335th Bombardment Group

Summary

The 335th Air Refueling Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit. The group was active at Barksdale Field, Louisiana from July 1942 as a training unit for medium bomber aircrews. It was disbanded in May 1944, when the Army Air Forces reorganized its training and support units in the United States. The group was reconstituted in 1985 as the 335th Air Refueling Wing, but has not been active since then.

335th Bombardment Group
(later 335th Air Refueling Wing)
B263 martin.jpg
B-26 Marauder as flown by the group
Active1942-1944
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Rolemedium bomber training
Motto(s)Fidus et Fortis Latin Faithful and Strong
Insignia
335th Bombardment Group emblem[note 1][1]335 Bombardment Gp emblem.png

HistoryEdit

The 335th Bombardment Group was activated on 17 July 1942 at Barksdale Field, Louisiana. Its original components were the 474th, 475th, 476th and 477th Bombardment Squadrons, and the group was equipped with Martin B-26 Marauders. It became part of Third Air Force, which was responsible for the majority of medium bomber training for the Army Air Forces (AAF).[1][2][3][4][5] The group drew its cadre from the 17th Bombardment Group,[6] which was in the process of converting to the B-26 from the North American B-25 Mitchell.[7]

The 355th acted as a Replacement Training Unit (RTU) for the B-26. The RTU was an oversized unit which trained individual pilots and aircrews, after which they would be assigned to operational units.[5] However, the AAF found that standard military units, whose manning was based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were not well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly, it adopted a more functional system in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit, manned according to the base's specific needs.[8] As this reorganization was implemented in the Spring of 1944, he 335th Group, its components and supporting units at Barksdale, were disbanded on 1 May and replaced by the 331st AAF Base Unit (Medium, Bombardment). Group headquarters became Section N of the new base unit, while the four squadrons became Sections O, P, T and U. The reorganization also resulted in the addition of Section F, which trained Free French aviators on the Marauder.[1][6][9]

The group was reconstituted in inactive status on 31 July 1985 and designated the 335th Air Refueling Wing.[10] In addition, three of the group's four squadrons were consolidated with post-war fighter squadrons.[11]

LineageEdit

  • Constituted as the 335th Bombardment Group (Medium) on 9 July 1942
Activated on 17 July 1942
Disbanded on 1 May 1944[12]
Reconstituted on 31 July 1985 and redesignated 335th Air Refueling Wing[10]

AssignmentsEdit

ComponentsEdit

  • 474th Bombardment Squadron: 17 July 1942 – 1 May 1944[2]
  • 475th Bombardment Squadron: 17 July 1942 – 1 May 1944[3]
  • 476th Bombardment Squadron: 17 July 1942 – 1 May 1944[3]
  • 477th Bombardment Squadron: 17 July 1942 – 1 May 1944[4]

StationsEdit

  • Barksdale Field, Louisiana, 17 July 1942 – 1 May 1944[1]

AircraftEdit

  • Martin B-26 Marauder, 1942–1944[1]

CampaignsEdit

Service Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
  American Theater without inscription 17 July 1942 – 1 May 1944 335th Bombardment Group[1]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Approved 19 November 1942.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 214-215.
  2. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 576-577
  3. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 577
  4. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 577-578
  5. ^ a b Craven & Cate, Introduction, p. xxxvi
  6. ^ a b "Abstract, History 335 Bombardment Group [and 331 AAF Base Unit], July 1942-October 1944". Air Force History Index. 2 December 1961. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  7. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, p. 61
  8. ^ Goss, p. 75
  9. ^ See Mueller, p. 19 (showing simultaneous activation and inactivation of units at Barksdale).
  10. ^ a b Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 648q, 31 July 1985, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Organizations
  11. ^ Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 662q, 19 September 1985, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Tactical Squadrons
  12. ^ Lineage through May 1963 in Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 214-215.

BibliographyEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L, eds. (1955). The Army Air Forces in World War II (PDF). Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
    Goss, William A. (1955). "The Organization and its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF". In Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L. (eds.). The Army Air Forces in World War II (PDF). Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit