88th Bombardment Group

Summary

88th Bombardment Group
B-17E (000060515-F-1234S-018) (superseded).jpg
B-17 Flying Fortress flown by the group
Active1942–1944
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Roleheavy bomber training
Motto(s)Power to Shatter[1]
Insignia
88th Bombardment Group emblem[note 1][1]88 Bombardment Gp emblem.png

The 88th Bombardment Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. During World War II, the group served as a training unit for Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress units and aircrews. It was inactivated in May 1944, when the Army Air Forces reorganized its training units, replacing units like the 88th that were organized under rigid tables of organization.

History

The 88th Bombardment Group was activated in July 1942 at Salt Lake City Army Air Base, Utah. However, it existed only on paper until September 1942, when it was organized at Geiger Field, Washington, with the 316th, 317th, 318th and 399th Bombardment Squadrons as its operational components.[2][3][4][5][note 2]

The group soon moved to Walla Walla Army Air Base, Washington, where it equipped with Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses and initially acted as an Operational Training Unit (OTU).[1] The OTU program involved the use of an oversized parent unit to provide cadres to "satellite groups"[6] However, within a month of organization it became a Replacement Training Unit. RTUs were also oversized units, but had a mission to train individual pilots or aircrews.[6] In late 1943, Second Air Force, which had been conducting nearly all of the Army Air Force (AAF)'s heavy bomber training, began to concentrate on Boeing B-29 Superfortress training. The group moved to Avon Park Army Air Field, Florida in November, becoming part of Third Air Force.[1]

However, the AAF was finding that standard military units like the 88th Group, whose equipment and manning were based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were not well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly, it adopted a more functional system in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit.[7] As a result, the group and supporting units at Avon Park were inactivated on 1 May 1944,[1] and replaced by the 325th AAF Base Unit (Replacement Training, Bombardment, Heavy).[8][9]

Lineage

  • Constituted as the 88th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 January 1942
Activated on 15 July 1942
Inactivated on 1 May 1944[1]

Assignments

Components

  • 316th Bombardment Squadron: 15 July 1942 – 1 May 1944[2]
  • 317th Bombardment Squadron: 15 July 1942 – 1 May 1944[3]
  • 318th Bombardment Squadron: 15 July 1942 – 1 May 1944[4]
  • 399th Bombardment Squadron: 15 July 1942 – 1 May 1944[5]

Stations

  • Salt Lake City Army Air Base, Utah, 15 July 1942
  • Geiger Field, Washington, 1 September 1942
  • Walla Walla Army Air Base, Washington, 21 September 1942
  • Rapid City Army Air Base, South Dakota, c. 28 October 1942
  • Walla Walla Army Air Base, Washington, c. 28 November 1942
  • Avon Park Army Air Field, Florida, c. 9 November 1943-1 May 1944[1]

Aircraft

  • Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, 1942-1944

Campaigns

Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
Streamer AC.PNG American Theater without inscription 15 July 1942–1 May 1944 [1]

References

Notes

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Approved 7 January 1943.
  2. ^ The squadron was constituted as the 9th Reconnaissance Squadron, but was redesignated before being activated. Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp.489-490.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Maurer, Combat Units, p. 154
  2. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 384-385
  3. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 386
  4. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 388
  5. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 489-490
  6. ^ a b Craven & Cate, Introduction, p. xxxvi
  7. ^ Goss, p. 75
  8. ^ "Abstract, History Avon Park Army Air Field". Air Force History Index. 1 September 1944. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Abstract, History Avon Park Army Air Field". Air Force History Index. 1 October 1944. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Factsheet 17 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 4 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2014.

Bibliography

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Craven, Wesley F.; Cate, James L., eds. (1955). The Army Air Forces in World War II (PDF). Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved 17 December 2016. |volume= has extra text (help)
Goss, William A. (1955). "The Organization and its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF". In Craven, Wesley F.; Cate, James L. (eds.). The Army Air Forces in World War II (PDF). Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved 17 December 2016. |volume= has extra text (help)
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links