377th Fighter Squadron

Summary

The 377th Fighter Squadron is a United States Air Force active duty unit stationed at Montgomery Air National Guard Base, Alabama. It is an Active Associate Unit administratively assigned to the 495th Fighter Group at Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina and integrated operationally with the 100th Fighter Squadron of the Alabama Air National Guard’s 187th Fighter Wing.

377th Fighter Squadron
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F-16 Fighting Falcons of the 100th Fighter Squadron
Active1943–1946; 2014–present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleFighter
Part ofAir Combat Command
Garrison/HQMontgomery Air National Guard Base
EngagementsEuropean Theater of Operations[1]
DecorationsDistinguished Unit Citation[1]
Insignia
377th Fighter Squadron emblem377 Fighter Sq.gif
377th Fighter Squadron emblem (World War II)[note 1][2]
World War II fuselage code[3]E4
Aircraft flown
FighterP-47 Thunderbolt
P-51 Mustang
F-16 Fighting Falcon

The squadron was first activated in March 1943 as one of the original squadrons of the 362d Fighter Group. After training in the United States, the squadron deployed to the European Theater of Operations later that year. The squadron began combat operations in February 1944 and moved to the continent following D-Day, moving forward to Germany as American forces advanced. It continued combat operations with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts until V-E Day, earning two Distinguished Unit Citations. It returned to the United States in September 1945 and had begun training with the North American P-51 Mustang at Biggs Field, Texas, when it was inactivated in August 1946 and its personnel and equipment transferred to another unit.

World War IIEdit

The 377th Fighter Squadron was established on 1 March 1943 at Westover Field, Massachusetts as part of the 362nd Fighter Group, equipped with Republic P-47D Thunderbolt. A year later, on 8 February 1944 they deployed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO) for combat as a part of the Ninth Air Force in England. There they remained engaged in combat operations until 1 May 1945.

On 9 September 1945 they were reassigned back to the United States and assigned to First Air Force at Seymour Johnson Field, North Carolina, while being programmed for deployment to Okinawa to take part in the planned Invasion of Japan. As a result of the Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the sudden end of the Pacific War, the deployment plans were canceled, however the unit was retained as part of the Second Air Force under Continental Air Forces and reassigned to Biggs Field, Texas, where they were equipped with the North American P-51 Mustang. The 377th Fighter Squadron was later Inactivated on 1 August 1946 due to postwar budget restrictions.[4]

Active associate unitEdit

The squadron was reactivated at Montgomery Air National Guard Base during a ceremony on 17 October 2014, replacing Detachment 100 of the 495th Fighter Group.[5] As an Active Associate Unit it is part of the "Total Force Integration" initiative whereby Regular Air Force personnel work side-by-side with host Air National Guard personnel in a to share resources, reduce duplication of effort, and increase the Air Force's ability to provide combat airpower.

LineageEdit

  • Constituted as the 377th Fighter Squadron on 11 February 1943
  • Activated on 1 March 1943
  • Inactivated on 1 August 1946
  • Activated on 7 November 2015[1]

AssignmentsEdit

  • 362d Fighter Group, 1 March 1943 – 1 August 1946
  • 495th Fighter Group, 7 November 2015 – present[1]

StationsEdit

AircraftEdit

Awards and campaignsEdit

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
  Distinguished Unit Citation 25 August 1944 Brest, France[1]
  Distinguished Unit Citation 16 March 1945 Moselle-Rhine River Triangle[1]
Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
  Air Offensive, Europe 20 November 1943 – 5 June 1944 [1]
  Air Combat, EAME Theater 20 November 1943 – 11 May 1945 [1]
  Normandy 6 June 1944 – 24 July 1944 [1]
  Northern France 25 July 1944 – 14 September 1944 [1]
  Rhineland 15 September 1944 – 21 March 1945 [1]
  Ardennes-Alsace 16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945 [1]
  Central Europe 22 March 1944 – 21 May 1945 [1]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Approved 25 August 1943.
  2. ^ Not to be confused with the nearby Fürth Airfield (R-28).
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Haulman, Daniel L. (4 January 2016). "Factsheet 31 Fighter Wing (USAFE)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  2. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 466-467
  3. ^ Watkins, pp. 30-31
  4. ^ Maurer, pp. 466–467
  5. ^ Baldwin, TSG Christopher (November 2015). "In Formation" (PDF). 187th Fighter Wing Public Affairs. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  6. ^ Station number in Anderson, p. 22.
  7. ^ Station number in Anderson, p. 28.
  8. ^ Station number in Johnson, p. 14.
  9. ^ Station number in Johnson, p. 16.
  10. ^ a b Station number in Johnson, p. 22
  11. ^ Station number in Johnson, p. 32.
  12. ^ Station number in Johnson, p. 37.
  13. ^ Station number in Johnson, p. 35.
  14. ^ Station number in Johnson, p. 39.
  15. ^ Station information in Haulman, Factsheet, except as noted.

BibliographyEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Anderson, Capt. Barry (1985). Army Air Forces Stations: A Guide to the Stations Where U.S. Army Air Forces Personnel Served in the United Kingdom During World War II (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  • Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
  • Rust, Kenn C.; Hess, William N. (1960). The Slybird Group: The 353rd Fighter Group on Escort and Ground Attack Operations. Drawings by Matt, Paul R. and Preston, John. Fallbrook, CA: Aero Publishers, Inc. ISBN 978-0-81689-762-9. LCCN 67-27872.
  • Watkins, Robert (2008). Battle Colors. Vol. III Insignia and Markings of the Ninth Air Force In World War II. Atglen, PA: Shiffer Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7643-2938-8.