Angelika Kratzer


Angelika Kratzer is a professor emerita of linguistics in the department of linguistics at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.[1]

Angelika Kratzer
Mindelheim, Germany
NationalityGerman, resident of the United States since 1985
EducationUniversity of Konstanz, MA (1973)
University of Konstanz, PhD (1979)
Notable work
Semantics in Generative Grammar (with Irene Heim)
"What 'must' and 'can' must and can mean"


She was born in Germany, and received her PhD from the University of Konstanz in 1979, with a dissertation entitled Semantik der Rede.[2] She is an influential and widely cited semanticist whose expertise includes modals, conditionals, situation semantics, and a range of topics relating to the syntax–semantics interface.[3]

Among her most influential ideas are: a unified analysis of modality of different flavors (building on the work of Jaakko Hintikka); a modal analysis of conditionals;[4] and the hypothesis ("the little v hypothesis") that the agent argument of a transitive verb is introduced syntactically whereas the theme argument is selected for lexically.[5]

She co-wrote with Irene Heim the semantics textbook Semantics in Generative Grammar,[6] and is co-editor, with Irene Heim, of the journal Natural Language Semantics.[7]

Key publicationsEdit

  • Heim, Irene & Angelika Kratzer. 1998. Semantics in Generative Grammar. Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Kratzer, Angelika. 1977. What 'must' and 'can' must and can mean. Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (3): 337-355.
  • Kratzer, Angelika. 1981. The notional category of modality. In: Words, worlds, and contexts: New approaches in word semantics, ed. by HJ Eikmeyer and H. Rieser. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 38-74.
  • Kratzer, Angelika. 1995. Individual level predicates. In: The generic book, edited by Gregory N. Carlson and Francis J. Pelletier. Chicago University Press, 125-175.
  • Kratzer, Angelika. 1996. Severing the external argument from its verb. In: Phrase structure and the lexicon. Edited by J. Rooryck and L. Zaring. Kluwer/Springer, 109-137.
  • Kratzer, Angelika. 2012. Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199234691

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Faculty | Linguistics | UMass Amherst". Retrieved 2017-11-06.
  2. ^ Kratzer, Angelika. (1978). Semantik der Rede: Kontexttheorie, Modalwörter, Konditionalsätze. Monographien Linguistik und Kommunikationswissenschaft ;38. Königstein: Cornelsen Verlag. ISBN 978-3589206384.
  3. ^ "Google Scholar".
  4. ^ Lassiter, Daniel (2017). Graded Modality: Qualitative and Quantitative Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 73–74. ISBN 9780198701354.
  5. ^ Wechsler, Stephen (2015). Word Meaning and Syntax: Approaches to the Interface. Oxford University Press. pp. 252 ff. ISBN 9780199279890.
  6. ^ Kratzer, Angelika (1997). Semantics in Generative Grammar. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-631-19713-3.
  7. ^ "Natural Language Semantics - incl. option to publish open access". Retrieved 2017-11-06.

External linksEdit