Aloe-class net laying ship

Summary


The Aloe-class net laying ships were a class of thirty-two steel-hulled net laying ships built prior to the US entry into World War II. The lead ship, USS Aloe, was laid down in October 1940 and launched the following January; the final member, USS Yew, was launched in October 1941. They were assigned tree and plant names in alphabetical order, but eight ships (in order Cottonwood, Dogwood, Fir, Juniper, Maple, Poplar, Sycamore, and Walnut) were renamed prior to launching, producing discontinuities in the name order. These ships were originally classed as YN and numbered 1-32, but were reclassified and renumbered in 1944 as AN-6 through AN-37.

USS ASH AN-7.jpg
USS Ash showing unique bow appliances of this class
Class overview
NameAloe class
Builders(6 companies in 6 states)
Operators
Succeeded by Ailanthus class
Completed32
General characteristics
Typenet laying ship
Propulsiondiesel-electric
Armament1 × 3in/50

These ships had a unique appearance with a pair of "horns" jutting out from either side of the bow, each functioning as a fixed crane with a capacity of 22 short tons (20 t). They were powered by a pair of diesel engines which provided electricity for both propulsion and lifting machinery; there were also two auxiliary diesels and an evaporator for fresh water. Between the "horns" was an opening through which nets could be hauled, bridged by a catwalk.

According to navsource.org, 3 different engine configurations were used:

  • one Enterprise DSG-6 Diesel-electric engine
    • AN-6 ... AN-12, AN-20, AN-21, AN-23 .. AN-26, AN-28 ... AN-34, AN-36
  • two Enterprise DSG-6 Diesel engines
    • AN-13 ... AN-19, AN-22
  • one General Motors 6-278 Diesel-electric engine
    • AN-27, AN-35, AN-37
  • just "diesel-electric"
    • AN-25

and all ships had "two Diesel-drive 60Kw 120V D.C. Ships Service Generators".

All members of this class survived the war though USS Mahogany was caught in a typhoon in September 1945 and decommissioned the following year. Three ships were transferred to the French Navy in 1944 and another three were so transferred in the 1960s; two others went to the Turkish and Ecuadorian navies respectively. Three others were retained for various purposes, while the remainder were put into the reserve fleet shortly after the war.

Class membersEdit

Name Hull Orig Builder Launched Decomm. Fate
Aloe AN-6 YN-1 Lake Washington Shipyards, WA 11 Jan 1941 3 Aug 1946 sold for scrap
Ash AN-7 YN-2 15 Feb 1941 13 Dec 1946 sold for scrap
Boxwood AN-8 YN-3 8 Mar 1941 13 Nov 1946 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Butternut AN-9 YN-4 10 May 1941 18 Jul 1969 used for test range support 1957–69; reclassed YAG-60 1969; sunk as target
Catalpa AN-10 YN-5 Commercial Iron Works, OR 22 Feb 1941 21 Oct 1946/
7 Oct 1955
unknown
Chestnut AN-11 YN-6 16 Mar 1941 7 Sep 1946 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Cinchona AN-12 YN-7 2 Jul 1941 6 Nov 1946 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Buckeye AN-13 YN-8 26 Jul 1941 Mar 1947 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Buckthorn AN-14 YN-9 General Engineering & Dry Dock Company, CA 27 Mar 1941 20 Aug 1947 reserve fleet; scrapped 1976
Ebony AN-15 YN-10 3 Jun 1941 23 Mar 1946 reserve fleet; scrapped 1976
Eucalyptus AN-16 YN-11 3 Jul 1941 6 Mar 1946 reserve fleet; scrapped 1976
Chinquapin AN-17 YN-12 15 Jul 1941 6 Mar 1946 reserve fleet; scrapped 1976
Gum Tree AN-18 YN-13 Marietta Manufacturing Co., WV 20 Mar 1941 20 Jun 1946 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Holly AN-19 YN-14 17 Apr 1941 7 Jun 1946 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Elder AN-20 YN-15 19 Jun 1941 18 Dec 1959 unknown
Larch AN-21 YN-16 2 Jul 1941 28 Jun 1946 transferred to Turkish Navy 1948
Locust AN-22 YN-17 American Ship Building Company, Cleveland, OH 1 Feb 1941 8 Jul 1946 transferred to French Navy; sank July 1978
Mahogany AN-23 YN-18 18 Feb 1941 Sep 1945 damaged in Typhoon Ida; scrapped
Mango AN-24 YN-19 22 Feb 1941 4 Apr 1947 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Hackberry AN-25 YN-20 28 Oct 1941 12 Nov 1944 transferred to French Navy as Araignée (A727) ; scrapped 1985
Mimosa AN-26 YN-21 15 Mar 1941 27 Dec 1946 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Mulberry AN-27 YN-22 26 Mar 1941 11 Apr 1960 transferred to Ecuadorian Navy 1965; scrapped 1980
Palm AN-28 YN-23 American Ship Building Company, Lorain, OH 1 Feb 1941 1 Jan 1947 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Hazel AN-29 YN-24 15 Feb 1941 11 Feb 1958 reserve fleet; struck 1962
Redwood AN-30 YN-25 22 Feb 1941 6 Jun 1947 reserve fleet; fate uncertain
Rosewood AN-31 YN-26 1 Mar 1941 10 Jun 1946 reserve fleet; transferred to French Navy 1969; sunk as target 1983
Sandalwood AN-32 YN-27 6 Mar 1941 13 Aug 1946 reserve fleet; transferred to French Navy 1967; sold, fate unknown
Nutmeg AN-33 YN-28 13 Mar 1941 Jan 1947 reserve fleet; sold 1971; fate unknown
Teaberry AN-34 YN-29 John H. Mathis & Company, NJ 24 May 1941 14 Dec 1946/
7 July 1961
recommissioned 19 April 1953 for auxiliary service; sold 1962 for scrapping
Teak AN-35 YN-30 7 Jul 1941 30 Aug 1946 reserve fleet; sold for scrap 1976
Pepperwood AN-36 YN-31 25 Aug 1941 15 Dec 1944 transferred to French Navy; struck 1972
Yew AN-37 YN-32 4 Oct 1941 1 Jan 1944 transferred to French Navy; sank 1978

ReferencesEdit

  • [1]
  • [2]