Administrative divisions of the Dutch East Indies

Summary

The Dutch East Indies was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia. It was divided into three governorates, namely the Great East, Borneo (Kalimantan) and Sumatra, and into three provinces in Java. Provinces and governorates were further divided into residencies. Residencies under the provinces were divided into regencies (Dutch: 'regentschappen'), and residencies under governorates were divided into departments (Dutch: 'Afdeelingen') and then further into regentschappen.[1]

The following list is the divisions of the Dutch East Indies in 1942, prior to the Japanese occupation in World War 2.

Governorate of SumatraEdit

In 1938, all of the various Residencies and Gouvernements in Sumatra were reorganized under the new Gouvernement of Sumatra.[2]

Name Population
(1930)
Area
(km2)
Modern area Princely state(s)
Dutch name Local name Residency
Residentie Atjeh en Onderhoorigheden Aceh Atjeh and Dependencies Residency 1,003,062 55392.23 Aceh, comprising regencies ('afdeeling') of Aceh Besar, North Aceh, East Aceh and West Aceh. State of Tarumon
Residentie Tapanoeli Tapanuli Tapanoeli Residency 1,042,583 39076.87 western part of North Sumatra, consisting of the divisions (afdeeling) of Sibolga en Omstreken, Nias en omliggend eiland, Bataklanden and Padang Sidempoean none
Residentie Oostkust van Sumatra Sumatra Timur Sumatra's East Coast Residency 1,693,200 94583.25 eastern part of North Sumatra and northern part of Riau, consisting of the divisions (afdeeling) of Langkat, Deli en Serdang, Asahan, Simaloengoen en Karolanden and Bengkalis; and with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Medan, Bindjai, Tebing Tinggi, Tandjoengbalai and Pematangsiantar Langkat Sultanate, Deli Sultanate, Serdang Sultanate, Asahan Sultanate, Panei Sultanate, Siak Sultanate and Pelalawan Sultanate
Residentie Sumatra's Westkust Sumatra Barat Sumatra's West Coast Residency 1,910,298 49778.10 West Sumatra including Mentawai Islands, consisting of the divisions (afdeeling) of Tanah Datar, Agam, Solok, Limapoeloe Koto and Zuid Benedenlanden; and with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Padang, Bukittinggi and Sawahloento none
Residentie Riouw en Onderhoorigheden Riau Riouw and Dependencies Residency 298,225 31668.44 southern part of Riau and Riau Islands, consisting of the divisions (afdeeling) of Indragiri and Tandjoengpinang Indragiri Sultanate
Residentie Djambi Jambi Djambi Residency 245,272 44923.76 Jambi, consisting of the divisions (afdeeling) of Djambi none
Residentie Benkoelen Bengkulu Benkoelen Residency 323,123 26249.39 Bengkulu, consisting of the divisions (afdeeling) of Benkoelen none
Residentie Palembang Palembang Palembang Residency 1,098,725 86355.65 South Sumatra, consist of the divisions (afdeeling) of Palembang Bovenlanden, Palembang Benedenlanden and Ogan en Komering-oeloe; and with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Palembang none
Residentie Bangka en Onderhoorigheden Bangka Bangka and Dependencies Residency 278,792 16774.70 Bangka and Belitung Islands, consisting of the divisions (afdeeling) of Bangka and Billiton none
Residentie Lampongsche Districten Lampung Lampong Districts Residency 361,563 28783.74 Lampung, consisting of the divisions (afdeeling) of Teloekbetoeng none

JavaEdit

Java comprised three provinces,[citation needed] West, Middle and East Java, the boundaries of which were similar to the island's pre-2000 boundaries.[citation needed]

West JavaEdit

Under control of Governorate of West-Java

Name Population
(1930)
Area
(km2)
Modern area Princely state(s)
Dutch name Local name Residency
Residentie Bantam Banten Bantam Residency 1,028,628 n/a Banten consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Serang, Lebak and Pandeglang none
Residentie Batavia Betawi Batavia Residency 2,637,035 n/a Jakarta and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Batavia, Meester-Cornelis and Krawang; with municipality (stadsgemeente) of Batavia none
Residentie Buitenzorg Bogor Buitenzorg Residency 2,212,997 n/a Bogor and surroundings, consist of the regencies (regentschap) of Buitenzorg, Soekaboemi and Tjiandjoer; with municipality (stadsgemeente) of Buitenzorg and Soekaboemi none
Residentie Preanger-Regentschappen Priangan Preanger Regencies Residency 3,448,796 n/a Bandung and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Bandoeng, Soemedang, Tasikmalaja, Tjiamis and Garoet; with municipality (stadsgemeente) of Bandoeng none
Residentie Cheribon Cirebon Cheribon Residency 2,069,690 n/a Cirebon and surroundings, consisting of regencies (regentschap) of Cheribon, Koeningan, Indramajoe and Madjalengka; and with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Cheribon none

Central JavaEdit

Under control of governorate of Central Java:

Name Population
(1930)
Area
(km2)
Modern area Princely state(s)
Dutch name Local name Residency
Residentie Pekalongan Pekalongan Pekalongan Residency 2,640,124 n/a Pekalongan, Tegal and surroundings, consisting of regencies (regentschap) of Pekalongan, Batang, Pemalang, Tegal and Brebes; and with the municipalities(stadsgemeente) of Pekalongan and Tegal none
Residentie Banjoemas Banyumas Banjoemas Residency 2,474,447 n/a Banyumas, Purwokerto and surroundings, consist of the regencies (regentschap) of Banjoemas, Poerwokerto, Tjilatjap and Bandjarnegara none
Residentie Kedoe Kedu Kedoe Residency 2,129,894 n/a Magelang and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Magelang, Wonosobo, Temanggoeng, Poerworedjo and Keboemen; and with the municipality (stadsgemeente) of Magelang none
Residentie Semarang Semarang Semarang Residency 2,020,684 n/a Semarang and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Semarang, Kendal, Demak and Grobogan; and with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Semarang and Salatiga none
Residentie Djepara-Rembang Jepara-Rembang Djepara-Rembang Residency 1,876,480 n/a Jepara, Rembang and surroundings, consisting of regencies (regentschap) of Pati, Djepara, Rembang, Blora and Koedoes none

East JavaEdit

Under control of governorate of East Java:

Name Population
(1930)
Area
(km2)
Modern area Princely state(s)
Dutch name Local name Residency
Residentie Madioen Madiun Madioen Residency 1,909,801 n/a Madiun and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Madioen, Magetan, Ngawi, Ponorogo and Patjitan; and with the municipality (stadsgemeente) of Madioen none
Residentie Bodjonegoro Bojonegoro Bodjonegoro Residency 1,986,129 n/a Bojonegoro and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Bodjonegoro, Toeban and Lamongan none
Residentie Kediri Kediri Kediri Residency 2,469,955 n/a Kediri and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Kediri, Ngandjoek, Blitar and Toeloengagoeng; and with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Kediri and Blitar none
Residentie Soerabaja Surabaya Soerabaja Residency 1,902,953 n/a Surabaya and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Soerabaja, Sidoardjo, Modjokerto and Djombang; and with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Soerabaja and Modjokerto none
Residentie Malang Malang Malang Residency 2,741,105 n/a Malang, Probolinggo and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Malang, Pasoeroean, Probolinggo and Loemadjang; with municipality (stadsgemeente) of Malang, Pasoeroean and Probolinggo none
Residentie Besoeki Besuki Besoeki Residency 2,083,309 n/a Banyuwangi and surroundings, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Bondowoso, Panaroekan, Djember and Banjoewangi none
Residentie Madoera Madura Madoera Residency 1,962,462 n/a Madura, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Bangkalan, Pamekasan and Soemenep none

BorneoEdit

In 1938 both of these Residencies were again united in a governorate of Borneo with its capital at Banjarmasin.

Name Population
(1930)
Area
(km2)
Modern area Princely state(s)
Dutch name Local name Residency
Residentie Westerafdeeling van Borneo Kalimantan Barat Western Afdeelings of Borneo Residency 802,447 n/a West Kalimantan, consisting of the Afdeelingen of Singkawang, Pontianak, Ketapang and Sintang Sambas Sultanate, Pontianak Sultanate, Lordship of Koeboe, Lordship of Landak, Lordship of Mampawa, Lordship of Matan, Lordship of Sanggau, Lordship of Sekadau, Lordship of Selimbau, Lordship of Simpang, Lordship of Sintang, Lordship of Soekadana and Lordship of Tajan
Residentie Zuider en Oosterafdeeling van Borneo Kalimantan Selatan dan Timur Southern and Eastern Afdeelings of Borneo Residency 1,366,214 n/a Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan and North Kalimantan, consisting of the afdeelingen of Koeala Kapoeas, Bandjermasin, Hoeloe Soengei, Samarinda and Boeloengan en Berau; with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Bandjermasin Principality of Kota Waringin, Principality of Pasir, Koetei Sultanate, Boeloengan Sultanate, Sambalioeng Sultanate, Goenoeng Taboer Sultanate

The Great EastEdit

The governorate of the Great East (Dutch: 'Groote Oost') was created in 1938. It comprised the islands to the east of Borneo and Java, including the Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, Maluku and Western New Guinea.

Lesser Sunda IslandsEdit

Name Population
(1930)
Area
(km2)
Modern area Princely state(s)
Dutch name Local name Residency
Residentie Bali en Lombok Bali dan Lombok Bali and Lombok Residency 1,802,683 n/a Bali and Lombok, consisting of the afdeelinen) of Singaradja, Zuid Bali and Lombok Kloengkoeng Sunanate with primacy over several small states in Bali and Lombok
Residentie Timor en Onderhoorigheden Timor Timor and Dependencies Residency 1,657,376 n/a West Nusa Tenggara East of Lombok and East Nusa Tenggara, consisting of the divisions (afdeeling) of Soembawa, Soemba, Flores and Timor en eilanden Soembawa Sultanate, Bima Sultanate and several small states

SulawesiEdit

Name Population
(1930)
Area
(km2)
Modern area Princely state(s)
Dutch name Local name Residency
Residentie Celebes en Onderhoorigheden Sulawesi Celebes and Dependencies Residency 3,093,251 n/a South Sulawesi, West Sulawesi and Southeast Sulawesi, consisting of the afdeelingen of Soenggoeminasa, Bonthain, Makassar, Bone, Parepare, Mandar, and Loewoe, Boetoeng en Laiwoei and with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Makassar Gowa Sultanate, Boetoeng Sultanate Lordship of Banggai, Lordship of Bone, Lordship of Loewoe, Lordship of Sidenreng, Lordship of Soppeng, Lordship of Wadjo, Lordship of Moena and other smaller states
Residentie Manado Manado Manado Residency 1,138,665 n/a Central Sulawesi, Gorontalo and North Sulawesi, consisting of the afdeelingen of Poso, Donggala, Gorontalo, Manado and Sangihe en Talaud eiland with the municipalities (stadsgemeente) of Manado none

Maluku and Western New GuineaEdit

In 1922 with the dissolution of Residentie Ternate to Residentie Amboina, Residentie Amboina was renamed to Residentie Molukken. In 1935 the Residentie was renamed to Gouvernement Molukken until the creation of Gouvernement Groote Oost in 1938, in which Gouvernement Molukken became residentie again.

Name Population
(1930)
Area
(km2)
Modern area Princely state(s)
Dutch name Local name Department
Afdeeling Ternate Ternate Ternate Afdeeling 560,013 n/a North Maluku Ternate Sultanate, Tidore Sultanate and Batjan Sultanate
Afdeeling Amboina Ambon Amboina Afdeeling 560,013 (with Tual) n/a Maluku at least a small state, State of Amahusu
Afdeeling Toeal Tual Afdeeling of Tual 0 n/a Southeast Maluku none
Afdeeling Nieuw-Guinea (Dutch) New Guinea New Guinea Afdeeling 333,387(with South New-Guinea) n/a West Papua and Papua none
Afdeeling Zuid Nieuw-Guinea (Dutch) Southern New Guinea South New Guinea Afdeeling 0 n/a Southern part of West Papua and Papua State of Kaimana

VorstenlandenEdit

Vorstenlanden were four native states on the island of Java in the Netherlands Indies that were nominally self-governing under suzerainty of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Their political autonomy was however severely constrained by treaties and settlements. Two of them were the Governorate of Djokjakarta and the Governorate of Soerakarta, which controlled the Residentie Djokjakarta and the Residenties of Soerakarta and Klaten respectively.

Name Population
(1930)
Area
(km2)
Modern area Princely state(s)
Dutch name Local name Residency
Residentie Djokjakarta Yogyakarta Djokjakarta Residency 1,559,027 n/a Yogyakarta, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Adikarto, Pakoealaman, Koelon-Progo, Jogjakarta, Bantoel and Goenoeng-Kidul Jogjakarta Sultanate and Duchy of Pakoe Alaman
Residentie Soerakarta Surakarta Soerakarta Residency 2,564,848 (with Klaten) n/a Surakarta, consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Sragen, Soerakarta, Kota Mangkoenagaran and Wonogiri Soerakarta Sunanate and Duchy of Mangkoe Negaran
Residentie Klaten Klaten Klaten Residency 0 n/a consisting of the regencies (regentschap) of Klaten and Bojolali Soerakarta Sunanate

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), sourced from Cribb, R. B (2010), Digital atlas of indonesian history, Nias, ISBN 978-87-91114-66-3 from the earlier volume Cribb, R. B; Nordic Institute of Asian Studies (2000), Historical atlas of Indonesia, Curzon ; Singapore : New Asian Library, ISBN 978-0-7007-0985-4
  2. ^ Cribb, R. B. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. p. 128. ISBN 0-8248-2111-4.