John F. Kennedy International Airport has been the site of many aviation accidents and incidents.

1952

5 April
A Curtiss C-46 Commando operating for US Airlines, leased from the USAF, a cargo flight with 2 occupants inbound from Raleigh-Durham International Airport, crashed 4.4 miles north of Idlewild tower in heavy rain and overcast conditions at the intersection of 169 Street and 89th Avenue in Jamaica, Queens, New York. Both occupants were killed and 3 on the ground also died. Cause of the accident was a loss of control following a sudden engine failure caused by a deteriorated fuel feed valve during an attempted missed approach.[1]

1953

19 October
An Eastern Airlines flight from Idlewild International Airport (the former name of JFK) to San Juan, Puerto Rico, a Lockheed L-749A Constellation, N119A, crashed on take-off. Two passengers were killed.[2]

1954

18 December
A Linee Aeree Italiane Douglas DC-6 crashed on its fourth approach attempt to land at Idlewild, after circling for 2.5 hours. 26 of the 32 passengers on board were killed.

1958

10 November
Vickers Viscount, CF-TGL of Trans-Canada Air Lines was destroyed by fire after it was struck by Lockheed L-749 Constellation N6503C of Seaboard & Western Airlines which had crashed on take-off.[3]

1960

16 December
A United Airlines Douglas DC-8 and a TWA Lockheed Super Constellation collided; the DC-8 crashed in Park Slope, Brooklyn, the Super Constellation on Staten Island, killing all 128 people on board both airliners and six on the ground.

1961

19 January
Aeronaves de Mexico Flight 401, a Douglas DC-8-21 with 97 passengers and 9 crew on board bound for Mexico City, crashed and burned after aborting takeoff from Runway 07R in marginally bad weather, there was snow on the runway, 4 crewmembers were killed.[4]

1962

1 March
American Airlines Flight 1,[5] a Boeing 707 crashed on takeoff from Idlewild after its rudder jammed. All 87 passengers and 8 crew members were killed.
30 November
Eastern Air Lines Flight 512, a Douglas DC-7, crashed into the ground during a missed approach, killing 25.

1963

4 October
New York Airways Flight 600, a Boeing Vertol 107 helicopter, crashed shortly after takeoff from Idlewild Airport (now JFK) en route to Newark via Wall Street. All three passengers and all three crew members died. The accident was blamed on a mechanical failure due to contaminated lubricants.[6]

1965

8 February
Eastern Air Lines Flight 663, a Douglas DC-7, crashed off Jones Beach after takeoff when the pilots found themselves on an apparent collision course with an inbound Pan Am Boeing 707 and made evasive maneuvers. All 84 passengers and crew perished.

1969

15 July
A New York Airways de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter with 11 passengers and 3 crew bound for Newark International Airport lost control and crashed after taking off from a runway intersection, encountering wake turbulence from a recently departed jet, 2 crewmembers and 1 passenger were killed.[7]

1970

8 September
Trans International Airlines Flight 863, a DC-8-63CF ferry flight to Dulles International Airport crashed on takeoff from runway 13R, killing all 11 crewmembers on board. The DC-8 freighter started rotating in a nose-high attitude 1,500 feet (460 m) into the take-off. After becoming airborne at 2,800 feet (850 m) down the runway, the aircraft climbed to about 300–500 feet, rolled 20 degrees to the left, crashed and caught fire. The loss of pitch control was caused by the entrapment of a pointed, asphalt-covered object between the leading edge of the right elevator and the right horizontal spar web access door in the aft part of the stabilizer.

1973

23 June
Loftleiðir Icelandic Douglas DC-8 (registered N8960T) was damaged in a tail-first landing at John F. Kennedy International Airport, when it completed Flight 509 on the Stockholm-Oslo-Reykjavík-New York route with 119 passengers and nine crew members on board. An NTSB investigation found that the accident was caused by a flawed procedure when the spoilers were extended (right after touchdown rather than once the landing gear had been lowered).[8]

1975

24 June
Eastern Air Lines Flight 66, a Boeing 727 on final approach from New Orleans, crashed into the runway lights short of runway 22L, killing 113 passengers and crew. The cause of the crash was wind shear during a heavy thunderstorm.

1984

28 February
Scandinavian Airlines System Flight 901, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 with 163 passengers and 14 crew on board arriving from Oslo, Norway overran runway 4R on landing in low visibility and wound up in shallow water 200 meters from the end of the runway, injuring 12 passengers. The cause of the accident was the crew's failure to monitor their airspeed and overreliance on the aircraft's autothrottle. Although substantially damaged, the plane was later repaired and returned to service.

1990

25 January
Avianca Flight 52, a Boeing 707-321B arriving from Bogotá and Medellin, crashed at Cove Neck, Long Island, after a missed approach to runway 22L at JFK and subsequently running out of fuel. 73 passengers and crew perished while 85 survived.[9]

1992

30 July
TWA Flight 843, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar departing for San Francisco, aborted takeoff shortly after liftoff. There were no fatalities among the 280 passengers and 12 crew, although the aircraft was destroyed.[10]

1994

11 February
Lufthansa Flight 592, an Airbus A310 from Frankfurt, was hijacked by an Ethiopian man seeking asylum in the United States, landed at JFK. The hijacker surrendered.

1996

17 July
TWA Flight 800, was a Boeing 747-100 that exploded and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York, at about 8:31 p.m. EDT, 12 minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport on a scheduled international passenger flight to Rome, with a stopover in Paris. All 230 people on board died in the third-deadliest aviation accident in U.S. history.

2001

12 November
American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300, crashed a few kilometers away from JFK airport, while en route to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic. During climb, the first officer's overuse of rudder controls in response to wake turbulence from a Japan Airlines Boeing 747-400 that took off minutes before it, caused the vertical fin to snap. The plane crashed into the Belle Harbor neighborhood of Queens.[11] The crash killed all 260 people on the plane and five people on the ground.

2018

11 September
Air India 101, a Boeing 777-300, developed a multiple system failure while landing at JFK airport. The aircraft's ILS (Instrument Landing System) and TCAS system had failed at final approach into JFK. The crippled aircraft was diverted to Newark Liberty International Airport and the aircraft safely landed there.[12]

References

  1. ^ Accident description for N1911M at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on December 11, 2018.
  2. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
  3. ^ "Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
  4. ^ Accident description for XA-XAX at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on November 25, 2018.
  5. ^ "Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 03011962". Airdisaster.com. March 1, 1962. Archived from the original on December 19, 2009. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
  6. ^ "Aircraft Accident Report - New York Airways, inc., Boeing-Vertol 107-II, N6673D, New York International Airport, Jamaica, New York October 14, 1963" (PDF). National Transportation and Safety Board. June 24, 1964. Retrieved 2007-02-09.[dead link]
  7. ^ Accident description for N558MA at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on November 27, 2018.
  8. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-8-61CF N8960T New York-John F. Kennedy International Airport, NY (JFK)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
  9. ^ McQuiston, John T. (January 26, 1990). "Plane Crashes on L.I. With 149 Aboard". The New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
  10. ^ McFadden, Robert D. (July 31, 1992). "Escape From Flight 843". The New York Times. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
  11. ^ Malnic, Eric; Alonso-Zaldivar, Ricardo (November 16, 2001). "Turbulence from 747 Likely Caused New York Crash". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  12. ^ Boeing 777. MBI Pub. Co. ISBN 9780760305812.