• Gleaner-Allis Corporation
  • Allis-Gleaner Corporation
TypePublic company
IndustryAgricultural machinery
Founded1990; 31 years ago (1990)
HeadquartersDuluth, Georgia, U.S.
Area served
Key people
ProductsTractors, Combines, Hay tools, Foragers, Seeding & Tillage equipment, Self-propelled sprayers, Smart Farming Technology, Diesel engines
BrandsChallenger, Fendt, Gleaner, GSI, Massey Ferguson, Row Gator, Terra Gator, Sunflower Manufacturing, Valtra, White Farm Equipment
ServicesParts, service, finance
RevenueIncrease US$9.04 billion (2019)[1]
Decrease US$348.1 million (2019)[1]
Decrease US$122.8 million (2016)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$7.76 billion (2019)[1]
Total equityDecrease US$2.91 billion (2016)[1]
Number of employees
20,961[2] (2019)

AGCO is an American agricultural machinery manufacturer founded in 1990 and with its headquarters in Duluth, Georgia, United States. AGCO designs, produces, and sells tractors, combines, foragers, hay tools, self-propelled sprayers, smart farming technologies, seeding and tillage equipment.


Hesston 5670 round baler, in 2010

AGCO was established in 1990 when executives at Deutz-Allis bought out Deutz-Allis North American operations from the parent corporation Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AG (KHD), a German company that owned the Deutz-Fahr brand of agriculture equipment. KHD had purchased portions of the Allis-Chalmers agricultural equipment business five years earlier.[3]

The company was first called Gleaner-Allis Corporation, then rearranged to be Allis-Gleaner Corporation, or AGCO. The Deutz-Allis line of tractors were renamed AGCO-Allis, and Gleaner became a brand of its own for combines. The Deutz-Allis brand continued in South America until 2001, when they were renamed AGCO-Allis. In 2001, AGCO Allis was renamed AGCO in North America.

In March 1991, AGCO purchased the Hesston Corporation located in Hesston, Kansas[4][5] gaining hay and forage equipment as well as technologies such as the grain auger, invented in 1947 by Lyle Yost.[6] Hesston had a 50 percent joint venture with Case International, now a part of CNH Global. AGCO purchased the White Tractor line from the Allied Corporation's White-New Idea company.[7] In 1993, AGCO purchased the remainder of White-New Idea,[8] gaining New Idea hay equipment, manure spreaders, White planters, from a large manufacturing plant operating in Coldwater, Ohio.

Massey Ferguson 6490 tractor, in 2008

Also in 1993, AGCO purchased the North American distribution rights to Massey Ferguson, a worldwide agricultural equipment company. In 1994, they purchased McConnell Tractors,[4] manufacturer of the large articulated Massey Ferguson tractors. AGCO developed the Agcostar line of articulated tractors. Later in 1994, the Black Machine line of planters was purchased.[citation needed]

1995 saw the purchase of the AgEquipment Group,[7] which manufactured tillage equipment and loaders under the Glenco, Tye and Farmhand brands. In 1996, acquisitions went international with the purchase of Iochpe-Maxion in Brazil.[4] This was the Brazilian company that had rights to the Massey Ferguson brand and manufacturing in the region, as well as the Maxion brand of industrial equipment. This was also the year that AGCO purchased Deutz Argentina, the number one leader of tractors in Argentina.[8] Also in 1996, AGCO purchased Western Combine Corporation and Portage Manufacturing in Canada.[9] Western Combine had previously purchased the assets of the Massey Combine Corporation's combine operation, which had been spun off by Massey-Ferguson.

Fendt 930 Vario tractor, in 2009

1997 was the year of the major purchase of Fendt in Germany, the leading German tractor company.[10] Fendt is well known for its advanced technology. AGCO also acquired Dronningborg Industries in Denmark, the manufacturer of European Massey-Ferguson combines, and former manufacturer of Dronningborg combines.[11]

In 1998, AGCO made a joint venture with Deutz AG to produce engines in Argentina,[12] and purchased the Spra-Coupe and Willmar companies.[13] Spra-Coupe and Willmar are leading sprayer companies in North America. SpraCoupe originated in Bismarck, ND. Upon purchase by AGCO, the manufacturing of SpraCoupes was moved to Willmar, Minnesota where the Willmar branded fertilizer tenders and "Wrangler" articulated loaders were being manufactured. SpraCoupe and Willmar products were manufactured in Willmar from 1998 to 2001.

For the year 2000, AGCO bought out its partner CNH Global N.V. in the Hay and Forage Industries joint venture.[14]

In 2001, AGCO purchased Ag-Chem Equipment, expanding its application equipment business.[15] Ag-Chem Equipment was based in Jackson, Minnesota and developed the TerraGator flotation-type and RoGator rowcrop-type applicators. Also that year, the SpraCoupe and Willmar brands moved their manufacturing from Willmar, MN to the Jackson, Minnesota facility and the Agco-Allis and White tractor lines were merged in North America under the AGCO brand, continuing in the orange color.

2002 was the year that AGCO purchased rights to the Challenger name and the tracked tractors from the Caterpillar Corporation,[16] giving the firm a well-known brand name and high-power tracked tractors. The firm further developed the Challenger line into: wheeled tractors, using tractors manufactured by Iseki, Agritalia, the Massey Ferguson factory and the Brazilian Valtra factory; combines, rebranding some Massey Ferguson/Gleaner -built combines; and hay equipment, using Hesston-built hay equipment. AGCO also purchased the Sunflower Manufacturing Company in Beloit, Kansas, which manufactures tillage, seeding and specialty harvesting equipment.[17]

2004 brought about the purchase of the Valtra tractor company from the Kone Group, in Finland. Valtra had licensing agreements with the Eicher company in India for tractor production, and also with the HEMA group in Turkey. The purchase of Valtra also included SISU Diesel engines. Since 2012 this Finland based diesel engine manufacturer with production for example in Brazil[18][19] has operated with name AGCO Power.[20]

Valtra T170 tractor, in 2008

2006 saw a re-focusing of the various brands and subsidiaries, and the reduction of individual brands. AGCO announced plans to combine some, and make some only part of a larger brand, or co-branding. Examples include the Massey Ferguson 9635 Hesston self-propelled swather, and the AGCO 9365 Hesston self-propelled swather. Challenger has seen further expansion with the further consolidation of the AgChem brand into Challenger, and the introduction of Agritalia built tractors and an articulated Challenger tractor.

In 2007, AGCO bought 50% of Laverda S.p.A. from ARGO SpA, which included the Gallagnani and Fella-Werke hay equipment brands.[21][22]

In 2008/2009 AGCO, the Challenger, Valtra, and Massey Ferguson large row crop tractors were launched in Europe and North America respectively with AGCO's e3 Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) emission reduction technology.[23]

Late in 2009, the firm announced that it would phase out the orange AGCO Tractors by 2011.[24]

In late 2010, the firm announced the plan to acquire the remaining 50% of Laverda, which included Fella-Werke as well. The acquisition was finalized in March 2011.[25][26][27]

In 2011, the firm plans to transfer its high-horsepower wheeled-tractor assembly of tractors sold in North America from Beauvais, France to Jackson, Minnesota, where it will expand the plant by 75,000 square feet (7,000 m2).[28]

In 2011, the firm said that it will invest $40 million in its Hesston, Kansas plant by building a new 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m2) painting and finishing building. Construction began June 2011 and was completed in 2013.[29][30][31]

In October 2011, AGCO purchased GSI. It was based in Assumption, Illinois and manufactures grain storage and handling equipment as the GSI Group.[3]

In 2012. AGCO acquired 60% of Santal Equipamentos, a sugar cane planting and harvesting equipment. It also purchased 80% of Shandong Dafeng Machinery Co, a combine harvester manufacturer in China. AGCO formed the Algerian Tractors Company joint venture with the Algerian brand Etrag with 49% ownership.

In 2013, AGCO's GSI acquired Johnson System, a manufacturer of catwalks and towers.[32] In 2013, AGCO started Fuse Technologies, a smart farming technology division.[33]

In 2017, the firm acquired Precision Planting, a planting equipment and technology business.[34]

In 2017, the firm acquired the forage machinery of Lely, including balers, loading wagons, mowers, tedders, rakes and the rights to the entire portfolio of the defunct Mengele Agrartechnik. This included factories in Wolfenbuettel (D) and Waldstetten (D). The factory in Maassluis (NL) will be closed in 2018.

In September 2021, AGCO acquired the precision livestock farming company Farm Robotics and Automation (Faromatics).[35]


See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "US SEC: Form 10-K AGCO Corporation". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  2. ^ "AGCO". Fortune. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  3. ^ a b "History of AGCO". History of AGCO.
  4. ^ a b c "AGCO, Form S-4/A, Registration of Securities, Filing Date Jul 15, 1996". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  5. ^ "Lyle Yost, founder of Hesston Corp., passes away at age 99". Progressive Forage. May 4, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  6. ^ Voorhis, Dan (April 6, 2012Z). "Lyle Yost, founder of Hesston Industries, dies at age 99". Wichita Eagle. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  7. ^ a b "AGCO, Form 424B3, Prospectus, Filing Date Jul 17, 1996". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  8. ^ a b "AGCO, Form S-3, Registration Statement, Filing Date Jan 22, 1997". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  9. ^ "Agco, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date Feb 28, 1997". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  10. ^ "Agco, Form S-3/A, Filing Date Feb 7, 1997". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  11. ^ "Agco, Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Mar 31, 1998". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  12. ^ Dl, Esteban (19 January 2014). "Pesados Argentinos: AGCO".
  13. ^ "Agco, Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Mar 31, 1999". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  14. ^ "Agco, Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Mar 28, 2000". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  15. ^ "Agco, Form 10-K405, Filing Date Apr 2, 2001". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  16. ^ "Agco, Form 10-K405, Filing Date Mar 29, 2002". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  17. ^ "Agco, Form 10-Q, Quarterly Report, Filing Date Nov 14, 2002". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  18. ^ "Agco, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date Dec 16, 2003". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  19. ^ "Agco, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date Jan 8, 2004". Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  20. ^ "2010's – Era of AGCO Power". Agcopower. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  21. ^ "Agco, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date Oct 30, 2007" (PDF). Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  22. ^ "AGCO – Italian deal". Archived from the original on 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2009-12-03.
  23. ^ "AGCO Power". AGCO Power.
  24. ^ "AGCO Tractor color phase out". Archived from the original on 2010-05-25. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  25. ^ "Agco, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date Nov 3, 2010" (PDF). Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  26. ^ "Agco, Form 10-Q, Quarterly Report, Filing Date May 6, 2011" (PDF). Retrieved Jan 1, 2013.
  27. ^ AGCO – Laverda Archived 2012-03-21 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ "Agco plans investment in U.S. plants, including Hesston". Archived from the original on 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2011-01-30.
  29. ^ "Agco to expand plant in Hesston". Archived from the original on 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
  30. ^ "AGCO - Investor Relations - News". Archived from the original on 2017-05-07. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  31. ^ Kansan, Chad Frey Newton. "Investment".
  32. ^ GSI aims to be ‘local’ supplier across the globe, World-Grain;
  33. ^ "Caring About the Future of Farming". 14 November 2019.
  34. ^ "Precision Planting sold to Agco". 26 July 2017.
  35. ^ MarketScreener. "AGCO : Acquires Faromatics, a Precision Livestock Farming Company | MarketScreener". Retrieved 2021-09-29.

Further reading

  • Factory on the Plains: Lyle Yost and the Hesston Corporation; Billy Mac Jones; Wichita State University; 1987; ASIN B0006EQOU0.

External links

  • Business data for AGCO:
    • Google Finance
    • Yahoo! Finance
    • Bloomberg
    • Reuters
    • SEC filings
  • AGCO (official website)
  • AGCO SEC Filings