Aeromarine

Summary

The Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company was an early American aircraft manufacturer founded by Inglis M. Upperçu which operated from 1914 to 1930. From 1928 to 1930 it was known as the Aeromarine-Klemm Corporation.

Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company
IndustryAerospace
Founded1914 (1914)
FounderInglis M. Upperçu
Defunct1930 (1930)
Headquarters,
United States
Key people

HistoryEdit

The beginnings of the company dated to 1908, when Uppercu began to finance aeronautical experiments by the Boland brothers[1] at Keyport, New Jersey. In 1914, Aeromarine itself was founded at Keyport with Uppercu as president.[2] Aeromarine built mostly military seaplanes and flying boats, the most significant of which were the models 39 and 40. The company broke new ground in aviation by offering some of the first regularly scheduled flights. Aviation promoter Harry Bruno worked with Aeromarine to commercialize the transportation potential of airflight.

In 1928, the firm renamed itself Aeromarine-Klemm Corporation and began producing mostly Klemm aircraft designs, until the Great Depression forced its closure in 1930.[2]

The firm also built aero engines. After Aeromarine itself went out of business, the production of Aeromarine engines was continued by the Uppercu-Burnelli Corporation.[2]

 
An Aeromarine 75 of Aeromarine Airways

A subsidiary "Aeromarine Sightseeing and Navigation Company" merged with Florida West Indies Airways, Inc to form the Aeromarine West Indies Airways, later renamed to "Aeromarine Airways". it operated the Aeromarine 75 and Aeromarine 85 aircraft.

ProductsEdit

AircraftEdit

Model name First flight Number built Type
Aeromarine Model B 1910 Single engine biplane experimental airplane
Aeromarine Flying Boat 1914 Single engine monoplane flying boat experimental airplane
Aeromarine 39 1917 150 Single engine biplane trainer
Aeromarine M-1 1917 6 Single engine biplane trainer
Aeromarine 700 1917 2 Single engine biplane floatplane torpedo bomber
Aeromarine DH-4B 1917 125 Single engine biplane light bomber
Aeromarine 40 1918 50 Single engine biplane flying boat trainer
Aeromarine 50 1919 Single engine biplane flying boat
Aeromarine ML 1920 Experimental[3]
Aeromarine A.S. 1920 3 Single engine biplane floatplane fighter
Aeromarine S.S. 1920 3 Single engine biplane floatplane fighter[4]
Aeromarine NBS-1 1920 25 Twin engine biplane bomber
Aeromarine 60 1920 Twin engine biplane flying boat
Aeromarine 80 1920 1 Single engine biplane flying boat airliner[4]
Aeromarine 85 1920 1 Single engine biplane flying boat airliner[4]
Aeromarine WM 1922 Single engine biplane mailplane[4][failed verification]
Aeromarine Sportsman 1922 Single engine biplane floatplane mailplane[4]
Aeromarine PG-1 1922 3 Single engine biplane fighter
Aeromarine 52 1922 Single engine biplane flying boat[4]
Aeromarine 55 1922 Single engine biplane flying boat[4]
Aeromarine L.D.B XII N/A 0 Unbuilt four engine biplane bomber[4][failed verification]
Aeromarine L.D.B XIII N/A 0 Unbuilt two engine monoplane bomber[4][failed verification]
Aeromarine 75 1920 6-8 Single engine biplane flying boat airliner
Aeromarine AM-1 1923 1 Single engine biplane mailplane
Aeromarine AM-3 1923 1 Single engine biplane mailplane
Aeromarine AMC 1924 1 Single engine biplane flying boat airliner
Aeromarine AM-2 1924 1 Single engine biplane mailplane
Aeromarine EO 1924 1 Single engine biplane flying boat sport airplane
Aeromarine AT N/A 0 Unbuilt army transport
Aeromarine ASM 1924 Sport[3]
Aeromarine CO-L 1924 Single engine biplane observation airplane[4]
Aeromarine ADA 1924 Agricultural aircraft[3]
Aeromarine Messenger 1924 1 Single engine biplane experimental airplane[4]
Aeromarine BM-1 N/A 0 Unbuilt single engine biplane mailplane

EnginesEdit

Model name Configuration Power
Aeromarine AL
Aeromarine NAL
Aeromarine S
Aeromarine S-12
Aeromarine AR-3 R3 40-55 hp
Aeromarine AR-3-40
Aeromarine AR-5
Aeromarine AR-7
Aeromarine AL-24
Aeromarine B-9
Aeromarine B-45 V8 170 hp
Aeromarine B-90 V8 166 hp
Aeromarine D-12
Aeromarine K-6 I6 100 hp
Aeromarine L-6 I6 130-145 hp
Aeromarine L-6-D
Aeromarine L-6-G
Aeromarine L-8
Aeromarine RAD
Aeromarine T-6
Aeromarine U-6
Aeromarine U-6-D
Aeromarine U-8
Aeromarine U-8-873
Aeromarine U-8D
Aeromarine 85hp
Aeromarine 90hp I6 90 hp
Aeromarine 100hp

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Uppercu, President of the A. C. C. One of America's Most Enthusiastic Supporters of Aviation". Aerial Age. Vol. 15, no. 20. November 1922. pp. 545–546. Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Angelucci, Enzo (1987). The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present. New York: Orion Books. p. 35. ISBN 0-517-56588-9.
  3. ^ a b c "none". Skyways. April 2001.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Eckland, K. O. (26 April 2008). "Aeromarine, Aeromarine-Klemm, Uppercu". Aerofiles. Retrieved 2 August 2021.

BibliographyEdit

  • Gunston, Bill (1993). World Encyclopaedia of Aircraft Manufacturers. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 13.
  • Kusrow, Daniel (12 February 2012). "Fleet List of Aeromarine Aircraft". The Aeromarine Website. Retrieved 3 August 2021.

External linksEdit

  • The Aeromarine Website

Coordinates: 40°26′35″N 74°11′22″W / 40.443097°N 74.189394°W / 40.443097; -74.189394