23rd Chemical Battalion

Summary

The 23d CBRN Battalion is a Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and high-yield explosives defense battalion of the United States Army, part of the 2ID Sustainment Brigade of the 2nd Infantry Division at Camp Humphreys, Korea.

23d CBRN Battalion
23 Chem Bn CoA.jpg
Active1944–45
1949–59
1988 – present
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeChemical
SizeBattalion
Part of2nd Sustainment Brigade
EngagementsWorld War II
Korea War
War on Terror
Insignia
Distinctive Unit Insignia23 Chem Bn DUI.jpg

It traces its lineage back to the 1944 formation of the 23rd Chemical Smoke Generator Battalion in England during World War II. The 23rd was inactivated after the end of the war and reactivated in 1949 as the 4th Chemical Smoke Generator Battalion, serving in the Korean War before being inactivated in Germany at the end of the 1950s. The 23rd Chemical Battalion was reactivated in Korea in 1988.

HistoryEdit

  • Constituted 27 May 1944 in the Army of the United States as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 23d Chemical Smoke Generator Battalion, and activated in England
  • Inactivated 12 November 1945 in France
  • Redesignated 18 January 1949 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 4th Chemical Smoke Generator Battalion, and allotted to the Regular Army
  • Activated 1 February 1949 at the Army Chemical Center, Edgewood, Maryland
  • Reorganized and redesignated 4 March 1954 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 4th Chemical Battalion
  • Inactivated 15 June 1959 in Germany
  • Redesignated 16 September 1988 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 23d Chemical Battalion, and activated in Korea

In a 4 April 2013 ceremony, the 23d Chemical Battalion was officially transferred back to Korea after spending eight years at Joint Base Lewis–McChord.[1] On 16 October 2016, its headquarters and headquarters detachment was redesignated as a company.[2]

CompositionEdit

The 23d CBRN Battalion is currently composed of:[3]

As of 10 June 2013, the following companies were reassigned from the 23rd CBRNE BN.

Campaign participation creditEdit

  • World War II
    • Normandy
    • Northern France
    • Rhineland
    • Ardennes-Alsace
    • Central Europe
  • Korean War
    • UN Defensive
    • UN Offensive
    • CCF Intervention
    • First UN Counteroffensive
    • CCF Spring Offensive
    • UN Summer-Fall Offensive
    • Second Korean Winter
    • Korea, Summer-Fall 1952
    • Third Korean Winter
    • Korea, Summer 1953
  • War on Terrorism

DecorationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document: "Lineage and Honors of the 23d Chemical Battalion".

  1. ^ Rabiroff, Jon (4 April 2013). "Chemical unit back in South Korea; timing coincidental". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 23d Chemical Battalion". United States Army Center of Military History. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  3. ^ http://www.hood.army.mil/48chem/units.html