The Accropode is a single-layer artificial armour unit developed by Sogreah in 1981. Accropode concrete armour units are applied in a single layer.
The Ecopode armour unit with a rock-like appearance was developed by Sogreah to enhance the natural appearance of concrete armourings above low water level. A patent application was filed in 1996. The color and type of rock-like appearance can be specified to match the surrounding landscape.
In 1999, Sogreah modified the original Accropode shape by chipping away excess materials and adding friction features in the form of small pyramids. A patent application was filed for this modified shape. In 2004 further modifications to the 1999 shape were made, resulting in the Accropode II. The shape modifications are intended to increase interlocking.
Specified stability coefficients at design stage:
NS = HS/(∆ Dn50)= 2.7 (2.8 for Accropode II)
HS = significant wave height
∆ = relative mass density
Dn50 = nominal diameter
These coefficients are valid for armour slopes from 3H/2V to 4H/3V and for seabed slopes up to 3%.
The uneven surface of the Ecopode improves interlocking by friction, thereby increasing hydraulic stability.
Fork-lifting is effective for handling the small to medium size units, whereas large units are handled by sling. Placement for breakwaters generally requires a crane or a barge-mounted crane.
The units can be stored one on top of the other, and placed in a random attitude to obtain the specified packing density. The proper packing method provides an adequate coverage on breakwater slopes.
The use of a remote-release hook is used for placing the unit, while underwater placements may be enhanced by GPS, adhering to a theoretical grid.
Accropode blocks on offshore breakwater roundhead.
Storage of Accropode II blocks.
Accropode II on forklift.
Accropode on truck.
Placing Accropode blocks from land.
Accropode blocks on breakwater.
Placing with a crane