A J35 with exhaust duct removed, exposing the power turbine.
Like the J33, the design of the J35 originated at General Electric, but major production was by the Allison Engine Company.
Design and developmentEdit
While developing the T31 axial turboprop in 1943 General Electric realized that they had the resources to design an axial flowturbojet at the same time as their centrifugal-flowJ33 engine. They recognized the axial would have more potential for the future and went ahead with the TG-180 engine. GE axial compressor designs were developed from the NACA 8-stage compressor.
Sectioned J35 at the National Naval Aviation Museum, Pensacola, FL. The 11-stage compressor is painted blue (the stators have been removed), the combustors are red, the turbine is unpainted. The teardrop-shaped openings along the outer edge of the turbine are the air channels used to cool the blades.
The engine had its starter and accessories (fuel control, fuel pump, oil pumps, hydraulic pump, RPM generator) mounted in the center of the compressor inlet. This accessory layout, as used on centrifugal engines, restricted the area available for compressor inlet air. It was carried over to the J47 but revised (relocated to an external gearbox) on the J73 when a 50% increase in airflow was required. It also had an inlet debris guard which was common on early jet engines.
GE developed a variable afterburner for the engine, although electronic control linked with engine controls had to wait until the J47. Marrett describes one of the potential consequences of manual control of the engine and afterburner on an turbine engine: if the afterburner lit but the pilot failed to ensure the nozzle opened, the RPM governor could overfuel the engine until the turbine failed.
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^Dawson, Virginia P. (1991). "SP-4306 Engines and Innovation: Lewis Laboratory and American Propulsion Technology Chapter 3 : Jet Propulsion: Too Little, Too Late". history.nasa.gov. Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of Management Scientific and Technical Information Division. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
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^General Electric Company (1979). Seven Decades of Progress: A Heritage of Aircraft Turbine Technology (1st ed.). Fallbrook: Aero Publishers Inc. p. 76. ISBN 0-8168-8355-6.
^Marrett, George J. (2006). Testing death : Hughes Aircraft test pilots and Cold War weaponry (1st ed.). Naval Institute Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-59114-512-7.
^Wilkinson, Paul H. (1953). Aircraft engines of the World 1953 (11th ed.). London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd. pp. 60–62.
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^Bridgman, Leonard (1955). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1955–56. London: Jane's all the World's Aircraft Publishing Co. Ltd.
^Wilkinson, Paul H. (1957). Aircraft engines of the World 1957 (15th ed.). London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd. pp. 70–71.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Allison J35.
Kay, Anthony L. (2007). Turbojet History and Development 1930–1960 Volume 2:USSR, USA, Japan, France, Canada, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy and Hungary (1st ed.). Ramsbury: The Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1861269393.
"Foremost American Turbojet : Some Details of the Slim, Axial-flow J-35". Flight and Aircraft Engineer. LIV (2067): 163. 5 August 1948. Retrieved 16 March 2019.