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  58. ^ @UAE_Forsan (28 October 2020). "Here is a Look at MBZ-SAT: pbs.twimg.com/media/ElcCELEX0AEfFW7?format=jpg" (Tweet). Retrieved 31 October 2020 – via Twitter.
  59. ^ "Источник назвал разработчика системы управления для новой ракеты "Союз-5"" [Source named the developer of Soyuz-5 control system] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  60. ^ ""Роскосмос" отложил сдачу эскизного проекта ракеты на замену "Зениту"" [Roscosmos postpones delivery of the preliminary design for the rocket that will replace Zenit] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  61. ^ "Ракета "Союз-5" получит разгонный блок от "Морского старта"" [Soyuz-5 will get upper stage from Sea Launch] (in Russian). TASS. 13 July 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  62. ^ "Гендиректор РКЦ "Прогресс": В 2019 году запланировано более 20 запусков" [Head of Progress Co: more than 20 launches planned for 2019] (in Russian). Volga News. 30 December 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  63. ^ Jones, Andrew (10 November 2020). "APT Satellite orders new small HTS satellite from China's CGWIC". SpaceNews. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  64. ^ a b c National Space Science Center, CAS (4–5 September 2019). Satellite Programs For Earth Science And Applications From Space In China. The 2nd Strategic Forum on Space Science. Beijing. Retrieved 3 January 2020 – via the Internet Archive. Original download link found in this pdf.
  65. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "HY 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  66. ^ "Satellite: HY-1E". WMO. 9 December 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  67. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "HY 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  68. ^ "Satellite: HY-2F". WMO. 9 December 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  69. ^ Krebs, Gunter (7 October 2019). "FY 3A, 3B, 3C, 3D, 3E, 3F, 3G". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  70. ^ "Satellite: FY-3G". WMO. 29 October 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  71. ^ a b "Запуск метеоспутника для мониторинга Арктики отложен" [Arctic weather satellite launch postponed]. Meteovesti (in Russian). 5 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  72. ^ Krebs, Gunter (30 January 2020). "Elektro-L 1, 2, 3, 4, 5". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  73. ^ "The UKs first complete ground rocket test in 50 years takes place in Scotland". Skyrora. 20 May 2020. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  74. ^ "Sutherland Spaceport - first British spaceport to launch in Scotland". Skyrora. 19 May 2020. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  75. ^ "В РКЦ "Прогресс" рассказали, почему не запускают спутник "Обзор-Р"" [Progress RCC explains why the Obzor-R satellite will not launched soon]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). 1 September 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  76. ^ Krebs, Gunter (9 September 2019). "Obzor-R". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  77. ^ "Источник рассказал о запуске спутника для мониторинга климата Арктики" [Source discusses launch of new satellite to monitor Arctic climate]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). 22 February 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  78. ^ Krebs, Gunter (6 October 2020). "Arktika-M 1, 2, 3". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  79. ^ @anik1982space (21 February 2020). "Интересные новости с конференции по страхованию: 1. В этом году 3 запуска спутников «Глонасс»: М №60 в марте, К №15 - во 2 квартале, К №16 - в конце года. М №61 по оперативной необходимости; 2. Запуск «Глонассов-К» №15-23 в 2020-2022 годах, «Глонасса-К2» №24 - в 2023 году;" [Interesting news from the conference: 1. This year, 3 launches of Glonass satellites: M № 60 in March, K № 15 - in the 2nd quarter, K № 16 - at the end of the year. M № 61 for operational need; 2. Launch of Glonass-K № 15-23 in 2020-2022, Glonass-K2 № 24 - in 2023;] (Tweet). Retrieved 21 February 2020 – via Twitter.
  80. ^ Pietrobon, Steven (16 January 2020). "Russian Launch Manifest". Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  81. ^ "Запуск первого спутника наблюдения "Ресурс-ПМ" отложили на год" [Launch of the first Resurs-PM satellite postponed by another year]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). 27 August 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  82. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Resurs-PM 1, 2, 3, 4". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  83. ^ "Satellite: Sentinel-1D". WMO. 27 October 2019. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  84. ^ Krebs, Gunter (7 July 2020). "Sentinel 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  85. ^ Henry, Caleb (11 September 2017). "Eumetsat launching two, possibly three Metop-SG satellites with Arianespace". SpaceNews. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  86. ^ "EUMETSAT Polar System – Second Generation". EUMETSAT. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  87. ^ Krebs, Gunter (11 December 2017). "METOP-SG-A 1, 2, 3". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  88. ^ a b Grush, Loren (17 September 2018). "SpaceX will send Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa to the Moon". The Verge. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  89. ^ Clark, Stephen (24 June 2020). "Relativity books up to six launches for Iridium, reveals plans for Vandenberg pad". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  90. ^ Foust, Jeff (24 June 2020). "Relativity wins Iridium contract, selects West Coast launch site". SpaceNews. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  91. ^ Krebs, Gunter (24 June 2020). "Iridium-NEXT". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  92. ^ Henry, Caleb (27 January 2020). "QinetiQ to build ozone-monitoring satellite for European Space Agency". SpaceNews. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  93. ^ Henry, Caleb (19 March 2020). "Argentine operator Arsat revives plans for third satellite". SpaceNews. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  94. ^ "Airbus to build BADR-8 satellite for Arabsat, with optical communications payload TELEO". Airbus (Press release). 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  95. ^ "Ministérios assinam protocolo de intenções para utilização de imagens de satélites" [Ministries sign protocol of intentions to use satellite images]. DefesaNet (in Portuguese). 3 June 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  96. ^ Henry, Caleb (30 May 2019). "Airbus to build trio of Inmarsat-7 satellites". SpaceNews. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  97. ^ Krebs, Gunter (4 July 2019). "Inmarsat-7 F1, 2, 3 (GX 7, 8, 9)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  98. ^ "Lunar Mission Services from SSTL". SSTL. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  99. ^ "ESA signs collaboration agreement for commercial Lunar missions". ESA. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  100. ^ Henry, Caleb (2 July 2020). "Optus orders OneSat satellite from Airbus". SpaceNews. Retrieved 2 July 2020.

External links

Generic references:
RocketSunIcon.svg Spaceflight portal
  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).