53 Persei


53 Persei
Perseus constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of 53 Persei (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Perseus
Right ascension 04h 21m 33.16651s[1]
Declination 46° 29′ 55.9591″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.80[2]
Spectral type B4IV[3]
U−B color index −0.52[4]
B−V color index −0.03[4]
Variable type SPB[5]
Radial velocity (Rv)+7.30[6] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +21.482[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −34.832[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)6.8517 ± 0.2700[1] mas
Distance480 ± 20 ly
(146 ± 6 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)−1.42[7]
Mass5.9±0.1[8] M
Radius3.98±0.49[7] R
[7] L
Surface gravity (log g)3.93±0.09[7] cgs
Temperature16,720[9] K
Rotational velocity (v sin i)15[10] km/s
Age50.1±9.3[8] Myr
Other designations
d Per, 53 Per, V469 Per, NSV 1560, BD+46°872, FK5 2319, GC 5256, HD 27396, HIP 20354, HR 1350, SAO 39483[11]
Database references

53 Persei is a single[12] variable star in the northern constellation of Perseus. It has the Bayer designation d Persei, while 53 Persei is the Flamsteed designation. The star is visible to the naked eye as a faint, blue-white hued point of light with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.80.[2] It is located approximately 480 light years away from the Sun, as determined from parallax, and is drifting further away with a radial velocity of +7.3 km/s.[6]

This star has a stellar classification of B4IV,[3] and was the prototype of a class of variable stars known as slowly pulsating B stars.[13] It was one of the first mid-B type variable stars in the northern hemisphere to be studied.[5] The star undergoes non-radial pulsations with a primary period of 2.36 days. Observation of the star with the BRITE satellite revealed eight separate frequencies in the star's light curve.[5]

53 Persei is around 50[8] million years old with a projected rotational velocity of 15 km/s.[10] It has six[8] times the mass of the Sun and four[7] times the Sun's radius. The star is radiating 780[7] times the luminosity of the Sun from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 16,720 K.[9]


  1. ^ a b c d e Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012). "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation". Astronomy Letters. 38 (5): 331. arXiv:1108.4971. Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A. doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015. S2CID 119257644. Vizier catalog entry
  3. ^ a b Lesh, Janet Rountree (1968). "The Kinematics of the Gould Belt: An Expanding Group?". Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 17: 371. Bibcode:1968ApJS...17..371L. doi:10.1086/190179.
  4. ^ a b Mermilliod, J. C. (2006). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: Homogeneous Means in the UBV System (Mermilliod 1991)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: II/168. Originally Published in: Institut d'Astronomie. 2168. Bibcode:2006yCat.2168....0M.Vizier catalog entry
  5. ^ a b c Niemczura, E.; et al. (September 2017). Zwintz, Konnstanze; Poretti, Ennio (eds.). Photometric and spectroscopic variability of 53 Per. Second BRITE-Constellation Science Conference: Small satellites—big science, held 22–26 August 2016 in Innsbruck, Austria. Vol. 5. Warsaw, Poland: Polish Astronomical Society. pp. 217–218. Bibcode:2017sbcs.conf..217N.
  6. ^ a b Gontcharov, G. A. (2006). "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system". Astronomy Letters. 32 (11): 759–771. arXiv:1606.08053. Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G. doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065. S2CID 119231169.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Briquet, M.; et al. (April 2007). "On the co-existence of chemically peculiar Bp stars, slowly pulsating B stars and constant B stars in the same part of the HR diagram". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 466 (1): 269–276. arXiv:astro-ph/0702111. Bibcode:2007A&A...466..269B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20066940. S2CID 16304587.
  8. ^ a b c d Tetzlaff, N.; et al. (2011). "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 410 (1): 190–200. arXiv:1007.4883. Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x. S2CID 118629873. Vizier catalog entry
  9. ^ a b Zorec, J.; et al. (2009). "Fundamental parameters of B supergiants from the BCD system". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 501: 297–320. arXiv:0903.5134. Bibcode:2009A&A...501..297Z. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200811147. S2CID 14969137.
  10. ^ a b Abt, Helmut A.; et al. (2002). "Rotational Velocities of B Stars". The Astrophysical Journal. 573 (1): 359–365. Bibcode:2002ApJ...573..359A. doi:10.1086/340590.
  11. ^ "53 Per". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  12. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008). "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 389 (2): 869–879. arXiv:0806.2878. Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. S2CID 14878976.
  13. ^ Le Contel, J. M.; et al. (1989). "Spectral variations in 53 Per". Acta Astronomica. 39 (3): 227–234. Bibcode:1989AcA....39..227L.