|People's Commissar of the Workers' and Peasants' Inspection of the RSFSR|
6 May 1922 – 28 April 1923
|Preceded by||Joseph Stalin|
|Succeeded by||Valerian Kuibyshev|
|People's Commissar for Food of the RSFSR|
|Preceded by||Alexander Schlichter|
|Succeeded by||Nikolai Bryukhanov|
|Chairman of the State Planning Committee|
11 December 1923 – 28 November 1925
|Premier||Vladimir Lenin |
|Preceded by||Gleb Krzhizhanovsky|
|Succeeded by||Gleb Krzhizhanovsky|
|Born||1 October 1870|
Dneprovsky Uyezd Taurida Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||8 May 1928 (aged 57)|
Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
|Political party||RSDLP (1898–1903) |
RSDLP (Bolsheviks) (1903–1918)
Russian Communist Party (1918-1928)
Alexander Dmitrievich Tsiurupa (Russian: Алекса́ндр Дми́триевич Цюру́па, October 1, (O.S. 19 September) 1870, Oleshky — May 8, 1928, Mukhalatka village of Oliva urban-type settlement, Crimea) was a Bolshevik leader, Soviet statesman and Party figure.
On his official duties he faced a tough problem of food supplies of the starving newly created republic. In October 1917 he successfully organized transport of grain, seized from Ukrainian farmers, to Petrograd. He was elected member of the Party Central Committee at the 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th congresses of the Communist Party.
On May 8, 1918, on the Sovnarkom meeting he suggested the introduction of a food rationing across the country. That was done by a Decree of VTsIK central executive committee on May 13, 1918. He was also one of the organizers of the so-called foodgroups (prodotryad, Russian: продотряд), the groups of workers made for the purpose of stocking up grain and other food rations in an effort to supply the various industrial centers and the Red Army.
First prodotryads formed of workers, soldiers and seamen of Petrograd and Moscow committees were sent to the grain-producing areas in November 1917. From the beginning of 1918 as the starvation became a threat once again, prodotyads appeared in most of the industrial centers.
Participation was voluntarily, on the recommendation of the local soviets and Party leaders.
Acquired food was divided: half taken by the organisation which sent the prodotryad and half was donated to Narkomprod (People's Commissariat for the Food Supply).
With an emergence of NEP, the new economic policy, prodotryads were disbanded in 1921.