9M17 Fleyta


3M11 / 9M17
AT-2 Swatter
AT-2c Swatter.JPG
AT-2C Swatter
TypeAnti-tank missile
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1964-present
Production history
DesignerNudelman OKB-16
Mass27 kilograms (60 lb)
Length116 cm (46 in)
Diameter148 mm (5.8 in)
Warhead weight5.4 kg (12 lb)

EngineSolid fuel rocket
Wingspan68 cm (27 in)
0.5 to 2.5 kilometres (0.31 to 1.55 mi)
Maximum speed 160 m/s (360 mph)
Radio command
Mi-4, Mi-8, Mi-24, Mi-25, BRDM-1, BRDM-2

The AT-2 Swatter is the NATO reporting name for the 3M11 Fleyta (flute) MCLOS radio command anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union.


The missile was developed by the Nudelman OKB-16 design bureau. It was developed at about the same time as the AT-1 Snapper as a heavy ATGM for use on both ground launchers and helicopters. It addressed some of the problems of the AT-1; it was much faster, and had slightly longer range. These improvements were achieved by sending commands via a radio link instead of a trailing guidance wire, which allowed the missile to travel faster. However, it did make it vulnerable to jamming. The missile system was shown to Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev in September 1964, and accepted for service shortly afterwards.


AT-2B Swatter missile

The AT-2 was the first Soviet ATGM to be deployed from helicopters. Small numbers were fitted to the Mi-4AV. The missile was deployed on the Mi-8 Hip as well as the Mi-24 and Mi-25 'Hind' series of helicopters. It was also deployed on the BRDM-1 and BRDM-2 infantry fighting vehicles.

The original AT-2A (3M11 Fleyta) missile was problematic; one Russian source describes the missile as "notable for its complexity and low reliability". Also, the missile's range was felt to be inadequate. An improved version of the missile was developed: the AT-2B (9M17 Falanga). Externally, the missiles are very similar, however the AT-2B range is increased to 3.5 km. The standard production version was the 9M17M Falanga-M, which entered service in 1968.

The next development was to integrate SACLOS guidance, resulting in the AT-2 Swatter-C or 9M17P Falanga-P. It entered service in 1969. A product improved version the 9M17MP was developed that had an improved engine and signal lamp.

The missile has been used extensively in the following wars on the Mi-24 platform.

It was replaced in Soviet service by the 9K114 Shturm ATGM.

General characteristics (AT-2 Swatter A)

AT-2A Swatter missile
  • Length: 1,160 mm
  • Wingspan: 680 mm
  • Diameter: 148 mm
  • Launch weight: 27.0 kg
  • Speed: 150–170 m/s
  • Range: 500 m - 2.5 km
  • Time to maximum range: 17 seconds
  • Guidance: Radio command MCLOS
  • Warhead: 5.4 kg HEAT 500 mm vs RHA;maximum 650 mm vs RHA for improved variant.[1]


  • AT-2A Swatter A MCLOS
    • 3M11 / 9M11
  • AT-2B Swatter B Range increased to 3.5 km.
    • 9M17
    • 9M17DB Modified system to work with the Mi-8TB (Hip-E).
    • 9M17M Phalanx-M MCLOS 9K8 (Falanga-M). Launch weight 29 kg (64 lb), Maximum range 3,500 m. First seen in the 1973 Moscow Parade.
  • AT-2C Swatter C SACLOS Falanga-PV (9K8 Fleyta). Launch weight 29 kg.
    • 9M17P First SACLOS version.
    • 9M17MP Improved engine and guidance lamp. Maximum range 4,000 m.
    • 9M17N


Map with 9M17 operators in blue and former operators in red

Current operators

Former operators


  • Hull, A.W., Markov, D.R., Zaloga, S.J. (1999). Soviet/Russian Armor and Artillery Design Practices 1945 to Present. Darlington Productions. ISBN 1-892848-01-5.


  1. ^ "Противотанковый ракетный комплекс Фаланга-ПВ | Ракетная техника".
  2. ^ "Trade Registers". armstrade.sipri.org.

External links

  • https://fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/row/at2swatter.htm