21 Persei


21 Persei
Perseus constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of 21 Persei (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Perseus
Right ascension 02h 57m 17.28228s[1]
Declination 31° 56′ 03.1976″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.10[2]
Spectral type A2VspSiEu[3]
U−B color index −0.24[4]
B−V color index −0.01[4]
Variable type α² CVn[5]
Radial velocity (Rv)+8.50[6] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +1.319[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -30.384[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)9.8477 ± 0.2575[1] mas
Distance331 ± 9 ly
(102 ± 3 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)0.14[2]
Mass3.57[7] M
Luminosity88.65[2] L
Surface gravity (log g)4.05[7] cgs
Temperature12,585[7] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]+0.90[8] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)20[7] km/s
Other designations
21 Per, LT Per, BD+31°509, FK5 2205, GC 3544, HD 18296, HIP 13775, HR 873, SAO 56031[9]
Database references

21 Persei is a single,[10] variable star in the northern constellation of Perseus, located about 331 light years away from the Sun. It is visible to the naked eye as a faint, white-hued star with an apparent visual magnitude of 5.10 km/s.[2] The object is moving further from the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of +8.5 km/s.[6] It has the variable star designation LT Persei; 21 Persei is the Flamsteed designation.

This is an Ap star with a stellar classification of A2VspSiEu,[3] where the A2V indicates it is an A-type main-sequence star, 's' means narrow "sharp" absorption, and SiEu shows abundance anomalies of the elements silicon and europium. The star is an Alpha2 Canum Venaticorum variable, meaning that the star has a strong magnetic field chromium, silicon, and strontium spectral lines. 21 Persei's period of variability is approximately 2.88 days.[11]


  1. ^ a b c d e Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b c d Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012). "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation". Astronomy Letters. 38 (5): 331. arXiv:1108.4971. Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A. doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015. S2CID 119257644. Vizier catalog entry
  3. ^ a b Abt, Helmut A.; Morrell, Nidia I. (1995). "The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type Stars". Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 99: 135. Bibcode:1995ApJS...99..135A. doi:10.1086/192182.
  4. ^ a b Mermilliod, J. C. (2006). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: Homogeneous Means in the UBV System (Mermilliod 1991)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: II/168. Originally Published in: Institut d'Astronomie. 2168. Bibcode:2006yCat.2168....0M.Vizier catalog entry
  5. ^ Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/GCVS. Originally Published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1. Bibcode:2009yCat....1.2025S.
  6. ^ a b Gontcharov, G. A. (2006). "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system". Astronomy Letters. 32 (11): 759–771. arXiv:1606.08053. Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G. doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065. S2CID 119231169.
  7. ^ a b c d David, Trevor J.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (2015). "The Ages of Early-Type Stars: Strömgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets". The Astrophysical Journal. 804 (2): 146. arXiv:1501.03154. Bibcode:2015ApJ...804..146D. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/2/146. S2CID 33401607. Vizier catalog entry
  8. ^ Wu, Yue; Singh, H. P.; Prugniel, P.; Gupta, R.; Koleva, M. (2010). "Coudé-feed stellar spectral library – atmospheric parameters". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 525: A71. arXiv:1009.1491. Bibcode:2011A&A...525A..71W. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201015014. S2CID 53480665.
  9. ^ "21 Per". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  10. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x, S2CID 14878976.
  11. ^ Catalano, F. A.; Renson, P.; Leone, F. (1993). "Third supplement to the catalogue of observed periods of Ap stars". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series. 98 (2): 269–273. Bibcode:1993A&AS...98..269C.