|Density (ρ)||2.70 g/cm3|
|Young's modulus (E)||68 GPa (9,900 ksi)|
|Tensile strength (σt)||124–290 MPa (18.0–42.1 ksi)|
|Elongation (ε) at break||12–25%|
|Poisson's ratio (ν)||0.33|
|Melting temperature (Tm)||585 °C (1,085 °F)|
|Thermal conductivity (k)||151–202 W/(m·K)|
|Linear thermal expansion coefficient (α)||2.32×10−5 K−1|
|Specific heat capacity (c)||897 J/(kg·K)|
|Volume resistivity (ρ)||32.5–39.2 nOhm·m|
6061 (Unified Numbering System (UNS) designation A96061) is a precipitation-hardened aluminium alloy, containing magnesium and silicon as its major alloying elements. Originally called "Alloy 61S", it was developed in 1935. It has good mechanical properties, exhibits good weldability, and is very commonly extruded (second in popularity only to 6063). It is one of the most common alloys of aluminum for general-purpose use.
It is commonly available in pre-tempered grades such as 6061-O (annealed), tempered grades such as 6061-T6 (solutionized and artificially aged) and 6061-T651 (solutionized, stress-relieved stretched and artificially aged).
|95.85 - 98.56||0.8 - 1.2||0.40 - 0.8||0.0 - 0.7||0.15 - 0.40||0.04 - 0.35||0.0 - 0.25||0.0 - 0.15||0.0 - 0.15||0.05 each, 0.15 total|
Annealed 6061 (6061-O temper) has maximum ultimate tensile strength no more than 150 MPa (22 ksi), and maximum yield strength no more than 83 MPa (12 ksi) or 110 MPa (16 ksi). The material has elongation (stretch before ultimate failure) of 10–18%. To obtain the annealed condition, the alloy is typically heated at 415 °C for 2-3 hours.
T6 temper 6061 has been treated to provide the maximum precipitation hardening (and therefore maximum yield strength) for a 6061 aluminum alloy. It has an ultimate tensile strength of at least 290 MPa (42 ksi) and yield strength of at least 240 MPa (35 ksi). More typical values are 310 MPa (45 ksi) and 270 MPa (39 ksi), respectively. This can exceed the yield strength of certain types of stainless steel. In thicknesses of 6.35 mm (0.250 in) or less, it has elongation of 8% or more; in thicker sections, it has elongation of 10%. T651 temper has similar mechanical properties. The typical value for thermal conductivity for 6061-T6 at 25 °C (77 °F) is around 152 W/m K. A material data sheet  defines the fatigue limit under cyclic load as 97 MPa (14 ksi) for 500,000,000 completely reversed cycles using a standard RR Moore test machine and specimen. Note that aluminum does not exhibit a well defined "knee" on its S-n graph, so there is some debate as to how many cycles equates to "infinite life". Also note the actual value of fatigue limit for an application can be dramatically affected by the conventional de-rating factors of loading, gradient, and surface finish.
Different aluminum heat treatments control the size and dispersion of Mg
2Si precipitates in the material. Grain boundary sizes also change, but do not have as important of an impact on strength as the precipitates. Grain sizes can change orders of magnitude based upon stress and can have grains as small as a few hundred nanometers, but are typically a few micrometers to hundreds of micrometers in diameter. Iron, manganese, and chromium secondary phases (Fe
9, (Fe, Mn, Cr)
12) often form as inclusions in the material.
Grain sizes in aluminum alloys are heavily dependent upon the processing techniques and heat treatment. Different cross-sections of material which has been stressed can cause order of magnitude differences in grain size. Some specially processed aluminum alloys have grain diameters which are hundreds of nanometers, but most range from a few micrometers to hundreds of micrometers.
6061 is commonly used for the following:
6061-T6 is used for:
6061 is highly weldable, for example using tungsten inert gas welding (TIG) or metal inert gas welding (MIG). Typically, after welding, the properties near the weld are those of 6061-T4, a loss of strength of around 40%. The material can be re-heat-treated to restore near -T6 temper for the whole piece. After welding, the material can naturally age and restore some of its strength as well. Most strength is recovered in the first few days to a few weeks. Nevertheless, the Aluminum Design Manual (Aluminum Association) recommends the design strength of the material adjacent to the weld to be taken as 165 MPa/24000 PSI without proper heat treatment after the welding. Typical filler material is 4043 or 5356.
6061 is an alloy that is suitable for hot forging. The billet is heated through an induction furnace and forged using a closed die process. This particular alloy is suitable for open die forgings. Automotive parts, ATV parts, and industrial parts are just some of the uses as a forging. Aluminum 6061 can be forged into flat or round bars, rings, blocks, discs and blanks, hollows, and spindles. 6061 can be forged into special and custom shapes.
6061 is not an alloy that is traditionally cast due to its low silicon content affecting the fluidity in casting. It can be suitably cast using a specialized centrifugal casting method. Centrifugally cast 6061 is ideal for larger rings and sleeve applications that exceed limitations of most wrought offerings. 
6061 Aluminum Equivalent Table
|Standard||Grade (UNS)||SAE AMS Standard||Grade||Standard||Numerical (Chemical Symbols)||Standard||Grade||Standard||Grade||Standard||Grade|
|6061 (UNS A96061)||SAE AMS 4025;
SAE AMS 4026;
SAE AMS 4027;
SAE AMS 4117
|6061||EN 573-3||EN AW-6061
|ISO 209||AW-6061||JIS H4000;
Different forms and tempers of 6061 aluminum alloy are discussed in the following standards: