2020.3.1 (Arctic Fox) / 28 July 2021
|Preview release||Bumblebee (2021.1.1) Canary 9 (August 23, 2021)|
|Written in||Java, Kotlin and C++|
|Operating system||Windows, macOS, Linux, Chrome OS|
|Size||727 to 877 MB|
|Type||Integrated development environment (IDE)|
|License||Binaries: Freeware, Source code: Apache License|
Android Studio is the official integrated development environment (IDE) for Google's Android operating system, built on JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA software and designed specifically for Android development. It is available for download on Windows, macOS and Linux based operating systems or as a subscription-based service in 2020. It is a replacement for the Eclipse Android Development Tools (E-ADT) as the primary IDE for native Android application development.
Android Studio was announced on May 16, 2013 at the Google I/O conference. It was in early access preview stage starting from version 0.1 in May 2013, then entered beta stage starting from version 0.8 which was released in June 2014. The first stable build was released in December 2014, starting from version 1.0.
A specific feature of the Android Studio is an absence of the possibility to switch autosave feature off.
Android Studio supports all the same programming languages of IntelliJ (and CLion) e.g. Java, C++, and more with extensions, such as Go; and Android Studio 3.0 or later supports Kotlin and "all Java 7 language features and a subset of Java 8 language features that vary by platform version." External projects backport some Java 9 features. While IntelliJ states that Android Studio supports all released Java versions, and Java 12, it's not clear to what level Android Studio supports Java versions up to Java 12 (the documentation mentions partial Java 8 support). At least some new language features up to Java 12 are usable in Android.
Once an app has been compiled with Android Studio, it can be published on the Google Play Store. The application has to be in line with the Google Play Store developer content policy.
The following is a list of Android Studio's major releases:
|Arctic Fox (2020.3.1)||July 2021|
|Operating System Version||Microsoft® Windows® 7/8/10 (32- or 64-bit)
The Android Emulator only supports 64-bit Windows.
|Mac® OS X® 10.10 (Yosemite) or higher,
up to 10.14 (macOS Mojave)
|GNOME or KDE desktop
Tested on gLinux based on Debian (4.19.67-2rodete2).
|Random Access Memory (RAM)||4 GB RAM minimum; 8 GB RAM recommended.|
|Free digital storage||2 GB of available digital storage minimum, 4 GB Recommended (500 MB for IDE + 1.5 GB for Android SDK and emulator system image).|
|Minimum required JDK version||Java Development Kit 8|
|Minimum screen resolution||1280 x 800|
The Android Emulator has additional requirements beyond the basic system requirements for Android Studio, which are described below:
The use of hardware acceleration has additional requirements on Windows and Linux:
To work with Android 8.1 (API level 27) and higher system images, an attached webcam must have the capability to capture 720p frames.
Supported IDEs [..] Android Studio 1.2.1+
Hopefully by the time Java 12 is actually released D8 will have implemented desugaring for Java 11’s nestmates. Otherwise the pain of being stuck on Java 10 will go up quite a bit!