Agrarian Party of Russia

Summary

Agrarian Party of Russia
Аграрная партия России
AbbreviationAPR (English)
АПР (Russian)
LeaderOlga Bashmachnikova
FounderMikhail Lapshin
FoundedFebruary 26, 1993 (1993-02-26) (first APR),
May 2, 2012 (2012-05-02) (second APR)
DissolvedSeptember 12, 2008 (2008-09-12) (first APR),
October 21, 2019 (2019-10-21) (second APR)
Headquarters20th Building, Bolshoy Golovin Lane, Moscow, Russia
NewspaperRussian land
Youth wingRussian Agrarian Youth Union
Membership (2008)164,089
IdeologyAgrarianism
Agricultural policy
Centrism
Before 2009:
Agrarian socialism
Collectivism
Political positionCentre to centre-left
Before 2009:
Left-wing
National affiliationAll-Russia People's Front (one-half)
Russian Ecological Party "The Greens" (one-half)
Colours  Green
  Red
  Yellow
Slogan"Strong Agrarians — Powerful Power"
(Russian: "Сильные аграрии — Мощная держава")
Before 2009:
"Peace and bread to every home!"
(Russian: "Мир и хлеб — каждому дому!")
AnthemRussian land, We will not forget You
Seats in the 1st State Duma
37 / 450
Seats in the 2nd State Duma
20 / 450
Seats in the 3rd State Duma
11 / 450
Party flag
Flag of Túquerres.svg
Website
agroparty.ru
Olga Bashmachnikova, the leader of the party in 2012

The Agrarian Party of Russia (APR; Agrarnaya Partiya Rossii, Аграрная Партия России, АПР) was an agrarian political party in Russia. Founded in February 1993, it was among the earliest parties in the Russian Federation.

History

The Agrarian Party of Russia was founded on 26 February 1993, by the head of the Altai Republic, Mikhail Lapshin and Vasily Starodubtsev, governor of the Tula region and former member of the Soviet Union's State Committee on the State of Emergency. During their leadership (1993–2004), the party made an alliance with the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF) and the Fatherland – All Russia bloc. Until 2008, the party supported agrarian socialism[1] and collectivism.

Founder Mikhail Lapshin led the party until 2004; its most recent leader was Vladimir Plotnikov. In the legislative elections in December 1993, the Agrarian Party obtained 37 seats in the Duma and won 8% of the popular vote. Between 1994 and 1996, one of its party members, Ivan Rybkin, was the speaker of the Russian Parliament. In the legislative elections in December 1995, the APR did not make it over the 5% threshold, obtaining only 3.78% of the votes. In the legislative elections on 7 December 2003, the party won 3.6% of the popular vote and three out of 450 seats in the parliament.

Agrarian Party member Nikolay Kharitonov ran as a presidential candidate from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation in the 2004 Russian presidential election and won 13.7% of the votes, coming out second to Vladimir Putin.

In the 1990s, party deputies were usually allies of the Communist Party in the State Duma and advocated for greater government support for the agricultural sector.

The party won 2.30% of the votes in the 2007 elections, did not break the 7% barrier, and thus, had no seats in the Duma.

The Agrarian Party supported the candidacy of Dmitry Medvedev in the 2008 Russian presidential election. It later merged with United Russia—the party that currently holds the most seats in the Duma.[1]

Refounding

The year 2012 marked an especially notable period for the party as it was officially restored, and the registered leader Olga Bashmachnikova was elected Executive Director of the Agricultural Association on May 18. This led the party to take a new direction, moving away from the ideologies of agrarian socialism and collectivism towards centrism. The party has abandoned the Alliance with the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF), which was in the union since its foundation. The APR is currently united with the People's Front for Russia and the Russian Ecological Party "The Greens".[2]

According to the results of the elections of 2012, 2013 and 2014, the party failed to win in regional and city parliaments.

On October 21, 2019, the Supreme Court of Russia, following a lawsuit by the Ministry of Justice, liquidated the party for insufficient participation in the elections for 7 years.[3]

Electoral results

Presidential elections

Election Candidate First round Second round Result
Votes % Votes %
1996 Endorsed Gennady Zyuganov 24,211,686
32.03%
30,102,288
40.31%
Lost Red XN
2000 Endorsed Vladimir Putin 39,740,434
52.94%
Elected Green tickY
2004 Endorsed Vladimir Putin 49,565,238
71.31%
Elected Green tickY
2008 Endorsed Dmitry Medvedev 52,530,712
70.28%
Elected Green tickY
2012 Party was part of United Russia and did not participate in the elections
2018 Supported Vladimir Putin 56,430,712
76.69%
Elected Green tickY

Legislative elections

Election Party leader Performance Rank Government
Votes % ± pp Seats +/–
1993 Mikhail Lapshin 4,292,518
7.99%
New
37 / 450
New 4th Majority
1995 2,613,127
3.78%
Decrease 4.21
20 / 450
Decrease 17 Decrease 5th Majority
1999 8,886,753
13.33%
(OVR)
Increase 9.55
11 / 450
Decrease 9 Decrease 7th Minority
2003 2,205,704
3.63%
Decrease 9.70
2 / 450
Decrease 9 Steady 7th Minority
2007 Vladimir Plotnikov 1,600,234
2.30%
Decrease 1.33
0 / 450
Decrease 2 Increase 5th Extra-parliamentary
2011 Party was part of United Russia and did not participate in the elections
2016 Olga Bashmachnikova Did not contest Extra-parliamentary

References

  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2008). "Russia". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 9 April 2009.
  2. ^ "The program and Charter of the Agrarian Party of Russia on the website of the Ministry of Justice of Russia". Archived from the original on 2014-11-16. Retrieved 2015-01-05.
  3. ^ Decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation No. AKPI19-796 of October 21, 2019

External links

  • Official web site web.archive
  • Official website of the Agricultural Association

See also