Air Board (Canada)


The Air Board was Canada's first governing body for aviation, operating from 1919 to 1923. The Canadian government established the Air Board by act of Parliament on June 6, 1919, with the purpose of controlling all flying within Canada.[1]: 1–11  Canada was the first country to legislate and implement rules governing the entire domain of aviation.[2]

Air Board of Canada
Ensign of the Air Board from 1922–23.
Agency overview
Superseding agency
HeadquartersOttawa, Ontario
Agency executive

Functions Edit

The Air Board had three functions: devising a means of, and administering Canadian air defence; controlling and conducting all civil (non-military) government flying operations; and providing rules and regulations for flying within Canada, which included licensing, issuing air regulations and managing air traffic. The Board consisted of three sections: 1) the Department of the Controller of Civil Aviation which controlled all civil flying; 2) the Directorate of Flying Operations which controlled civil flying operations of the Air Board; and 3) the Headquarters of the Canadian Air Force (CAF), which operated at Camp Borden.[3]

Flying operations Edit

Five air stations were established for civil flying operations in 1920:

Additional stations were added in subsequent years:

Members Edit

List of members of the board from 1920:[4]

Senior staff Edit

Succession Edit

In 1922 the Air Board was combined with the Department of Militia and Defence and the Department of Naval Service to form the Department of National Defence (DND). January 1, 1923, however, was set as the formal change-over date to allow time for reorganization.[8] The CAF, which had been a small non-permanent air militia directed by the Air Board and originally formed to provide refresher flying training to veterans, was reorganized and became responsible for all Canadian aviation, including the control of civil aviation. Both the Controller of Civil Aviation Branch and responsibility for civil government air operations remained under DND (though they were moved in and out of the RCAF's organization) until 1936. In November 1936 the Civil Aviation Branch was transferred to the new Department of Transport, which would control all civil flying except for work directly related to defence.[1][8][9]

See also Edit

Notes Edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Hitchens, Wing Commander F.H. (August 1972). Air Board, Canadian Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force. Canadian War Museum Paper No. 2. Ottawa: Canadian War Museum.
  2. ^ Roberts 1959, p. 32.
  3. ^ Milberry 1984, p. 18.
  4. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2019-01-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Shaw, S. Bernard (2001). Photographing Canada from Flying Canoes. GeneralStore PublishingHouse. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-894263-42-9.
  6. ^ Wilson, J. A. (John Armistead). J.A. Wilson fonds. Retrieved 12 January 2019. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  7. ^ "Major Alexander MacDonald Shook". Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  8. ^ a b Milberry 1984, p. 23.
  9. ^ Roberts 1959, p. 110.

References Edit

  • Milberry, Larry, ed. Sixty Years—The RCAF and CF Air Command 1924–1984. Toronto: Canav Books, 1984. ISBN 0-9690703-4-9.
  • Roberts, Leslie. There Shall Be Wings. Toronto: Clark, Irwin and Co. Ltd., 1959. No ISBN.

External links Edit

  • Canadian Military Aircraft Serial Numbers – The Air Board Years 1919 to 1927 (and beyond)
  • The Canadian Air Board (pdf)