2S9 Nona

Summary

The 2S9 NONA (Новейшее Орудие Наземной Артилерии - Newest Ordnance of Ground Artillery) is an extremely light-weight self-propelled and air-droppable 120 mm mortar designed in the Soviet Union, which entered service in 1981. The 2S9 chassis is designated the S-120 and based on the aluminium hull of the BTR-D airborne multi-purpose tracked armoured personnel carrier. More generally, the 120 mm mortar is referred to as the Nona, with the 2S9 also known as the Nona-S. Although no figures have been released, it is estimated that well over 1,000 2S9 were built.[2]

2S9 Nona
2S9 Nona in Saint-Petersburg.jpg
2S9 in Saint-Petersburg Artillery museum
TypeSelf-propelled air-droppable mortar
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1981 – present
Used bysee Operators
WarsSoviet-Afghan War
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbas
Russo-Georgian War
Production history
DesignerTSNIITOCHMASH
Designed1974-1980
ManufacturerMotovilikha Plants
Produced1979 – 1989
Specifications
Mass8.7 tonnes
Length6.02 m
Barrel lengthapprox. 1.8 m [1]
Width2.63 m
Height2.3 m
Crew4

Caliber120 mm
Elevation-4 to +80 degrees
Traverse70 degrees
Rate of fire10 rpm, max;
4 rpm, sustained
Effective firing range8.8 km (conventional);
12.8 km (extended)

Armor15 mm max
Main
armament
120 mm 2A60 mortar
Secondary
armament
7.62 mm machine gun
Engine5D20 Diesel
240 hp
Power/weight27.1 hp/tonne
Payload capacity40-60 rounds
Suspensiontorsion
Ground clearance450 mm
Fuel capacity400 liters
Operational
range
500 km
Maximum speed 60 km/h (road);
9 km/h (water)

DescriptionEdit

The 2S9 Nona-S is an amphibious vehicle that can be propelled through the water by two rear water-jets. It is operated by a four-man crew comprising a commander, a driver/mechanic, a gunner, and a loader. The hull interior is separated into a command compartment, a fighting compartment and an engine compartment. A welded steel turret is located at the middle of the hull. The two-man turret has hatches for the gunner and loader respectively.

The 2S9 utilizes a 120mm 2A51 mortar with a 1.8-meter-long barrel. The weapon is actually a hybrid of a mortar and howitzer, being an unconventional design that lacks a direct NATO counterpart. It is a rifled, breech-loaded weapon capable of firing HE (high explosive), white phosphorus and smoke rounds, as well as laser-guided munitions like KM-8 Gran. It can engage in indirect and direct fire, as well as targeting armoured vehicles; its armour-piercing rounds can penetrate the equivalent of 600-650mm of steel plate at up to a kilometre.[3][1][4][5]

VariantsEdit

Variants of the 120mm Nona mortar:

  • 2S23 Nona-SVK – A BTR-80 based version. The 2S23 uses a slightly modified version of the 2A51 mortar, designated the 2A60.[6]
  • 2B16 Nona-K – A towed version. Fitted with a muzzle brake.[4]

Current operatorsEdit

External linksEdit

  • "2S9 Anona (Anemone)- 120mm SPH/Mortar". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2008.
  • Walkaround 2S9 Nona from Kremenchug
 
Map of 2S9 operators in blue with former operators in red
 
2B16 Nona-K
 
Nona-SVK

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Marat Kenzhetaev (1998). "Self Propelled Artillery and Mortars". www.armscontrol.ru. MIPT Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
  2. ^ Jane's Armour and Artillery 1997-98 ISBN 0-7106-1542-6[page needed]
  3. ^ "The Russian BMD-1 Infantry Fighting Vehicle - TankNutDave.com". Archived from the original on 9 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b 2B16 NONA-K, Army Guide, retrieved 16/02/2021
  5. ^ 2S9 Nona, Military Today, retrieved 16/02/2021
  6. ^ 2S23 Nona-SVK Self-Propelled Gun-Mortar, Global Security.org, retrieved 16/02/2021
  7. ^ The Military Balance 2016, p. 180.
  8. ^ The Military Balance 2016, p. 182.
  9. ^ The Military Balance 2016, p. 185.
  10. ^ Small Arms Survey (2012). "Blue Skies and Dark Clouds: Kazakhstan and Small Arms". Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets. Cambridge University Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-521-19714-4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  11. ^ The Military Balance 2016, p. 187.
  12. ^ The Military Balance 2016, p. 188.
  13. ^ The Military Balance 2016, pp. 190–200.
  14. ^ "Syria Rearms". Archived from the original on 20 June 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  15. ^ The Military Balance 2016, p. 203.
  16. ^ The Military Balance 2016, pp. 205–206.
  17. ^ Ferguson, Jonathan; Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (November 2014). Raising Red Flags: An Examination of Arms & Munitions in the Ongoing Conflict in Ukraine, 2014. Research Report 3. Armament Research Services. pp. 50, 70. ISBN 978-0-9924624-3-7. Archived from the original on 25 September 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  18. ^ The Military Balance 2016, p. 491.
  19. ^ The Military Balance 2016, p. 208.
  20. ^ "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Archived from the original on 14 April 2010. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  21. ^ The Military Balance 2016, p. 416.