47th United States Congress
46th ←
→ 48th
USCapitol1877.jpg
March 4, 1881 – March 4, 1883
Senate PresidentChester A. Arthur (R)
until September 19, 1881
Vacant
from September 19, 1881
Senate President pro temThomas F. Bayard (D)
David Davis (I)
George F. Edmunds (R)
House SpeakerJ. Warren Keifer (R)
Members76 senators
293 members of the House
8 non-voting delegates
Senate MajoritySplit[1]
House MajorityRepublican
Sessions
Special: March 4, 1881 – May 20, 1881
Special: October 10, 1881 – October 29, 1881
1st: December 5, 1881 – August 8, 1882
2nd: December 4, 1882 – March 3, 1883

The Forty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1881, to March 4, 1883, during the first and only year of James Garfield's presidency, and the first two years of his successor, Chester Arthur's tenure. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. The House had a Republican majority; the Senate was evenly divided.[1]

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Readjuster
(RA)
Republican
(R)
Independent
(I)
Other
End of previous congress 42 0 31 1 1[a] 75 1
Begin 37 1 36 1 0 75 1
End 37 760
Final voting share 48.7% 1.3% 48.7% 1.3% 0.0%
Beginning of next congress 36 2 38 0 0 76 0

House of Representatives

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Independent
Democratic

(ID)
Independent
(I)
Greenback
(G)
Independent
Republican

(IR)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 146 4 1 11 0 129 291 2
Begin 134 1 1 9 0 146 291 2
End 130 1 150 2921
Final voting share 44.5% 0.3% 0.3% 3.1% 0.3% 51.4%
Beginning of next congress 196 3 6 2 1 117 325 1

Leadership

Senate

President of the Senate
Chester A. Arthur (R)

House of Representatives

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  80+% to 100% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican

Major events

Major legislation

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives

Members' names are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

  • Deaths: 2
  • Resignations: 8
  • Interim appointments: 1
  • Total replacements: 8
  • Total seats with changes: 10
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]
Wisconsin (3) Vacant Senator Matthew H. Carpenter died in the previous congress.
Successor elected March 14, 1881.
Angus Cameron (R) March 14, 1881
Maine (2) James G. Blaine (R) Resigned March 5, 1881, to become U.S. Secretary of State.
Successor elected March 18, 1881.
William P. Frye (R) March 15, 1881
Iowa (2) Samuel J. Kirkwood (R) Resigned March 7, 1881, to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
Successor appointed March 8, 1881, to continue the term.
Appointee elected January 25, 1882, to finish the term.
James W. McDill (R) March 8, 1881
Minnesota (2) William Windom (R) Resigned March 7, 1881, to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
Successor appointed March 12, 1881, to continue the term.
Alonzo J. Edgerton (R) March 12, 1881
New York (1) Thomas C. Platt (R) Resigned May 16, 1881, as a protest against federal appointments made in New York.
Successor elected October 11, 1881.
Warner Miller (R) July 27, 1881
New York (3) Roscoe Conkling (R) Resigned May 16, 1881, as a protest against federal appointments made in New York.
Successor elected October 11, 1881.
Elbridge G. Lapham (R) August 2, 1881
Rhode Island (1) Ambrose Burnside (R) Died September 13, 1881.
Successor elected October 5, 1881.
Nelson W. Aldrich (R) October 5, 1881
Minnesota (2) Alonzo J. Edgerton (R) Interim appointee replaced by successor elected October 30, 1881. William Windom (R) November 15, 1881
Colorado (2) Henry M. Teller (R) Resigned April 17, 1882, to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
Successor appointed April 17, 1882.
George M. Chilcott (R) April 17, 1882
Georgia (2) Benjamin H. Hill (D) Died August 16, 1882.
Successor elected November 15, 1882.
M. Pope Barrow (D) November 15, 1882
Colorado (2) George M. Chilcott (R) Interim appointee replaced by successor elected January 27, 1883. Horace Tabor (R) January 27, 1883

House of Representatives

  • Deaths: 6
  • Resignations: 9
  • Contested elections: 8
  • Total replacements: 14
  • Total seats with changes: 22
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]
Michigan 7 Vacant Rep. Omar D. Conger resigned during previous congress John T. Rich (R) April 5, 1881
New York 9 Vacant Rep. Fernando Wood resigned during previous congress John Hardy (D) December 5, 1881
Maine 2 William P. Frye (R) Resigned March 17, 1881 when elected U.S. Senator. Nelson Dingley Jr. (R) September 12, 1881
New York 11 Levi P. Morton (R) Resigned March 21, 1881 to become U.S. Minister to France. Roswell P. Flower (D) November 8, 1881
South Carolina 2 Michael P. O'Connor (D) Died April 26, 1881, during a contested election. Dibble presented credentials to replace him due to his death. Samuel Dibble (D) June 9, 1881
New York 22 Warner Miller (R) Resigned July 26, 1881 when elected U.S. Senator. Charles R. Skinner (R) November 8, 1881
New York 27 Elbridge G. Lapham (R) Resigned July 29, 1881 when elected U.S. Senator. James W. Wadsworth (R) November 8, 1881
Rhode Island 1 Nelson W. Aldrich (R) Resigned October 5, 1881 when elected U.S. Senator.
Successor elected November 22, 1881.
Henry J. Spooner (R) December 5, 1881
Missouri 2 Thomas Allen (D) Died April 8, 1882 James H. McLean (R) December 15, 1882
Mississippi 6 James R. Chalmers (D) Lost contested election April 29, 1882 John R. Lynch (R) April 29, 1882
South Carolina 2 Samuel Dibble (D) Lost contested election May 31, 1882, during an election originally contested with Michael P. O'Connor. Dibble presented credentials to replace him until Mackey was determined to be the victor under terms of the original election. Edmund W. M. Mackey (IR) May 31, 1882
Florida 2 Jesse J. Finley (D) Lost contested election June 1, 1882 Horatio Bisbee Jr. (R) June 1, 1882
Alabama 8 Joseph Wheeler (D) Lost contested election June 3, 1882 William M. Lowe (G) June 3, 1882
Illinois 5 Robert M. A. Hawk (R) Died June 29, 1882 Robert R. Hitt (R) November 7, 1882
South Carolina 5 George D. Tillman (D) Lost contested election July 19, 1882 Robert Smalls (R) July 19, 1882
Alabama 4 Charles M. Shelley (D) Election contested by James Q. Smith.
Seat declared vacant July 20, 1882.
Shelley re-elected to fill seat.
Charles M. Shelley (D) November 7, 1882
Alabama 8 William M. Lowe (G) Died October 12, 1882 Joseph Wheeler (D) January 15, 1883
Georgia 8 Alexander H. Stephens (D) Resigned November 4, 1882 when elected Governor of Georgia. Seaborn Reese (D) December 4, 1882
Ohio 16 Jonathan T. Updegraff (R) Died November 30, 1882 Joseph D. Taylor (R) January 2, 1883
Indiana 9 Godlove S. Orth (R) Died December 16, 1882 Charles T. Doxey (R) January 17, 1883
North Carolina 3 John W. Shackelford (D) Died January 18, 1883 Vacant Not filled this term
Missouri 3 Richard G. Frost (D) Lost contested election March 2, 1883 Gustavus Sessinghaus (R) March 2, 1883
Iowa 6 Marsena E. Cutts (R) Lost election contest March 3, 1883 John C. Cook (D) March 3, 1883

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (4 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

Caucuses

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Anti-Monopoly
  2. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.

References

  1. ^ a b "The Great Senate Deadlock of 1881". Senate.gov. US Senate. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

  • The Great Senate Deadlock of 1881
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
  • Congressional Directory for the 47th Congress, 1st Session.
  • Congressional Directory for the 47th Congress, 1st Session (1st Revision).
  • Congressional Directory for the 47th Congress, 1st Session (2nd Revision).
  • Congressional Directory for the 47th Congress, 2nd Session.
  • Congressional Directory for the 47th Congress, 2nd Session (Revision).