AGS-17

Summary

The AGS-17 Plamya[8] (Russian: Пламя; Flame) is a Soviet-designed automatic grenade launcher in service worldwide.

AGS-17 Plamya
30-мм автоматический гранатомет АГС-17 Пламя.jpg
AGS-17 mounted on tripod.
TypeAutomatic Grenade Launcher
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1970–present
Used bySee Users
Wars
Production history
DesignerKB Tochmash
Designed1967
ManufacturerMolot Plant
VariantsAG-17A helicopter-mounted version
Specifications
Mass31 kg
Length840 mm

Cartridge30×29mm grenade
Caliber30 mm
ActionBlowback
Rate of fire400 round/min
Muzzle velocity185 m/s
Effective firing range800 to 1,700 m
Feed system29 grenades belt
SightsAdjustable iron sights, optional mount required for optical sights
AGS-17 in Afghanistan. 1986

DescriptionEdit

The AGS-17 is a heavy infantry support weapon designed to operate from a tripod or mounted on an installation or vehicle. The AGS-17 fires 30 mm grenades in either direct or indirect fire to provide suppressive and lethal fire support against soft-skinned or fortified targets.

The weapon uses a blowback mechanism to sustain operation. Rounds are fired through a removable (to reduce barrel stress) rifled barrel.

The standard metal ammunition drum contains 29 linked rounds.[9][10]

The tripod is equipped with fine levelling gear for indirect fire trajectories.

DevelopmentEdit

Development of the AGS-17 (Avtomaticheskiy Granatomyot Stankovyi—Automatic Grenade launcher, Mounted) started in the USSR in 1965 by the OKB-16 design bureau (now known as the KB Tochmash), under the leadership of Alexander F. Kornyakov.[11]

This lightweight weapon was to provide infantry with close to medium range fire support against enemy personnel and unarmored targets, like trucks, half-tracks, jeeps and sandbag-protected machine-gun nests. The first prototypes of the new weapon entered trials in 1969, with mass production commencing in 1971.[11] The AGS-17 was widely operated and well-liked by Soviet troops in Afghanistan as a ground support weapon or as a vehicle weapon on improvised mounts installed on armoured personnel carriers and trucks.[1]

A special airborne version of the AGS-17, the AG-17A, was developed for installation on helicopters, including the Mi-24 Hind in gun pods and the Mil Mi-8 on door mounts. This weapon had a thick aluminium jacket on the barrel and used a special mount and an electric remotely controlled trigger.[11][12]

It is still in use with the Russian army as a direct fire support weapon for infantry troops; it is also installed in several vehicle mounts and turrets along with machine guns, guided rocket launchers and sighting equipment. It is being replaced by the AGS-30 launcher, which fires the same ammunition, but weighs only 16 kg unloaded on the tripod and has an upgraded blowback action.

VariantsEdit

  • AG-17A - remotely controlled aircraft-mounted version with an electric trigger mechanism.
  • AGS-17D - remotely controlled vehicle-mounted version with an electric trigger mechanism.

RGSh-30Edit

Ukrainian company Precision Systems developed a miniaturized handheld version of AGS-17 called RGSh-30[13] "in order to create a grenade launcher that could respond to the needs of Ukrainian units and special forces operating in the Donbas". RGSh-30 is designed to disable armored vehicles.[14][15][16] that can be carried like an assault rifle. RGSh-30 uses magazines with five 30mm VOG-17 grenades.

Precision Systems plans to develop versions using 20mm, 25mm, and 40mm grenades.

AmmunitionEdit

The AGS-17 fires 30×29 mm belted cartridges with a steel cartridge case.[17] Two types of ammunition are commonly fired from the AGS-17. The VOG-17M is the version of the original 30 mm grenade ammunition, which is currently available and has a basic high explosive fragmentation warhead. The VOG-30 is similar, but contains a better explosive filling and an enhanced fragmentation design that greatly increases the effective blast radius. New improved VOG-30D grenade was taken into service in 2013 for use with AGS-17 and AGS-30 grenade launchers.[18][19]

The Bulgarian weapons manufacturer Arcus produces AR-ROG hand grenades based on VOG-17 cartridges and UZRGM (Russian: УЗРГМ), which is also a Soviet design of fuse.[20]

  • VOG-17M (HE)
  • IO-30 (HE)
  • IO-30TP (Practice)
  • VOG-30 (HE)
  • VOG-30D (HE)
  • VUS-30 (Smoke)

UsersEdit

CurrentEdit

FormerEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Koll, Christian (2009). Soviet Cannon: A Comprehensive Study of Soviet Arms and Ammunition in Calibres 12.7mm to 57mm. Austria: Koll. p. 239. ISBN 978-3-200-01445-9.
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  2. ^ a b André Du Pisani (1988). Beyond the Barracks: Reflections on the Role of the SADF in the Region. The South African Institute of International Affairs. p. 12. ISBN 9780908371600. Near Cuvelai and Cahama the SADF for the first time encountered the considerable firepower of the Soviet-made 30mm AGS-17 grenade launcher [during Operation Askari] - its first use outside the Afghanistan theatre.
  3. ^ de Tessières 2012, p. 74.
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External linksEdit

  •   Media related to AGS-17 at Wikimedia Commons