469th Bombardment Group

Summary

469th Bombardment Group
(later 469th Electronic Warfare Group)
Boeing B-17F left front quarter view (060517-F-1234S-017).jpg
B-17 Flying Fortress as flown by the group
Active1943–1944
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleHeavy bomber training

The 469th Bombardment Group is a former United States Army Air Forces (AAF) unit. It was activated in May 1943 and served as a Replacement Training Unit until it was disbanded in April 1944 when the AAF reorganized its training and support units in the United States.

History

The 469th Bombardment Group was activated at Pueblo Army Air Base, Colorado on 1 May 1943, but within a week of activation, moved to Alexandria Army Air Base, Louisiana, changing places with the 471st Bombardment Group, which moved from Alexandria to Pueblo.[1][note 1] The movement of the group followed the conversion of Alexandria from an air support training base to a heavy bomber training base and its transfer from Third to Second Air Force.[2] At Alexandria, it served as a Replacement Training Unit for aircrews flying the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress.[3] Replacement Training Units were oversized units that trained individual pilots and aircrews.[4] The group was composed of the 796th, 797th, 798th, and 799th Bombardment Squadrons.[3] Training began once the group's first B-17 arrived at Alexandria on 1 June.[5]

However, the Army Air Forces (AAF) was finding that standard military units like the 469th, which were assigned personnel and equipment based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were not proving well adapted to the training mission. In November 1943, most elements of the group were administratively organized as a "Combat Crew Training School".[6] However this adjustment did not go far enough and in the spring of 1944, the AAF adopted a more functional system in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit, which was manned and equipped based on the station's requirements.[7] Accordingly, the 469th Group was disbanded, and along with its elements and supporting units at Alexandria was used to form the 221st AAF Base Unit.[3][8]

The group was reconstituted in July 1985 as the 469th Electronic Warfare Group, but has not been active since.[9]

Lineage

  • Constituted as the 469th Bombardment Group (Heavy)
Activated on 1 May 1943
Disbanded on 1 April 1944[10]
  • Reconstituted and redesignated 469th Electronic Warfare Group on 31 July 1985[9]

Assignments

Components

  • 796th Bombardment Squadron: 1 May 1943 – 1 April 1944[12]
  • 797th Bombardment Squadron: 1 May 1943 – 1 April 1944[12]
  • 798th Bombardment Squadron: 1 May 1943 – 1 April 1944[13]
  • 799th Bombardment Squadron: 1 May 1943 – 1 April 1944[14]

Stations

  • Pueblo Army Air Base, Colorado, 1 May 1943
  • Alexandria Army Air Base, Louisiana, 7 May 1943 – 1 April 1944[3]

Aircraft

  • Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, 1943–1944[3]

References

Notes

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Both units apparently existed only on paper at the time of the "move". See Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 344-345 (no unit commander until 7 May 1943).
Citations
  1. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, p. 345
  2. ^ "Abstract, History Alexandria Army Air Base, LA, Jan-Aug 1943". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e Maurer, Combat Units, p. 344
  4. ^ Craven & Cate, Introduction, p. xxxvi
  5. ^ "Abstract, History 469 Combat Crew Training School (Bombardment Group), March-Nov 1943". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Abstract, History Alexandria Army Air Base, LA". Air Force History Index. 1 November 1943. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  7. ^ Goss, p. 75
  8. ^ See Mueller, p. 168 (showing simultaneous disbanding and organization of units).
  9. ^ a b Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 648q, 31 July 1985, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Organizations
  10. ^ Lineage through 1963 in Maurer, Combat Units, p. 344
  11. ^ Abstract, History I Bomber Command May-Sep 1943, Air Force History Index
  12. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 760
  13. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 760-761
  14. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 761

Bibliography

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L, eds. (1955). The Army Air Forces in World War II (PDF). Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved 17 December 2016. |volume= has extra text (help)
    Goss, William A. "The Organization and its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF". In Craven, Wesley F.; Cate, James L. (eds.). The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. |volume= has extra text (help)
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  • Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6. Retrieved 17 December 2016.