|Directed by||Richard Wilson|
|Written by||Malvin Wald|
Henry F. Greenberg
|Produced by||Leonard Ackerman|
|Narrated by||James Gregory|
|Edited by||Walter Hannemann|
|Music by||David Raksin|
|Distributed by||Allied Artists|
|Budget||under $1 million or $550,000|
|Box office||$2.5 million (rentals)|
The finished film was noted for its deglamorized portrayal of Capone.
Chicago, 1919: A young Al Capone arrives to work for mob boss Johnny Torrio. He meets Torrio's top man, "Big Jim" Colosimo, who runs business and politics in the First Ward while secretly on Torrio's payroll.
Prohibition is enacted a year later, causing Torrio and other gangsters like Dean O'Banion, George "Bugs" Moran and Earl "Hymie" Weiss to compete for profits in bootleg liquor and beer. Torrio's rivals conspire to have Colosimo and his henchmen killed.
A reform mayor is elected, so Torrio and Capone change their base of operations to Cicero, a few miles away. Capone also has O'Banion killed and makes a play for Maureen Flannery, the widow of one of Colosimo's men.
Weiss and Moran return the favor by ordering Torrio to be shot. Capone retaliates by killing Weiss and forcing merchants throughout the city to pay for "protection." A sergeant in the Chicago police, Schaefer, is promoted to captain and vows to end the bloodshed and extortion and put Capone behind bars.
With the heat on from the cops, a crooked newspaperman named Keely tries to bribe Schaefer but fails. He persuades Capone to move to Florida until things cool down. From a safe distance, Capone masterminds the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, with several of Moran's men gunned down in a Chicago garage.
Capone and Moran call a truce, but when he learns Keely has been helping a Moran plot to kill him, Capone ends the reporter's life instead. Maureen finally has her fill of Capone's corruption and violence, while Schaefer, now an inspector, and the feds find a way to finally put Capone away—on charges of tax evasion, earning him 11 years at Alcatraz.
Films based on the lives of real-life gangsters had been banned under the Production Code, but the ban was lifted in the late 1950s, leading to films such as Baby Face Nelson (1957). J. Edgar Hoover criticized the film and a proposed film about Pretty Boy Floyd was dropped. However, in 1957 Lindsley Parsons and John Burrows announced that they would produce a film about Al Capone for Allied Artists. Jack DeWitt was assigned to write the script, Malvin Wald and Henry Greenberg, who were known for writing true-life screenplays, also contributed to the script.
Rod Steiger reportedly refused the producers' first offer to star in the film because he felt that the initial screenplay inappropriately romanticized Capone and criminality. He claimed to have declined the role three times. According to TCM, Steiger agreed to play the role only after the producers agreed to rewrite the script. He said: "This isn't just another crime drama aimed at the sensational market. I think it's a good social document. It shows how an unscrupulous man can prey on society."
Filming began on September 16, 1958.
In a contemporary review for The New York Times, critic Bosley Crowther commented that with so many old films about Capone, it was questionable whether a new one was needed, but that this film had the "modest justification" that "it has a strong documentary flavor and Rod Steiger is an odious skunk in the title role."
Al Capone won a Laurel Award as 1959's "Sleeper of the Year." It was the highest-grossing new film at the American box office in May 1959, and third-highest overall behind Some Like It Hot and Imitation of Life.
Al Capone's sister sued the filmmakers for $10 million for having failed to secure her permission to produce the film, citing invasion of privacy. A judge ruled in the filmmakers' favor. Capone's sister, widow and son later sued Desilu and the other producers of The Untouchables for $6 million but lost that suit as well.