2S5 Giatsint-S


The 2S5 Giatsint-S (Russian: 2С5 «Гиацинт-С»; English: hyacinth) is a Soviet/Russian 152 mm self-propelled gun. "2S5" is its GRAU designation. It is NBC protected. The 2S5 is capable of engaging targets at longer ranges and at a higher rate of fire than the more widely produced 2S3 Akatsiya 152 mm self-propelled gun, and is capable of firing nuclear projectiles.

2S5 Giatsint-S
2S5 Giatsint-S.jpg
152-mm self-propelled howitzer 2S5 Giatsint-S in Saint-Petersburg Artillery museum
TypeSelf-propelled artillery
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1978–present
WarsSoviet-Afghan War
First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
War in Donbas
Production history
Mass28.2 tons (61,729 lbs)
Length8.33 m (27.32 ft)
Width3.25 m (10.66 ft)
Height2.76 m (9 ft)
Crew5 (section of 7 with 2 in ammunition carrier)

Armor15 mm (.59 in)
2A36 152 mm gun (5.98 in)
1× 7.62 mm machine gun
388 kW (520 hp)
Suspensiontorsion bar
500 km (311 mi)
Maximum speed 62 km/h (38 mph)
25 km/h (15 mph)

Production historyEdit

Production of the 2S5 Giatsint-S started in 1976 along with the towed version the 2A36 Giatsint-B. It uses a chassis modified from the SA-4 Krug surface-to-air missile system with good cross-country mobility, and can carry 30 152 mm rounds with a range of 28 kilometers, or 33-40 kilometers for rocket-assisted projectiles. In addition to high explosives, the gun can also fire HEAT, cluster, smoke and nuclear projectiles.[1] Deploying to fire the gun takes 3 minutes, and it can sustain a rate of fire of 5 to 6 rounds per minute. Most of the crew, with the exception of the gunner, deploys outside of the vehicle while firing. It is usually accompanied by an ammunition carrier with an additional 30 rounds of ammunition.[2]

The 2S5 was introduced into service in 1978, replacing the 130mm M46 field gun battalions in Soviet artillery brigades at the Army and Front level, and has also been known as the M1981 by the United States. Production ceased in 1991.

Operational historyEdit

The 2S5 was first used in combat by the Soviet Union in Soviet–Afghan War. Later, Russian forces used it in the First Chechen War and Second Chechen War.

The 2S5 has been employed by the Ukrainian Army in the war in Donbas.[3]


Map of 2S5 operators in blue with former operators in red

Current operatorsEdit

120 [4]
10 [6]
    • Army: 399 units (+500 in storage)
    • Navy: 170 units (+some in storage)
  Ukraine - 24 [7]

Former operatorsEdit

  Soviet Union
Finnish Army, known as 152 TELAK 91. 18 units.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "2S5 Giantsint". Military-Today. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  2. ^ "2S5 152 mm Self-Propelled Gun". FAS.org. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  3. ^ "2S5 Giacint-S in Ukraine ATO". For the Record. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  4. ^ "Belarus Army Equipment". www.globalsecurity.org.
  5. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (2021). The Military Balance. p. 464. ISBN 9781032012278.
  6. ^ http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php
  7. ^ "Ground Forces Equipment - Ukraine". www.globalsecurity.org.

External linksEdit

  • (in Russian) 2S5 Giatsint-S description at the website of its manufacturer – scroll down the page