AJ-60A

Summary

AJ-60A
Atlas V SRB without Nose cone.jpg
An AJ-60A booster, without nosecone attached, being fitted to an Atlas V
ManufacturerAerojet Rocketdyne
Country of originUSA
Used onAtlas V
General characteristics
Height17.0 m (669 in)
Diameter1.6 m (62 in)
Gross mass46,697 kg (102,949 lb)
Engine details
Thrust1,688.4 kN (379,600 lbf)
Burn time94 seconds
FuelHTPB

AJ-60A is a solid rocket booster produced by Aerojet Rocketdyne. They are currently used as strap-on boosters on the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket.

History

The AJ-60A rocket motor was developed between 1999 and 2003 for use on the Atlas V.[1]

On January 19, 2006 the New Horizons spacecraft to Pluto was launched directly into a solar-escape trajectory at 16.26 kilometers per second (58,536 km/h; 36,373 mph) from Cape Canaveral using an Atlas V version with 5 of these SRBs and Star 48B third stage.[2] New Horizons passed the Moon's orbit in just nine hours.[3][4]

In 2015, ULA announced that the Atlas V will switch to new GEM 63 boosters produced by Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems. (GEM 63XL, a stretched version of the GEM 63 booster will be used on the upcoming Vulcan rocket.)[5] The first Atlas V launch with GEM 63 boosters is expected in 2020.[6]

Design

AJ-60A is a solid fueled rocket burning HTPB.[7] The casing is composed of a graphite epoxy composite, and the engine throat and nozzle are made of carbon-phenolic composite. As configured for use on Atlas V, the nozzle is fixed at a 3 degree cant away from the attachment point, but Aerojet offers a variant with thrust vectoring capability.[1] The Atlas V configuration also features an inward slanting nosecone, but it is available with a conventional nosecone or none at all for use on other rockets. The stages are designed to be transported by truck.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b "Atlas V Solid Rocket Booster". Archived from the original on March 14, 2017. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
  2. ^ Scharf, Caleb A. (February 25, 2013). "The Fastest Spacecraft Ever?". Scientific American. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  3. ^ Neufeld, Michael (July 10, 2015). "First Mission to Pluto: The Difficult Birth of New Horizons". Smithsonian. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  4. ^ "New Horizons: Mission Overview" (PDF). International Launch Services. January 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 9, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  5. ^ Jason Rhian (23 September 2015). "ULA selects Orbital ATK's GEM 63/63 XL SRBs for Atlas V and Vulcan boosters". Spaceflight Insider.
  6. ^ Northrop Grumman Ships GEM 63 Engines to United Launch Alliance For Atlas V July 2020
  7. ^ a b "Atlas V User's Guide 2010" (PDF). 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2016.